Military history

CHAPTER 16

 1British Blue Book, pp. 96–98.

 2. Henderson’s dispatch, Aug. 23, 1939, ibid., pp. 98–100. German Foreign Office memo of meeting, DGFP, VII, pp. 210–15. Henderson reported on the second meeting on Aug. 24 (British Blue Book, pp. 100–2).

 3. Text of Hitler’s letter of Aug. 23 to Chamberlain, ibid., pp. 102–4. It is also printed in DGFP, VII, pp. 216–19.

 4. Text of Hitler’s letter to Mussolini, Aug. 25, DGFP, VII, pp. 281–83.

 5. Text of verbal declaration of Hitler to Henderson, Aug. 25, drawn up by Ribbentrop and Dr. Schmidt, DGFP, VII, pp. 279–84; also in British Blue Book, pp. 120–22. Henderson’s dispatch of Aug. 25 describing interview, British Blue Book, pp. 122–23. See also Henderson’s Failure of a Mission, p. 270.

 6. Coulondre’s dispatch, Aug. 25, French Yellow Book, Fr. ed., pp. 312–14.

 7NCA, VI, pp. 977–98. From a file on Russo–German relations found in the files of the Navy High Command.

 8. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 144.

 9Ibid., pp. 143–44.

10Ciano Diaries, pp. 120–29.

11. Weizsaecker memorandum, Aug. 20, DGFP, VII, p. 160.

12. Mackensen letter to Weizsaecker, Aug. 23, ibid., pp. 240–43.

13. Dispatch of Mackensen, Aug. 25, ibid., pp. 291–93.

14. See DGFP, VII, note on p. 285.

15. Mussolini’s letter to Hitler, Aug. 25, ibid., pp. 285–86.

16NCA, VI, pp. 977–78 (N.D. 170).

17. Ribbentrop’s interrogation, Aug. 29, 1945, NCA, VII, pp. 535–36; Goering’s interrogation, Aug. 29, 1945, ibid., pp. 534–35; Keitel’s testimony on the stand at Nuremberg under direct examination, Apr. 4, 1946, TMWC, X, pp. 514–15.

18NCA, Suppl. B, pp. 1561–63.

19. Gisevius, op. cit., pp. 358–59.

20. Hassell, op. cit., p. 59.

21. Thomas, “Gedanken und Ereignisse,” loe. cit.

22. Testimony of Dr. Schacht, May 2, 1946, at Nuremberg, TMWC. XII, pp. 545–46.

23. Testimony of Gisevius, Apr. 25, 1946, at Nuremberg, ibid., pp. 224–25.

24. The texts of all these appeals are in the British Blue Book, pp. 122–42.

25. Hitler to Mussolini, Aug. 25, 7:40 P.M., DGFP, VII, p. 289.

26Ciano Diaries, p. 129.

27. Mussolini to Hitler, Aug. 26, 12:10 P.M., DGFP, VII, pp. 309–10.

28Ciano Diaries, p. 129. Mackensen’s report, DGFP, VII, p. 325.

29. Hitler to Mussolini, Aug. 26, 3:08 P.M., DGFP, VII, pp. 313–14.

30. Mussolini to Hitler, 6:42 P.M., Aug. 26, ibid., p. 323.

31. Hitler to Mussolini, 12:10 A.M., Aug. 27, ibid., pp. 346–47.

32. Mussolini to Hitler, 4:30 P.M., Aug. 27, ibid., pp. 353–54.

33. Dispatch of Mackensen, Aug. 27, ibid., pp. 351–53.

34. Daladier to Hitler, Aug. 26, ibid., pp. 330–31. Also in the French Yellow Book, Fr. ed., pp. 321–22.

35. Halder’s diary, entry of Aug. 28, recapitulating “sequence of events” of previous five days. This portion is in DGFP, VII, pp. 564–66.

