Military history

SOURCES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The following list is a combination of sources for the pieces in this anthology and acknowledgements. The author and the publishers are grateful for permission to reproduce this material. Every effort has been made to acknowledge all copyright owners prior to going to press. Penguin regret any inadvertent omissions or inaccuracies. These will be rectified at the earliest opportunity.

All the poetry is taken from The Oxford Book of War Poetry,edited by Jon Stallworthy, Oxford University Press, 1984. Those in copyright appear in the list below.

Thucydides, ‘The Melian Dialogue’. From Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War, edited in translation by Sir R. W. Livingstone, Oxford University Press, 1968, pp. 266 — 74. Reproduced by permission of the Trustees of Oxford University Press.

Thucydides, ‘The Final Sea Battle’. From Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War, edited in translation by Sir R. W. Livingstone, Oxford University Press, 1968, pp. 373-6. Reproduced by permission of the Trustees of Oxford University Press.

Xenophon, ‘The Battle of Cunaxa and Death of Cyrus’. From Xenophon, The Persian Expedition,translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1949, Book I, pp. 47-51. © Rex Warner, 1949. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Xenophon, ‘A Plundering Expedition’. From Xenophon, The Persian Expedition,translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1949, Book V, pp. 177 — 81. © Rex Warner, 1949. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Julius Caesar, ‘First British Expedition’. From Julius Caesar, The Gallic Wars,translated by John Warrington, Everyman’s Library, 1953, Book IV, pp. 65 — 8. Reprinted by permission of Everyman’s Library, David Campbell Publishers Ltd.

Josephus, ‘The Horrors of the Siege’. From Josephus, The JewishWar, translated by G. A. Williamson, revised by E. Mary Smallwood, Penguin Books, 1959, revised edition, 1969, pp. 294 — 302. © G. A. Williamson, 1959, 1969. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Usāmah Ibn-Munqidh, ‘An Arab-Syrian Gentleman’. From Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior in the Period of the Crusades, translated by Philip K. Hitti, I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd, 1987, pp. 101 — 5. Reproduced by permission of I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd (U K) and Princeton University Press (USA).

Jean Froissart, ‘The Battle of Crécy, 26 August 1346’. From Sir Jean Froissart, Chronicles of England, France and Spain,translated by John Bourchier, Lord Berners, 1523 — 5.

Jehan de Wavrin, ‘A French Knight’s Account of Agincourt’. From Jehan de Wavrin, Chronicles, 1399 — 1422, translated by Sir W. Hardy and E. Hardy, 1887.

Andrew Wheatcroft, ‘The Fall of Constantinople’. From Andrew Wheatcroft, The Ottomans: Dissolving Images, Viking, 1993, pp. 12 — 21. © 1993 Andrew Wheatcroft. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Diego Hurtado de Mendoze, ‘Such Botching, Disorder and Chaos’. From Diego Hurtado de Mendoze, The War in Granada, translated by Martin Shuttleworth, The Folio Society, 1982, pp. 188 — 91. Reproduced by permission of The Folio Society.

Francesco Balbi di Correggio, ‘The Siege of Malta’. From Francesco Balbi di Correggio, The Siege of Malta, translated by Major Henry Alexander Balbi, The Folio Society, 1961, pp. 139 — 47. Reproduced by permission of The Folio Society.

Inga Clendinnen, ‘Aztecs’. From Inga Clendinnen, Aztecs, Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 93 — 8 and 87 — 8. Reproduced by permission of the author and Cambridge University Press.

Father Paul Ragueneau, ‘An Attack by Iroquois Warriors’. From Father Paul Ragueneau, in Black Gown and Redskins: Adventures and Travels of the Early Jesuit Missionaries in North America, 1610-1791, edited by Edna Kenton, Longmans, Green & Co., 1956, pp. 225 — 31. © Edna Kenton, 1956. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

William Dunbar, ‘Braddock at the Monongahela’. William Dunbar, ‘Braddock at the Monongahela’, unpublished manuscript, New York Public Library, Hardwicke Collection, vol. 136, doc. no. 6, pp. 186 — 8. Published by permission of The New York Public Library Manuscripts and Archives Division, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.

