Halifax was the British Foreign Secretary from 1938 to 1940 in CHAMBERLAIN’s government. In total agreement with Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement, Halifax was nominated as Chamberlain’s successor in 1940. However, he was unable to get CHURCHILL’s support and was forced to step down but remained as Foreign Secretary until the end of 1940 when he was replaced by EDEN. (He remained a member of the War Cabinet until 1945.) In 1941 Halifax was appointed Ambassador to the United States of America, a position in which he excelled himself. Admired by the Americans, his integrity and diplomacy won him a large circle of friends which included ROOSEVELT and HULL.