Military history

CHAPTER 22

 1. Naval Staff War Diary, June 18, 1940. Quoted in Ronald Wheatley, Operation Sea Lion, p. 16. The author, a member of the British team compiling an official history of the war, had unrestricted access to the captured German military, naval, air and diplomatic archives, a privilege not accorded up to the time of writing to any unofficial American authors by either the British or the American authorities, who hold joint custody of the documents. Wheatley, as a guide to restricted German sources on Sea Lion, is therefore very helpful.

 2. OKM (Navy High Command) records. Wheatley, p. 26.

 3. Naval Staff War Diary, Nov. 15, 1939. Wheatley, pp. 4–7.

 4. Wheatley, pp. 7–13.

 5FCNA, p. 51 (May 21, 1940); Naval Staff War Diary, same date, Wheatley, p. 15.

 6. Text, TMWC, XXVIII, pp. 301–3 (N.D. 1776–PS). A not very good English translation is published in NCA, Suppl. A, pp. 4046.

 7. British War Office Intelligence Review, November 1945. Cited by Shulman, op. cit., pp. 49–50.

 8. Liddell Hart, The German Generals Talk, p. 129.

 9. From OKH papers, cited by Wheatley, pp. 40, 152–55, 158. The plan was continually being altered throughout the next six weeks.

10. Naval Staff War Diary, Raeder-Brauchitsch discussion, July 17. Wheatley, p. 40n.

11. Halder diary, July 22; FCNA, pp. 71–73 (July 21).

12. Naval Staff War Diary, July 30, and memorandum, July 29. Wheatley, pp. 45–46.

13FCNA, Aug. 1, 1940. This is Raeder’s confidential report on the meeting. Halder gave his in a long diary entry of July 31.

14DGFP, X, pp. 390–91. It is also given in N.D. 443–PS, which was not published in the NCA or TMWC volumes.

15FCNA, pp. 81–82 (Aug. 1, 1940).

16Ibid., pp. 73–75.

17. From the Jodl and OKW papers. Wheatley, p. 68.

18FCNA, pp. 82–83 (Aug. 13).

19. The two directives, ibid., pp. 81–82 (Aug. 16).

20Ibid., pp. 85–86. Wheatley, pp. 161–62, gives details of Autumn Journey from the German military records.

21. Text of Brauchitsch’s instructions, from the OKH files. Wheatley, pp. 174–82.

22FCNA, 1940, p. 88.

23Ibid.,

24. Halder’s diary of the same date; Assmann, Deutsche Schicksalsjahre, pp. 189–90; OKW War Diary, cited by Wheatley, p. 82.

25. Raeder’s report, FCNA, 1940, pp. 98–101. Halder’s diary, Sept 14.

26FCNA, 1940, pp. 100–1.

27. Naval Staff War Diary, Sept. 17. Wheatley, p. 88.

28Ibid., Sept. 18. Cited by Wheatley.

29FCNA, 1940, p. 101.

30Ciano Diaries, p. 298.

31FCNA, 1940, p. 103.

32Vorstudien zur Luftkriegsgeschichte, Heft 11, Der Luftkrieg gegen England, 1940–1, by Lt. Col. von Hesler, cited by Wheatley, p. 59. The two to four weeks’ estimate was given Halder, who noted it in his diary on July 11.

33. Adolf Galland, The First and the Last, p. 26. Also from Galland’s interrogation, quoted by Wilmot in The Struggle for Europe, p. 44.

34. Luftwaffe General Staff record of directives given by Goering at this conference. Wheatley, p. 73.

35Ciano Diaries, p. 290.

36. See T. H. O’Brien, Civil Defence. This is a volume in the official British history of the Second World War, edited by Prof. J. R. M. Butler and published by H. M. Stationery Office.

37. Notes on Goering’s conference with air chiefs, Sept. 16. Cited by Wheatley, p. 87.

38. Churchill, Their Finest Hour, p. 279.

39. Peter Fleming, Operation Sea Lion, p. 293. An excellent book, but Fleming was denied access to restricted documents, though he says he was permitted to glance through—for an hour or two—Wheatley’s study shortly before it was published.

40DGFP, X.

41. Schellenberg, The Labyrinth, Ch. 2.

42. New York Times, Aug. 1,1957.

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