Military history




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———. The Spearheaders. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1960.

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———. The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. New York: Doubleday, 1970.

Ambrose, Stephen E., and Richard H. Immerman. Ike’s Spies: Eisenhower and the Espionage Establishment. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1981.

Ankrum, Homer. Dogfaces Who Smiled Through Tears. Lake Mills, Ia.: Graphic Publishing, 1987.

Armstrong, Anne. Unconditional Surrender. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1961.

Arnbal, Anders Kjar. The Barrel-Land Dance Hall Rangers. New York: Vantage Press, 1993.

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Auphan, Paul, and Jacques Mordal. The French Navy in World War II. Trans. A.C.J. Sabalot. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, 1959.

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Bailey, Leslie W. Through Hell and High Water. New York: Vantage, 1994.

Baily, Charles M. Faint Praise: American Tanks and Tank Destroyers During World War II. Hamden, Conn.: Archon, 1983.

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Baumer, Robert W. Before Taps Sounded. S.P., 2000.

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Beck, Alfred M., et al. The Corps of Engineers: The War Against Germany. U.S. Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, 1985.

Beck, Emily Morison, ed. Sailor Historian: The Best of Samuel Eliot Morison. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.

Beckett, Frank. “Prepare to Move”: With the 6th Armoured Division in Africa and Italy. Grimsby, U.K.: S.P., 1994.

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Behrendt, Hans-Otto. Rommel’s Intelligence in the Desert Campaign. London: William Kimber, 1985.

Behrens, C.B.A. Merchant Shipping and the Demands of War. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1955.

Belden, Jack. Still Time to Die. New York: Harper, 1944.

Bellafaire, Judith L., ed. The U.S. Army and World War II: Selected Papers from the Army’s Commemorative Conferences. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1998.

Bennett, Lowell. Assignment to Nowhere: The Battle for Tunisia. New York: Vanguard Press, 1943.

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Berlin, Robert H. U.S. Army World War II Corps Commanders. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: Combat Studies Institute, 1989.

Bidwell, Shelford. Artillery Tactics, 1939–1945. London: Almark, 1976.

———. The Royal Horse Artillery. London: Leo Cooper, 1973.

Binder, L. James. Lemnitzer: A Soldier for His Time. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1997.

Bingham, J.K.W., and Werner Haupt. North African Campaign, 1940–1943. London: Macdonald, 1968.

Blair, Clay. Hitler’s U-Boat War: The Hunted, 1942–1945. New York: Modern Library, 1998.

———. Hitler’s U-Boat War: The Hunters, 1939–1942. New York: Random House, 1996.

Blaker, Gordon A. Iron Knights: The United States 66th Armored Regiment. Shippensburg, Pa.: Burd Street Press, 1999.

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Blumenson, Martin. Kasserine Pass. New York: Jove Books, 1983.

———. Mark Clark. New York: Congdon & Weed, 1984.

———. Patton: The Man Behind the Legend, 1985–1945. New York: William Morrow, 1985.

———. The Patton Papers, 1940–1945. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.

Boatner, Mark M., III. The Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1999.

Bolstad, Owen C. Dear Folks: A Dog-Faced Infantryman in World War II. S.P.: 1993.

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———. The Last Hero: Wild Bill Donovan. New York: Times Books, 1982.

———, ed. The Secret War Report of the OSS. New York: Berkley, 1976.

Bryant, Arthur. The Turn of the Tide. London: Collins, 1957.

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———, ed. The War Lords: Military Commanders of the Twentieth Century. Boston: Little, Brown, 1976.

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———. The War Lords of Washington. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1948.

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Chase, Patrick J. Seek, Strike, Destroy: The History of the 894th Tank Destroyer Battalion in World War II. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1995.

Churchill, Winston S. The Second World War. Vol. II: Their Finest Hour; vol. III: The Grand Alliance; vol. IV: The Hinge of Fate. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1949, 1950, 1951.

Clardy, Andrea, ed. Gordon Gammack: Columns from Three Wars. Ames, Ia.: Iowa State University Press, 1979.

Clark, J. J., with Clark G. Reynolds. Carrier Admiral. New York: David McKay, 1967.

Clark, Mark W. Calculated Risk. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1950.

Clarke, Dudley. The Eleventh at War. London: Michael Joseph, 1952.

Clarke, Rupert. With Alex at War. Barnsley, U.K.: Leo Cooper, 2000.

