Military history



Earl Gregg Swem Library Special Collections Research Center, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia (WMSC)

James Barron Papers

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (HSP)

Joshua Barney Papers

William Begg Journal

William W. Feltus Journal

Joshua Humphreys Papers

William Jones Papers, Uselma Clarke Smith Collection

Rodgers Family Papers

Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC)

Amos A. Evans papers

Thomas Jefferson Papers, available online at

James Madison Papers, available online at

Rodgers Family Papers

Rodgers Papers, Naval Historical Foundation Collection

George H. Stuart Papers

Maine Historical Society, Portland (MeHS)

Fogg Autograph Collection

The National Archives, London, U.K. (TNA)

ADM 1, Admiralty: correspondence and papers

ADM 2, Admiralty: out-letters

ADM 8, Admiralty: list-books

ADM 238, Admiralty: Prize Branch

CO 42, Colonial Office: Canada, formerly British North America, original correspondence

HCA 32, High Court of Admiralty: Prize Court: papers

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, U.K. (NMM)

AGC/23/7, James Hillyar Correspondence

COC, Sir George Cockburn Papers

HUL, George Redmond Hulbert Papers

LBK/58, letters of Sir Philip Broke to his wife

WAR, Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren Papers

South Caroliniana Library, Columbia, South Carolina (SCL) Paul Hamilton Papers, available online at


Adams, James. Dartmoor Prison; or, A Faithful Narrative of the Massacre of American Seamen. Pittsburgh: S. Engles, 1816.

Allen, William Henry. “Letters of William Henry Allen, 1800–1813.” Edited by Edward H. Tatum Jr. and Marion Tinling. Huntington Library Quarterly 1 (1937): 101–32; 1 (1938): 203–43.

The American Patriotic Song-Book: A Collection of Political, Descriptive, and Humorous Songs, of National Character, and the Production of American Poets Only. Philadelphia: W. M’Culloch, 1815.

American State Papers. Available online at

Andrews, Charles. The Prisoners’ Memoirs; or, Dartmoor Prison. New York, 1852.

Andros, Thomas. The Grand Era of Ruin to Nations from Foreign Influence: A Discourse, Delivered Before the Congregational Society in Berkley, Nov. 26, 1812. Boston: Samuel T. Armstrong, 1812.

Annals of Congress: Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, 1789–1824. Available online at

“The Arrival of the Chesapeake in Halifax in 1813 as Described by Thomas Haliburton (“Sam Slick”).” American Neptune 57 (1997): 161–65.

Barclay, Thomas. Selections from the Correspondence of Thomas Barclay, Formerly British Consul-General at New York. Edited by George Lockhart Rives. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1894.

Baring, Alexander. An Inquiry into the Causes and Consequences of the Orders in Council; and an Examination of the Conduct of Great Britain Toward the Neutral Commerce of America. London: J. M. Richardson, 1808.

Bayard, James Asheton. “James Asheton Bayard Letters, 1802–1814.” Bulletin of the New York Public Library 4 (1900): 228–48.

Belcher, Joshua. An Account of the Funeral Honours Bestowed on the Remains of Capt. Lawrence and Lieut. Ludlow; with the Eulogy Pronounced at Salem, on the Occasion, by Hon. Joseph Story. Boston, 1813.

Bentley, William. The Diary of William Bentley, D. D., Pastor of the East Church, Salem, Massachusetts. 4 vols. Salem, Mass.: Essex Institute, 1905–14.

Bowers, William. Naval Adventures During Thirty-Five Years’ Service. 2 vols. London: Richard Bentley, 1833.

Brannan, John, ed. Official Letters of the Military and Naval Officers of the United States, During the War with Great Britain in the Years 1812, 13, 14, & 15. Washington, D.C.: Way & Gideon, 1823.

Brighton, John G. Admiral of the Fleet, Sir Provo W. P. Wallis: A Memoir. London: Hutchinson, 1892.

[Browne, Benjamin Frederick]. The Yarn of a Yankee Privateer. Edited by Nathaniel Hawthorne. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1926.

Carden, John Surman. A Curtail’d Memoir of Incidents and Occurrences in the Life of John Surman Carden, Vice Admiral in the British Navy. Edited by Christopher Thomas Atkinson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1912.

Cases Decided in the District and Circuit Court of the United States for the Pennsylvania District: and Also a Case Decided in the District Court of Massachusetts Relative to the Employment of British Licences on Board of Vessels of the United States. Philadelphia: R. Fisher, 1813.

Chamier, Frederick. The Life of a Sailor. London: Richard Bentley, 1850.

Clark, Thomas. Naval History of the United States, from the Commencement of the Revolutionary War to the Present Time. 2 vols. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814.

