Borghese was an Italian naval commander who led the Tenth Light Flotilla on numerous missions in the Mediterranean. This flotilla specialized in individualistic operations and sank 73,000 tons of Allied shipping. For his services, Borghese was awarded a gold medal by MUSSOLINI. His most successful raid was on 18 December 1941 when he sent out three chariots (human torpedoes) from his submarine the Scire. They entered the port of Alexandria and crippled the HMS Valiant and Queen Elizabeth. In 1943 he was given command of an entire destroyer flotilla and land-based assault craft off Anzio but he achieved disappointing results before the Italian government decided to come to terms with the Allies.