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The Anti-Slavery Reporter

Congressional Globe

The Charleston Mercury

The Daily Confederate (Raleigh, N.C.)

Friends’ Intelligencer

Galveston Tri-Weekly News

Harper’s Weekly

Lynchburg Virginian

Macon Daily Telegraph and Confederate

Mobile Register and Advertiser

Montgomery Mail

New York Evening Post

The New York Times

New York Tribune

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Richmond Examiner

Richmond Whig

The Sentinel (Richmond, Va.)

Southern Confederacy (Atlanta, Ga.)

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Unpublished Papers and Manuscripts

Allen, James. Plantation Book, 1860–63. Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Miss. (MDAH).

Army of Northern Virginia Headquarters Papers. Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. (VHS).

Barlow, Samuel Latham Mitchell. Papers. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif. (HL).

Brown, George Washington Campbell. Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (LC).

Brown-Ewell Family Papers. Filson Historical Society, Louisville, Ky.

Civil War Collection. HL.

Confederate States of America records. Manuscript Division, LC.

Guess, George W. Letters. Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collection, Special Collections, Louisiana State University Libraries, Baton Rouge, La. (LSU).

Jackson, Hunt Papers, Manuscript Division, LC.

Kenner, Duncan Farrar. Collection. Manuscript Division, LC.

Lee, R. E. Papers. VHS.

Maury, Richard L. Diary. Manuscripts Division, VHS.

Minor, William J., and Family. Papers. Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collection, Special Collections, LSU.

Pettus, John J. Papers. MDAH.

Smith, William. Executive Papers, 1864–65. State Records Collection, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va.

Stapp, Joseph D. Letters, 1864–65. VHS.

War Department Collection of Confederate Records. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. (NARA).

White, Garland. Compiled Military Service Record, NARA.

Secondary Works


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Alexander, Thomas B. Thomas A. R. Nelson of East Tennessee. Nashville, 1956.

Alexander, Thomas B., and Richard E. Beringer. The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress. Nashville, 1972.

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Articles and Book Chapters

Andrew, Rod, Jr. “The Essential Nationalism of the People: Georgia’s Confederate Congressional Elections of 1863.” In Gordon and Inscoe, Inside the Confederate Nation.

Aptheker, Herbert. “Notes on Slave Conspiracies in Confederate Mississippi.” Journal of Negro History 29 (1944): 75–79.

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Bergeron, Arthur W. “Free Men of Color in Grey.” Civil War History 32 (1986): 247–55.

Beringer, Richard E. “A Profile of the Members of the Confederate Congress.” Journal of Southern History 32 (1967): 518–41.

Blair, William A. “The Seven Days and the Radical Persuasion: Convincing Moderates in the North of the Need for a Hard War.” In The Richmond Campaign of 1862: The Peninsula and the Seven Days, ed. Gary W. Gallagher. Chapel Hill, N.C., 2000.

Cimprich, John. “Slave Behavior during the Federal Occupation of Tennessee, 1862–1865.” The Historian 44 (1982): 335–46.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. “Altars of Sacrifice: Confederate Women and the Narratives of War.” Journal of American History 76 (1990): 1200–1228.

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Freidel, Frank. “The Loyal Publication Society: A Pro-Union Propaganda Agency.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 26 (1939): 359–76.

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