Cobb, Josiah [A Younker]. A Green Hand’s First Cruise. 2 vols. Boston: Otis, Broaders, 1841.

Codrington, Edward. Memoir of the Life of Admiral Sir Edward Codrington with Selections from His Public and Private Correspondence. London: Longmans, Green, 1873.

Coggeshall, George. “Journal of the Letter-of-Marque Schooners ‘David Porter’ and ‘Leo’: A Yankee Skipper Who Preyed on British Shipping Relates His Wartime Experiences.” American Heritage, October 1957, 66–85.

A Collection of Sundry Publications, and Other Documents, in Relation to the Attack Made During the Late War upon the Private Armed Brig General Armstrong. New York: J. Gray, 1833.

The Columbian Naval Melody: A Collection of Songs and Odes Composed on the Late Naval Victories and Other Occasions. Boston: Hans Lund, 1813.

Congreve, William. The Details of the Rocket System. London: J. Whiting, 1814.

Cowdery, Jonathan. American Captives in Tripoli; or, Dr. Cowdery’s Journal in Miniature: Kept During his Late Captivity in Tripoli. Boston: Belcher & Armstrong, 1806.

Croker, John Wilson [Nereus]. The Letters on the Subject of the Naval War with America, Which Appeared in the Courier, Under the Signature of Nereus. London: B. M. Swyny, 1813.

________. The Croker Papers: The Correspondence and Diaries of the Late Right Honourable John Wilson Croker, LL.D., F.R.S., Secretary of the Admiralty from 1809 to 1830. Edited by Louis J. Jennings. 2 vols. New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1884.

Crowninshield, Jacob. “Some Remarks on the American Trade: Jacob Crowninshield to James Madison, 1806.” Edited by John H. Reinoehl. William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser. 16 (1959): 83–118.

Dalton, Samuel. “Letters of Samuel Dalton of Salem, an Impressed American Seaman.” Essex Institute Historical Collections 68 (1932): 321–29.

Decatur, Susan. Documents Relative to the Claim of Mrs. Decatur: with Her Earnest Request that the Gentlemen of Congress Will Take the Trouble to Read Them. Georgetown, D.C.: James C. Dunn, 1826.

Dunham, Josiah. An oration delivered at Hanover, in the vicinity of Dartmouth college, before the several Washington benevolent societies of Hanover, Lebanon, Lime, Norwich, and Hartford, on the thirty-eighth anniversary of American independence. Hanover, N.H.: Charles Spear, 1814.

Dunlap, William. Yankee Chronology, or Huzza for the Constitution—a Musical Interlude. 1812. Reprint. Tarrytown, N.Y.: William Abbatt, 1931.

Durand, James R. The Life and Adventures of James R. Durand During a Period of Fifteen Years, from 1801 to 1816: In Which Time He Was Impressed on Board the British Fleet, and Held in Detestable Bondage for More Than Seven Years. 1820. Reprint. Sandwich, Mass.: Chapman Billies, 1995.

Eggleston, George Cary, ed. American War Ballads and Lyrics: A Collection of the Songs and Ballads of the Colonial Wars, the Revolution, the War of 1812–15, the War with Mexico, and the Civil War. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1889.

The Elements and Practice of Rigging and Seamanship. London: D. Steel, 1794.

Essex Institute. American Vessels Captured by the British During the Revolution and War of 1812: The Records of the Vice-Admiralty Court at Halifax, Nova Scotia. Salem, Mass.: Essex Institute, 1911.

Evans, Amos A. “Journal Kept on Board the United States Frigate ‘Constitution,’ 1812, by Amos A. Evans, Surgeon United States Navy.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 19 (1895): 152–69, 374–86, 468–80.

Farragut, Loyall, and David Glasgow Farragut. The Life of David Glasgow Farragut: First Admiral of the United States Navy, Embodying His Journal and Letters. New York: D. Appleton, 1879.

Fay, H. A. Collection of the Official Accounts, in Detail, of All the Battles Fought by Sea and Land, Between the Navy and Army of the United States and the Navy and Army of Great Britain, During the Years 1812, 13, 14, & 15. New York: E. Conrad, 1817.

Firth, C. H., ed. Naval Songs and Ballads. London: Navy Records Society, 1908.

Foster, Augustus John. “Caviar Along the Potomac: Sir Augustus Foster’s ‘Notes on the United States,’ 1804–1812.” Edited by Margaret Bailey Tinkcom. William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser. 8 (1951): 68–107.

________. Jeffersonian America: Notes on the United States of America, Collected in the Years 1805–6–7 and 11–12. Edited by Richard Beale Davis. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Foster, Vere, ed. The Two Duchesses: Family Correspondence of and Relating to Georgiana Duchess of Devonshire, Elizabeth Duchess of Devonshire. London: Blackie & Son, 1898.

