NOTES

In citing works in the notes, short titles have generally been used. Works frequently cited have been identified by the following abbreviations. The full citation appears in the bibliography, under the name of the author or editor.

GMS

Ulysses S. Grant, Memoirs and Selected Letters

JDG

John Y. Simon, ed., The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant

LL

Lloyd Lewis, Sherman: Fighting Prophet

M

John F. Marszalek, Sherman: A Soldier’s Passion for Order

PUSG

John Y. Simon, ed., The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant

SCW

Brooks D. Simpson and Jean V. Berlin, eds., Sherman’s Civil War: Selected Correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865

SG

Jean Edward Smith, Grant.

SM

William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General W. T. Sherman

PROLOGUE

“put the river” SG, 200.

“Well, Grant” Ibid., 201.

“The South never smiled” Brooks, Grant, 144.

“plain as an old stove” Garland, Grant, 229.

“He is never quiet” Kennett, Sherman, 99.

“as if he had determined” SG, 300.

“When Grant once” Porter, Campaigning, 223.

“In a moment” Ibid., 417.

1. TWO FAILED MEN WITH GREAT POTENTIAL

“In my new employment” PUSG, I: 359. Grant’s letter of resignation, April 11, 1854, PUSG, I: 329-32. Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 329, sets forth circumstances of the resignation. Also see SG, 87.

“Every day I like” PUSG, I: 334.

Grant’s financial situation SG, 91.

“Why, Grant” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 346.

“Great God, Grant” SG, 91.

The pawn ticket PUSG, I: 339. The ticket also appears among this book’s illustrations.

Crop freeze SG, 92.

“Julia and I” PUSG, I: 343.

“shabbily dressed” SG, 95.

“Grant was” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 377.

“I rarely read over” GMS, 39.

Jack Lindsay incident Fleming, West Point, 102.

“His hair was” SG, 26.

“the class, still mounted” Garland, Grant, 52.

“The farm of White Haven” Casey, “When Grant Went …” All quotations from Emma Dent Casey are from this recollection.

“That young man” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 110.

“a darling little lieutenant” Ulysses S. Grant Homepage, citing www.mscomm.com/~ulysses/page181.html.

“he was kind enough” JDG, 48.

“Saturday came” Ibid., 49.

“serious the matter with me” GMS, 37.

“On this occasion” Ibid., 38.

“We all enjoyed” Casey.

“I noticed, too” Ross, The General’s Wife, 25, citing Laddies’ Home Journal, October 1890.

“Before I returned” GMS, 39.

“In the thickest” PUSG, I: 86.

“I crossed at such” GMS, 81.

“I never went” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 249.

“You could not keep him” Garland, Grant, 100.

“the first two persons” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 251.

“found a church” GMS, 106.

“The shots from” Ibid., 109.

“every shot was” Ibid.

“I could not tell” Ibid.

“astonishing victories … frightful” PUSG, I: 146.

“one of the most” GMS, 41.

“the very best soldier” Freeman, Lee, I: 284.

“There’s no danger!” Lewis, Captain, Sam Grant, 245.

“was more bronzed” Casey.

“one of those beautiful … hand to glove” Ulysses S. Grant Homepage, interview, Julia Dent Grant, www.mscomm.com/~ulysses/page181.html.

“I enjoyed sitting” JDG, 56.

“a man of iron” Garland, Grant, 122.

“He seemed always to be sad” Ibid.

“a mail came in” PUSG, I: 320.

“He was in the habit” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 324.

“sprees” Ibid., 319.

Grant’s resignation PUSG, I: 329-32; also see Lewis, Captain, Sam Grant, 329, and SG, 87.

“I peeped at him” Bleser, Intimate Strategies, 138.

“I remember seeing” SG, 25.

“These brilliant scenes” Howe, Home Letters, 107.

“I have felt tempted” Ibid., 116.

“What is that?” M, 68.

“peculiarly bad luck” Ibid., 79.

“firmly in the main” Howe, Home Letters, 20.

“a terrible Civil War” M, 78.

“protector” Bleser, Intimate Strategies, 141.

“This is too bad” Kennett, Sherman, 57.

“covered with sand” SM, 120.

“a cry about Minnie” Kennett, Sherman, 72.

“I would rather live” and “I would rather be” Bleser, Intimate Strategies, 144.

“For the past seven months” Kennett, Sherman, 74.

“Cump rubbed me” Ibid.

“Cump & I” Ibid.

“I have bet” SCW, 563.

“sent jellycake,” “Archbishop called,” and “Prayed for the conversion” Kennett, Sherman, 72.

“no symptoms of dishonesty” Clarke, Sherman, 69.

“In giving his instructions” Merrill, Sherman, 103.

“depression” Clarke, Sherman, 66.

“Knowing insanity” Ellen Sherman to John Sherman, November 10, 1861, William T. Shennan Papers, Library of Congress. Various printed sources give different versions of the words between “Cump” and “once in California.” I believe that a photostat of the original reads as, “in the verge of it.” See also SCW, 155-56, which renders this as, “in the seize of it.”

“No doubt you are glad” Bleser, Intimate Strategies, 145.

“that West Point” M, 114.

“I look upon myself” Ibid., 119.

Sherman’s experience in this post in Louisiana is treated in Walter Fleming, Sherman as College President.

“I have heard men of good sense” Howe, Home Letters, 163.

“You mistake, too” LL, 138.

“It is hard to realize” PUSG, I: 359.

“You are driving me” M, 137.

“You are all in here” Ibid., 139.

“whom I remember” Fellman, Citizen Sherman, 88.

2. GRANT AWAKENS

“take command of the army to be brought into the field” Freeman, Lee, I: 633-36. I interpret this to mean that, with the aged and infirm Winfield Scott, who was soon to retire, being in no condition to lead the Union Army, Lee would take field command and become general in chief upon Scott’s retirement.

“I can anticipate” Ibid., 420.

“I could take no part” Ibid., 437.

“Civil War has only horror” Heidler, Encyclopedia, II: 568.

“I never went into” SG, 89.

“having been educated” PUSG, II: 6.

“Julia takes” Ibid., 22.

“Oh! how intensely” JDG, 87.

“I remember now” Ibid.

“fell in behind” Garland, Grant, 160.

“I might have got” PUSG, II: 21.

“at a little square table” and “one suit” McFeely, Grant, 74.

“I thought he was the man” and “McClellan never” SG, 107.

“got on one of his little sprees” Ibid., 83.

“I’ve tried” Garland, Grant, 168.

“[We] saw that” SG, 105.

Simon S. Goode Garland, Grant, 165-66.

“there wasn’t a chicken” Ibid., 108.

“preferably Captain Grant” SG, 107.

“was dressed very clumsily” Ibid., 108.

“What a colonel!” Lewis, Captain Sam Grant, 427.

“What do they mean by” and “Rustic jokes” Garland, Grant, 173.

“Mexico” incident Woodward, Grant, 54.

“Howdy, Colonel?” Fuller, Grant and Lee, 71.

Orders No. 8 PUSG, II: 46.

“unostentatious” through “manner” SG, 110.

Orders No. 14 PUSG, II: 48.

“Alexander was not older” JDG, 92.

“Your Dodo” letter PUSG, II: 50. .

“They entered” GMS, 246.

“My own opinion” PUSG, II: 21.

“This is an infantry” SG, 111.