Clay, Steve. Blood and Sacrifice: The History of the 16th Infantry Regiment from the Civil War Through the Gulf War. La Grange Park, Ill.: Cantigny Military History, 2000.

Clayton, Anthony. Three Marshals of France. London: Brassey’s, 1992.

Clifford, Alexander G. The Conquest of North Africa, 1940–1943. Boston: Little, Brown, 1943.

Cline, Ray S. Washington Command Post: The Operations Division. U.S. Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 1951.

Coates, John Boyd, Jr., ed. Orthopedic Surgery in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. U.S. Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, 1957.

Codman, Charles R. Drive. Boston: Little, Brown, 1957.

Coffey, Thomas M. Hap. New York: Viking, 1982.

Coggins, Jack. The Campaign for North Africa. New York: Doubleday, 1980.

Cohen, Eliot A., and John Gooch. Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War. New York: Vintage, 1991.

Coles, Harry L., and Albert K. Weinberg. Civil Affairs: Soldiers Become Governors. U.S. Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1964.

Collier, Richard. The War in the Desert. New York: Time-Life Books, 1977.

Colville, John. The Fringes of Power: Downing Street Diaries, 1939–1955. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1985.

Commager, Henry Steele. The Story of the Second World War. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1991.

Coon, Carleton S. A North African Story. Ipswich, Mass.: Gambit, 1980. Cooper, Belton Y. Death Traps. Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1998.

Cooper, Matthew. The German Army, 1933–1945. Lanham, Md.: Scarborough House, 1990.

Cowdrey, Albert E. Fighting for Life: American Military Medicine in World War II. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Craven, Wesley Frank, and James Lea Cate, ed. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. II: Europe: Torch to Pointblank. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949.

Crawford, Kenneth G. Report on North Africa. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1943.

Cressman, Robert J. The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Crosswell, D.K.R. The Chief of Staff: The Military Career of General Walter Bedell Smith. New York: Greenwood, 1991.

Crowley, T. T., and G. C. Burch. Eight Stars to Victory: Operations of the First Engineers’ Combat Battalion in World War II. 1947.

Cruickshank, Charles. Deception in World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Cunningham, Andrew Browne. A Sailor’s Odyssey. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1951.

Curtis, Donald McB. The Song of the Fighting First. S.P., 1988.

Curtiss, Mina, ed. Letters Home. Boston: Little, Brown, 1944.

Dailey, Franklyn E., Jr. Joining the War at Sea, 1939–1945. Wilbraham, Mass.: Dailey International, 1998.

Dallek, Robert. Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Danchev, Alex, and Daniel Todman, eds. War Diaries 1939–1945, Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2001.

Daniell, David Scott. History of the East Surrey Regiment. Vol. IV, 1920–1952. London: Ernest Benn, 1957.

———. The Royal Hampshire Regiment. Vol. 3, 1918–1954. Aldershot, U.K.: Gale & Polden, 1955.

Darby, William O., and William H. Baumer. Darby’s Rangers: We Led the Way. Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1980.

D’Arcy-Dawson, John. Tunisian Battle. London: Macdonald, 1943.

Davies, Kenneth Maitland. To the Last Man. St. Paul, Minn.: Ramsey County Historical Society, 1982.

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———. Experience of War. New York: Doubleday, 1965.

Davis, Richard G. Carl A. Spaatz and the Air War in Europe. Washington, D.C.: Center for Air Force History, 1993.

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D’Este, Carlo. Bitter Victory: The Battle for Sicily, July–August 1943. New York: HarperPerennial, 1991.

———. Eisenhower: A Soldier’s Life. New York: Henry Holt, 2002.

———. Patton: Genius for War. New York: HarperPerennial, 1996.

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Devlin, Gerard M. Paratrooper. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1979.

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———. A Noble Crusade: The History of Eighth Army, 1941–45. Rockville Centre, N.Y.: Sarpedon, 1999.

———. Only the Enemy in Front. London: BCA, 1994.

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———. Crusade in Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1997.

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Eisenhower, Milton S. The President Is Calling. New York: Doubleday, 1974.

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———. On the Front Lines. London: John Wiley, 1991.

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———. M4 Sherman. Poole, U.K.: Blandford, 1987.

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———. United States Tanks of World War II in Action. Poole, U.K.: Blandford, 1983.

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———. And We Shall Shock Them. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1983.

———. Knight’s Cross: A Life of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

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———. Nearly There. London: Leo Cooper, 1991.

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———. The Great War and Modern Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.

———. Wartime. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

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———. Ike and Monty. New York: William Morrow, 1994.

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———. U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1992.