Gamble, John Marshall. The Memorial of Lieut. Colonel J. M. Gamble, of the United States’ Marine Corps, to Congress, 1828. New York: Geo. F. Hopkins & Son, 1828.

Gilje, Paul A., ed. “A Sailor Prisoner of War During the War of 1812.” Maryland Historical Magazine 85 (1990): 58–72.

Gillespy, Edward. The Columbian Naval Songster; Being a Collection of Original Songs, Odes, etc. Composed in Honor of the Five Great Naval Victories, Obtained by Hull, Jones, Decatur, Bainbridge and Lawrence; Over the British Ships Guerriere, Frolic, Macedonian, Java and Peacock. New York, 1813.

Gilliam, Henry. “Letters of Henry Gilliam, 1809–1817.” Edited by Lilla M. Hawes. Georgia Historical Quarterly 38 (1954): 46–66.

Goldsborough, Charles Washington. The United States’ Naval Chronicle. Washington, D.C.: J. Wilson, 1824.

Hall, Basil. Fragments of Voyages and Travels. 3 vols. Edinburgh: Robert Cadell, 1832.

Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1975.

Holbrook, Samuel F. Threescore Years: An Autobiography, Containing Incidents of Voyages and Travels, Including Six Years in a Man-of-War. Boston: James French, 1857.

Humphreys, Assheton. The USS Constitution’s Finest Fight, 1815: The Journal of Acting Chaplain Assheton Humphreys, US Navy. Edited by Tyrone G. Martin. Mount Pleasant, S.C.: Nautical & Aviation Publishing, 2000.

Inderwick, James. Cruise of the U.S. Brig Argus in 1813: Journal of Surgeon James Inderwick. Edited by Victor Hugo Paltsits. New York: New York Public Library, 1917.

Isaacs, Nicholas Peter. Twenty Years Before the Mast; or, Life in the Forecastle. New York: Beckwith, 1845.

James, William. A Full and Correct Account of the Chief Naval Occurrences of the Late War Between Great Britain and the United States of America. London: T. Egerton, 1817.

________. The Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. Vol. 6. London: Richard Bentley, 1837.

Jones, Noah [A Wanderer]. Journals of Two Cruises Aboard the American Privateer Yankee. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

Lathrop, John. The Present War Unexpected, Unnecessary, and Ruinous. Two Discourses Delivered in Boston: The First on the 23d of July, 1812, the Fast Appointed by the Governor of Massachusetts; the Second on the 20th of August, the Fast Appointed by the President of the United States, in Consequence of the Present War. Boston: J. W. Burditt, 1812.

Latta, John E. A Sermon Preached at New-Castle, (Del.) on the Thirteenth Day of April, 1815: A Day Recommended by the President of the United States, to be Observed as a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Praise to God for the Restoration of Peace. Wilmington, Del.: Robert Porter, 1815.

Leech, Samuel. Thirty Years from Home; or, A Voice from the Main Deck. Boston: Tappan, Whittemore & Mason, 1843.

Lever, Darcy. The Young Officer’s Sheet Anchor; or, A Key to the Leading of Rigging and to Practical Seamanship. 1819. Reprint, Mineola, N.Y.: Dover, 1998.

Little, George. Life on the Ocean; or, Twenty Years at Sea: Being the Personal Adventures of the Author. Boston: C. D. Strong, 1851.

“Log of the Chasseur: Journal of the Private Armed Brig Chasseur, Thomas Boyle Commanding.” Maryland Historical Magazine 1 (1906): 165–80, 218–40.

Lovell, William Stanhope. Personal Narrative of Events, from 1799 to 1815, with Anecdotes. London: W. Allen, 1879.

Lowell, John [A Yankee Farmer]. Peace Without Dishonour—War Without Hope: Being a Calm and Dispassionate Enquiry into the Question of the Chesapeake, and the Necessity and Expediency of War. Boston: Greenough and Stebbins, 1807.

Lowell, John [A New England Farmer]. Mr. Madison’s War. A Dispassionate Inquiry into the Reasons Alleged by Mr. Madison for Declaring an Offensive and Ruinous War Against Great-Britain. Boston: Russell & Cutler, 1812.

Madison, James. Letters and Other Writings of James Madison. 4 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1865.

Massachusetts Historical Society. Microfilms of the Adams Papers. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1954–1959.

Monroe, James. James Monroe Papers, 1772–1836. New York: New York Public Library, Manuscript Division, 1963. Microfilm.

Montagu, Montagu. England Victorious—A Poem upon the Capture of the American Frigate Chesapeake by the British Frigate Shannon, June 1st 1813. London, 1814.