“Fred enjoys it” PUSG, II: 59.

3. SHERMAN GOES IN

Meeting with Lincoln SM, 185-86.

“I shall, to the extent” Lincoln, Speeches and Writings, 231.

“so as to be independent” SCW, 88.

“I am convinced” Kennett, Sherman, 114.

“Of course I could no longer defer” SM, 192.

“tall gaunt form” and descriptions of Sherman’s face and hat M, 147.

“volunteers called by courtesy” SCW, 127.

Letter of July 16 Ibid., 117-18.

“The march” SM, 198.

“As soon as real war” SCW, 98.

“On to Richmond!” Trefousse, Radical Republicans, 174.

Bettie Duvall and intelligence sources Leech, Reveille, 95-96.

“for the first time” SCW, 124.

“Up to that time” SM, 202.

“there stands Jackson” Roland, Iliad, 52.

“After I had” SM, 205.

“We could see” Johnston, Him on the One Side, 34.

“There was no positive” SM, 203.

“Shameless flight” and “seen the confusion” Ibid., 124-25.

“Though the North” SM, 199.

“were so mutinous” Ibid., 207.

“one of the … best” Ibid.

“We were all trembling” Ibid., 209.

“Some young officer” Ibid.

“offered the command” Ibid., 210.

“In this interview” Ibid.

“nearly all unfriendly” Kennett, Sherman, 132.

Figures of opposing forces LL, 122.

“I’m afraid” SCW, 143.

“I don’t think” Ibid., 145.

“said he could not” SM, 216.

“to meddle as little” SCW, 127.

“My own belief” Ibid., 146.

“I am sorry” Ibid., 150.

“Do write me” and “How any body” SCW, 148nl, 147.

“our Gun Boat Fleet” PUSG, III: 36.

“You ask if” Ibid., II: 67.

“some of Washburne’s work” SG, 113.

“I could not discover” SCW, 138.

“He usually wore” SG, 119.

“almost untenable” Woodward, Grant, 190.

General Orders No. 5 PUSG, II: 207.

“I have nothing to do with” Ibid., 194.

“Steamers … prizes” Ibid., 262.

“required here” Ibid., 218.

“Remember me” Ibid., 148-49.

“Woods should not” SCW, 145.

“old Baron Steinberger” and “had drawn to St. Louis” SM, 214.

“Now we’ll have news” Davis, Sherman’s March, 140.

description of the meeting in Louisville SM, 218-20.

“absolutely crazy” Merrill, Sherman, 176.

“promptly replied” Kennett, Sherman, 140.

“riding a whirlwind” and “the idea” SCW, 154.

“Sherman’s gone in the head” M, 163.

“Send Mrs. Sherman” SCW, 156n.

“in a great, barnlike” Kennett, Sherman, 141.

“of such nervousness” M, 164.

“General Halleck is satisfied” Fellman, Sherman, 100.

“completely ‘stampeded’” M, 164.

“acted insane” Ibid., 167.

“I would like” PUSG, II: 300.

“Veterans could not” GMS, 179.

“The alarm ‘surrounded’ was given” Ibid., 180.

“I saw a body” Ibid., 183.

“There is a Yankee” Ibid., 185.

“I was the only man” Ibid., 184.

Confederate musket ball Woodward, Grant, 211.

“the enemies [sic] loss” PUSG, III: 129. This report was written by Captain William S. Hillyer of Grant’s staff.

“The General Comdg.” Ibid., 130.

Quotations from New York Herald and New York Times SG, 131.

“whose disorders” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 103.

“it seemed to affect him Kennett, Sherman, 144.

“then came telegraphic” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 103.

“well convinced” and “the President evinced” Ibid.

GENERAL WILLIAM T. SHERMAN INSANE LL, 201.

“Nature will paint” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 201.

“Sir” SCW, 161.

“distressed almost to death” Kennett, Sherman, 141.

“I feel desolate” and “So now my dearest” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 105.

“true lawyer-like ambiguity” LL, 205.

“Mr. Lincoln, Dear Sir” Ibid.

“seemed very anxious” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 109.

“Dearest Ellen” SCW, 173.

“I am so sensible” Ibid., 174.

“Do you know who I am?” M, 168.

President’s General War Order No. 1 SG, 139.

“was cut short” GMS, 190.

“Make your preparations” Ibid., 140.

4. GRANT MOVES FORWARD, WITH SHERMAN IN A SUPPORTING ROLE

“If you can reinforce” SG, 154.

“The sight of our camp fires” PUSG, IV: 153.

“It must be victory or death” SG, 146.

“a modest, amiable” Ibid., 147-48.

“[A Union] officer came in” Ibid.

“a few more” Ibid.

“I felt that” Ibid., 153.

“You have no conception” PUSG, IV: 180.

“I will let him” Ibid., 188.

“did not approve” GMS, 197.

“I had no idea” and “I met Captain Hillyer” GMS, 204.

Grant’s quotations from his initial appearance on the battlefield Ibid., 204-206.

“No flinching now” Ibid., 159-60.

“General Smith” Ibid.

Nathan Bedford Forrest Brooks, Grant, 118.

“the appointment of Commissioners” PUSG, IV: 218.

“No terms except” Ibid.

“the largest capture” Ibid.

“ungenerous and unchivalrous” Ibid., 218.

“There will be nothing” SG, 164.

“You are separated” Ibid., 165.

“do everything in my power” PUSG, IV: 215n.

“I feel anxious” Ibid., 216.

“At that time” GMS, 213.

“Send all reinforcements” PUSG, IV: 248.

“Some of your wounded” Ibid., 261n.

“Make Buell” SG, 164.

“If the Southerners think” SG, 164.

5. THE BOND FORGED AT SHILOH

“the vertebrae of the Confederacy” Nevin, Shiloh, 157.

“the eyes and hopes” SG, 184.

wired Halleck’s headquarters PUSG, IV: 245.

Halleck to McClellan SG, 168.

Halleck’s exchange with Stanton Ibid., 168n, 169.

“It is my impression” PUSG, IV: 257.

“I am disgusted” SG, 169.

“Learning some days past” and “they carried off” SCW, 195.

“It is hard to censure” and “The future success” Ibid., 172.

“A rumor has just” PUSG, IV: 320.

“working himself into a passion” SM, 245.

“Forces going” and “I am not aware” PUSG, IV: 317-18.

“Dearest Ellen” SCW, 196.

“instead of relieving you” PUSG, IV: 354-55.

“You have done” and “No one has sympathized” Nevin, Shiloh, 157.

“magnificent plain” SM, 252.

“not to advance” PUSG, IV: 367.

“we must strike no blow” Ibid., 367n.

“an engagement” Ibid., 367. See also p. 392.

Halleck rebukes Grant Ibid., 404n.

“I am clearly” Ibid., 411.

“had no expectation” GMS, 223.

“When you will hear” PUSG, IV: 389.

“Diaoreah” Ibid., 443.

“Soon I hope” Ibid., V: 7.

“Oh, they’d call me crazy again” LL, 214.

“We are constantly” SCW, 199.

“Now is the moment” Nevin, Shiloh, 107.

“until an hour” GMS, 224.

“The night was” Ibid.

“to-morrow” PUSG, V: 16.

“I have scarsely” Ibid., 14.

“the enemy is saucy” Ibid.

“This is puerile!” Nevin, Shiloh, 108.

“a line of men” Ibid., 111.