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———. The Mediterranean Strategy in the Second World War. London: Greenhill, 1993.

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———. The War Between the Generals. London: Allen Lane, 1981.

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———. The Battle for North Africa. New York: Mason/Charter, 1975.

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Carvey, James B. “Faid Pass.” Infantry Journal (Sept. 1944): 8+.

Chandler, Harry W. “91st Reconnaissance Squadron in Tunisia.” Cavalry Journal 53, no. 2 (March–April 1944): 14+.

Clagett, John. “Admiral H. Kent Hewitt, U.S. Navy.” Naval War College Review 28, part 1 (summer 1975); part 2, fall 1975: 72+.

Coffin, Robert E. “Operation Torch: A Perilous Preview.” Army 42, no. 11 (Nov. 1992): 42+.

Collier, Cameron D. “Tiny Miracle: The Proximity Fuze.” Naval History (July–Aug. 1999): 43+.

Combs, Sydney. “Night Fighting.” Field Artillery Journal 34, no. 2 (Feb. 1944): 99+.

Cope, Harley. “Play Ball, Navy!” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 69 (Oct. 1943): 1311+.

Copson, Raymond W. “Summit at Casablanca.” American History, vol. XXXVII, no. 1 (Apr. 2002): 60+.

Courtney, Godfrey B. “General Clark’s Secret Mission.” Life 13, no. 26 (28 Dec. 1942): 75+.

Cullis, Robert E. “We Learn in Combat.” Infantry Journal (June 1944): 31+.

“D.G.A.” “With Tanks to Tunisia.” Blackwoods (June 1945): 399+.

Darnell, Donald P. “Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Earned the Medal of Honor at Utah Beach.” World War II (May 1995): 18+.

Davis, Franklin M., Jr. “The Battle of Kasserine Pass.” American Legion Magazine (April 1965): 22+.

Denno, Bryce F. “Eight-Ball Cannoneers.” Field Artillery Journal (Jan 1983): 12+.

Dixon, Thomas W. “Terry Allen.” Army (April 1978): 57+.

Elcomb, A. C. “The Battle of Mareth—March 1943.” Army Quarterly and Defence Journal, (Oct. 1973).

Ellmann, Gilbert A. “Panther vs. Panzer.” Military Review 34, no. 5 (Aug. 1944): 21+.

Farrar-Hockley, Anthony. “The Follow-up to TORCH.” History of the Second World War, vol. 3 (1966): 1224+.

Fernand-Laurent, J. C. “The Truth About Toulon.” Colliers 3, no. 19 (8 May 1943): 11+.

Field, John. “Patton of the Armored Force.” Life 13, no. 22 (30 Nov. 1942): 113+.

Fowler, Bertram B. “Twelve Desperate Miles.” Saturday Evening Post 216, no. 9 (28 Aug. 1943): 14+.

“The Fragrance of Spring Was Heavy in the Air.” Trail Tales, no. 35 (Boone County, Iowa, Historical Society: 1979).

Gardiner, Henry E. “We Fought at Kasserine.” Armored Cavalry Journal (March–April 1948): 8+.

Greenwood, John T. “The U.S. Army and Amphibious Warfare During World War II.” Army History, no. 27 (summer 1993): 1+.

Hains, Peter C., III. “Tanks in Tunisia.” Cavalry Journal 52, no. 3 (July–Aug. 1943): 10+.

Hall, Phyllis A. “Crisis at Hampton Roads: The Problems of Wartime Congestion, 1942–1944.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 101, no. 3 (July 1993): 405+.

Hamilton, Maxwell. “Junior in Name Only.” Retired Officer (June 1981): 28+.

“Hampton Roads: Greatest Naval Base of the Western World.” Life 11 (1 Sept 1941): 58+.

Harris, Arthur R. “The Bigger They Are the Harder They Fall.” Field Artillery Journal (May–June 1939): 229+.

Henney, Frederic A. “Combat Engineers in North Africa: The Capture of Port Lyautey.” Military Engineer 36, no. 219 (Jan. 1944): 1+.

Hewitt, H. Kent. “The Landing in Morocco, November 1942.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 78, no. 11 (Nov. 1952): 1243+.

Hill. E. R. “Epic Fights—The Coldstream at Longstop Hill.” Army Quarterly and Defence Journal (July 1944): 175+.

Hill, J. “Operation ‘TORCH.’” Army Quarterly and Defence Journal (Jan. 1946): 177+.

