Anderson, Bern. By Sea and by River: The Naval History of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Anderson, Nancy Scott, and Dwight Anderson. The Generals: Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.

Anderson, William M. We Are Sherman’s Men: The Civil War Letters of Henry Obendorff. Macomb: Western Illinois University, 1986. Western Illinois Monograph Series, No. 6.

Arnold, Matthew. General Grant. With a Rejoinder by Mark Twain. Edited by John Y. Simon. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1966.

Barrett, John G. Sherman’s March Through the Carolinas. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1956.

Belz, Herman. Reconstructing the Union: Theory and Policy During the Civil War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Betts, William W., Jr. Lincoln and the Poets. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1965.

Black, Robert C., III. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1952.

Bleser, Carol K., and Lesley T. Cordon, eds. Intimate Strategies of the Civil War: Military Commanders and Their Wives. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1987.

Bogue, Allan G. The Earnest Men: Republicans of the Civil War Senate. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981.

Bowman, John S., ed. The Civil War Day by Day. Greenwich, CT: Dorset Press, 1989. Bradley, Mark L. This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Brooks, William E. Grant of Appomattox: A Study of the Man. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1971.

Burne, Alfred H. Lee, Grant and Sherman: A Study in Leadership in the 1864-1865 Campaign. New York: Scribner, 1939.

Casey, Emma Dent. “When Grant Went A-Courtin’, By His Wife’s Sister: Emma Dent Casey.” Manuscript Collections, Missouri Historical Society.

Catton, Bruce. Grant Moves South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.

———. Grant Takes Command. Boston: Little, Brown, 1968.

Cauble, Frank P. The Proceedings Connected with the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. Appomattox, VA: Appomattox Court House National Park, 1975.

Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence. The Passing of the Armies. Dayton, OH: Morningside Bookshop, 1974.

Clarke, Dwight L. William Tecumseh Sherman: Gold Rush Banker. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1969.

Conger, A. L. The Rise of U.S. Grant. New York: Century Company, 1931.

Coombe, Jack D. Thunder Along the Mississippi: The River Battles That Split the Confederacy . New York: Sarpedon, 1996.

Cramer, M. J. Ulysses S. Grant: Conversations and Unpublished Letters. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1897.

Croce, Paul Jerome. “Calming the Screaming Eagle: William James and His Circle Fight Their Civil War Battles.” The New England Quarterly, March 2003, p. 5.

Dana, Charles A. Recollections of the Civil War. New York: Collier Books, 1963.

Davis, Burke. Sherman’s, March. New York: Random House, 1980.

Davis, William C. Lincoln’s Men: How President Lincoln Became Father to an Army and a Nation. New York: Free Press, 1999.

Dodge, Major-General Grenville M. Personal Recollections of President Abraham Lincoln, General Ulysses S. Grant, and General William T. Sherman. Denver: Sage Books, 1965.

Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

———. “We Are Lincoln Men”: Abraham Lincoln and His Friends. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

Dornbusch, C. E. Military Bibliography of the Civil War. 4 vols. New York: New York Public Library, 1971-87.

Dowdey, Clifford. Lee’s Last Campaign: The Story of Lee and His Men Against Grant1864. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.

Downey, Fairfax. Storming of the Gateway: Chattanooga, 1863. New York: David McKay, 1960.

Dyer, John P. The Gallant Hood. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1950.

Eckenrode, H. J., and Bryan Conrad. George S. McClellan: The Man Who Saved the Union. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1941.

Eisenhower, John S. D. Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott. New York: Free Press, 1997.

Epstein, Daniel Mark. Lincoln and Whitman: Parallel Lives in Civil War Washington. New York: Ballantine Books, 2004.

Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman: A Life of William Tecumseh Sherman. New York: Random House, 1995.

Fleming, Thomas. “The Big Parade.” American Heritage, March 1990, pp. 98-104.

Fleming, Thomas J. West Point: The Men and Times of the United States Military Academy . New York: William Morrow, 1969.

Fleming, Walter L. General William T. Sherman as College President. Cleveland: Arthur L. Clark Company, 1912.

