Military history

CHAPTER 19

 1. Maj.-Gen. J. F. C. Fuller, The Second World War, p. 55. Quoted from The First Quarter, p. 343.

 2. Text of Directive No. 3, DGFP, VIII, p. 41.

 3. Namier, op. cit., pp. 459–60. He quotes the French text of the convention.

 4. Testimony of Halder for defendants in the “Ministries Case” trial, on Sept. 8–9, 1948, at Nuremberg, TWC, XII, p. 1086.

 5. Testimony of Jodl in his own defense on June 4, 1946, at Nuremberg, TMWC, XV, p. 350.

 6. Testimony of Keitel in his own defense on April 4, 1946, at Nuremberg, ibid., X, p. 519.

 7. Churchill, The Gathering Storm, p. 478.

 8FCNA, 1939, pp. 16–17.

 9. Weizsaecker’s memorandum of his talk with Kirk, DGFP, VIII, pp. 3–4. His testimony at Nuremberg on his talk with Raeder, TMWC, XIV, p. 278.

10Ibid., XXXV, pp. 527–29 (N.D. 804–D). The document gives both Raeder’s memorandum of his conversation and the text of the American naval attaché’s cable to Washington.

11. Sworn statement of Doenitz at Nuremberg, NCA, VII, pp. 114–15 (N.D. 638–D).

12Ibid., pp. 156–58.

13. Nuremberg testimony of Raeder, TMWC, XIV, p. 78; of Weizsaecker, ibid., pp. 277, 279, 293; of Hans Fritzsche, a high official in the Propaganda Ministry and an acquitted defendant in the trial. ibid., XVII, pp. 191, 234–35. The Voelkischer Beobachter article is in NCA, V, p. 1008 (N.D. 3260–PS). For Goebbels’ broadcast, see Berlin Diary, p. 238.

14. Schmidt memorandum of the talk, DGFP, VIII, pp. 140–45.

15. Brauchitsch’s testimony at Nuremberg, TMWC, XX, p. 573. A note in the OKW War Diary confirms the quotation.

16Ciano Diaries, pp. 154–55. Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, pp. 309–16.

17DGFP, VIII, p. 24.

18Ibid., pp. 197–98.

19DGFP, VII, p. 414.

20. Hitler’s memorandum, NCA, VII, pp. 800–14 (N.D. L–52); Directive No. 6, NCA, VI, pp. 880–81 (N.D.C–62).

21. The text is in TWC, X, pp. 864–72 (N.D. NOKW–3433).

22. Both Schlabrendorff, op. cit., p. 25, and Gisevius, op. cit., p. 431, tell of this plot.

23. Wheeler-Bennett in Nemesis, p. 491n., gives the German sources. See also Hassell, op. cit., and Thomas, “Gedanken und Ereignisse,” loc. cit.

24. Halder’s interrogation at Nuremberg, Feb. 26, 1946, NCA; Suppl. B, pp. 1564–75.

25. Rothfels, The German Opposition to Hitler.

26. They are given in NCA, VI, pp. 893–905 (N.D.C–72).

27. Buelow-Schwante testified in the “Ministries Case” before the Nuremberg Military Tribunal about Goerdeler’s message and his own private audience with King Leopold. See transcript, English edition, pp. 9807–11. It is also mentioned in DGFP, VIII, p. 384n. His telegram of warning to Berlin is printed in DGFP, VIII, p. 386.

28. For the varied accounts of the Venlo kidnaping, see S. Payne Best, The Venlo Incident; Schellenberg, The Labyrinth; Wheeler-Bennett, Nemesis.

An official Dutch account is given in the protest of the Netherlands government to Germany, DGFP, VIII, pp. 395–96. Additional material was given at the “Ministries Case” trial at Nuremberg. See TWC, XII.

29TWC, XII, pp. 1206–8, and DGFP, VIII, pp. 395–96.

30. For various accounts of the bomb attempt, see Best, op. cit.; Schellenberg, op. cit.; Wheeler-Bennett, Nemesis; Reitlinger, The S.S.; Berlin Diary; Gisevius, op. cit. There was also some material at Nuremberg from which I made notes and which I have used here, though I cannot find it in the NCA and TMWC volumes.

31. The textual notes are given in NCA, III, pp. 572–80, and also in DGFP, VIII, pp. 439–46 (N.D. 789–PS).

32. Halder’s diary for Nov. 23 and his footnote added later. Brauchitsch’s testimony at Nuremberg, TMWC, XX, p. 575.

33. Halder’s interrogation at Nuremberg, NCA, Suppl. B, pp. 1569–70. Also see Thomas, “Gedanken und Ereignisse,” loc. cit.

34. Hassell, op. cit., pp. 93–94, 172.

35Ibid., pp. 79, 94.

36. From the diary of Admiral Canaris, NCA, V, p. 769 (N.D. 3047–PS).

37NCA, VI, pp. 97–101 (N.D. 3363–PS).

38TMWC, I, p. 297.

39Ibid., pp. 468–69.

40. Ibid., XXIX, pp. 447–48.

41NCA, IV, p. 891 (N.D. 2233–C–PS).

42Ibid., pp. 891–92.

43Ibid., pp. 553–54.

44DGFP, VIII, p. 683n.

45. The text, ibid., pp. 604–9.

46Ibid., p. 394.

47Ibid., p. 213.

48Ibid., p. 490.

49NCA, IV, p. 1082.

50Ibid., p. 1082 (N.D. 2353–PS).

51DGFP, VIII, p. 537.

52Ibid., respectively.

53. Text of trade treaty of Feb. 11, 1940, and figures on deliveries, ibid., pp. 762–64.

54NCA, IV, pp. 1081–82 (N.D. 2353–PS).

55DGFP, VIII, pp. 814–17 (Schnurre memorandum, Feb. 26, 1940).

56NCA, III, p. 620 (N.D. 864–PS).

57. Langsdorff’s moving letter is given in FCNA, 1939, p. 62. Other German material on the battle and its aftermath, pp. 59–62.

58. I have used some of the original German sources for this account of the forced landing: reports of the German ambassador and the air attaché in Brussels to Berlin, DGFP, VIII, and Jodl’s diary. The text of the German plan of attack in the West, as salvaged by the Belgians, is given inNCA, VIII, pp. 423–28 (N.D. TC-58–A). Karl Bartz has given an account of the incident in Als der Himmel brannte. Churchill’s comments are in The Gathering Storm, pp. 556–57. He gives a wrong date for the forced landing.

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!