Hitchens, Christopher. “The Medals of His Defeats.” Atlantic 289, no. 4 (Apr. 2002): 118+.

Hoffman, Jon T. “The Legacy and Lessons of Operation TORCH.” Marine Corps Gazette 76, no. 12 (Dec. 1992): 60+.

Howze, Hamilton H. “Artillery Tank Support.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 10 (Oct. 1943): 779+.

Hoy, Charles J. “The Last Days in Tunisia.” Cavalry Journal 53, no. 1 (Jan.–Feb. 1944): 8+.

———. “Mechanics of Battlefield Reconnaissance.” Cavalry Journal 53, no. 3 (May–June 1944): 24+.

———. “Reconnaissance Lessons from Tunisia.” Cavalry Journal 52, no. 6 (Nov.–Dec. 1943): 16+.

Hunt, Marion, and Duane R. Sneddeker. “Over Here, Over There.” Gateway Heritage 13, no. 3 (winter 1993): 48+.

Jensen, Marvin G. “An Independent Tank Battalion in World War II.” Armor 108, no. 3 (May–June 1999): 27+.

Johnstone, Carl M., Jr. “Up Forward.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 10 (Oct. 1943): 776+.

Kahn, E. J., Jr. “Education of an Army.” New Yorker 20, no. 35 (14 Oct. 1944): 28+, and no. 36 (21 Oct. 1944): 34+.

Kellett, Donald T. “The Action at Robaa.” Infantry Journal 63 (Sept. 1948): 12+.

———. “El Guettar: Victory or Stalemate?” Military Review 31, no. 4 (July 1951): 17+.

Kennedy, David M. “Victory at Sea.” Atlantic Monthly (March 1999): 51+.

Kenner, Albert W. “Medical Service in the North African Campaign.” Military Review 12, no. 11 (Feb. 1944): 5+.

Kerr, B. H. “Tunisia’s Burma Road.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 10 (Oct. 1943): 785+.

Kirkpatrick, Charles E. “Joint Planning for Operation TORCH.” Parameters (summer 1991): 73+.

Kleinman, Forrest K. “The Bizarre Battle for Casablanca.” Army 47, no. 8 (Aug. 1997): 38+.

Knight, Ridgeway B. “General Clark’s Secret Mission to Algeria on Oct. 21, 1942.” American Service Journal (March 1943): 122+.

Kuter, Laurence S. “Goddammit, Georgie!” Air Force Magazine 56, no. 2 (Feb. 1973): 51+.

Laffin, John. “The Battle of Takrouna.” After the Battle 12 (1976): 48+.

Lange, Herman W. W. “Rommel at Thala.” Military Review 41 (September 1961): 72+.

Larkey, Kenneth. “The Effect of Time Shell.” Field Artillery Journal (March–April 1940): 145+.

Larson, William B. “Hill 223.” Infantry Journal 55 (Sept. 1944): 23+.

Lehman, Milton. “The Rangers Fought Ahead of Everybody.” Saturday Evening Post (15 June 1946): 28+.

———. “Red Oak Hasn’t Forgotten.” Saturday Evening Post 219, no. 7 (17 Aug. 1946): 14+.

Levi, Julian. “The Psychiatric Toll of Warfare.” Fortune 28, no. 6 (Dec. 1943): 140+.

Liddell Hart, Basil. “Operation TORCH.” History of the Second World War 3 (1966): 1205+.

Liebling, A. J. “Find ’Em, Fix ’Em, and Fight ’Em.” New Yorker 19, no. 10 (24 April 1943): 221+, and no. 11 (1 May 1943): 24+.

Lindley, Ernest K., and Edward Weintal. “How We Dealt with Spain.” Harper’s (Dec. 1944): 22+.

Livingston, Richard. “Mark Clark’s Secret Landing.” History of the Second World War 3 (1966): 1199+.

“Lone U.S. Tank Slugs It Out with the Nazis.” Cavalry Journal 52, no. 2 (March–April 1943): 12+.

Lunn-Rockliffe, W. P. “The Tunisian Campaign.” Army Quarterly and Defence Journal 98 (April–May 1969): 109+, and (June–July 1969): 228+.

MacLean, French L. “German General Officer Casualties in World War II.” Military Review 70, no. 4 (April 1990): 45+.

Martin, O. W. “Armored Artillery at Sened Station.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 8 (Aug. 1943): 569+.

McBride, Lauren E. “The Battle of Sened Station.” Infantry Journal (April 1945): 30+.

