Military history

CHAPTER 20

 1NCA, IV, p. 104 (N.D. 1546–PS); VI, pp. 891–92 (N.D. C–66).

 2Ibid., VI, pp. 928 (N.D. C–122), p. 978 (N.D. C–170).

 3Ibid., p. 892 (N.D. C–166); FCNA, 1939, p. 27.

 4. Churchill, The Gathering Storm, pp. 531–37.

 5FCNA, 1939, p. 51.

 6. Rosenberg’s memorandum, NCA, VI, pp. 885–87 (N.D. C–64). It is also given in FCNA, 1939, pp. 53–55.

 7FCNA, 1939, pp. 55–57.

 8Ibid., pp. 57–58.

 9DGFP, VIII, pp. 515, 546–47.

10. Jodl’s diary, Dec. 12, 13—obviously misdated. Halder diary for Dec. 14.

11. Rosenberg memorandum, NCA, III, pp. 22–25 (N.D. 004–PS).

12DGFP, VIII, pp. 663–66.

13. Text of the directive, NCA, VI, p. 883 (N.D.C–63).

14. Interrogation of Falkenhorst at Nuremberg, NCA, Suppl. B, pp. 1534–47.

15. Text of the directive, NCA, VI, pp. 1003–5; also in DGFP, VIII, pp. 831–33.

16. Jodl’s diary, March 10–14, 1940.

17DGFP, VIII, pp. 910–13.

18Ibid., pp. 179–81, 470–471.

19Ibid., pp. 89–91.

20. Text of Hitler’s directive, ibid., pp. 817–19.

21. Dr. Schmidt’s minutes of the meetings of Sumner Welles with Hitler, Goering and Ribbentrop are in DGFP, VIII; also Weizsaecker’s two memoranda on his talk with Welles. The American envoy also saw Dr. Schacht after the banker, now fallen from grace, had been summoned by Hitler and told what line to take. See Hassell, op. cit., p. 121. Welles has given his own account of his talks in Berlin in The Time for Decision.

22DGFP, VIII, pp. 865–66.

23DGFP, VIII, pp. 652–56, 683–84.

24. Text of Hitler’s letter to Mussolini, March 8, 1940, ibid., pp. 870–871.

25. Schmidt’s minutes of the meetings, ibid., pp. 882–93, 898–909; Ciano’s version is in Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, pp. 339–59. Also see Schmidt, op. cit., pp. 170–71, and The Ciano Diaries, for their personal comments on the meetings. Ribbentrop’s two telegrams to Hitler reporting on his interviews are in DGFP, VIII.

26. Welles, op. cit., p. 138.

27Ciano Diaries, p. 220.

28. Dr. Schmidt’s transcribed shorthand notes of the meeting, DGFP, IX, pp. 1–16.

29. Hassell, op. cit., pp. 116–18, on which this account is largely based.

30. Allen Dulles, Germany’s Underground, p. 59.

31. Shirer, The Challenge of Scandinavia, pp. 223–25.

32. Churchill, The Gathering Storm, p. 579. The British plans for R–4 are given in Derry, The Campaign in Norway, the official British account of the Norwegian campaign.

33. Text of the directive, DGFP, IX, pp. 66–68.

34. Text, ibid., pp. 68–73.

35. Text of, NCA, VI, pp. 914–15 (N.D.C–115).

36TMWC, XIV, pp. 99, 194.

37. Text of, NCA, VIII, pp. 410–14 (N.D. TC–55). Also in DGFP, IX, pp. 88–93.

38. Renthe–Fink’s dispatch from Copenhagen, DGFP, IX, pp. 102–3; Bräuer’s dispatch from Oslo, ibid., p. 102.

39. The Danish version of the German occupation is based on the author’s The Challenge of Scandinavia, and on Denmark during the Occupation, ed. by Børge Outze. Lt. Col. Th. Thaulow’s contribution is especially valuable. A Guards officer, he was with the King at the time.

40. From the secret German Army Archives. Quoted in NCA, VI, pp. 299–308 (N.D. 3596–PS).

41. From the Norwegian State Archives; quoted in the author’s The Challenge of Scandinavia, p. 38.

42DGFP, IX, p. 124.

43Ibid., p. 129.

44Ibid., p. 186.

45. Churchill, The Gathering Storm, p. 601.

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