Flood, Charles Bracelen. Lee: The Last Years. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981.

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. 14 vols. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1999.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. Lee’s Lieutenants: A Study in Command. 3 vols. New York: Scribner, 1942-44.

———. R. E. Lee: A Biography. 4 vols. New York: Scribner, 1949.

Fuller, Major General J.F.C. Grant and Lee: A Study in Personality and Generalship. New York: Scribner, 1955.

Garland, Hamlin. Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character. New York: Macmillan, 1920.

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers. New York: Meridian, 1991.

———. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman’s Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985.

———. Partners in Command: The Relationships Between Leaders in the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Goldhurst, Richard. Many Are the Hearts: The Agony and the Triumph of Ulysses S. Grant. New York: Reader’s Digest Press, 1975.

Govan, Gilbert E., and James W. Livingood. A Different Valor: The Story of General Joseph E. Johnston, C.S.A. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Grant, Ulysses S. Memoirs and Selected Letters. New York: Library of America, 1990.

Green, Horace. General Grant’s Last Stand: A Biography. New York: Scribner, 1936.

Groom, Winston. Shrouds of Glory: Atlanta to Nashville: The Last Great Campaign of the Civil War. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995.

Hanson, Victor Davis. The Soul of Battle: From Ancient Times to the Present Day; How Three Great Liberators Vanquished Tyranny. New York: Free Press, 1999.

Hassler, Warren W., Jr. General George B. McClellan: Shield of the Union. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1957.

Headley, J. T. The Life and Travels of General Grant. Philadelphia: Hubbard Brothers, 1879.

Heidler, David S., and Joanne T. Heidler. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Hess, Earl J. The Union Soldier in Battle: Enduring the Ordeal of Combat. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1997.

Hirshson, Stanley P. Grenville M. Dodge: Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer. Blooming-ton: Indiana University Press, 1967.

———. The White Tecumseh: Biography of General William T. Sherman. New York: John Wiley, 1997.

Hitchcock, Henry. Marching with Sherman. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1927.

Hoehling, A. A. Vicksburg: 47 Days of Siege. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969.

Horan, James. Matthew Brady: Historian with a Camera. New York: Bonanza Books, 1955.

Howe, Mark DeWolfe, ed. Home Letters of General Sherman. New York: Scribner, 1909. (for Meade’s statement concerning the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War). (for Emerson’s eulogy of April 19, 1865).

Hyman, Harold M. The Radical Republicans and Reconstruction, 1861-1870. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967.

Johnston, Terry A., Jr., ed. “Him on the One Side and Me on the Other”: The Civil War Letters of Alexander Campbell, 79th New York Infantry Regiment and James Campbell, 1st South Carolina Battalion. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999.

Jones, Katharine M. When Sherman Came: Southern Women and the “Great March.” Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1969.

Kaltman, Al. Cigars, Whiskey & Winning: Leadership Lessons from General Ulysses S. Grant. Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.

Kauffman, Michael W. American Brutus: John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracies. New York: Random House, 2004.

Kennett, Lee. Marching Through Georgia: The Story of Soldiers and Civilians During Sherman’s Campaign. New York: HarperCollins, 1995.

———. Sherman: A Soldier’s Life. New York: HarperCollins, 2001.

Kiper, Richard L. Major General John Alexander McClernand: Politician in Uniform. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1999.

Kirschberger, Joe H. The Civil War and Reconstruction: An Eyewitness History. New York: Facts on File, 1991.

Korda, Michael. Ulysses S. Grant: The Unlikely Hero. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.

Lash, Jeffrey N. Destroyer of the Iron Horse: General Joseph E. Johnston and Confederate Rail Transport, 1861-1865. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1991.

Lee, Richard M. Mr. Lincoln’s City: An Illustrated Guide to the Civil War Sites of Washington . McLean, VA: EPM Publications, 1981.

Leech, Margaret. Reveille in Washington: 1860-1865. New York: Harper, 1941.

Lewis, Lloyd. Captain Sam Grant. Boston: Little, Brown, 1950.

———. Sherman: Fighting Prophet. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1932.

Lewis, Paul. Yankee Admiral: A Biography of David Dixon Porter. New York: David McKay, 1968.

