APPENDIX

According to United States Marine Corps records, the following men were assigned to Fox Company, Second Battalion, Seventh Marine Regiment, along with various attached Marines and United States Navy corpsmen, on the official November/December 1950 roster. Marine Corps historians attribute the seven-man discrepancy between this roster and the 246 Marines and Navy corpsmen who fought on Fox Hill to last-minute replacements and evacuations, as well as the fog of war."

1. Adams, Douglas H., Private First Class

2. Aguilar, Jose R., Private First Class

3. Anderson, Robert, Private First Class

4. Arcuri, Nickolas M., Private

5. Ashdale, Thomas G., Corporal

6. Audas, John D., Staff Sergeant

7. Balcezak, Benjamin, Private First Class

8. Barber, William E., Captain

9. Batdorff, Robert L., Private First Class

10. Bean, Harry H., Sergeant

11. Belmarez, Eleazar R., Corporal

12. Bendy, Cecil J., Private First Class

13. Benson, Kenneth R., Private First Class

14. Bernard, Richard J., Private First Class

15. Blacklidge, Jack W., Corporal

16. Blunk, Albert W., Private First Class

17. Bolstad, Richard E., Private First Class

18. Bonelli, Richard A., Private First Class

19. Boudousquie, William, Private First Class

20. Brady, Joseph J., First Lieutenant

21. Bryan, John C., Private First Class

22. Brydon, William H., Corporal

23. Bunch, William H., Master Sergeant

24. Burkard, Raymond L., Corporal

25. Burke, Harry L., Corporal

26. Cafferata, Hector A., Private

27. Campbell, Donald, First Lieutenant

28. Cavanaugh, James P., Private First Class

29. Childs, Donald L., Private First Class

30. Chung, Mr., Korean Interpreter

31. Cilek, Gene, Private First Class

32. Clark, Thomas L., Corporal

33. Connelly, Richard W., Corporal

34. Conrad, Richard A., Private First Class

35. Cornelison, Roy J., Private First Class

36. Cunningham, Alfred, Corporal

37. Dana, Charles C., Master Sergeant

38. Danford, Richard E., Staff Sergeant

39. Danilowski, Henry J., Private First Class

40. Davis, Graydon W., Private First Class

41. Davis, Roger R., Private First Class

42. Daugherty, James H., Private First Class

43. Dunne, John M., First Lieutenant

44. Dytkiewicz, Alvin T., Corporal

45. Elknation, Rueben A., Private First Class

46. Elrod, Judd W., Sergeant

47. Erwin, Louis E., Private First Class

48. Evans, Walter, USN Corpsman

49. Ezell, Robert W., Private First Class

50. Farley, John D., Corporal

51. Fenton, Charles E., Private First Class

52. Fich, Richard A., Private First Class

53. Fitzgerald, Thomas, Private First Class

54. Fixico, Amos, Private First Class

55. French, Billy M., Private First Class

56. French, James, USN Corpsman

57. Friend, Harvey J., Corporal

58. Fry, William L., Private First Class

59. Gagner, Eugene E., Private First Class

60. Gaines, Robert L., Corporal

61. Gajda, Thadeus M., Private First Class

62. Gamble, Clifford, Private First Class

63. Garza, William F., Private First Class

64. Geer, Harmony, Private First Class

65. Gleason, William P., Private First Class

66. Godwin, Eugene R., Private First Class

67. Goldstein, Bernard, Private

68. Golembieski, Stanley, Corporal

69. Gomez, Fidel G., Private First Class

70. Gonzales, Alfredo (Fred) D., Private First Class

71. Gonzales, Roger, Private First Class

72. Gonzales, Edward, Private First Class

73. Gonzalez, Ernest T., Private First Class

74. Goodrich, David J., Private First Class

75. Gose, Roger D., Private

76. Griffith, Jack B., Corporal

77. Groenewald, William, Staff Sergeant

78. Gruenberg, Arthur H., Staff Sergeant

79. Gruenewald, Harold, Private First Class

80. Haggard, Barner W., Private First Class

81. Hall, David T., Private First Class

82. Halstead, Raymond P., Private First Class

83. Hammond, Phillip 0., Private First Class

84. Hancock, Harold E., Private

85. Haney, Alvin R., Private First Class

86. Harvey, Edward E., Corporal

87. Harvey, William L., Private First Class

88. Hedinger, Larry M., Private First Class

89. Heinz, Erwin C., Corporal

90. Henry, John 0., Staff Sergeant

