Ben-Gurion led Israel to independence in May 1948 and was its first national leader. Ben-Gurion was of Polish origin and a long-time chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. In 1939 Britain brought out a White Paper which set a limit on Jewish immigration into Palestine of 75,000 and Ben-Gurion announced that the Jews would fight this. HITLER’s persecution of the Jews made them more anxious to set up an independent state and in 1944 the Stern gang embarked on a program of terror. Ben- Gurion stepped up demands for a Jewish national state and unofficially favored the terrorist campaign.