Morris, Charles. The Autobiography of Commodore Charles Morris, U.S. Navy. 1880. Reprint. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2002.

Napier, Henry Edward. New England Blockaded in 1814: The Journal of Henry Edward Napier, Lieutenant in the H.M.S. Nymphe. Edited by Walter Muir Whitehill. Salem, Mass.: Peabody Museum, 1939.

Napier, William Francis Patrick. The Life and Opinions of General Sir Charles James Napier, G.C.B. 4 vols. London: John Murray, 1857.

A Narrative of the Capture of the United States’ Brig Vixen, of 14 Guns, by the British Frigate Southampton. West Chester, Pa.: Wm. Reed Lewis, 1814.

Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers. 6 vols. Edited by Dudley W. Knox. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1939–44.

“Naval Recollections of the Late American War.” United Service Journal, April 1841, 455–67; May 1841, 13–23.

The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History. 3 vols. Edited by William S. Dudley and Michael J. Crawford. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1985–2002.

Orne, William B. [Octogenarian]. “Reminiscence of the Last War with England.” Historical Magazine 7 (1870): 31–33.

Osgood, David. A Solemn Protest Against the Late Declaration of War, in a Discourse, Delivered on the Next Lord’s Day After the Tidings of It Were Received. Cambridge, Mass.: Hilliard and Metcalf, 1812.

Palmer, Benjamin F. The Diary of Benjamin F. Palmer, Privateersman. New Haven, Conn.: Acorn Club, 1914.

Parsons, Usher. “Surgical Account of the Naval Battle on Lake Erie, on the 10th of September, 1813.” New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery 7 (1818): 313–16.

________. Battle of Lake Erie: A Discourse Delivered Before the Rhode Island Historical Society. Providence: Benjamin T. Albro, 1854.

________. Surgeon of the Lakes: The Diary of Dr. Usher Parsons, 1812–1814. Edited by John C. Fredriksen. Erie, Pa.: Erie County Historical Society, 2000.

Pierce, Nathaniel. “Journal of Nathaniel Pierce of Newburyport, Kept at Dartmoor Prison, 1814–1815.” Essex Institute Historical Collections 73 (1937): 24–59.

Porter, David. Journal of a Cruise Made to the Pacific Ocean. 2nd edition. 2 vols. New York: Wiley & Halsted, 1822.

________. Constantinople and Its Environs. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1835.

Porter, David Dixon. Memoir of Commodore David Porter; of the United States Navy. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell, 1875.

Ray, William. Horrors of Slavery: or, the American Tars in Tripoli. Troy, N.Y., 1808.

Rea, John. A Letter to William Bainbridge, Esqr., Formerly Commander of the United States’ Ship George Washington: Relative to Some Transactions, On Board Said Ship During a Voyage to Algiers, Constantinople, &c. Philadelphia, 1802.

“Reminiscences of a Dartmoor Prisoner.” Knickerbocker 23 (1844): 146–58, 356–60, 517–22; 24 (1844): 457–63, 519–24.

Roads, Samuel, Jr. The Marblehead Manual. Marblehead, Mass.: Statesman Publishing, 1883.

Scott, James. Recollections of a Naval Life. Vol. 3. London: Richard Bentley, 1834.

Scott, James Brown, ed. Prize Cases Decided in the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789–1918. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1923.

Smith, Margaret Bayard. First Forty Years of Washington Society. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1906.

Smith, Moses. Naval Scenes in the Last War: or, Three Years on Board the Frigate Constitution, and the Adams; Including the Capture of the Guerriere. Boston: Gleason’s, 1846.

[Stephen, James]. War in Disguise; or, The Frauds of the Neutral Flags. London: C. Whittingham, 1805.

A System of Naval Tactics. 1797.

U.S. Court of Claims. Decision of the Case of the Private Armed Brig General Armstrong, Sam C. Reid and Others, Claimants, vs. the United States. Washington, D.C., 1855.

Valpey, Joseph. Journal of Joseph Valpey, Jr., of Salem, November, 1813–April, 1815, with Other Papers Relating to His Experience in Dartmoor Prison. Detroit: Michigan Society of Colonial Wars, 1922.

Waterhouse, Benjamin. A Journal of a Young Man of Massachusetts. 1816. Reprint. New York: William Abbatt, 1911.

Whipple, Pardon Mawney. Letters from Old Ironsides, 1813–1815, Written by Pardon Mawney Whipple, USN. Edited by Norma Adams Price. Tempe, Ariz.: Beverly-Merriam Press, 1984.


Albany Argus (Albany, N.Y.)

