Military history

The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace, and the Course of History

The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace, and the Course of History

For five centuries, the State has evolved according to epoch-making cycles of war and peace. But now our world has changed irrevocably. What faces us in this era of fear and uncertainty? How do we protect ourselves against war machines that can penetrate the defenses of any state?

Prologue

BOOK I: STATE OF WAR

Introduction: Law, Strategy, and History

PART I: THE LONG WAR OF THE NATION-STATE

Chapter 1: Thucydides and the Epochal War

Chapter 2: The Struggle Begun: Fascism, Communism, Parliamentarianism, 1914 – 1919

Chapter 3: The Struggle Continued: 1919 – 1945

Chapter 4: The Struggle Ended: 1945 – 1990

PART II: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MODERN STATE AND ITS CONSTITUTIONAL ORDERS

Chapter 5: Strategy and the Constitutional Order

Chapter 6: From Princes to Princely States: 1494 – 1648

Chapter 7: From Kingly States to Territorial States: 1648 – 1776

Chapter 8: From State-Nations to Nation-States: 1776 – 1914

Chapter 9: The Study of the Modern State

PART III: THE HISTORIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE LONG WAR

Chapter 10: The Market-State

Chapter 11: Strategic Choices

Chapter 12: Strategy and the Market-State

Chapter 13: The Wars of the Market-State: Conclusion to Book 1

BOOK II: STATES OF PEACE

Introduction: The Origin of International Law in the Constitutional Order

PART I: THE SOCIETY OF NATION-STATES

Chapter 14: Colonel House and a World Made of Law

Chapter 15: The Kitty Genovese Incident and the War in Bosnia

Chapter 16: The Death of the Society of Nation-States

PART II: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY OF STATES AND THE INTERNATIONAL ORDER

Chapter 17: Peace and the International Order

Chapter 18: The Treaty of Augsburg

Chapter 19: The Peace of Westphalia

Chapter 20: The Treaty of Utrecht

Chapter 21: The Congress of Vienna

Chapter 22: The Versailles Treaty

Chapter 23: The Peace of Paris

PART III: THE SOCIETY OF MARKET-STATES

Chapter 24: Challenges to the New International Order

Chapter 25: Possible Worlds

Chapter 26: The Coming Age of War and Peace

Chapter 27: Peace in the Society of Market-States: Conclusion to Book II

Epilogue

Postscript: The Indian Summer

Notes

Bibliography