Anna Myers, ‘The Revolution Remembered (I)’. From John C. Dann, The Revolution Remembered: Eyewitness Accounts of the War for Independence, University of Chicago Press, 1980, pp. 268 — 74.

Jacob Zimmerman, ‘The Revolution Remembered (2)’. From John C. Dann, The Revolution Remembered:Eyewitness Accounts of the War for Independence, University of Chicago Press, 1980, pp. 285 — 8.

David Crockett, ‘Davy Crockett’. From David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett, Carey, Hart & Co., 1834, pp. 106 — 13.

John D. Hunter, ‘Captivity Among the Indians’. From John D. Hunter, Captivity Among the Indians of North America,Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Browne, 1823, pp. 320 — 33

Sergeant William Lawrence, ‘Fugitive and Recruit 1804 — 6’. From A Dorset Soldier. The Autobiography of Sergeant William Lawrence 1790 — 1869, edited by Eileen Hathaway, Spellmount, 1993, pp. 17 — 19. Reproduced by permission of Spellmount Publishers.

Sergeant William Lawrence, ‘Badajoz, March — April 1812’. From A Dorset Soldier. The Autobiography of Sergeant William Lawrence 1790 — 1869, edited by Eileen Hathaway, Spellmount, 1993, pp. 64 — 70. Reproduced by permission of Spellmount Publishers.

A Gentleman Volunteer, ‘The Battle of Vitorio’. From A Gentleman Volunteer. The Letters ofGeorge Hennell from the Peninsular War, 1812 — 1813,edited by Michael Glover, Heinemann, 1979, pp. 87 — 93 (letter dated 29 June 1813). Reproduced by permission of Heinemann.

Helen Roeder, ‘Captain Roeder’. From Helen Roeder, The Ordeal of Captain Roeder, Methuen, 1960, pp. 175 — 89. © Helen Roeder, 1960.

Victor Hugo, ‘Russia 1812’. From Imitations by Robert Lowell. Copyright © 1959 by Robert Lowell. Copyright renewed © 1987 by Harriet, Sheridan and Caroline Lowell. Reprinted by permission of Faber and Faber Ltd (UK) and Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Inc. (USA).

Private Wheeler, ‘The Letters of Private Wheeler’. From The Letters of Private Wheeler, edited by Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, The Windrush Press, 1993, pp. 170 — 74. Reproduced by permission of David Higham Associates on behalf of the author’s estate.

Duke of Wellington, ‘Wellington’s Waterloo Despatch’. Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, official despatch after Waterloo, 19 June 1815, in General Muffling, A Sketch of the Battle of Waterloo, Gerard, 1883, pp. 65 — 77.

James Bodell, ‘A Soldier’s View of Empire’. FromA Soldier’s vew of Empire: The Reminiscences of James Bodell, edited by Keith Sinclair, Bodley Head, 1982, pp. 41 — 2.

Henry Clifford, ‘Clifford in the Crimea’. From Henry CliffordV. C.: His Letters and Sketches from the Crimea, Michael Joseph, 1956, pp. 69 — 76. Colin Frederick Campbell, ‘Letters from Camp’. From Colin Frederick

Campbell, Letters from Camp, Richard Bentley· & Son, 1894, pp. 87 — 95. W. H. Fitchett, ‘The Relief of Lucknow’. From W. H. Fitchett, The Tale of the Great Mutiny, Smith, Elder & Co., 1906, pp. 214 — 18.

Lieutenant-Colonel Fremantle, ‘The Fremantle Diary’. From The Fremantle Diary, Being thejoumal of Lierrtenant-Colonel Janzes Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Coldstream Guards, on his three monthsinthe Southern States, edited by Walter Lord, Little, Brown & Co., 1954, pp. 205 — 9. Reprinted by permission of Sterling Lord Literistic Inc., USA. Copyright © 1954 by Walter Lord.

