Military history


The following works are essential for an understanding of various aspects of Machiavelli’s military thought. Whenever available, English translations have been listed.

BARDIN, GENERAL ÉTIENNE ALEXANDRE. Dictionnaire de l’armée de terre. 17 vols. Edited by General Oudinot de Reggio. Paris, 1841-1851.

BAYLEY, CHARLES C. War and Society in Renaissance Florence: the “De Militia” of Leonardo Bruni. Toronto: The University of Toronto Press, 1961.

BURD, L. ARTHUR. “Le fonti letterarie di Machiavelli nell’ Arte della Guerra,” Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Series V. Vol. IV (1896), Pt. I, 187-261.

CARRION-NISAS, COLONEL MARIE HENRI FRANÇOIS ELIZABETH. Essai sur I‘histoire générale de l’art militaire. 2 vols. Paris, 1824.

CLAUSEWITZ, KARL VON. On War. 3 vols. Translated by J. J. Graham. New and revised edition with introduction and notes by F. N. Maude. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner and Co. Ltd., 1911.

COCKLE, MAURICE J. D. A Bibliography of Military Books up to 1642. Introduction by Sir Charles Oman. Second edition, London: The Holland Press, 1957.

COLIN, J. L’Éducation militaire de Napoléon. Paris: R. Chapelot, 1900.

DELBRUCK, HANS. Geschichte der Kriegskunst im Rahmen der politischen Geschichte. 7 vols. Berlin: G. Stike, 1900-1936.

DICKINSON, G., ed. The Instructions sur le Faict de la Guerre of Raymond de Beccarie de Pavie, Sieur de Fourquevaux. London: University of London, The Athlone Press, 1954.

FOLARD, JEAN-CHARLES. Histoire de Polybe avec un commentaire . 7 vols. Amsterdam, 1774.

FRONTINUS. Strategemata. Translated by Charles E. Bennet. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: W. Heinemann, 1925.

GILBERT, FELIX. “Machiavelli: the Renaissance of the Art of War,” in Makers of Modern Strategy. Edited by E. M. Earle. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1944.

GUIBERT, JACQUES ANTOINE HIPPOLYTE. Essai general de tactique . 2 vols. London, 1773.

HAHLWEG, WERNER. Die Heeresreform der Oranier und die Antike. Berlin: Junker und Dünnhaupt, 1941.

HOBOHM, MARTIN. Machiavellis Renaissance der Kriegskunst. 2 vols. Berlin: Curtius, 1913.

JÄHNS, MAX. Geschichte der Kriegswissenschaften vornehmlich in Deutschland. 2 vols. Munich and Leipzig: R. Oldenbourg, 1889-1891.

LIPSIUS, JUSTUS. Sixe Bookes of Politickes or Civil Doctrine. Translated by William Jones. London, 1594.

——. Two Bookes of Constancie. Translated by Sir John Stradling. Edited by Rudolf Kirk with notes by C. M. Hall. New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers University Press, 1939.

LIVY. History of Rome. 14 vols. Translated by B. O. Foster, R. M. Geer, E. T. Sage, A. C. Schlesinger. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: W. Heinemann, 1919-1959.

MATTINGLY, GARRETT. Renaissance Diplomacy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Co., 1955.

MEINECKE, FRIEDRICH. Machiavellism: the Doctrine of Raison D’Etat and Its Place in Modern History. Translated by Douglas Scott. Introduction by W. Stark. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957.

MONTECUCCOLI, RAIMOND DE. Memoires. 4 vols. Amsterdam and Leipzig, 1756.

OESTREICH, GERHARD. “Justus Lipsius als Theoretiker des neuzeitlichen Machtstaates,” Historische Zeitschrift, CLXXXI (1956), 31-78.

——. “Der römische Stoizismus und die oranische Heeresreform,” Historische Zeitschri f t, CLXXVI (1953), 17-43.

OMAN, SIR CHARLES. A History of War in the Sixteenth Century. London: Methuen and Co., 1937.

PHILLIPS, BRIGADIER GENERAL THOMAS R., ed. Roots of Strategy. Harrisburg, Pa.: The Military Service Publishing Company, 1940. Contains translations of Vegetius, De re militari; Maurice de Saxe, Mes Rêveries; Frederick the Great, Military Instructions.

PIERI, PIERO. Introduzione all’rte della guerra di N. Machiavelli . Rome: Edizioni Roma, 1936.

POLYBIUS. The Histories, 6 vols. Translated by W. R. Paton. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: W. Heinemann, 1960.

RIDOLFI, ROBERTO. The Life of Niccolò Machiavelli. Translated by Cecil Grayson. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul; Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1963.

RAPOPORT, DAVID C. “Military and Civil Societies: the Contemporary Significance of a Traditional Subject in Political Theory,” Political Studies, XII (June 1964), 178-201.

SPAULDING, OLIVER LYMAN. Pen and Sword in Ancient Greece and Rome. Princeton: Princeton University Press; London: H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1937.

SPAULDING, OLIVER LYMAN, NICKERSON, HOFFMAN, and WRIGHT, JOHN WOMACK. Warfare: A Study of Military Methods from the Earliest Times. Preface by General Tasker H. Bliss. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1925.

TAYLOR, F. L. The Art of War in Italy, 1494-1529. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1921.

VILLARI, PASQUALE. Niccolò Machiavelli e i suoi tempi. 2 vols. Fourth posthumous edition. Edited by Michele Scherillo. Milan: Hoepli, 1927.

WAILLE, VICTOR. Machiavel en France. Paris: A. Ghio, 1884.

WALKER, LESLIE J. The Discourses of Niccolo Machiavelli. 2 vols. Translated and edited. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1950.

WEBER, MAX. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Translated and edited by H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills. New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.

XENOPHON. Cyropaedia. 2 vols. Translated by Walter Miller. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: W. Heinemann, 1953.

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