91. Hess, Erwin W., Private First Class

92. Hiskett, Walter A., Corporal

93. Holt, James, Private First Class

94. Homan, Elmer P., Sergeant

95. Horn, Jack, Private First Class

96. Hostetler, James S., Private First Class

97. Hough, Bruce B., Private First Class

98. Hutchinson, Rollin, Corporal

99. Hymel, Benjamin A., Private First Class

100. Iverson, James E., Corporal

101. Jackson, Norman A., Private First Class

102. Jacob, Ernest E., Corporal

103. Jaskiewicz, Chester, Private First Class

104. Johnson, Maurice W., Private First Class

105. Johnson, Norman J., Corporal

106. Jones, Edward, USN Corpsman

107. Jones, Roy J., Corporal

108. Jones, Rosco, Private First Class

109. Kalinowski, Richard, Private First Class

110. Kanouse, James C., Private First Class

111. Kaser, George C., Private

112. Keirn, Meredith F., Sergeant

113. Keith, Clarence V., Private First Class

114. Kipp, Kenneth R., Sergeant

115. Kirchner, Robert, Private First Class

116. Klein, Walter, Private

117. Kline, Richard, Private First Class

118. Knowles, Lee E., Private First Class

119. Kohls, Robert, Staff Sergeant

120. Komorowski, Joseph, Sergeant

121. Koone, Howard, Corporal

122. Kuca, John F., Corporal

123. Ladner, Hobert P., Corporal

124. Lavecchia, Joseph F., Private First Class

125. Lawson, Robert E., Corporal

126. Lawton, John D., Private First Class

127. Leach, James C., Private First Class

128. Ling, Jack D., Sergeant

129. Longstaff, Robert A., First Lieutenant

130. Lowry, Private First Class

131. Mann, Robert R., Private First Class

132. Martin, Clifford 0., Corporal

133. Mathews, Kenneth J., Private First Class

134. Maurath, Mervyn (Red), USN Corpsman

135. McAfee, Johnson, Sergeant

136. McCarthy, Robert C., First Lieutenant

137. McClelland, Herbert, Private First Class

138. McClure, Warren L., Private First Class

139. McLean, William, USN Corpsman

140. Mercadante, Louis J., Private

141. Mertz, Kenneth N., Corporal

142. Monagan, Homer, Private First Class

143. Montville, Daniel M., Corporal

144. Moore, Walter M., Private First Class

145. Morrissey, James, USN Corpsman

146. Myers, Raymond F., Private First Class

147. Nemire, Olen D., Private First Class

148. Newhoff, Elmer W., Private First Class

149. North, Charles R., Corporal

150. O'Leary, John, Private First Class

151. Pacter, Paul F., Private First Class

152. Page, Jack, Corporal

153. Parker, Charles W., Private First Class

154. Parker, Richard A., Private First Class

155. Parks, Lloyd M., Private First Class

156. Pearson, Charles M., Sergeant

157. Peck, Raymond F., Corporal

158. Peek, Oma L., Corporal

159. Penn, Homer K., Private First Class

160. Peoples, Claude, Private First Class

161. Peterson, Charles H., Corporal

162. Peterson, Elmo C., First Lieutenant

163. Phillips, Alfred P., Technical Sergeant

164. Pickett, Wayne A., Corporal

165. Pietkowski, Robert, Corporal

166. Pilcher, Donald R., Private First Class

167. Pitts, Clyde T., Sergeant

168. Pomers, Harrison, Private First Class

169. Ramey, James R., Private First Class

170. Reed, Billie W., Private First Class

171. Reitz, George W., Sergeant

172. Rittennour, Donald E., Private First Class

173. Robaczynski, John, Private First Class

174. Roberts, Gerald, Private First Class

175. Robicheau, Staff Sergeant

176. Rodien, David L., Private First Class

177. Rodrigues, Nicholas, Private First Class

178. Rodriguez, Manuel V., Private

179. Salyer, Walter E., Private First Class

180. Schmidt, Robert H., Private First Class

181. Schmitt, Lawrence, First Lieutenant

182. Scott, John L., Private First Class

183. Scully, Robert P., Sergeant

184. Seils, David, Private First Class

185. Senzig, John F., Private First Class

186. Shilney, Richard A., Sergeant

187. Slapinskas, Daniel, Sergeant

188. Smith, David, Sergeant

189. Smith, Gerald J., Private First Class

190. Snyder, Walter R., Private First Class

191. Stanley, Glen J., Sergeant

192. Steen, Clifford, USN Corpsman

193. Stein, Richard J., Private First Class