Elizabeth B. Custer, ‘General Custer’. From Elizabeth B. Custer, Boots and Saddles,or Life in Dakota withGeneral Custer, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1885, pp. 286 — 90.

Rudyard hipling, ‘Tommy’. From Rudyard Kzpling’s Verse:Definitive Edition, Hodder and Stoughton and Doubleday, 1940. Reproduced by permission of A. P. Watt Ltd for The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty (UK).

Isandhlwana and Rorke’s Drift, ‘Four eyewitness accounts’. From Frank Emery, The Red Soldier: Letters from the Zulu Wars, Hodder & Stoughton, 1977, pp. 82 — 3, pp. 85-6, pp. 87 — 91 and pp. 126 — 30. © 1977 Frank Emery.

Sir Henry Newbolt, ‘Vital Lampada’. From SelectedPoems of Henry Newbolt, Hodder and Stoughton, 1981. Reproduced by permission of Peter Newbolt.

Stephen Graham, ‘How the news of war came to a village on the Chinese frontier’. From Stephen Graham, Russia and the World, Cassell, 1915. © the Estate of Stephen Graham, 1915.

Erwin Rommel, ‘Infantry Attacks’. From General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, Infantry Attacks, new introduction by Manfred Rommel, Greenhill Books, 1990, pp. 10-13.

Compton Mackenzie, ‘Gallipoli Memories’. From Compton Mackenzie, Gallipoli Memories, Cassell, 1929, pp. 123 — 5. Reproduced by permission of Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd.

Sidney Rogerson, ‘Twelve Days’. From Sidney Rogerson, Twelve Days, 1930, reissued Gliddon Books, 1988, pp. 85 — 99.

John Glubb, ‘A Soldier’s Diary of the Great War’. From John Glubb, Into Battle: A Soldier’s Diary of the Great War, Cassell, 1977, pp. 67 — 9, 153 and 185 — 8. Reproduced by permission of Weidenfeld & Nicholson Ltd.

Brigadier-General E. L. Spears, ‘Prelude to Victory,’. From Brigadier-General E. L. Spears, CB, CBE, MC, Prelude to Victory, Introduction by The Rt Hon. Winston S. Churchill, PC, MP, Jonathan Cape, 1939, pp. 395-401 and 490 — 3. Copyright Brigadier-General E. L. Spears, 1939.

W B. Yeats, ‘An Irish Airman Foresees His Death’. From Collected Poems. Reproduced with permission of A. P. Watt on behalf of Michael B. Yeats.

Robert Graves, ‘Goodbye To All That’. From Robert Graves, Goodbye To All That, 1929, revised edition 1957, Penguin Books Ltd, 1960, pp. 154- 9. Reproduced by permission of A. P. Watt Ltd on behalf of The Trustees of The Robert Graves Copyright Trust.

Ernest Hemingway, ‘Wounded (I)’. From Ernest Hemingway, Selected Letters 1917 — 1961,edited by Carlos Baker, Granada Publishing Ltd, 1981, pp. 13 — 16. Copyright © 1981 The Ernest Hemingway Foundation, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Scribner, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. and the Hemingway Foreign Rights Trust.

Siegfried Sassoon, ‘The Hero’. From Collected Poems ofSiegfried Sassoon. Used by kind permission of George Sassoon.

Gerald Uloth, ‘Riding to War’. From Gerald Uloth, Riding to War, Monks Publishing, 1993, pp. 52 — 5. Reproduced by permission of A.C. Uloth. Siegfried Sassoon, ‘The General’. From Collected Poems of Siegfried Sassoon. Used by kind permission of George Sassoon.

Isaac Babel, ‘Red Cavalry’. From Isaac Babel, Collected Stories, translated by Walter Morison, Associated Book Publishers, pp. 37 — 9.

Wildred Owen, ‘Anthem for Doomed Youth.’ From TheComplete Poems of Wilfred Owen, edited by Jon Stallworthy, 1963. © 1963 by Chatto & Windus. Reproduced by permission of Chatto & Windus (UK) and New Directions Publishing Corporation (USA).