McFetridge, Charles D. “In Pursuit: Montgomery After El Alamein.” Military Review 74, no. 6 (June 1994): 54–69.

McKenney, Janice. “More Bang for the Buck in the Interwar Army: The 105-mm. Howitzer.” Military Affairs (April 1978): 80.

McNair, Lesley J. “The Struggle Is for Survival.” Vital Speeches of the Day 9, no. 4 (Dec. 1942): 111+.

“McNair, Trainer of the Troops.” Time 40, no. 26 (28 Dec 1942): 37+.

Meyer, Sam. “The Strange Fame of Thomas Stone.” Naval History (summer 1988): 46+.

Middleton, Drew. “The Battle Saga of a Tough Outfit.” New York Times Magazine (8 April 1945): 8+.

———. “‘We’ll Take ’Em Apart and Then Get Home.’” New York Times Magazine (18 July 1943): 8+.

Muller, F. M. “2nd Armored Division Combat Loading, Morocco.” Armored Cavalry Journal 56 (July–Aug. 1947): 2+.

“Nothing Stopped the Timberwolves.” Saturday Evening Post (17 Aug. 1946): 20+.

Oliver, Lunsford E. “In the Mud and Blood of Tunisia.” Collier’s (17 April 1943): 10+.

Ormerod, C. B. “British Tank Attack at Fondouk Pass.” Cavalry Journal 52, no. 3 (July–Aug. 1943).

Page, Douglas J. “El Guettar: March 25–April 8, 1943.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 9 (Sept. 1943): 645+.

Painton, Frederick C. “Secret Mission to North Africa.” Reader’s Digest (May 1943): 1+.

Pallud, Jean-Paul. “The French Navy at Toulon.” After the Battle 76 (1992): 1+.

Palmer, Fitzhugh L., Jr. “The Old Indispensables.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings (Aug. 1976): 61+.

Perry, George Sessions. “Why Don’t They Write About Hewitt?” Saturday Evening Post (16 Dec. 1944): 22+.

Petracarro, Domenico. “The Italian Army in Africa 1940–1943: An Attempt at Historical Perspective.” War and Society 9, no. 2 (Oct. 1991): 103+.

Philipsborn, Martin, Jr., and Milton Lehman. “The Untold Story of Kasserine Pass.” Saturday Evening Post (14 Feb 1948): 23+.

Rance, A. J. “Corps Artillery—How It Was Employed.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 12 (Dec. 1943): 886+.

Raymond, Edward A. “France Fights Again.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 5 (May 1943): 381+.

———. “Long Toms in Action.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 11 (Nov. 1943): 803+.

———. “Slugging It Out.” Field Artillery Journal 34, no. 1 (Jan. 1944): 14+.

———. “Some Battle Lessons.” Field Artillery Journal 34, no. 2 (Feb. 1944): 104+.

“Red Oak, Iowa, Has 23 Boys Missing in Action in North Africa.” Life 14, no. 18 (3 May 1943): 26+.

Sadkovich, James J. “Of Myths and Men: Rommel and the Italians in North Africa, 1940–1942.” International History Review 13, no. 2 (May 1991): 284+.

Sahlin, Arvid W. “A Hell of a Place for a Farm Boy.” Naval History 6, no. 4 (winter 1992): 57+.

“Sedjenane-Bizerte: April 8–May 7, 1943.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 10 (Oct. 1943): 783+.

Semmes, Harry H. “General George S. Patton, Jr.’s Psychology of Leadership.” Armor 64, no. 1 (Jan.–Feb. 1955): 1+.

Slocum, A. N., Jr. “The Armored Division in Exploitation.” Military Review 24, no. 10 (Jan. 1945): 49+.

Smith, Howard A., Jr. “Among Those Baptized.” Field Artillery Journal 34, no. 4 (April 1944): 214+.

Smith, Kingsbury. “Unrevealed Facts About Robert Murphy.” American Mercury 59, no. 251 (Nov. 1944): 528+.

Smith, Mickey C., and Dennis Worthen. “Soldiers on the Production Line.” Pharmacy in History 37 (1995): 183+.

Stephens, F. “Collapse in Tunisia.” Military Review 25, no. 1 (April 1945): 69+.

Stewart, Richard W. “The ‘Red Bull’ Division: The Training and Initial Engagements of the 34th Infantry Division, 1941–43.” Army History, no. 25 (winter 1993): 1+.

Strong, C. L. “Allo, Moroc.” Bell Telephone Magazine (Sept. 1943).