194. Stevens, Marvin L., Private First Class

195. Stiller, Daniel J., Private First Class

196. Stillwell, Charles R., Private First Class

197. Stonebreaker, John G., Corporal

198. Stritch, John T., Private First Class

199. Strommen, Ronald D., Private First Class

200. Sulem, Kenneth M., Private First Class

201. Svicarovich, George, Sergeant

202. Szabo, Antal J., Private First Class

203. Tallbull, Clarence, Private First Class

204. Temple, Johnny L., Private First Class

205. Teter, Lowell D., Private First Class

206. Thomas, Evan D., Private First Class

207. Thompson, Allen S., Private First Class

208. Thornton, Donald R., Corporal

209. Thrower, Louis V., Private First Class

210. Tilhof, Peter, Private First Class

211. Timbes, Ralph, Private First Class

212. Tranchita, Carmelo, Corporal

213. Triggs, Jerry D., Private First Class

214. Troxell, Paul T., Private First Class

215. Trujillo, Adam, Private First Class

216. Turnipseed, Roy B., Private First Class

217. Umpleby, James P., Private First Class

218. Urrutia, Joe C., Private First Class

219. Valek, Raymond L., Private First Class

220. Valtierra, Frank, Private First Class

221. Vanderveer, John S., Private First Class

222. Vaydice, John S., Private First Class

223. Vey, Arnold R., Private First Class

224. Waddell, Joseph L., Corporal

225. Waldoch, Daniel C., Private First Class

226. Watson, Wayne E., Staff Sergeant

227. Welsh, Robert T., Private First Class

228. Westin, John L., Corporal

229. Whitaker, Billy J., Private First Class

230. Whittaker, USN Corpsman

231. Wiedau, James L., Private First Class

232. Willard, James P., Private First Class

233. Williams, James E., Sergeant

234. Williford, Troy A., Private First Class

235. Wilson, Lee D., Private First Class

236. Wright, Clark B., First Lieutenant

237. Yeager, Kenneth E., Corporal

238. Yesko, Daniel D., Private First Class

239. Zacher, Kenneth L., Private First Class

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

All historical records are complicated, none more so than accounts of any war's individual battles and firefights. In addition to relying on official United States and Marine Corps historical records, contemporary media accounts, and the works referenced in this selected bibliography, we have reconstructed the events of the Battle of Fox Hill-particularly the quoted conversations among participantsfrom journals and personal letters written by Marines soon after the "Last Stand" took place and from reminiscences of the remaining members of Fox Company and the Ridgerunners that were obtained in personal interviews during the last two years. We acknowledge that fifty-year-old memories can play tricks, so whenever possible we have tried to confirm those conversations with each participant.

Books

Appleman, Roy E. East of Chosin: Entrapment and Breakout in Korea, 1950. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987.

Brady, James. The Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea. New York: Orion Books, 1990.

Clark, Johnnie M. Gunner's Glory: Untold Stories of Machine Gunners. New York: Ballantine Books, 2004.

Cumings, Bruce. North Korea: Another Country. New York: New Press, 2004.

Daniel, Clifton, ed. Chronicle of the 20th Century. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 1995.

Davis, Raymond. The Story of Ray Davis. Fuquay, VA: Research Triangle Publishing, 1995.

DuPuy, R. Ernest and Trevor N. The Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 B.C. to the Present (second revised edition). New York: Harper & Row, 1986.

Geer, Andrew. The New Breed: The Story of the U.S. Marines in Korea. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1952.

Halberstam, David. The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War. New York: Hyperion, 2007.

Hammel, Eric. Chosin: Heroic Ordeal of the Korean War. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1981.

Hopkins, William B. One Bugle No Drums: The Marines at Chosin Reservoir. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books, 1986.