“General Sherman says” LL, 219.

“Now they will be entrenched” Nevin, Shiloh, 110.

“remarked that this” Ibid.

“Gentlemen” and “I would fight them” Ibid.

“The battle has opened” through “This is no place for us!” Ibid., 114.

“a beautiful sorrel” SCW, 201.

“General, look to your right!” and “Appler” Nevin, Shiloh, 114.

“I saw the rebel lines” SM, 250.

“Tonight we will” Nevin, Shiloh, 113.

“a very early breakfast” and “heavy firing” GMS, 228.

Gentlemen, the ball is in motion” SG, 190.

“bringing on this engagement” Nevin, Shiloh, 113.

“Tell Grant” Ibid., 114.

“desperately engaged” and “This gave him” SM, 266.

“pretty squally” and “Well, not so bad” Nevin, Shiloh, 120.

“this point was the key” GMS, 210.

“During the whole of Sunday” Ibid., 231.

“All around him” LL, 222.

“trouble keeping his cigar lit” and “I was looking for that” Ibid., 223.

“It’s a hornet’s nest” Nevin, Shiloh, 123.

“Then I will help you” through “Governor, they came near” Ibid., 128-29.

“We shall all be dead” and “I guess that’s so” Catton, Grant Moves South, 232, citing Chicago Tribune, January 27, 1869.

“Whichever side takes the initiative” LL, 230.

“our troops were exposed” and “I made my headquarters” GMS, 234.

“to put the river” through “Lick ‘em tomorrow” SG, 200-201.

“A COMPLETE VICTORY” and “I thought I had” Nevin, Shiloh, 147.

“heavy lines of skirmishers” GMS, 234.

“Move out” and “I leave that” SG, 202.

“If he had studied” Brooks, Grant, 142.

“At daybreak” SG, 202.

“the rebels fall back” Ibid., 203.

“along the northern edge” GMS, 237.

“The fire and animation” through “I intend to withdraw” Nevin, Shiloh, 151.

“wanted to pursue” GMS, 237.

Here was a long line Nevin, Shiloh, 152.

“Charge!” and “I and my staff” Ibid.

“rolling down the line” through “Boys, you have won” M, 181.

“Dear Julia” PUSG, V: 27.

“Dearest Ellen” SCW, 20 I.

“they were a disgrace” Kennett, Sherman, 169.

“The South never smiled” Brooks, Grant, 144.

New York Times and New York Herald press reports of Shiloh SG, 204-205; New York Tribune, Woodward, Grant, 255.

Tribune editorial Ibid.

“No, I can’t do it” Ibid., 256.

“the blundering stupidity” LL, 234. For this controversy, see also SCW, 226n, 237-45, 245n.

“The accusatory part” SCW, 241-43.

Some details on the Sherman family defense are in LL,, 235.

“so shockingly abused” PUSG, V: 116.

“Is success a crime?” Ibid., 79n.

“should never have occurred” Ibid., 116.

“Shame on such a Demagogue” Ibid., 83.

“not an enemy” Ibid., VI: 62.

Julia Grant’s encounter with Mrs. Canfield JDG, 99-100, 116n.

“constructed seven distinct” Marszalek, Commander, 124.

“Halleck crept forward” Ibid.

a siege on the move GMS, 250.

should relate to one matter” SG, 207.

Sherman describes Grant’s situation and the details of their meeting SM, 275-76.

“Necessity however” PUSG, V: 246.

Sherman to Grant, June 6, 1862 SM, 276.

Grant to Ellen Sherman PUSG, V: 200.

“I feel it a duty” Ibid., 34.

“In Gen. Sherman” Ibid., 111.

“Although Gen. Sherman” Ibid., 140.

“Grant’s victory” SCW, 193.

“you obtained” Ibid., 233.

“he is as brave” Ibid., 236.

“I cannot express” Ibid., 255.

“the People are as bitter” Ibid., 231.

“one more fight” PUSG, V: 47.

“it is possible” GMS, 244.

6. POLITICAL PROBLEMS, MILITARY CHALLENGES: THE VICKSBURG CAMPAIGN DEVELOPS

“scattered” SM, 275.

“write freely” SCW, 278. The words are from a letter to Grant from Sherman that says, “A letter from you of Aug. 4 asking me to write more freely and fully on all matters of public interest did not reach me till yesterday.” SCW, 208n, states that this letter from Grant to Sherman has not been found, and it does not appear in PUSG.

Incident in Memphis church LL, 243-44.

“the Military for the time being” M, 191.

“Sherman never utters” LL, 252.

“felt loving towards us” Ibid., 244.

“Your orders about property” LL, 246.

“I have no hobby” PUSG, V: 264.

“Their institution” Ibid., 310.

“such men as are not fit” and “It will be the duty” Ibid. VI: 316-17.

“the commanding General directs” Kennett, Sherman, 178.

“leaving one house” and “the regiment has returned” Sherman to Rawlins, September 26, 1862, SCW, 306.

“The Boats coming down” Ibid., 305.

“excites a smile” and “without uniform” Ibid., 317.

“fire on any boat” and “You initiate the game” Ibid.

“They cannot be made to love us” M, 196.

“it is about time” SCW, 301.

“I hope this” M, 194.

“We found” JDG, 102-203.

“in a handsome” through “Each day” Ibid., 105.

“very little respect” Dana, Recollections, 74.

letter from Rawlins to Grant regarding Grant’s drinking LL, 283.

“We all knew” http://www.mscomm.com/~Ulysses/page47.html. This cites the 1932 edition of Lewis, Sherman, 614. I cannot find this quotation on that page, or any other page of the 1932 and 1958 editions. With that caveat, it is offered here because it so closely matches Dana’s description of the same situation (see Ulysses S. Grant Homepage, 47). Other references to Grant’s drinking or abstemiousness are to be found in PUSG IV: 111-14n, 115n, 116n–19n, 227n, 296n, 320n, 344n; ibid. VI: 87n, 242n; ibid. VIII: 322n–25n.

“Who is this strange” JDG, 103.

“thin & worn” through “cheerful & well” M, 200.

“My Dear Children” SCW, 340-41.

“Audacity, more audacity” SG, 216.

“dispose of” Ibid., 217.

“an ugly place” Dana, Recollections, 54.

“Heretofore I have” PUSG, VII: 480.

“A ship without Marines” Lyman, Quotations, 1151, citing an 1863 letter from Porter to John Harris.

“Admiral Porter” Glatthaar, Partners, 165.

“determination” Ibid., 164.

Porter meets Sherman Kennett, Sherman, 174.

“may change our plans” through “Come over and we will talk” PUSG VI: 404.

“Commerce must follow” LL, 247.

“full of Jews” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 129.

“If the policy” Kennett, Sherman, 175.

“I cannot take an active part” PUSG, III: 226.

“The Jews” Ibid., VII: 50.

“And so the children of Israel” SG, 226n.

“immediately revoked” and “the President” Ibid., 227n.

“the spirit of the medieval age” Ibid., 226.

“incompetent” Ibid., 223.

“reserved for some special” PUSG, VI: 288.

“The mysterious” Ibid., 310.

“You are hereby authorized” SG, 227.

“Admirable for defense” GMS, 359.

“Well we have been to Vicksburg” SCW, 349.

“I assume responsibility” Kennett, Sherman, 192.

“unaccountable” LL, 264.

