Military history

The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

War lay at the heart of life in the classical world, from conflicts between tribes or states to internal or civil wars. Battles were resolved by violent face-to-face encounters: war was a very personal experience. At the same time, warfare and its conduct often had significant and wide-reaching economic, social, or political consequences. The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World offers a critical examination of war and organized violence. The volume's introduction begins with the ancient sources for the writing of war, preceded by broad surveys of warfare in ancient Greece and Rome. Also included herein are chapters analyzing new finds in battlefield archaeology and how the environment affected the ancient practice of war. A second section is comprised of broad narratives of classical societies at war, covering the expanse from classical Greece through to the later Roman Empire. Part III contains thematic discussions that examine closely the nature of battle: what soldiers experienced as they fought; the challenges of conducting war at sea; how the wounded were treated. A final section offers six exemplary case studies, including analyses of the Peloponnesian War, the Second Punic War, and Rome's war with Sasanid Persia. The handbook closes with an epilogue that explores the legacy of classical warfare. Authored by experts in classics, ancient history, and archaeology, this handbook presents a vibrant map of the field of classical warfare studies.

ABBREVIATIONS AND SPELLING NORMS

CHRONOLOGY

EMPERORS FROM AUGUSTUS TO HERACLIUS

MAPS

PART I - INTRODUCTION: THE CLASSICAL WORLD AT WAR

Chapter 1. War and Warfare in Ancient Greece

Chapter 2. War and Warfare in Ancient Rome

Chapter 3. Writers on War - Part I Greece: Winning Ways in Warfare

Chapter 4. Writers on War - Part II Rome: A Story of Conflict

Chapter 5. The Archaeology of War

Chapter 6. Warfare and Environment in the Ancient World

PART II - THE FACE OF BATTLE IN THE CLASSICAL WORLD

Chapter 7. The Classical Greek Experience

Chapter 8. The Three Thousand: Alexander’s Infantry Guard

Chapter 9. The Hellenistic World at War: Stagnation or Development?

Chapter 10. War and Society in Greece

Chapter 11. The Rise of Rome

Chapter 12. Imperial Rome at War

Chapter 13. War and Society in the Roman Empire

PART III - IMPACTS AND TECHNIQUES: WAR IN THE CLASSICAL WORLD

Chapter 14. Men at War

Chapter 15. Treating the Sick and Wounded

Chapter 16. Keeping Military Discipline

Chapter 17. The Business of War: Mercenaries

Chapter 18. Logistics: Sinews of War

Chapter 19. War at Sea

Chapter 20. Arms and Armor - Part I Arming Greeks for Battle

Chapter 21. Arms and Armor - Part II Arming Romans for Battle

Chapter 22. Greeks Under Siege: Challenges, Experiences, and Emotions

Chapter 23. Generalship: Leadership and Command

Chapter 24. Finding the Enemy: Military Intelligence

Chapter 25. War and the Horse - Part I Horses for War: Breeding and Keeping a Warhorse

Chapter 26. War and the Horse - Part II The Development and Training of Cavalry in Greece and Rome

Chapter 27. Greek Rituals of War

Chapter 28. Roman Rituals of War

Chapter 29. Fighting the Other - Part I Greeks and Achaemenid Persians

Chapter 30. Fighting the Other - Part II The Germanic and Danubian Transfrontier Peoples

Chapter 31. Fighting the Other - Part III Military and Society in Sasanian Iran

PART IV - CASE STUDIES: THE CLASSICAL WORLD AT WAR

Chapter 32. The Athenian Expedition to Sicily

Chapter 33. The Peloponnesian War and Its Sieges

Chapter 34. Epaminondas at Leuctra, 371 B.C.

Chapter 35. Demetrius “the Besieger” and Hellenistic Warfare

Chapter 36. The Second Punic War

Chapter 37. Roman Warfare with Sasanian Persia

Epilogue: The Legacy of War in the Classical World