John Masters, ‘Bugles and a Tiger’. From John Masters, Bugles and a Tiger: A Personal Adventure, Michael Joseph, 1956, pp. 78 — 84. © John Masters, 1956. Reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd.

Alexander Stahlberg, ‘Bounden Duty (I)’. From Alexander Stahlberg, Bounden Duty: The Memoirs of a German Officer 1932-45 translated by Patricia Crampton, Brassey’s UK Ltd, 1990, pp. 67-73. English translation © 1990 Patricia Crampton. First published in German under the title DieVerdammte Pflicht: Erinnerungen 1932 bis 1945. © 1987 Verlag Ullstein GmbH Berlin-Frankfurt/Main.

Tim Bishop, ‘One Young Soldier’. From Time Bishop, One Young Soldier, edited by Bruce Shand, Michael Russell, 1993, pp. 10 — 12. Reproduced by permission of Michael Russell Publishers Ltd.

George Orwell, ‘Wounded (2)’. From George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia, Seeker & Warburg, 1938, pp. 133 — 5. Reproduced by permission of Seeker & Warburg Ltd and A. M. Heath and Co. Ltd on behalf of Mark Hamilton as the Literary Executor of the estate of the late Sonia Brownell Orwell.

Bruce Shand, ‘Previous Engagements’. From Bruce Shand, Previous Engagements, Michael Russell, 1990, pp. 29 — 32. Reproduced by permission of Michael Russell Publishers Ltd.

Winston Churchill, ‘BBC broadcast, London, 19 May 1940’. From The Speeches of Winston Churchill, edited and introduced by David Cannadine, Penguin Books Ltd, 1989, pp. 151 — 4. Previously published as Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat by Cassell Publishers, 1989. Reproduced by permission of Cassell Publishers.

Stuart Milner-Barry, ‘Codebreakers’. From F. H. Hinsley and Alan Stripp, Codebreakers: The Inside Story of Bletchley Park, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 89 — 99. Reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press.

Peter Cremer, ‘U-333’. From Peter Cremer, U-333: The Story of a U-Boat Ace, translated by Lawrence Wilson, The Bodley Head, 1984, pp. 154 — 9. © Peter Cremer and translation © Lawrence Wilson, 1984.

Hugh Dundas, ‘Flying Start’. From Hugh Dundas, Flying Start: A Fighter Pilot’s War Years, Century, 1988, pp. 67 — 70. Reproduced by permission of Century (UK) and St. Martin’s Press, Inc. (USA).

George Kennard, ‘Loopy’. From George Kennard, Loopy: The Autobiography of George Kennard, Leo Cooper, 1990, pp. 46 — 51. © George Kennard, 1990. Reproduced by permission of Pen & Sword Books Ltd.

Studs Terkel, ‘The Good War’. From Paul Edwards, in Studs Terkel, The Good War, The New Press and Hamish Hamilton, 1984, pp. 561 — 73. © 1984 by Studs Terkel. Reproduced by permission of The New Press, 450 West 41 St, New York, NY 10036 (USA) and Penguin Books Ltd (UK).

Obituary, ‘David Stirling’. From The Daily Telegraph Second Book of Obituaries: Heroes and Adventures, edited by Hugh Massingberd, Macmillan, 1996, pp. 154 — 60. Reproduced by permission of Macmillan Publishers Ltd (UK) and the Daily Telegraph Pic (USA).

Keith Douglas, ‘Aristocrats’. From The Complete Poems of Keith Douglas, edited by Desmond Graham, Oxford University Press, 1978. © Marie J. Douglas, 1978. Reproduced by permission of Faber and Faber Ltd.

Alexander Stahlberg, ‘Bounden Duty (2)’. From Alexander Stahlberg, Bounden Duty: The Memoirs of a German Officer 1932 — 45, translated by Patricia Crampton, Brassey’s UK Ltd, 1990, pp. 207 — 11. English translation © 1990 Patricia Crampton. First published in German under the title Die VerdammtePflicht: Erinnerungen 1932 bis 1945. © 1987 Verlag Ullstein GmbH Berlin-Frankfurt/Main.