“Of course, General Sherman” Ibid.

“Sherman managed his men” M, 210.

“General Sherman is” and “Come with a sword” LL, 266-69.

Grant to Sherman, April 27, 1863 PUSG, VIII: 130.

Sherman to Grant Ibid., 131n.

“foolish, drunken, stupid … ass” Woodward, Grant, 292.

“Suppress the entire press” PUSG, VIII: 38.

“I make these suggestions” SCW, 444.

“the pleasant impression” Dana, Recollections, 36-37.

“I’m glad you’ve come” through “fully endorsed by Grant” Ulysses S. Grant Homepage, 47, citing interview with Wilson in Hamlin Garland Papers, USC.

“Grant wound up” Dana, “General Grant’s Occasional Intoxication,” New York Sun, April 28, 1891, ibid.

Dana’s decision to stand by Grant is confirmed in Wilson, Dana, 232, although Wilson was wrong in saying that Dana never spoke of Grant’s drinking.

“we dined on board” JDG, 112.

“The great essential” GMS, 307.

“perilous trip” Ibid.

“manned them with soldiers” SM, 343.

“their summer songs” JDG, 112.

“Just before ten o’clock” Dana, Recollections, 54.

“All was going well” JDG, 112.

“were immediately under” Dana, Recollections, 55.

“As soon as” SM, 343.

“The air was” JDG, 112.

“had a few words” through “to the shore” SM, 344.

“ordered that” Dana, Recollections, 550.

“Thus General Grant’s army” SM, 344.

7. THE SIEGE OF VICKSBURG

“I know Hooker well” SCW, 452.

“affectionate regards” and “He has lost” Freeman, Lee, II: 560.

“My God! What will the country say!” Donald, Lincoln, 436.

“It’s unnecessary for me” PUSG, VIII: 151.

“stop all troops” SG, 244. See also SCW, 470n.

“what rations of hard bread” SG, 244.

“I knew well” SG, 245.

“You may not hear” PUSG, VIII: 196.

“the operatives were told” GMS, 338.

“mounted on two” Catton, Grant Moves South, 438. See also Wilson, Dana, 219–20.

“is not in good plight” SG, 249.

“I was close enough” Ibid.

“A pontoon-bridge” SM, 349.

“These were still” GMS, 326.

“Until this moment” LL, 277.

“was in my rear” GMS, 355.

“resulted in securing” Ibid., 354.

“The heads of Colums” through “a dirty dog” SCW, 472.

“I want this planted” LL, 279.

“The attack was gallant” GMS, 335.

“This last attack” Ibid., 356.

“I now determined” Ibid., 357.

“a dozen or two of poultry” through “But the intention was good” Ibid., 364.

“Among the earliest arrivals” Ibid.

“I am too weak” Symonds, Johnston, 212.

“Not a day passed” Hoehling, Vicksburg, 147.

“I was just within” Ibid., 75-76.

“When I was driving stakes” Ibid., 146.

“Say! You old bastard” Ibid., 93.

“Dear General” SCW, 474.

“I would add” PUSG, VIII: 395.

“A force of some two thousand” Dana, Recollections, 93.

“I am anxious to get” PUSG, IX: 23.

“The negro troops” Ibid., 110.

“I would prefer” LL, 303.

“the great solicitude” SG, 232.

“delivered that admirable communication” Ulysses S. Grant Homepage, 47, citing “General Grant’s Occasional Intoxication,” New York Sun, April 28, 1891.

“only served to increase” GMS, 356.

“did great injustice” Ibid., 367.

“we lost, needlessly” SCW, 487.

“I should have relieved him” PUSG, VIII: 385n.

“most pernicious consequences” Ibid., 386n.

“not an officer” SCW, 501.

“You will go” PUSG, VIII: 408.

“I have given” Ibid., 402.

“I did hope” SCW, 500.

“with him I am” Ibid., 580.

Grant to Sherman, June 23, 1863 PUSG, VIII: 411.

“very often oxen” Hoehling, Vicksburg, 165.

“Hotel de Vicksburg” and menu Ibid., 163.

“How the other troops” Ibid., 169.

“What’s become of Fido?” Ibid., 162.

“I’m going down” and “I want to see” LL, 287.

“I am personally acquainted” PUSG, VIII: 414.

The effort to capture Frederick Grant is from Casey, “When Grant Went A-Courtin’.”

“Many Soldiers” letter Hoehling, Vicksburg, 241; LL, 290.

“Fred. Has returned” through “Kiss the children” PUSG, VIII: 445.

Details of the surrender negotiations GMS, 374-79; SG, 254-56; PUSG, VIII: 455-59.

“Pemberton was much excited” Dana, Recollections, 101.

“sitting on my little cot” through “a general rejoicing” Hoehling, Vicksburg, 272.

“Not a cheer went up” LL, 290.

“it was good to see” Ibid., 291.

“At Vicksburg” GMS, 384.

“We met” Hoehling, Vicksburg, 276.

“What a contrast” SG, 256.

“I rode into” Hoehling, Vicksburg, 280.

“No one” SG, 256.

“I judge” PUSG, VIII: 460.

“When we go in” Ibid.

“I want Johnston” Ibid., 461.

“If you are” Ibid., 461n.

“There is but little” Ibid.

“The news is so good” Ibid., 463n.

“I can hardly” through “sling the knapsack for new fields” LL,, 291–92.

Grant to Sherman, July 4, 1863 PUSG, VIII: 479.

“Never mind, General” Freeman, Lee, III: 130.

“I had been a most bitter” Vandiver, Civil War Battlefields, 79.

“stating that Meade” PUSG, IX: 18.

“the news from the Potomac” SCW, 503.

“Victory! Waterloo Eclipsed!” Wagner, Civil War Desk Reference, 31.

“The Father of Waters” SG, 258.

“envelop the insurgent states” Wagner, Civil War Desk Reference, 334.

“Grant is my man” SG, 259.

“My Dear General” Ibid., 257.

8. PAIN AND PLEASURE ON THE LONG ROAD TO CHATTANOOGA AND MISSIONARY RIDGE

“The dirt road” LL, 294.

“If Johnston is pursued” This exchange between Grant and Sherman is in PUSG, IX: 66–68.

“a large, white” JDG, 119.

“It combines” SCW, 521.

“Victor” Ross, The General’s Wife, 153.

“I may wish to use” SG, 261.

“The people of these states” Ibid., 377.

“Rude Barbarians” SCW, 448.

“I doubt if History affords” Ibid., 492.

“a Civil Government now” Ibid., 546–48.

“boned” Glatthaar, Partners, 143.

“He is not” SCW, 236.

“we have in Grant” Ibid., 500–501.

“To me he is a mystery” M, 385.

“As we sat in Oxford” SCW, 506.

“stunned and confused” SG, 263.

“Willy then told me” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 165-66.

“Mrs. Sherman, Minnie, Lizzie, and Tom” SM, 374.

“this is the only death” PUSG, IX: 274.

“private letter” Ibid., 272.

“My Dear Friend” SM, 374-75.

“I have got up early” SCW, 552.

“The moment I begin to think” Ibid., 556.

“My heart is now” M, 238.

“He knew & felt” SCW, 565.

“We must all now” Ibid., 537.

“Hold Chattanooga” PUSG, IX: 302.

“was seated entirely alone” SG, 265.

“a horse-back ride” PUSG, IX: 317.

