Military history

CHAPTER 14

 1. German memo of meeting, DGFP, VI, pp. 104–7. Lipski’s report to Beck, Polish White Book, No. 44; given in NCA, VIII, p. 483 (N.D. TC–73. No. 44).

 2. Hitler’s assurance to Lipski, Nov. 15, 1937, DGFP, VI, pp. 26–27; assurance to Beck, Jan. 14, 1938, ibid., p. 39.

 3. Beck’s instructions to Lipski, Oct. 31, 1938, Polish White Book, No. 45; NCA, VII, pp. 484–86. Ribbentrop’s memo on meeting with Lipski, Nov. 19, DGFP, V, pp. 127–29.

 4. German memo of meeting by Dr. Schmidt, DGFP, V, pp. 152–58. Polish minutes on, Polish White Book, No. 48; NCA, VIII, pp. 48688 (N.D.TC–73).

 5. Ribbentrop’s memo of the meeting, DGFP, V, pp. 159–61. Polish minutes on, Polish White Book, No. 49; NCA, VIII, p. 488 (N.D. TC–73).

 6. Ribbentrop’s memo of his meeting with Beck in Warsaw, Jan. 26, 1939, DGFP, V, pp. 167–68; Beck’s version is given in the Polish White Book, No. 52.

 7. Dispatch of Moltke, Feb. 26, 1939, DGFP, VI, p. 172.

 8. Lipski’s dispatch to Warsaw on the meeting, Polish White Book, No. 61; also in NCA, VIII, pp. 489–92 (N.D. TC–73, No. 61). Ribbentrop’s memo of the meeting, DGFP, VI, pp. 70–72.

 9. Foreign Office memo of the meeting, DGFP, V, pp. 524–26.

10Ibid., pp. 502–4.

11. Source for this paragraph: DGFP, V, pp. 528–30.

12DGFP, VI, p. 97.

13Ibid., pp. 110–11.

14NCA, VII, pp. 83–86 (N.D. R-100).

15. Text in DGFP, VI, pp. 122–24. Ribbentrop’s report on March 26 meeting with Lipski, ibid., pp. 121–22; Polish version, White Book, No. 63.

16. Dr. Schmidt’s memo of the meeting, DGFP, VI, pp. 135–36.

17. Moltke’s dispatch, ibid., pp. 147–48; Polish version, White Book, No. 64.

18DBrFP, IV, No. 538.

19. See DBrFP, IV, Nos. 485,518, 538 (text of Anglo–French proposal), 561,563,566,571,573.

20Ibid., No. 498.

21DBrFP, V, No. 12.

22. Quoted by Gisevius, op. cit., p. 363.

23. The text of Case White, NCA, VI, pp. 916–28; a partial translation is in DGFP, VI, pp. 186–87, 223–28 (N.D. C–120). The text of the original German is in TMWC, XXXIV, pp. 380–422.

24. Confidential German memos on the Goering-Mussolini talks are in DGFP, VI, pp. 248–53, 258–63. See also The Ciano Diaries, pp. 66–67.

25. The circular telegram of April 17, 1939, DGFP, VI, pp. 264–65; Foreign Office memo of the answers, ibid., pp. 309–10; Weizsaecker’s call to German minister in Riga, April 18, ibid., pp. 283–84.

26Ibid., pp. 355, 399.

27DGFP, IV, pp. 602–7.

28Ibid., (dispatch of Oct. 26, 1938).

29Ibid., pp. 608–9.

30Ibid., p. 631.

31DGFP, VI, pp. 1–3.

32. Davies, Mission to Moscow, pp. 437–39. Ambassador Sieds’s dispatch, DBrFP, IV, No. 419.

33. Boothby, I Fight to Live, p. 189. Halifax statement to Maisky, DBrFP, IV, No. 433.

34DGFP, VI, pp. 88–89.

35Ibid., p. 139.

36. German memo of Goering-Mussolini talk, April 16, 1939, ibid., pp. 259–60.

37Ibid., pp. 266–67.

38Ibid., pp. 419–20.

39Ibid., p. 429.

40Ibid., pp. 535–36.

41Nazi–Soviet Relations, 1939–41 [hereafter referred to as NSR], pp. 5–7, 8–9.

42French Yellow Book, Dispatches Nos. 123, 125. I have used the French-language edition (Le Livre Jaune Français), but I believe the English edition carries the same numbers for dispatches.

43DGFP, VI, pp. 1, 111. Appendix I of this volume contains a number of memoranda on the staff talks taken from the German naval archives.

44The Ciano Diaries, pp. 67–68.

45. German memo on the Milan meeting, DGFP, VI, pp. 450–52. Ciano’s minutes, Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, pp. 282–87.