Jackson, Robert. Air War Over Korea. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.

Knox, Donald. The Korean War-An Oral History: Pusan to Chosin. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 1981.

Leckie, Robert. March to Glory. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.

Mahoney, Kevin. Formidable Enemies: The North Korean and Chinese Soldier in the Korean War. Novata, CA: Presidio Press, 2001.

Manchester, William. American Caesar-Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Marshall, S.L.A. Battle at Best. New York: Pocket Books, 1964

Pork Chop Hill. Nashville, TN: The Battery Press, 1986.

Montross, Lynn, and Canzona, Capt. Nicholas A. (USMC). U.S. Marine Operations in Korea 1950-1953; Volume III: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign. Austin, TX: R. J. Speights, 1990.

Murphy, Edward F. Korean War Heroes. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1992.

Odgers, George. Across the Parallel: The Australian 77th Squadron with the United States Air Force in the Korean Air War. Australia: William Heinemann, 1952.

O'Neill, Robert. Australia in the Korean War. Australian Government Publishing Service, 1981.

Owen, Joseph R. Colder Than Hell. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Roe, Patrick C. The Dragon Strikes: China and the Korean War: June-December 1950. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 2000.

Russ, Martin. Breakout: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign, Korea 1950. New York: Penguin Books, 1999.

Schlesinger, Arthur M. War and the American Presidency. New York: W. W. Norton, 2004.

Smith, Larry. Beyond Glory: Medal of Honor Heroes in Their Own Words. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.

Sun-tzu. The Art of War. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Warren, James A. American Spartans-The U.S. Marines: A Combat History from Iwo to Iraq. New York: Free Press, 2005.

Wilson, Jim. Retreat, Hell: The Epic Story of the 1st Marines in Korea. New York: Pocket Books, 1988.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles

"Angels or Gooney Birds?" William O. Brennan, Marine News Digest, JulySeptember, 2005.

"Finally, Back at Chosin?" W. G. Ford. Leatherneck, December, 2002.

"Gen. Raymond Davis, War Hero, Dies at 88." Richard Goldstein, New York Times, September 5, 2003.

'Marine's Marine' Laid to Rest." Bill Hendrick. Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 9, 2003.

"Official Reports Describing the Fighting in Korea." New York Times, December 13, 1950.

"Ridgerunners of Toktong Pass." Lynn Montrose, Marine Corps Gazette, May, 1953.

"Sudong-ni: The Historic Clash as American Marines Meet Red Chinese Volunteers in the Korean War." Combat Magazine ISSN 1542-1546, volume 05, number 04, October, 2007.

"Toktong Ridgerunner." Bob Jordan. Leatherneck, December, 1985.

"Toktong Ridgerunners-Ist battalion, 7th Marines." Dick Camp. Leatherneck, December, 2000.

"Truman's Letter." Marine Corps Times, Dr. Charles P. Neimeyer, July 30, 2007

Video and Electronic Sources

"Battle for the Frozen Chosin." War Stories with Oliver North. Fox Network.

"Col. Bill Barber." Radio Interview with Hugh Hewitt, May 25, 2001.

"Korea: Medal of Honor." U.S. News & World Report, 1990.

"Korean War Stories." PBS Home Video, 2001.

Miscellaneous

"A Prayer Vigil on a Hill." Walter Hiskett. The Fox Two Seven Association Newsletter, April, 2007.

"Cold Injury." Jerrod E. Johnson, MD. The Scuttlebutt Newsletter, November, 1998.

"F-2-7 Battles South Korea, 1951." Jack Strong. The Fox Two Seven Association Newsletter, June, 2007.

Historical Reference Branch, U.S. Marine Corps, Quantico, Virginia.

Letter to General C. B. Cates, USMC, from General Oliver P. Smith, USMC, November 15, 1950.

"Night March to Fox Hill." Joesph R. Owen. Marine Corps Association Newsletter, December, 1984.

"Personal Notes Covering Activities of Lt. Gen. E. M. Almond During Military Operations in Korea 31 August 1950-15 July 1951."

Special Action Reports of the 1st Marine Division, November and December, 1950.

"Turkey Shoot at Turkey Hill." Joseph R. Owen. First Battalion Seventh Marines Newsletter, 1970.

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!
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