Porter’s account of his first experience with Grant Porter, Campaigning, 1-5.

“Please approve” PUSG, IX: 308.

“He had scarcely begun” Porter, Campaigning, 6.

“bluntly but politely” through “material correction” Ibid., 6-7.

“a special train” SM, 376.

“some shallow rifle-trenches” Ibid., 377.

“I am coming” LL, 310.

“as though” and “I was somewhat” M, 239.

“The enemy” SM, 378.

“As soon as” Porter, Campaigning, 9.

“During the fight” Ibid., 9–10.

Howard’s description of the meeting between Grant and Sherman McFeely, Grant, 118–19.

9. CONFUSION AT CHATTANOOGA

“I am convinced” Downey, Storming, 132.

“it was considered” LL, 319.

“the most sensible” Ibid., 321.

“I need not express” Kennett, Sherman, 213. Charles A. Dana wrote that “Grant says the error is his,” but it was clear that Grant had expected Sherman to leave his wagons and arrive sooner (ibid.). Also see LL, 317-18.

“It isn’t possible” Downey, Storming, 162.

“Up and up they went” Ibid., 165.

“Here come fresh troops” Ibid., 164.

“General Sherman carried” and “impracticable” PUSG, IX: 443.

“A full moon made” and “no report” Dana, Recollections, 140.

“Hail to the Chief” LL, 320.

“When General Grant” Williams, McClellan, Sherman and Grant, 100.

“that General Thomas” SM, 402.

“I had watched” Ibid., 404.

“vast masses” Ibid.

“Where is Thomas?” through “All servants, cooks, clerks” The account of this part of the action at Missionary Ridge is from LL, 320-22.

“A crash like a thousand thunderclaps” SG, 278.

“Thomas, who ordered those men” Downey, Storming, 179.

“On, Wisconsin!” SG, 280.

“My God, come and see ‘em” and “It was the sight of our lives” LL, 323.

“You’ll all be court-martialed!” LL, 324.

“Almost up” and “A fellow of the Twenty-second Indiana” Ibid.

“drawn vast masses” SM, 404.

“to march at once” Ibid.

“prompt pursuit” Morris, Sheridan, 147.

“Glory to God” Dana to Stanton, November 24, 1863, Dana, Recollections, 141.

“The storming of the ridge” Wilson, Dana, 293.

“Damn the battle!” Morris, Sheridan, 64.

“The whole philosophy” SCW, 576.

“the whole plan” SM, 396.

“Discovering that the enemy” Thomas, General Thomas, 447.

Regarding his ability to see the entire battlefield clearly, on December 2, 1863, Grant wrote Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, “It is the only battle field I have ever seen where a plan could be followed and from one place the whole field is within view.” PUSG, IX: 490-91.

“weakening his center” Ibid., 562.

“holding a fine lot” SM, 393.

“domiciled” Ibid.

“bleeding feet” M, 246.

Dodge’s account of Grant and Sherman’s day in Nashville Hirshson, Dodge, 86–87.

“being calculated to do injustice” PUSG, IX: 562. Among the words stricken from Grant’s report were, “I have been thus particular in noticing this matter because public notices have, unintentionally no doubt given accounts of the battle of Chattanooga, calculated to do injustice to as brave and gallant troops as fought in that battles.”

“only be considered” LL, 329.

“for their gallantry” SM, 413.

“permit your name” The exchange of letters between Burns and Grant is in PUSG, IX: 541, 542n.

“in the name of the people” SG, 284.

“Nothing could induce me” PUSG, IX: 542n.

“You occupy a position” Ibid., 555n.

“the next year” SCW, 573.

“pecked and pounded” Hirshson, Dodge, 87.

“The only vote that now tells” SCW, 564.

“MY DEAR MADAM” PUSG, IX: 524.

“With him I am” SCW, 580.

“will go to the front” PUSG, IX: 577.

“camp dysentery and typhoid fever” PUSG, X: 74.

Julia Grant’s eyes Ibid., 126–27.

“Longstreet has” Ibid., 86.

“that there was much” Ibid., 85.

“As it is rather desirable” Ibid., 96.

“secure the entire” Ibid., IX: 500.

“Somehow our cavalry” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 185.

“I have one of my best” PUSG, X: 20.

“Enemy is scattered” Ibid., 21.

“It now looks as if” Ibid., 100.

“He was to go for Lee” LL, 345.

10. GRANT AND SHERMAN BEGIN TO DEVELOP THE WINNING STRATEGY

“I was ordered” GMS, 469.

Exchange of letters upon Grant’s promotion to lieutenant general and general in chief Grant to Sherman, March 4, 1864, PUSG, X: 186; Sherman to Grant, March 10, 1864, PUSG, X: 187-88n; SCW, 602.

Account of Grant and his son Fred’s arrival in Washington, and Grant’s reception that evening at the White House SG, 289–90.

“Assuring him” Ibid., 291.

“I never met” Ibid.

“serve to the best” and “assured him” GMS, 470.

“to the lowest number” SG, 296.

“(Sherman was tall” SG, 295.

“On reflection I agree” SCW, 604.

“You I propose to move” PUSG, X: 274.

“Like yourself,” “I will not,” and “Enlightened War” SCW, 617.

“Lee’s army will be” PUSG, X: 274.

“My entire headquarters” LL, 353.

“I think I rank you” and “You and I” Sag, 297.

“We must make up” Ibid., 301.

“In battle, the sphinx awoke” Ibid., 295.

“the most belligerent man” Ibid., 346.

“At times the wind” Porter, Campaigning, 72-73.

Page’s description Page, Letters, 50.

“I never saw a man so agitated” Freeman, Lee, III: 298n.

“We fought them” McWhiney, Battle, 45.

“Who are you, my boys?” Flood, Lee, 54–55.

“He looks as if he meant it” Catton, Grant Takes Command, 159.

“General” through “instead of what Lee is going to do’” Porter, Campaigning, 59–70.

“Most of us thought” SG, 337.

“Our spirits rose” and “Give way” Ibid., 338.

“Wild cheers” Porter, Campaigning, 79.

“Undismayed” SG, 338–39.

“We have now ended” PUSG, X: 422.

“After eight days” McKinney, Battle in the Wilderness, 88.

11. SHERMAN SAVES LINCOLN’S PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN

“He is a butcher” Ross, The General’s Wife, 184.

“a stupendous failure” Boatner, Civil War Dictionary, 649.

“Grant is as good a leader” SCW, 613.

“I begin to see it” SG, 373.

“a mere question of time” Freeman, Lee, III: 398. The observation was made to General Jubal Early.

Greeley’s meeting at Niagara Falls Roland, Iliad, 192.

Weed and Raymond’s remarks Ibid., 195.

“This morning” SG, 383n.

“Who shall revive” LL, 398.

“Hood is a bold fighter” Wagner, Civil War Desk Reference, 413.

“so directly opposite” and “that we should force” Symonds, Johnston, 324.

“At all points” SM, 531.

“Hello, Johnny” LL, 368.

“to carry the presidential” Symonds, Johnston, 328.

“My satisfaction” JDG, 326.

“I expected something” LL, 387.

“His mouth twitched” Simpson, Grant, 360.

“the nation had” PUSG, XI: 397, 397–98n.

“Your progress” Ibid., 381.

“I was gratified” Ibid., 381n.

“We must try” Ibid., 392

“Is there any” Ibid., 408.