Liddell-Hart, B. H. Sherman: Soldier, Realist, American. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1958.

Lincoln, Abraham. Speeches and Writings. 1859-1865. New York: Library of America, 1989.

Long, E. B., with Barbara Long. The Civil War Day by Day: An Almanac 1861-1865. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971.

Lotchin, Roger W. San Francisco 1846-1856: From Hamlet to City. New York: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Lowry, Thomas P. The Civil War Bawdy Houses of Washington, D.C. Fredericksburg, VA: Sergeant Kirkland’s Museum and Historical Society, 1997.

Lucas, Marion B. “History and Memory in Late Twentieth Century Civil War Literature: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.” The Kentucky Review 15 (2003), p. 41.

Lyman, Darryl. Civil War Quotations, Conshohocken, PA: Combined Books, 1995.

Markle, Donald E. Spies and Spymasters of the Civil War, New York: Hippocrene Books, 1994.

Marszalek, John F. Commander of All Lincoln’s Armies: A Life of General Henry W. Halleck. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

———. Sherman: A Soldier’s Passion for Order. New York: Free Press, 1993.

Marx, Karl, and Frederick Engels. The Civil War in the United States. New York: International Publishers, 1937.

Maurice, Major General Sir Frederick. Statesmen and Soldiers of the Civil War: A Study of the Conduct of the War. Boston: Little, Brown, 1926.

McCrary, Peyton. Abraham Lincoln and Reconstruction: The Louisiana Experiment. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978.

McFeely, William S. Grant: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.

McKnight, W. Mark. Blue Bonnets O’er the Border: The 79th New York Cameron Highlanders. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Books, 1998.

McPherson, James M. Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

———. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.

McWhiney, Grady. Battle in the Wilderness: Grant Meets Lee. Fort Worth, TX: Ryan Place Publishers, 1995.

———, ed. Grant, Lee, Lincoln and the Radicals. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1964.

Merrill, James M. William Tecumseh Sherman, Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971.

Miers, Earl Schenck. The Last Campaign: Grant Saves the Union. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1972.

Miller, Richard F. “The Trouble with Brahmins: Class and Ethnic Tensions in Massachusetts’ ‘Harvard Regiment.’” The New England Quarterly, March 2003, p. 38.

Milligan, John D. Gunboats Down the Mississippi. Annapolis, MD: United States Naval Institute, 1965.

Mitgang, Herbert, ed. Abraham Lincoln: A Press Portrait. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Oxford History of the American People. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Morris, Roy, Jr. Sheridan: The Life and Wars of General Philip Sheridan. New York: Crown Publishers, 1992.

Murfin, James V. Battlefields of the Civil War. Godalming, Surrey, England: Colour Library Books, 1988.

Nash, Howard P., Jr. A Naval History of the Civil War. South Brunswick, NJ: A. S. Barnes, 1972.

Nevin, David. The Road to Shiloh: Early Battles in the West. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1983.

Nichols, George Ward. The Story of the Great March. Williamstown, MA: Corner House Publishers, 1972.

Page, Charles A. Letters of a War Correspondent. Boston: L. C. Page and Company, 1899.

Perry, James M. Touched with Fire: Five Presidents and the Civil War Battles That Made Them. New York: Public Affairs, 2003.

Phisterer, Frederick, ed. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. 5 vols. and Index. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon, 1912.

Porter, General Horace. Campaigning with Grant. Edited with introduction by Wayne C. Temple. New York: Bonanza Books, 1961.

Pratt, Fletcher. Stanton: Lincoln’s Secretary of War. New York: W. W. Norton, 1953.

Randall, J. G., and David Donald. The Civil War and Reconstruction. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.

Reed, Robert. Old Washington, D.C., in Early Photographs, 1846-1932. New York: Dover Publications, 1980.

Roland, Charles P. An American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1991.

Rosebault, Charles J. When Dana Was the Sun. New York: Robert M. McBride, 1931.

Ross, Ishbel. The General’s Wife: The Life of Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1959.

