Military history

Appendix A

Chronology of the Normandy Campaign

   

1943

13  

March 

Lt-Gen. F. E. Morgan appointed COSSAC – Chief of Staff to the Supreme Commander (designate)

   

1944

23  

January 

Eisenhower approves Montgomery’s plan for the landings in Normandy

7–

8 April 

Montgomery presents the OVERLORD plan at St Paul’s, and presides over Exercise THUNDERCLAP with subordinate commanders

15  

May 

Montgomery’s final presentation at St Paul’s

3  

June 

D-Day postponed from 5 June to 6 June

4  

June 

D-Day ordered for 6 June

6  

June 

Allied landings in Normandy

7  

June 

Bayeux falls

8  

June 

US First and British Second Armies link near Port-en-Bessin

12  

June 

Omaha and Utah beachheads united

13  

June 

British 7th Armoured Division checked and repelled at Villers-Bocage. Germans open V-I frying bomb offensive against Britain

18–

21 June 

The ‘great storm’ in the Channel

18  

June 

US VII Corps reach west coast Cherbourg peninsula at Barneville

19  

June 

Americans take Montebourg

22  

June 

Russians open their summer offensive against Army Group Centre with 146 infantry divisions and 43 tank brigades attacking on a 300-mile front

25  

June 

British Operation EPSOM south-west of Caen

26  

June 

Americans in Cherbourg

27  

June 

Resistance in Cherbourg ends

29  

June 

British break off EPSOM

1  

July 

Geyr von Schweppenburg sacked and replaced by Eberbach. Americans secure Cap de la Hague

2  

July 

Von Rundstedt sacked and replaced by von Kluge.

6  

July 

Flotilla of biber one-man submarines attack Allied shipping off the beachhead, sinking three minesweepers and damaging a Polish cruiser for the loss of seven German craft

8  

July 

British attack Caen, Americans seize La Haye-du-Puits

10  

July 

British occupy Caen

17  

July 

Rommel wounded and replaced as C-in-C Army Group B by von Kluge

18  

July 

British Operation GOODWOOD east of Caen. Americans take St Lô

20  

July 

Hitler wounded by bomb at his headquarters, abortive conspiracy and its aftermath rocks the Third Reich

25  

July 

American Operation COBRA launched west of St Lô

30  

July 

British Operation BLUECOAT launched south-east of Caumont. Americans ‘turn the corner’ at Avranches

31  

July 

Russians within 10 miles of Warsaw. Uprising begins

1  

August 

Hodges assumes command US First Army, Patton’s Third Army activated, Bradley becomes C-in-C US Twelfth Army Group

7  

August 

Germans launch Mortain counter-attack. Canadian Operation TOTALIZE launched towards Falaise

10  

August 

TOTALIZE broken off

12  

August 

US XV Corps takes Alençon

14  

August 

Canadian Operation TRACTABLE launched towards Falaise. DRAGOON landings in southern France

17  

August 

Model assumes command German armies, orders full retreat east from Allied pocket. Falaise falls

19  

August 

Polish Armoured Division and US 90th Division reach Chambois

21  

August 

Falaise Gap closed

25  

August 

Paris falls

1  

September  

Eisenhower assumes direct command Allied ground forces. Montgomery promoted Field-Marshal

2  

September  

US First and Third Armies ordered to halt by Eisenhower in view of huge fuel and supply problems

3  

September  

Brussels falls

16  

September  

US First Army units cross the German border near Aachen

17  

September  

Operation Market Garden launched against Arnhem and the Maas and Waal bridges

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