“will be immediately” Ibid., 401.

“The draft must be” Ibid., 425.

“My withdrawel now” Ibid., 424.

“I have seen” SG, 382.

“great victory” LL, 406.

“I do not wish to waste lives” Ibid., 408.

“amid great rejoicing” PUSG, XII: 127.

“We want to keep” Ibid., 144.

“you have accomplished” Ibid., 155.

“I found him” Porter, Campaigning, 283.

“They would seek” Ibid., 284.

“Mrs. Grant, who was” Ibid., 379.

“And he had sent” JDG, 137.

“there is no chance” SCW, 685.

“We have Atlanta close aboard” Ibid., 671.

“They must understand” Ibid., 664.

“He was just forty-four” Porter, Campaigning, 290-91.

12. PROFESSIONAL JUDGMENT AND PERSONAL FRIENDSHIP: SAVANNAH FOR CHRISTMAS

“I admire” SCW, 724.

“Even without” Ibid., 751.

“the utter destruction” through “I can make the march” Ibid., 731.

“If there is any way” PUSG, XII: 290.

“On reflection” Ibid., 298.

“a misstep now” Ibid., 303.

“Do you not think” Ibid., 370.

“if I turn back” Ibid., 372.

“I do not really see” Ibid., 373.

“Great good fortune” Ibid., 394.

“the army will forage liberally” M, 506.

“Behind us lay Atlanta” SCW, 147.

“Started this morning” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 150.

“this may be the last” Ibid., 150.

“Grant has the bear” LL, 485.

“Oh, no, we have heard nothing” M, 306.

“on Salt Water some place” PUSG, XIII: 129.

“If you delay” Ibid., 107.

“had been in the service” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 153.

“It is a magnificent army” Ibid., 182.

“prowling around” M, 304.

“General Sherman is” Barrett, Sherman’s March, 33.

“Yankee soldiers” M, 321.

“Dar’s millions of ’em” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 155.

“the distinction between” Liddell-Hart, Sherman, 333-34.

“soldiers emerging” M, 302.

“My husband is a captain” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 175.

“The old lady forced it on me” Ibid., 197.

“The boys would stir up” Glatthaar, March, 72.

“well dressed” Ibid., 76.

“wild-animal stare” LL, 448.

“every effort” Long, Civil War, 599.

“I know that in the beginning” LL, 442.

“It is impossible” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 176.

“I have seen officers themselves” LL, 440.

“It was very touching” Ibid.

“The negro should be” SCW, 522. Also see p. 227.

“A nigger as such” Kennett, Sherman, 107.

“spare nothing” SM, 662. See also Hanson, Soul of Battle, 211.

“has settled down” Ibid., 206.

“Anything and Everything” Glatthaar, March, 79.

“The prevailing feeling” Hanson, Soul of Battle, 160.

“Is Fort McAllister taken?” LL, 463. Figures of Union losses at Fort McAllister vary. In his memoirs (SM, 675), Sherman puts it as “killed and wounded, ninety-two.”

“The last letter” SCW, 785.

“come here by water” and “I have concluded” PUSG, XIII: 72–73.

“I beg to present you” SCW, 772.

“He’s made it!” LL, 470.

“Our Military Santa Claus” M, 311.

“My Dear General Sherman” LL, 470.

“I congratulate you” PUSG, XIII: 129.

“Sherman has now demonstrated” Ibid., 149.

Edinburgh Review and London Times M, 311.

“After seeing what we have” Jones, When Sherman Came, 105–106.

Account of Allie Travis Ibid., 5-6.

“I feel a just pride” SCW, 788.

“There are some” Ibid., 792.

“I can hardly realize it” Ibid., 785.

“His conduct and deportment” Merrill, Sherman, 278.

“Where is Mary?” Thomas, Stanton, 35.

“The blood spouted up” Ibid., 41.

“so as to communicate” Ibid., 342.

“Mr. Stanton has been here” SCW, 538.

“Let ‘em up easy” Winik, April 1865, 208.

13. THE MARCH THROUGH THE CAROLINAS, AND AN ADDITIONAL TEST OF FRIENDSHIP

“close out Lee” PUSG, XIII: 72.

“I don’t like to boast” SCW, 774.

“I am fully aware” Ibid., 784.

“How few there are” PUSG, XIII: 203.

“I can not say” Ibid., 154.

“I will accept no commission” SCW, 809.

“I would rather have you” PUSG, XIII: 351n.

“I have received” Ibid., 350.

“the possibility of arriving” Lee to Grant March 2, 1865, PUSG, XIV: 99n.

“The President directs” Stanton to Grant, March 3, 1865, ibid., 91n.

“I was afraid” GMS, 535.

“Don’t forget” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 277.

“I almost tremble” SCW, 776.

“Should you capture Charleston” LL, 472.

“How shall I let you know” Davis, Sherman’s March, 141.

“If Sherman has really left” LL, 457.

Experience recounted by Mrs. Alfred Proctor Aldrich Jones, When Sherman Came, 114–21.

“Northern snow-storm” SM, 760.

“the whole air” Ibid., 767.

“very frequently had to” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 283.

“no one ordered it” LL, 504.

“If I had made up my mind” Fellman, Sherman, 231.

“Columbia!” Merrill, Sherman, 289.

“It’s the damnedest” LL, 513.

“Our combinations were” PUSG, XIV: 205n.

“A locomotive” SCW, 847.

“Splendid legs!” LL, 517.

“Sherman is simply” Ibid., 468.

“it is the talk” Glatthaar, March, 175.

“It might lead” GMS, 712.

“had never thought of it” Ibid.

“if I get” and “I think I see” SCW, 828, 830.

“rushed around him” and “I’m going up to see” Barrett, Sherman’s March, 195.

“There is no doubt” SCW, 836–37.

14. GRANT, SHERMAN, AND ABRAHAM LINCOLN HOLD A COUNCIL OF WAR–AND PEACE

“will not let the lady” JDG, 147.

“Three tiny kittens” Porter, Campaigning, 410.

“You may tell” SCW, 833.

“General Grant and” Porter, Campaigning, 417.

“Sherman then seated” Ibid., 418.

“his sandy whiskers” M, 336.

“his features express” LL, 525.

“I’m sorry to break up this” Porter, Campaigning, 419.

“Did you see Mrs. Lincoln?” Ibid., 140. A slightly varying version of this conversation concerning Mrs. Lincoln is in Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 301.

“Well, Julia” This part of the conversation among Grant, Julia Grant, and Sherman is from Porter, Campaigning, 420-21.

“wide of the mark” JDG, 135.

“a long talk of troops and movements” through “no, I can manage everything” Ibid.

“A crow could not fly” Lyman, Quotations, 206.

“Men, by God” Morris, Sheridan, 234.

“Retreat, hell!” Ibid.

“turning what bid fair” Ibid., 219.

“join General Grant” Ibid., 239.

“or go on to Sherman” PUSG, XIV: 183.

a “blind” Morris, Sheridan, 241.

“Sheridan became a good deal” Porter, Campaigning, 422.

“After the general compliments” SM, 811.

“at that very instant” Ibid.

“was strong enough” Ibid.

“blood enough shed” Ibid.

“one more desperate” Ibid., 812.

“sat smoking” Ibid.

“What was to be done” Ibid.

“When at rest” Ibid., 813.