Sanborn, F. B. The Life and Letters of John Brown: Liberator of Kansas and Martyr of Virginia. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Sears, Stephen W. George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1988.

Sefton, James E. The United States Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

Sherman, William Tecumseh. Marching Through Georgia. Edited by Mills Lane. New York: Arno Press, 1978.

—. Memoirs of General W T. Sherman. New York: Library of America, 1990.

———. William T. Sherman Papers. Washington, DC: Library of Congress Manuscript Collections.

Simon, John Y., ed. The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. 27 vols. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1967-2005.

—, ed. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988.

—. “Ulysses S. Grant One Hundred Years Later.” Illinois State Historical Society Reprint Series #1. Reprinted from the Winter 1986 issue of The Illinois Historical Journal.

Simpson, Brooks D. Let Us Have Peace: Ulysses S. Grant and the Politics of War and Reconstruction, 1861-1868. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

—. Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph over Adversity, 1822-1865. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

Simpson, Brooks D., and Jean V. Berlin, eds. Sherman’s Civil War: Selected Correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

Stanchak, John E., ed. Leslie’s Illustrated Civil War. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1992.

Steele, Janet E. The Sun Shines for All: Journalism and Ideology in the Life of Charles A. Dana. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Symonds, Craig L. A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War. Annapolis, MD: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1983.

—. Joseph E. Johnston: A Civil War Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992. Taylor, Joe Gray. Louisiana Reconstructed, 1863-1877. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1974.

Thomas, Benjamin P., and Harold M. Hyman. Stanton: The Life and Times of Lincoln’s Secretary of War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Thomas, Wilbur. General George H. Thomas: The Indomitable Warrior. New York: Exposition Press, 1964.

Thorndike, Rachel Sherman, ed. The Sherman Letters: Correspondence Between General Sherman and Senator Sherman from 1837 to 1891. New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Todd, William. The Seventy-Ninth Highlanders, New York Volunteers, in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Albany, NY: Brandow, Barton & Co., 1886.

Trefousse, Hans L. Historical Dictionary of Reconstruction. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

—. The Radical Republicans: Lincoln’s Vanguard for Racial Justice. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1969.

Tunnell, Ted. Crucible of Reconstruction: War, Radicalism and Race in Louisiana, 1862-1877. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

Ulysses S. Grant Homepage.

U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1865.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on the Harper’s Ferry Invasion, 1860. Published as Invasion at Harper’s Ferry. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

U.S. Congress. Supplemental Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. 2 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1866.

Vandiver, Frank E. Civil War Battlefields and Landmarks: A Guide to the National Park Sites. New York: Random House, 1996.

Villard, Oswald Garrison. John Brown, 1800-1859: A Biography Fifty Years After. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1943.

Wagner, Margaret E., Gary W. Gallagher, and Paul Finkelman, eds. Civil War Desk Reference. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.

War of the Rebellion, The: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Series I, Volume I. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1880.

Ward, Geoffrey C. “We Were as Brothers.” American Heritage, November 1990, p. 14.

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1972.

——. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

Welles, Gideon. Diary of Gideon Welles. 3 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.

Whitman, Walt. Complete Poetry and Collected Prose. New York: Library of America, 1982.

——. Prose Works 1892. Edited by Floyd Stovall. Volume I: Specimen Days, Philadelphia: David McKay, 1892.

Williams, A. Dana. The Praise of Lincoln: An Anthology. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1911.

Williams, Hermann Warner, Jr. The Civil War: The Artist’s Record. Boston: Beacon Press, 1961.

Williams, T. Harry. Lincoln and His Generals. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

——. Lincoln and the Radicals. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1941.

——. McClellan, Sherman and Grant. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1962.

Wilson, James Harrison. The Life of Charles A. Dana, New York: Harper, 1907.

Winik, Jay. April 1865: The Month That Saved America. New York: HarperCollins, 2001. Woodward, W. E. Meet General Grant. New York: Liveright, 1965.

Woodworth, Steven E., ed. Grant’s Lieutenants: From Cairo to Vicksburg. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Wright, General Marcus J. General Scott. New York: D. Appleton, 1897.

If you find an error or have any questions, please email us at Thank you!