Morshead was the Commander of the Australian 9th Division in North Africa and the Far East. It was the 9th Division which held Tobruk against ROMMEL from April 1941 until they were slowly replaced by elements of SCOBIE’s 6th Army during September and October. In October 1942 Morshead and the 9th Division took a major role in the Battle of El Alamein. They were then transferred to the Far East where they took part in the invasion of New Guinea, particularly in the amphibious attack on Lae. In 1944 Morshead became General Officer Commanding New Guinea Force and Commander of the 2nd Australian Army. In the last months of the war he was directing operations to reconquer Borneo.