“ought to clear out” through “‘unbeknown’ to him” Ibid., 812.

“In his mind” Ibid., 813.

“wanted peace on almost any terms” Ibid., 814-17.

“you are not to decide” PUSG, XIV: 91n.

“Of all the men I ever met” SM, 813.

“incontestably the greatest” SG, 412.

15. “I NOW FEEL LIKE ENDING THE MATTER”: GRANT’S FINAL OFFENSIVE

“She bore the parting” Porter, Campaigning, 425.

“Mr. Lincoln looked” through “I think we can send him” Ibid., 425–26.

“I will haul out” SCW, 847.

“the next two months” Ibid., 849.

“I now feel like” PUSG, XIV: 136.

“our troops have all been” Ibid., 135.

“I shall … endeavor” Freeman, Lee, IV: 21.

“until it is seen” PUSG, XIV: 253.

“the heavy rain” Morris, Sheridan, 243.

“pacing up and down” Porter, Campaigning, 429.

“hold on to Dinwiddie” Ibid., 246.

“Well, Colonel, it has happened” Freeman, Lee, IV: 51.

“I advise” Ibid., 49.

“All indications are” and “Rebel Armies” PUSG, XIV: 352.

“I am delighted” SCW, 850.

“I therefore request” Freeman, Lee, IV: 129-30.

“sick headache” through “I felt like anything rather” GMS, 730-35.

“I take it” through “And it will be a great relief” Flood, Lee, 10-11.

“Then there is nothing left” Ibid., 4.

“we are all one country” Ibid., 152.

“there was not a man” Ibid., 22.

“I knew” Ibid.

16. THE DAYS AFTER APPOMATTOX: JOY AND GRIEF

“I have this moment” SCW, 859.

“Lee’s surrendered!” Barrett, Sherman’s March, 207.

“I never heard such cheering” Glatthaar, March, 176.

“Yankee Doodle” M, 339.

“Glory to God” Barrett, Sherman’s March, 207.

“We had a great blowout” Ibid., 207-208.

“No further destruction” SCW, 834.

“As far as the eye can reach” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 144.

“It is all over with us” Ibid.

“the gentlemanly bearing” Barrett, Sherman’s March, 248.

“a temporary suspension” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 143.

“I undertake to abide” Ibid., 148.

“will be followed” through “all the details” SCW, 862.

“it would be the greatest” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 142.

“Messiah” Foner, Reconstruction, 73.

“Don’t kneel to me” Lyman, Quotations, 159.

“If I were in your place” Winik, April 1865, 208.

“It has been intimated to me” Lincoln, Speeches and Writings, 694.

“He has a face” Betts, Lincoln and the Poets, 37-38.

“Let us convert” Hyman, Radical Republicans, 37.

Henry A. Wise Cauble, Proceedings, 189.

“very greatly rejoiced” through “I presented the question” Lincoln, Speeches and Writings, 696.

Lincoln’s speech of April 11, 1865 Ibid., 697-701.

“just seen” Ibid., 701.

“to effect” through “had perhaps made a mistake” Donald, Lincoln, 59.

“Do not allow them” Lincoln, Speeches and Writings, 701-702.

“About fifty generals” Julia’s account of their arrival in Washington, JDG, 153-54.

“Mr. Lincoln is indisposed” PUSG, XIV: 483-84.

“To this plan” and “This was all satisfactory” JDG, 154.

“the reduction of the army” Julia Grant’s account of the events of April 14 begins in JDG, 154–56.

“We can’t undertake” The account of the cabinet meeting of April 14, Donald, Lincoln, 590–92.

“This same dark, pale man” The remainder of Julia Grant’s account of the events of April 14 is in JDG, 156-57.

Sic semper tyrannis” Donald, Lincoln, 597.

“The South shall be free!” Kauffman, American Brutus, 7.

The account of the attack on Seward is based on Winik, April 1865, 224-26.

“Why didn’t he shoot me!” Kauffman, American Brutus, 625.

“Mr. Lincoln cannot recover” Ibid., 34.

“Now he belongs to the ages” Donald, Lincoln, 599.

Empty frame in the window. Epstein, Lincoln and Whitman, 275.

“seemed stupefied” Davis, Lincoln’s Men, 239-40.

“He was our best friend” Ibid.

“What a hold Old Abe had” Ibid., 239.

“The United States has lost” Lewis, Yankee Admiral, 167.

“The President stood before us” Emerson’s eulogy is at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/LINCOLN/Emersonl.html.

“Hush’d Be the Camps To-day” Whitman, Complete Poetry, 468.

Sherman learns of Lincoln’s assassination SM, 836.

“As soon as we were alone” through “satisfying me that” Ibid., 837–38.

“the great mass” and “to watch the soldiers” SM, 838.

“The army is crazy for” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 163; for a related incident, see pp. 163-65.

“We’ll Hang Jeff Davis,” the thwarted riotous march, and “Had it not been” M, 343-44.

“to express our utmost abhorrence” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 165.

“they all dreaded” SM, 839.

“escape from the country” and “If asked for” SM, 840.

Meeting between Sherman and Johnston Ibid.

“There is great danger” SCW, 863.

Remainder of Sherman-Johnston meeting SM, 841-42.

17. SHERMAN IN TROUBLE

“not to vary” and “if approved” SM, 843-44.

“I can see no slip” SCW, 867.

The full text of Sherman’s terms for surrender is in Bradley, This Astounding Close, 268–69.

“I have rec’d” PUSG, XIV: 423.

“the greatest consternation” GMS, 756.

“seemed frantic” and “victorious legions” LL, 550.

“You will give notice” PUSG, XIV: 423–24n.

“The rebels know well” Ibid., 424.

“It is now nearly 11 O’Clock” Ibid., 428.

“I dread the change” JDG, 156.

“On to Mexico” McFeely, Grant, 221.

“For myself I would enjoy” PUSG, XIV: 405.

“They hope, it is said” LL, 550-51.

Stanton’s statement to the press New York Times, April 24, 1865.

Halleck’s orders to disregard Sherman SM, 860-61.

“there is some screw loose again” Marszalek, Commander, 223.

“like the true and loyal soldier that he was” GMS, 756.

“I therefore demand” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 211.

“Grant is here” Davis, Sherman’s March, 273.

Chicago Tribune LL, 553.

“I admit my folly” SM, 850-51.

“The suffering that must exist” PUSG, XIV: 435n.

“to insure a crop” and “enlightened and humane” LL, 556.

Grant’s written endorsement PUSG, XIV: 435n.

“on the basis” Ibid., 434.

“I have just returned” Ibid., 436. This indicates that Grant was not yet aware of the furor caused by Stanton’s statement to the press. In his memoirs written twenty years later, he said that he saw newspapers carrying this story when he was at Golds-boro, North Carolina, returning to Washington after meeting with Sherman.

Newspaper reactions LL, 552.

“usurped more than” and “loyal men deplore” New Haven Journal, ibid.

“I knew that Sherman” GMS, 736.

“It is infamous” Simpson, Grant, 446.

“like a caged lion” through “the fellows that wielded” LL, 557.

“Tell General Slocum.” Liddell-Hart, Shennan, 399.

“I do think that my Rank” PUSG, XV: 13n. This also appears, with slight variations, in SM, 861.

“send a copy to Mr. Stanton” SCW, 884.

Sherman’s calculation regarding the gold and the capture of Jefferson Davis SM, 861.

