Military history

CHAPTER 23

 1DGFP, IX, p. 108.

 2Ibid., pp. 294, 316.

 3Ibid., pp. 599–600.

 4Ibid., X, pp. 3–4.

 5. Churchill, Their Finest Hour, pp. 135–36 (the text of his letter to Stalin).

 6DGFP, X, pp. 207–8.

 7Mein Kampf, p. 654.

 8. Speech of Jodl, Nov. 7, 1943, NCA, I, p. 795 (N.D. L–172).

 9. Sworn testimony of Warlimont, Nov. 21, 1945, NCA, V, p. 741; interrogation of Warlimont, Oct. 12, 1945, ibid., Suppl. B, pp. 163537.

10. Halder’s diary, July 22, 1940. He records what Brauchitsch told him of the conference with Hitler in Berlin on the previous day.

11. Halder’s diary, July 3, 1940.

12NCA, IV, p. 1083 (N.D. 2353–PS).

13. War Diary, OKW Operations Staff, Aug. 26, 1940. Quoted in DGFP, X, pp. 549–50.

14. See Warlimont’s two affidavits, NCA, V, pp. 740–41 (N.D. 3031, 2–PS), and his interrogation, ibid., Suppl. B, p. 1536. Jodl’s directive of Sept. 6, 1940, is given in NCA, III, pp. 849–50 (N.D. 1229–PS).

15. The directive of Nov. 12, 1940, NCA, III, pp. 403–7. The portion dealing with Russia is on p. 406.

16. OKW War Diary, Aug. 28. Quoted in DGFP, X, pp. 566–67n.

17The Ciano Diaries, p. 289.

18NCA, VI, p. 873 (N.D. C–53).

19NSR, pp. 178–81.

20. The German memorandum, ibid., pp. 181–83; the Soviet memorandum of Sept. 21 in reply, ibid.,

21Ibid., pp. 188–89.

22Ibid., pp. 195–96.

23lbid., pp. 197–99.

24Ibid., pp. 201–3.

25Ibid., pp. 206–7.

26. Ribbentrop’s letter to Stalin, Oct. 13,1940, ibid., pp. 207–13.

27. Text of Ribbentrop’s indignant telegram, ibid., p. 214.

28. Text of Stalin’s reply, ibid., p. 216.

29. Ibid., p 217.

30. Memoranda of the meetings of Molotov with Ribbentrop and Hitler on Nov. 12–13, 1940, ibid., pp. 217–54.

31. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 212.

32Ibid.,

33. Dispatch of Schulenburg, Nov. 26, 1940, NSR, pp. 258–59.

34FCNA, 1941, p. 13; Halder’s diary, Jan. 16, 1941.

35. Halder diary, Dec. 5, 1940; NCA, IV, pp. 374–75 (N.D. 1799–PS). The latter is a translation of part of the War Diary of the OKW Operations Staff, headed by Jodl.

36. Complete German text, TMWC, XXVI, pp. 47–52; short English version, NCA, III, pp. 407–9 (N.D.446–PS).

37. Halder, Hitler als Feldherr, p. 22.

38FCNA, 1940, pp. 135–36 (conference of Dec. 27,1940).

39Ibid., pp. 91–97, 104–8. (conferences of Sept. 6 and 26, 1940). Raeder signed both reports.

40DGFP, IX, pp. 620–21.

41. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 196. The interpreter gives a fairly complete account of the conversations. The German minutes in the U.S. State Department’s The Spanish Government and the Axis are fragmentary. Erich Kordt, who was also present, gives a more detailed account in his unpublished memorandum, previously referred to.

42Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, p. 402.

43. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 197.

44. The text of the Montoire Agreement is among the captured German Foreign Office papers but was not released by the State Department at the time of writing. However, William L. Langer, Our Vichy Gamble (pp. 94–95), cites it from the German papers made available to him by the Department.

45The Ciano Diaries, p. 300.

46. Ribbentrop on the stand at Nuremberg, and Schmidt in his book, p. 200, recalled the words.

47. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 200.

48. Halder’s diary, Nov. 4, 1940; report of Jodl to Adm. Schniewind, Nov. 4, FCNA, 1940, pp. 112–17; Directive No. 18, Nov. 12, 1940, NCA, III, pp. 403–7 (N.D. 444–PS).

49FCNA, 1940, p. 125.

50Ibid., p. 124.

51The Spanish Government and the Axis, pp. 28–33.

52. Raeder’s report is in FCNA, 1941, pp. 8–13; Halder did not record the two-day conference in his diary until Jan. 16, 1941.

53. Text of Directive No. 20, NCA, IV, pp. 101–3 (N.D. 1541–PS).

54. Text of Directive No. 22 and supplementary order giving code names, NCA, III, pp. 413–15 (N.D. 448–PS).

55NCA, VI, pp. 939–46 (N.D. C–134).