Boston Daily Advertiser (Boston)

Boston Gazette (Boston)

Boston Patriot (Boston)

Boston Post-Boy (Boston)

City Gazette & Daily Advertiser (Charleston, S.C.)

Columbian (New York)

Columbian Centinel (Boston)

Commercial Advertiser (New York)

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, Conn.)

Connecticut Herald (New Haven, Conn.)

Connecticut Journal (New Haven, Conn.)

Daily Advertiser (New York)

Essex Register (Salem, Mass.)

Federal Republican (Baltimore, Md., and Georgetown, D.C.)

Hagers-Town Gazette (Hagerstown, Md.)

National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)

Naval Chronicle (London)

New-England Palladium (Boston)

Newport Mercury (Newport, R.I.)

New-York Gazette (New York)

Port Folio (Philadelphia)

Portland Gazette (Portland, Maine)

Repertory (Boston)

Republican Star (Easton, Md.)

Repertory (Boston)

Rhode-Island Republican (Newport, R.I.)

Salem Gazette (Salem, Mass.)

Statesman (New York)

Time Piece (New York)

Times (London)

United States Gazette (Philadelphia)

Weekly Messenger (Boston)

Weekly Register (Baltimore)

Yankee (Boston)


Adams, Charles F. “Wednesday, August 19, 1812, 6:30 P.M.: The Birth of a World Power.” American Historical Review 18 (1913): 513–21.

Adams, Henry. History of the United States of America During the First Administration of Thomas Jefferson. 2 vols. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1889.

________. History of the United States of America During the Second Administration of Thomas Jefferson. 2 vols. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1890.

________. History of the United States of America During the First Administration of James Madison. 2 vols. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1890.

________. History of the United States of America During the Second Administration of James Madison. 3 vols. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1891.

________. The Education of Henry Adams: An Autobiography. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1918.

“Aid to Glory.” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 36 (May 1902): 182–86.

Allen, Gardner W. “Naval Songs and Ballads.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society n.s. 35 (1925): 64–78.

Balinky, Alexander. “Albert Gallatin, Naval Foe.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 82 (1958): 293–304.

Bauer, K. Jack. “Naval Shipbuilding Programs, 1794–1860.” Military Affairs 29 (1965): 29–40.

Berube, Claude, and John Rodgaard. A Call to the Sea: Captain Charles Stewart of the USS Constitution. Dulles, Va.: Potomac Books, 2006.

Blake, Nicholas, and Richard Lawrence. The Illustrated Companion to Nelson’s Navy. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 1995.

Bolster, W. Jeffrey. “ ‘To Feel Like a Man’: Black Seamen in the Northern States, 1800–1860.” Journal of American History 76 (1990): 1173–99.

________. Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the Age of Sail. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Brant, Irving. “Timid President? Futile War?” American Heritage, October 1959.

Brodine, Charles E., Jr., Michael J. Crawford, and Christine F. Hughes. Against All Odds: U.S. Sailors in the War of 1812. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 2004.

________. Interpreting Old Ironsides: An Illustrated Guide to USS “Constitution.” Washington, D.C.: GPO, 2007.

Brown, Kenneth L. “Mr. Madison’s Secretary of the Navy.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings 73 (1947): 966–75.

“Business and the Coffee House.” Bulletin of the Business Historical Society, May 1928, 11–13.

Calderhead, William L. “U.S.F. Constellation in the War of 1812—an Accidental Fleet-in-Being.” Military Affairs 40 (April 1976): 79–83.

________. “Naval Innovation in Crisis: War in the Chesapeake, 1813.” American Neptune 36 (1976): 206–21.

Carter, Edward C., II. “Mathew Carey, Advocate of American Naval Power, 1785–1814.” American Neptune 26 (1966): 177–88.

Cassell, Frank A. “Slaves of the Chesapeake Bay Area and the War of 1812.” Journal of Negro History 57 (1972): 144–55.

Chapelle, Howard I. The History of the American Sailing Navy: The Ships and Their Deployment. New York: Norton, 1949.

Chapple, William Dismore. “Salem and the War of 1812.” Essex Institute Historical Collections 59 (1923): 289–304; 60 (1924): 49–74.

Clark, Allen C. Life and Letters of Dolly Madison. Washington, D.C.: W. F. Roberts, 1914.

Coggeshall, George. History of the American Privateers, and Letters-of-Marque, During Our War with England in the Years 1812, ’13, and ’14. 3rd edition. New York, 1861.

Cox, Richard J. “An Eyewitness Account of the Battle of Lake Erie.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings, February 1978: 67–74.

Craig, Hardin, Jr. “Notes on the Action Between Hornet and Neptune.” American Neptune 11 (1951): 73–77.