“I doubt not” Ibid., 884.

“I have no hesitation” Ibid., 885.

“an act of Perfidy” Sherman’s Special Field Orders No. 69, SCW, 891n.

Special Field Orders No 69 Ibid.

“You have not had” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 249.

“I cannot possible reconcile” and “I will march my Army” SCW, 895-96.

“secretary Stanton’s newspaper order” Ibid.

“I know of no order” Ibid., 27.

“I do think a great outrage” Ibid., 894.

“not know how to answer” through “made no change in my estimate” PUSG, XV: 12.

“very spick and span” LL, 566.

“truly charmed” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 316-17.

Cincinnati Commercial and Louisville Journal M, 350.

“I think you have made” Fellman, Sherman, 251.

“for a time you lost” Ibid.

“act prudently” Merrill, Sherman, 297.

“It is amusing” Liddell-Hart, Sherman, 400.

“must expect open defiance” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 319.

“a set of sneaks” SCW, 897.

“look out … or they would have” Merrill, Sherman, 277.

18. GRANT, SHERMAN, AND THE RADICALS

“a military commander interferes” and “My terms of surrender” SG, 418.

“placed in that relation to the military forces” PUSG, XV: 40-41.

“assigning you to command” Ibid., 43.

“very kind” PUSG, XV: 52, 52n.

“would respectfully recommend” and “Citizens of the Southern States” PUSG, XV: 48.

Grant’s testimony PUSG, XV: 45-46. This exchange also appears in U.S. Congress’s Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War: 1524.

“to hell with your reveille” Glatthaar, March, 184. It reads as, “To h__I with your reveille.”

“where I will move” SCW, 883.

“All my army” Ibid., 901.

“I am just in receipt” PUSG, XV: 72.

“the threats of Gen. Sherman” LL, 567.

“General Sherman, I am very glad” M, 353.

19. A PARADE FOR EVERYONE, AND A HEARING FOR SHERMAN

“Great Rush of Visitors” New York Times, May 23, 1865.

“I am informed” PUSG, XV: 115.

“I present this saddle” Ibid., 666.

“General Sherman was in no mood” LL, 569.

“Dear Van” through “I prefer to give” Fellman, Sherman, 255.

“Stanton wants to kill me” SCW, 896.

“Of course I have nothing to do with” Ibid., 795.

“I am to go before” Bradley, This Astounding Close, 251-52.

“Have been taking a walk” Whitman, Prose Works, I: 105.

“Please direct” PUSG, XV: 87n.

“I sometimes feel very nervous” Meade’s remark can be found at http://history-sites.com/alcwmb/old-archive/archivefiles/6371.html.

Sherman’s testimony U.S. Congress, Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War: 423.

“Gen. Sherman and his brother” New York Times, May 23, 1865.

“Many grizzled veterans” Flood, Lee, 27.

“What regiment are you?” Leech, Reveille, 414-15.

20. THE PAST AND FUTURE MARCH UP PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE

Sherman’s family It is not clear whether Sherman’s family was in the reviewing stand on May 23. Sherman said, “I had telegraphed for Mrs. Sherman, who had arrived that day, accompanied by her father, the Hon. Thomas Ewing, and my son Tom, then eight years old” (SM, 865). Ishbel Ross, in The General’s Wife, 191, states that “Julia [Mrs. Grant] and Ellen Sherman sat together in the reviewing stand opposite the White House to watch the great victory parade.”

“THE ONLY NATIONAL DEBT” New York Times, May 24, 1865.

“Gettysburg! Gettysburg!” LL, 572. For many details of the grand review, see Fleming, “The Big Parade.”

“he was not reviewed at all” LL, 572. The New York Times, May 24, took a different view of the incident, saying that Custer had brought the horse under control and “resumed his place at the head of his division.”

“Their muskets shone like a wall of steel” Porter, Campaigning, 508.

Tunes the bands played Leech, Reveille, 415.

“turned their eyes,” “pampered and well-fed,” and “I’m afraid” LL, 572-73.

“a Niagara of men” Garland, Grant, 321.

“Now a girlish form” Chamberlain, Passing of the Armies, 339.

“These were my men” Ibid.

Page’s account Page, Letters, 392.

“Be careful about your intervals” LL, 696.

“it is mentioned” New York Times, May 24, 1865.

“Directly all sorts of colors” LL, 573.

“dressed up” Ibid.

“shining bay” Ibid., 575.

“opposite the northern entrance” New York Times, May 25, 1865.

“was a group of orderlies” Ibid.

“The Star-Spangled Banner” LL, 573.

“The enthusiasm to-day” and banners New York Times, May 25, 1865.

“raised their hands” Ibid.

“He was vociferously cheered” Ibid.

“there was something almost fierce” Catton, Grant Takes Command, 491.

“in his eye” M, 356.

Sergeant Upson Merrill, Sherman, 300.

Young private from Wisconsin. Davis, Sherman’s March, 294.

“one footfall” Ibid.

“When I reached” SM, 865.

“I believe it was” LL, 575.

“took off my hat” SM, 865.

“Marching Through Georgia” Porter, Campaigning, 509.

“The acclamation” LL, 575.

Eyewitnesses differed in their description of Sherman’s snub of Stanton. Charles A. Dana, in Recollections of the Civil War, says, “I sat directly behind Mr. Stanton” in the reviewing stand, and saw this: “The Secretary made no motion to offer his hand or to exchange salutations with him in any manner. As the General passed Mr. Stanton gave him merely a slight forward motion of the head, equivalent perhaps to a quarter of a bow” (250-51). Both Sherman and his aide Hitchcock said that Stanton offered his hand, and that, in Sherman’s words, “I declined it publicly.” See Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 319, and M, 356. Grant’s aide Horace Porter says in Campaigning with Grant, that when “Stanton reached out his hand,” Sherman’s “whole manner changed in an instant: a cloud of anger overspread his features,” and that “the general turned abruptly away” (510).

“‘Veteran’ was written all over” M, 356.

“largely animal” Whitman, Prose Works, I: 106.

The two New York Times stories New York Times, May 25, 1865.

“moving floral gardens” Davis, Sherman’s March, 291.

“talismanic banners” LL, 577.

“a battalion of black pioneers” New York Times, May 25, 1865.

“It was a most nonchalant” Ibid.

References to Mrs. Herman Canfield JDG, 99-101, 116n.

Meeting at the White House between Grant and Lee Flood, Lee, 208-16.

“What money will pay Meade for Gettysburg?” M, 431.

“inherited prejudice” Ibid., 380.

“believed in the doctrine” and “The only good Indian is a dead Indian” Ibid., 381.

“If nominated I will not run” LL, 631.

“I don’t like to give him pain” through “Yes, Mister President” M, 385.

“Grant says my visits” LL, 638.

Taps Ross, The General’s Wife, 313.

“It will be a thousand years” LL, 639.

“His Virginia was” Ibid.

“You are the only man” Bleser, Intimate Strategies, 154.

“Wait for me Ellen” LL, 645.

“Faithful and Honorable” Hirshson, White Tecumseh, 386.

“General, please put on your hat” LL, 652.

Sherman’s sword on funeral train Ibid., 652-53.

“The Paris I remember” and “performed some of his own” JDG, 216, 211.

“I, his wife” Ibid., 331.

L’ENVOI

“We were as brothers” Ward, “We Were as Brothers,” 14.

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