56. Halder, Hitler als Feldherr, pp. 22–24.

57NCA, III, pp. 626–33 (N.D. 872–PS).

58. German figures given by Foreign Office, as of Feb. 21, 1941, NSR, p. 275.

59. German minutes of conference, NCA, IV, pp. 272–75 (N.D. 1746–PS).

60NCA, I, p. 783 (N.D. 1450–PS).

61. A partial text of Directive No. 25, NCA, VI, pp. 938–39 (N.D. C–127).

62. OKW minutes of the meeting, NCA, IV, pp. 275–78 (N.D. 1746–PS, Part II).

63. Jodl’s testimony, TMWC, XV, p. 387. His “tentative” plan of operations, NCA, IV, pp. 278–79 (N.D. 1746–PS, Part V).

64. Text, letter of Hitler to Mussolini, March 28, 1941, NCA, IV, pp. 475–77 (N.D. 1835–PS).

65. For details see text of directive, NCA, III, pp. 838–39 (N.D. 1195–PS).

66. Churchill, The Grand Alliance, pp. 235–36.

67. From the Russian file of the High Command of the German Navy; entries for May 30 and June 6, NCA, VI, pp. 998–1000 (N.D. C–170).

68FCNA, 1941, pp. 50–52.

69TMWC, VII, pp. 255–56.

70NCA, VI, p. 996 (N.D. C–170).

71. Cited by Shulman, op. cit., p. 65.

72. Top–secret directive, April 30, 1941, NCA, III, pp. 633–34 (N.D. 873–PS).

73. Halder affidavit, Nov. 22, 1945, at Nuremberg, NCA, VIII, pp. 645–46.

74TMWC, XX, p. 609.

75. Testimony of Brauchitsch at Nuremberg, TMWC, XX, pp. 581–82, 593.

76. Text of Keitel’s order, July 23, 1941, NCA, VI, p. 876 (N.D. C–52); July 27 order, ibid., pp. 875–76 (N.D.C–51).

77. Text of the court–martial directive, NCA, III, pp. 637–39 (N.D. 886–PS). A slightly different version found in the records of Army Group South and dated a day later, May 14, is given in NCA, VI, pp. 872–75 (N.D.C–50).

78. Text of directive, also dated May 13, 1941, NCA, III, pp. 409–13 (N.D.447–PS).

79. Text of Rosenberg’s instructions, NCA, III, pp. 690–93 (N.D. 1029, 1030–PS).

80. Text, NCA, III, pp. 716–17 (N.D. 1058–PS).

81. Text of directive, NCA, VII, p. 300 (N.D. EC–126).

82. Memorandum of meeting, NCA, V, p. 378 (N.D. 2718–PS).

83. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 233.

84. Keitel interrogation, NCA, Suppl. B, pp. 1271–73.

85. The Duke of Hamilton’s personal report, NCA, VIII, pp. 38–40 (N.D. M–116).

86. Kirkpatrick’s reports on his interviews with Hess on May 13, 14, 15, ibid., pp. 40–46 (N.D.s M–117, 118, 119).

87. Churchill, The Grand Alliance, p. 54.

88TMWC, X, p. 7.

89Ibid., p. 74.

90. Douglas M. Kelley, 22 Cells in Nuremberg, pp. 23–24.

91NSR, p. 324.

92Ibid., p. 326.

93Ibid., p. 325.

94Ibid., p. 328.

95Ibid., pp. 340–41.

96Ibid., pp. 316–18.

97. Ibid., p. 328.

98Ibid., p. 338.

99. Schulenburg’s dispatches, May 7, 12, ibid., pp. 335–39.

100Ibid., p. 334.

101Ibid., pp. 334–35.

102. Sumner Welles, The Time for Decision, pp. 170–71.

103. Churchill, The Grand Alliance, pp. 356–61.

104NSR, p. 330.

105NCA, VI, p. 997 (N.D. C–170).

106NSR, p. 344.

107Ibid., pp. 345–46.

108Ibid., p. 346.

109. Text of, NCA, VI, pp. 852–67 (N.D. C–39).

110. The minutes of this meeting never turned up, so far as I know, but Halder’s diary for June 14, 1941, describes it, and Keitel told about it on the stand at Nuremberg (TMWC, X, pp. 531–32). The Naval War Diary also mentions it briefly.

111NSR, pp. 355–56.

112Ibid., pp. 347–49.

113. Schmidt’s formal memorandum of the meeting, ibid., pp. 356–57. Also his book, pp. 234–35.

114. Hitler to Mussolini, June 21, 1941, NSR, pp. 349–53.

115The Ciano Diaries, pp. 369, 372.

116Ibid., p. 372.

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