Crawford, Michael J. “The Navy’s Campaign Against the Licensed Trade in the War of 1812.” American Neptune 46 (1986): 165–72.

Cray, Robert E., Jr. “Remembering the USS Chesapeake: The Politics of Maritime Death and Impressment.” Journal of the Early Republic 25 (2005): 445–74.

Crosby, Alfred W. “Richard S. Smith, Baltic Paul Revere of 1812.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 86 (1962): 42–48.

De Kay, James Tertius. Chronicles of the Frigate Macedonian: 1809–1922. New York: Norton, 1995.

________. A Rage for Glory: The Life of Commodore Stephen Decatur. New York: Free Press, 2004.

Dietz, Anthony G. “The Use of Cartel Vessels During the War of 1812.” American Neptune 28 (1968): 165–94.

Dodds, James, and James Moore. Building the Wooden Fighting Ship. New York: Facts on File, 1984.

Dudley, Wade G. Splintering the Wooden Wall: The British Blockade of the United States, 1812–1815. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2003.

Duffy, Stephen W. H. Captain Blakeley and the Wasp: The Cruise of 1814. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2001.

Dunne, W. M. P. “ ‘The Inglorious First of June’: Commodore Stephen Decatur on Long Island Sound, 1813.” Long Island Historical Journal 2 (1990): 210–20.

Dye, Ira. “Seafarers of 1812—a Profile.” Prologue, Spring 1973, 2–13.

________. “Early American Seafarers.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 120 (1976): 331–60.

________. “American Maritime Prisoners of War, 1812–15.” In Ships, Seafaring and Society: Essays in American Maritime History, edited by Timothy J. Runyan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987.

________. “Tattoos of Early American Seafarers, 1796–1818.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 133 (1989): 520–54.

________. “Physical and Social Profiles of Early American Seafarers, 1812–1815.” In Jack Tar in History: Essays in the History of Maritime Life and Labour, ed. by Colin Howell and Richard J. Twomey. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Acadiensis Press, 1991.

________. The Fatal Cruise of the Argus: Two Captains in the War of 1812. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Eckert, Edward K. “William Jones: Mr. Madison’s Secretary of the Navy.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 92 (1972): 167–82.

________. The Navy Department in the War of 1812. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1973.

Eddy, Richard. “ ‘… Defended by an Adequate Power’: Joshua Humphreys and the 74-Gun Ships of 1799.” American Neptune 51 (1991): 173–94.

Elias, Norbert. “Studies in the Genesis of the Naval Profession.” British Journal of Sociology 1 (1950): 291–309.

Emmons, George F. The Navy of the United States, from the Commencement, 1775 to 1853. Washington, D.C.: Gideon, 1853.

Estes, J. Worth, and Ira Dye. “Death on the Argus.” Journal of the History of Medicine 44 (1989): 179–85.

Forester, C. S. The Age of Fighting Sail: The Story of the Naval War of 1812. 1956. Reprint. Sandwich, Mass.: Chapman Billies, 1995.

Frederiksen, John C. War of 1812 Eyewitness Accounts: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Gafford, Lucile. “The Boston Stage and the War of 1812.” New England Quarterly 7 (1934): 327–35.

Gardiner, Robert, ed. The Naval War of 1812. London: Caxton Editions, 2001.

Garitee, Jerome R. The Republic’s Private Navy: The American Privateering Business as Practiced by Baltimore During the War of 1812. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1977.

Gilkerson, William. Boarders Away, with Steel: Edged Weapons and Polearms of the Classic Age of Fighting Sail, 1626–1826. Lincoln, R.I.: A. Mowbray, 1991.

Gleaves, Albert. James Lawrence, Captain, United States Navy: Commander of the “Chesapeake.” New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1904.

Goddard, Jonathan Charles. “The Navy Surgeon’s Chest: Surgical Instruments of the Royal Navy During the Napoleonic War.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 97 (2004): 191–97.

Harris, Thomas. The Life and Services of Commodore William Bainbridge, United States Navy. Philadelphia: Carey Lea & Blanchard, 1837.

Heintze, James R. “Gaetano Carusi: From Sicily to the Halls of Congress.” In American Musical Life in Context and Practice to 1865, edited by James R. Heintze. New York: Garland, 1994.

Henderson, James. Frigates, Sloops & Brigs. Reprint. Barnsley, U.K.: Pen & Sword, 2005.

Hickey, Donald R. “American Trade Restrictions During the War of 1812.” Journal of American History 68 (1981): 517–38.

________. The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

________. Don’t Give Up the Ship! Myths of the War of 1812. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.

Horsman, Reginald. The Causes of the War of 1812. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1962.