46. Text of the treaty of alliance, DGFP, VI, pp. 561–64. A secret protocol contained nothing of significance.

47. Schmundt’s minutes, May 23, 1939, NC A, VII, pp. 847–54 (N.D. L–79). There is also an English translation in DGFP, VI, pp. 574–80. The German text is in TMWC, XXXVII, pp. 546–56.

48. For details of the plan, see N.D. NOKW-2584. This is in the TWC volumes [Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals].

49NCA, VI, pp. 926–27 (N.D. C–120).

50TMWC, XXXIV, pp. 428–42 (N.D. C–126). The English translation of this document in NCA, VI, pp. 937–38, is so abbreviated that it has little value.

51NCA, VI, p. 827 (N.D. C–23).

52. Text of the Anglo–French draft, DBrFP, V, No. 624; the British ambassador’s account of Molotov’s reaction is in the same volume, Nos. 648 and 657.

53. “Urgent” dispatch of May 31, DGFP, VI, pp. 616–17.

54. Dispatch of June 1, ibid., pp. 624–26.

55Ibid., p. 547.

56Ibid., pp. 589–93.

57Ibid., p. 593.

58. Letter, Weizsaecker to Schulenburg, May 27, with postscript of May 30, pp. 597–98.

59Ibid., pp. 608–9.

60Ibid., pp. 618–20.

61Ibid., pp. 790–91.

62Ibid., pp. 805–7.

63Ibid., p. 810.

64Ibid., p. 813.

65DBrFP, V, Nos. 5 and 38.

66Pravda, June 29, 1939.

67. Dispatch of June 29, DGFP, VI, pp. 808–9.

68TMWC, XXXIV, pp. 493–500 (N.D. C–142). It is given much more briefly in English translation in NCA, VI, p. 956.

69NCA, IV, pp. 1035–36 (N.D. 2327—PS).

70NCA, VI,’ p. 934 (N.D. C–126).

71. The secret minutes of the meeting of the Reich Defense Council, June 23, 1939, NCA, VI, pp. 718–31 (N.D. 3787–PS).

72DGFP, VI, pp. 750, 920–21.

73Ibid., pp. 864–65.

74. Text of notes, DGFP, VII, pp. 4–5, 9–10.

75. Report of Burckhardt to the League of Nations, March 19, 1940. Text in Documents on International Affairs, 1939–1946, I, pp. 346–47.

76DGFP, VI, pp. 936–38.

77Ibid., pp. 955–56.

78. Schnurre’s memo, ibid., pp. 11069.

79Ibid., pp. 1015–16.

80Ibid., pp. 1022–23.

81Ibid., pp. 1010–11.

82Ibid., p. 1021.

83DBrFP, IV, No. 183.

84. See DBrFP, VI, Nos. 329, 338, 346, 357, 358, 376, 399.

85Ibid.,

86. Two dispatches of Aug. 1, DGFP, VI, pp. 1033–34.

87DBrFP, Appendix V, p. 763.

88. Burnett’s letter in DBrFP, VII, Appendix II, p. 600; Seeds’s telegram, ibid., VI, No. 416.

89DGFP, VI, p. 1047.

90Ibid.,

91Ibid.,

92Ibid.,

93Ibid.,

94French Yellow Book, Fr. ed., pp. 250–51.

95. Text of two letters, DGFP, VI, pp. 973–74.

96. Attolico’s dispatch on his July 6 meeting with Ribbentrop is printed in I Documenti diplomatica italiani [hereafter cited as DDI], Seventh Series, XII, No. 503. I have used the quotation and paraphrasing from The Eve of the War, ed. by Arnold and Veronica M. Toynbee.

97. Memo of Weizsaecker, DGFP, VI, pp. 971–72.

98The Ciano Diaries, pp. 113–14.

99lbid., pp. 116–18.

100The Ciano Diaries, pp. 118–19, 582–83. Ciano’s minutes of the meeting with Ribbentrop are in Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, pp. 297–98; also in DDI, Eighth Series, XIII, No. 1. No German record of this meeting has been found.

101. The captured German minutes of the meetings on Aug. 12 and 13 were presented at Nuremberg as documents 1871–PS and TC–77. The latter is the more complete and is published in English translation in NCA, VIII, pp. 516–29. I have used the version signed by Dr. Schmidt, in DGFP, VII, pp. 39–49, 53–56. Ciano’s record of his two talks with Hitler are in Ciano’s Diplomatic Papers, pp. 303–4, and in DDI, XIII, Nos. 4 and 21. Also the entries for Aug. 12 and 13, 1939, and Dec. 23, 1943, in his Diaries, pp. 119–20, 582–83.

102. This extract from Halder’s diary is published in DGFP, VII, p. 556.

103. See DDI, Seventh Series, XIII, No. 28, and DBrFP, VI, No. 662.

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