Military history

Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin

Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin

Under Hitler and Stalin the Nazi and Soviet regimes murdered fourteen million people in the bloodlands between Berlin and Moscow.

The killing fields extended from central Polads to western Russia. For twelve savage years, on this bloodsoaked soil an average of one million individuals - mostly women, children and the aged - were murdered every year. Though in 1939 these lands became battlefields, not one of these fourteen million was killed in combat. They were victims of a murderous policy, not casualties of war.

Int his deeply unsettling and revelatory book, Timothy Snyder gives voice to the testimony of the victims through the letters home, the notes flung from trains, the diaries on corpses. It is a brilliantly researched, profoundly humane and authoritative bok that demands we pay attention to those that history is in danger of forgetting.

PREFACE: EUROPE

INTRODUCTION: HITLER AND STALIN

Chapter 1. THE SOVIET FAMINES

Chapter 2. CLASS TERROR

Chapter 3. NATIONAL TERROR

Chapter 4. MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP EUROPE

Chapter 5. THE ECONOMICS OF APOCALYPSE

Chapter 6. FINAL SOLUTION

Chapter 7. HOLOCAUST AND REVENGE

Chapter 8. THE NAZI DEATH FACTORIES

Chapter 9. RESISTANCE AND INCINERATION

Chapter 10. ETHNIC CLEANSINGS

Chapter 11. STALINIST ANTI-SEMITISM

CONCLUSION: HUMANITY

NUMBERS AND TERMS

ABSTRACT

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

NOTES