________. “The Paradox of Dartmoor Prison.” American Heritage, February 1975.

Hoyt, William D., Jr. “Logs and Papers of Baltimore Privateers, 1812–15.” Maryland Historical Magazine 34 (June 1939): 165–74.

Hume, Edgar Erskine. “Letters Written During the War of 1812 by the British Naval Commander in American Waters.” William and Mary Quarterly 10 (1930): 281–301.

Humphrey, Carol Sue. The Press of the Young Republic, 1783–1833. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Jordan, Douglas S. “Stephen Decatur at New London: A Study in Strategic Frustration.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings, October 1967, 60–65.

Langley, Harold D. Social Reform in the United States Navy, 1798–1862. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967.

Lavery, Brian. Nelson’s Navy: The Ships, Men, and Organization, 1793–1815. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Leavitt, William. “An Account of the Private Armed Vessels Belonging to Salem, Mass., During the War of 1812.” Essex Institute Historical Collections 2 (1860): 57–64.

Leiner, Frederick C. “Saving the Big-Ship Navy. United States Naval Institute Proceedings, July 1977, 76–77.

________. “The Norfolk War Scare.” Naval History, Summer 1993, 36–38.

________. Millions for Defense: The Subscription Warships of 1798. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1999.

________. “A Ruse de Guerre Gone Wrong: The Sinking of the Eleanor.” Maryland Historical Magazine 101 (2006): 167–84.

________. “The Squadron Commander’s Share: Decatur v. Chew and the Prize Money for the Chesapeake’s First War of 1812 Cruise.” Journal of Military History 73 (2009): 69–82.

Lewis, Michael. A Social History of the Navy, 1793–1815. 1960. Reprint. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 2004.

Lohnes, Barry J. “British Naval Problems at Halifax, During the War of 1812.” Mariner’s Mirror 59 (1973): 317–33.

London, Joshua E. Victory in Tripoli: How America’s War with the Barbary Pirates Established the U.S. Navy and Shaped a Nation. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2005.

Long, David F. Nothing Too Daring: A Biography of Commodore David Porter, 1780–1843. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1970.

________. “The Navy Under the Board of Naval Commissioners, 1815–1842.” In In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History, 1775–1978, edited by Kenneth J. Hagan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

________. “William Bainbridge and the Barron–Decatur Duel: Mere Participant or Active Plotter?” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 103 (1979): 34–52.

________. Ready to Hazard: A Biography of Commodore William Bainbridge, 1774–1833. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1981.

Lossing, Benson J. The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869.

Lushington, Godfrey. A Manual of Naval Prize Law. London: Buttersworths, 1866.

Maclay, Edgar Stanton. A History of American Privateers. London: Sampson, Low, Marston, 1900.

Madison, James. Selected Writings of James Madison. Edited by Ralph Louis Ketcham. Indianapolis, Ind.: Hackett Publishing, 2006.

Mahan, A. T. Sea Power in Its Relations to the War of 1812. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1905.

Mahon, John K. The War of 1812. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1972.

Maloney, Linda M. “The War of 1812: What Role for Sea Power?” In In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History, 1775–1978, edited by Kenneth J. Hagan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

________. The Captain from Connecticut: The Life and Naval Times of Isaac Hull. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.

Martin, Tyrone G. A Most Fortunate Ship: A Narrative History of “Old Ironsides.” Chester, Conn.: Globe Pequot Press, 1980.

________. “Isaac Hull’s Victory Revisited.” American Neptune 47 (1987): 14–21.

Mason, Matthew. “ ‘Nothing Is Better Calculated to Excite Divisions’: Federalist Agitation Against Slave Representation During the War of 1812.” New England Quarterly 75 (2002): 531–61.

Mayhew, Dean R. “Jeffersonian Gunboats in the War of 1812.” American Neptune 42 (1982): 101–17.

McKee, Christopher. Edward Preble: A Naval Biography, 1761–1807. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1972.

________. “Foreign Seamen in the United States Navy: A Census of 1808.” William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser. 42 (1985): 383–93.

________. A Gentlemanly and Honorable Profession: The Creation of the U.S. Naval Officer Corps, 1794–1815. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1991.

Mouzon, Harold A. “The Unlucky General Armstrong.” American Neptune 15 (1955): 59–80.

Munro, Wilfred Harold. “The Most Successful American Privateer: An Episode of the War of 1812.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society n.s. 23 (1913): 12–62.

Murdoch, Richard K. “Intelligence Reports of British Agents in the Long Island Sound Area, 1814–1815.” American Neptune 29 (1969): 187–98.

“The Naval Battle Between the Chesapeake and the Shannon on June 1, 1813.” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 21 (February 1885): 374–79.

Nell, William C. Services of Colored Americans, in the Wars of 1776 and 1812. Boston: Robert F. Wallcut, 1852.