36. Goering’s interrogation, Aug. 29, 1945, at Nuremberg, NCA, VIII, p. 534 (N.D.TC–90).

37TMWC, IX,p.498.

38. The account of the doings of Dahlerus is based on his book, op. cit., and on his testimony at Nuremberg, where he learned how naïve he had been about his German friends. See above, note 4 for Chapter 15. It is substantiated by a great deal of material from the British Foreign Office published in DBrFP, Third Series, Vol. VII.

39DBrFP, VII, p. 287.

40. Testimony of Dahlerus at Nuremberg, TMWC, IX, p. 465.

41DBrFP, VII, p. 319n.

42TMWC, IX, p. 466.

43DBrFP, VII, pp. 321–22.

44British Blue Book, p. 125, and DBrFP, VII, p. 318.

45. Text of British note to Germany, Aug. 28, British Blue Book, pp. 126–28.

46. Dispatch of Henderson to Halifax, 2:35 A.M., Aug. 29, ibid., pp. 128–31.

47. Dispatch of Henderson to Halifax, Aug. 29, ibid., p. 131.

48. Dispatch of Henderson, Aug. 29, DBrFP, VII, p. 360.

49Ibid.,

50. Text of German reply, Aug. 29, British Blue Book, pp. 135–37.

51DBrFP, Third Series, VII, p. 393.

52. Henderson, Failure of a Mission, p. 281.

53British Blue Book, p. 139.

54. Text of Chamberlain’s note to Hitler, Aug. 30, DGFP, VII, p. 441.

55British Blue Book, pp. 139–40.

56Ibid., p. 140.

57lbid., p. 142.

58. Schmidt, op. cit., pp. 150–55. Also Schmidt’s testimony at Nuremberg, TMWC, X, pp. 196–222.

59TMWC, X, p. 275.

60. Schmidt, op. cit., p. 152.

61DGFP, VII, pp. 447–50.

62. Henderson’s Final Report, Cmd. 6115, p. 17. Also his book, op. cit., p. 287.

63DBrFP, VII, No. 575, p. 433.

64TMWC, IX, p. 493.

65. Henderson’s wire to Halifax, 12:30 P.M., Aug. 31, DBrFP, VII, p. 440; letter to Halifax, ibid., pp. 465–67; wire, 12:30 A.M., Sept. 1, ibid., pp. 468–69. Kennard’s wire to Halifax, Aug. 31, ibid., No. 618.

66DBrFP, VII, pp. 441–43.

67British Blue Book, p. 144.

68Ibid., p. 147.

69Ibid., p. 147.

70. Text of Polish written reply to Britain, Aug. 31, ibid., pp. 148–49; Kennard’s dispatch, Aug. 31 (it was not received in London until 7:15p.M.), ibid., p. l48.

71. For Lipski’s Final Report, see Polish White Book. Extracts are published in NCA, VIII, pp. 499–512.

72DGFP, VII, p. 462.

73. Lipski’s version in his Final Report, loc. cit. Dr. Schmidt’s German account of the interview is in DGFP, VII, p. 463.

74. The German text of Hitler’s directive is in TMWC, XXXIV, pp. 456–59 (N.D. C–126). English translations are given in NCA, VI, pp. 935–39, and DGFP, VII, pp. 477–79.

75. Hassell, op. cit., pp. 68–73.

76. Dahlems’ testimony at Nuremberg, TMWC, IX, pp. 470–71; Forbes’s answer to questionnaire submitted by Goering’s lawyer at Nuremberg is quoted in Namier, Diplomatic Prelude, pp. 376–77. Henderson’s account is in his Final Report, p. 19.

77DBrFP, VII, p. 483. Henderson’s later account of the dispatch is given in his Final Report, p. 20, and in his book, op. cit., pp. 291–92.

78TMWC, II, p. 451.

79. Naujocks affidavit, loc. cit.

80DGFP, VII, p. 472.

81. Gisevius, op. cit., pp. 374–75.

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