Geyr von Schweppenburg, ‘On the Other Side of the Hill’. From General Leo, Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg, ‘On the Other Side of the Hill’, 1964, in Articles of War: The Spectator Book of World War II, edited by Fiona Glass and Philip Marsden-Smedley, Grafton Books, 1989, pp. 311 — 17. Reproduced by permission of Fiona Glass and Phillip Marsden-Smedley.

Marie-Louise Osmont, ‘Normandy Diary’. From The Normandy Diary of Marie-Louise Osmont, Discovery Communication Inc./Random House, 1994, pp. 40 — 4. © Marie-Louise Osmont, 1994.

Ernie Pyle, ‘Battle and Breakout in Normandy’. From Ernie Pyle, ‘Battle and Breakout in Normandy’, wire-service copy, I July 1944, in Reporting World War II, Part Two: American Journalism, 1944 — 1946, The Library of America, Penguin Books, 1995, pp. 194 — 6. Reproduced by permission of Scripps Howard Foundation.

David Smiley, ‘Albanian Assignment’. From David Smiley, Albanian Assignment, Chatto & Windus, 1984, pp. 60 — 3. © David Smiley, 1984. Reproduced by permission of Maggie Noach Literary Agency on behalf of the author.

Franklin Lindsay, ‘Beacons in the Night’. From Franklin Lindsay, Beacons in the Nigbt: With the OSS and Tito’s Partisans in Wartime Yugosalvia, Stanford Unviersity Press, 1993, pp. 131 — 4. Reproduced by permission of the publishers, Stanford University Press. © 1993 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University.

Alexander Stahlberg, ‘Bounden Duty (3)’. From Alexander Stahlberg, Bounden Duty: The Memoirs of a German Officer 1932 — 45, translated by Patricia Crampton, Brassey’s UK Ltd, 1990, pp. 394-9. English translation © 1990 Patricia Crampton. First published in German under the title Die Verdammte Pflicht: Erinnerungan 1932 bis 1945. © 1987 Verlag Ullstein GmbH Berlin-Frankfurt/Main.

George MacDonald Fraser, ‘Quartered Safe Out Here’. From George MacDonald Fraser, Quartered Safe Out Here, Harvill/Collins, 1992, pp. 87 — 90. Reproduced by permission of Curtis Brown Ltd on behalf of George MacDonald Fraser. Copyright © George MacDonald Fraser, 1992.

Eric Lomax, ‘The Railway Man’. From Eric Lomax, The Railway Man: A POW’s Searing Account of War, Brutality and Forgiveness, Jonathan Cape, 1995, pp. 116 — 21. © Eric Lomax, 1995. Reproduced by permission of Jonathan Cape (UK) and W W. Norton and Co., Inc. (USA).

William Laurence, ‘Bombing Nagasaki’. William L. Laurence, ‘Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki Told by a Flight Member’, New York Times, 9 September 1945, in Reporting World War II, Part Two: American Journalism 1944 — 1946, The Library of America, 1995, pp. 768 — 72. © 1945 by The New York Times. Reprinted by permission.

C. W. Bowman, ‘Red Thunder, Tropic Lightning’. From C. W Bowman, ‘Red Thunder, Tropic Lightning’, in Eric M. Bergerud, Red Thunder, Tropic Lightning, Westview Press, 1993, pp. 190 — 2. Reproduced by permission of Westview Press.

James Fenton, ‘The Fall of Saigon’. From James Fenton, ‘The Fall of Saigon’, in Granta 15,Granta Publications, 1985, pp. 80-2. © James Fenton, 1985. Reproduced by permission of the Peters, Fraser and Dunlop Group Ltd on behalf of the author.

Andy McNab, ‘Bravo Two Zero’. From Andy McNab, Bravo Two Zero, Corgi, a division of Transworld Publishers Ltd, 1993, pp. 118 — 21. © Andy McNab 1993. All rights reserved.

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