Nelson, George A. “A First Cruise of the American Privateer Harpy.” American Neptune 1 (1941): 116–22.

Otton, Patrick. “USS Constitution Reborn.” Sea History, Spring/Summer 1997, 40–41.

Pack, James. The Man Who Burned the White House: Admiral Sir George Cockburn, 1772–1853. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1987.

Palmer, Michael A. Stoddert’s War: Naval Operations During the Quasi-War with France, 1798–1801. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1987.

Paullin, Charles O., and Frederic L. Paxson. Guide to the Materials in London Archives for the History of the United States Since 1783. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1914.

Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War: England and the United States 1805–1812. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968.

Petrie, Donald A. “The Ransoming of Eliza Swan.” American Neptune 53 (1993): 98–108.

________. “Forbidden Prizes.” American Neptune 54 (1994): 165–74.

________. The Prize Game: Lawful Looting on the High Seas in the Days of Fighting Sail. New York: Berkley, 2001.

Post, Waldron Kintzing. “The Case of Captain Lawrence.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings 62 (1936): 969–74.

Prudden, Theodore M. “Her Thunder Shook the Mighty Deep.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings, January 1964, 74–83.

Purcell, Hugh D. “Don’t Give Up the Ship!” United States Naval Institute Proceedings, May 1965, 82–94.

Reid, Whitelaw. Some Consequences of the Last Treaty of Paris: Advances in International Law and Changes in National Policy. London: John Lane, 1899.

Robinson, Ralph. “Retaliation for the Treatment of Prisoners in the War of 1812.” American Historical Review 49 (1943): 65–70.

Roche, Charles. “Dockyard Reminiscences: An Account of the Action Between the ‘Chesapeake’ and the ‘Shannon,’ Gleaned from Statements Made by Eye-Witnesses.” Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society 18 (1919): 59–67.

Roosevelt, Theodore. The Naval War of 1812. 4th edition, 1889. Reprint. New York: Modern Library, 1999.

Rouse, Parke, Jr. “Low Tide at Hampton Roads.” United States Naval Institute Proceedings, July 1969, 79–86.

Salas, Eugenio Pereira. “First Contacts—The Glorious Cruise of the Frigate Essex.” Translated by A. S. Merrill. United States Naval Institute Proceedings 66 (1940): 218–23.

Scott, Kenneth. “The Privateer Yankee in the War of 1812.” American Neptune 21 (1961): 16–22.

Smith, Dwight La Vern. The War of 1812: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1985.

Smith, Gene A. “A Means to an End: Gunboats and Thomas Jefferson’s Theory of Defense.” American Neptune 55 (1995): 111–21.

Smith, Philip Chadwick Foster. The Frigate Essex Papers: Building the Salem Frigate, 1798–1799. Salem, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Salem, 1974.

Stagg, J. C. A. Mr. Madison’s War: Politics, Diplomacy, and Warfare in the Early American Republic, 1783–1830. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Taylor, George Rogers. “Agrarian Discontent in the Mississippi Valley Preceding the War of 1812.” Journal of Political Economy 39 (1931): 471–505.

Tilghman, Oswald, and Samuel Alexander Harrison. History of Talbot County, Maryland, 1661–1861. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1915.

Toll, Ian W. Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the U.S. Navy. New York: Norton, 2006.

Tucker, Spencer C. Arming the Fleet: U.S. Navy Ordnance in the Muzzle-Loading Era. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1989.

________. “The Jefferson Gunboats in Service, 1804–1825.” American Neptune 55 (1995): 97–110.

________. Handbook of 19th Century Naval Warfare. Thrupp, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 2000.

________. Stephen Decatur: A Life Most Bold and Daring. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

Tucker, Spencer C., and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake–Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Upton, Francis H. The Law of Nations Affecting Commerce During War: With a Review of the Jurisdiction, Practice and Proceedings of Prize Courts. New York: John S. Voorhies, 1863.

Valle, James E. Rocks and Shoals: Naval Discipline in the Age of Fighting Sail. 1980. Reprint. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

________. “The Navy’s Battle Doctrine in the War of 1812.” American Neptune 44 (1984): 171–78.

Wells, William R. “US Revenue Cutters Captured in the War of 1812.” American Neptune 58 (1998): 225–41.

Wills, Garry. James Madison. New York: Times Books, 2002.

Wilson, James Grant. “Commodore Hull and the Constitution.” New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 11 (1880): 101–13.

Wood, Virginia Steele. Live Oaking: Southern Timber for Tall Ships. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1981.

Zimmerman, James Fulton. Impressment of American Seamen. 1925. Reprint. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1966.

If you find an error or have any questions, please email us at Thank you!