Strong, Evert E. “Thala Engagement.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 8 (Aug. 1943): 573+.

Thompson, P.W. “Close Support in Tunisia.” Field Artillery Journal 33, no. 7 (July 1943): 489+.

Thornton, Milton M., and R. G. Emery. “Try the Reverse Slope.” Infantry Journal (Feb. 1944): 8+.

Tunley, Roul. “A Frenchman Returns.” Sea Power 5, no. 1 (Jan. 1945): 13+.

Van Urk, J. Blan. “Norfolk—Our Worst War Town.” American Mercury 56, no. 230 (Feb. 1943): 144+.

“W.R.P.” “Mission to Morocco.” Navy 1, no. 7 (Nov. 1958): 7+.

Wallace, Robert. “Africa, We Took It and Liked It.” Saturday Evening Post 215, no. 29 (16 Jan. 1943): 20+, and no. 30 (23 Jan. 1943): 16+.

Wanke, Paul. “American Military Psychiatry and Its Role Among Ground Forces in World War II.” Journal of Military History 63, no. 1 (Jan. 1999): 127+.

“The War in Gibraltar.” After the Battle 21 (1978): 1+.

Welker, Robert H. “GI Jargon: Its Perils and Pitfalls.” Saturday Review of Literature (Oct. 1944): 7+.

Wesbrook, Stephen D. “The Railey Report and Army Morale, 1941: Anatomy of a Crisis.” Military Review 60, no. 6 (June 1980): 11+.

Young, Leilyn M. “Rangers in a Night Operation.” Military Review 24, no. 4 (July 1944): 64+.


“37 in Company Missing in Africa.” Red Oak (Iowa) Express, 11 March 1943: 1.

Alexander, Field Marshal the Viscount. “The African Campaign from El Alamein to Tunis.” London Gazette, 3 Feb. 1948.

“An American Story: The Life and Times of a Midlands Family.” Omaha (Neb.) World-Herald, 9 Nov. 1997: 1.

Blair, William M. “Non-Stop Air Armada of Allies Flew 1,400 Miles to North Africa.” New York Times, 10 Jan. 1943: 1.

Bracker, Milton. “Rangers Toughen but Are Still Boys.” New York Times, 6 March 1943.

Buttry, Stephen. “An American Story.” Omaha (Neb.) Sunday World-Herald, 9 Nov. 1997: 1.

Clifton, C. C. “How Iowans Fought in Africa.” Des Moines Sunday Register, 18 July 1943: 1.

De Luce, Daniel. “All the Fight Knocked Out of Germans.” Washington Post, 13 May 1943: 1.

Frye, William. “‘Terrible Terry’ of the 1st Division Is Getting Tougher as He Goes Along.” Kansas City Star, 17 June 1943.

“Gen. Marshall Smashing Army’s Caste System in Quest for Best Leaders.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 19 Dec. 1940: C1.

“German Tanks Trapped.” Times of London, 5 May 1943: 1

“How Major Allen Beat Cowboy Champ in 300-Mile Race.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 31 Dec. 1922.

Howe, Marvine. “In Marrakesh.” New York Times, 3 March 2002.

Kluckhorn, Frank L. “Tunisian Resistance Ends in Rout of Germans.” New York Times, 12 May 1943: 1.

Middleton, Drew. “The Battle Saga of a Tough Outfit.” New York Times Magazine, 8 April 1945: 8+.

Munday, William. “Prison Ship Escapes.” Tunis Telegraph. 10 May 1943: 1.

Norgaard, Noland. “Major Moore Escapes from Nazi Lines.” Red Oak (Iowa) Express, 22 Feb. 1943: 1.

Petroski, William. “50 Years Later, Defeat by Rommel Still Clear.” Des Moines Sunday Register, 21 March 1993: 1B.

Thompson, John H. “Kasserine Fiasco Laid to British.” Chicago Tribune, Feb. 1948.

Vogel, Steve. “The Battle of Arlington: How the Pentagon Got Built.” Washington Post, 26 Apr 1999: 1.

Wilson, Richard. “The Gallant Fight of the 34th Division in the North African Campaign.” Des Moines Register and Tribune, 1943.

I also draw extensively on issues of the following Iowa newspapers from February through March 1941: Clarinda Herald-Journal; Council Bluffs Nonpareil; Red Oak Express; Sioux City Journal; Villisca Review.


“18th Infantry Draft Regimental Wartime History.” MRC FDM.

“701st Tank Destroyer Battalion: North African Campaign Diary.” MHI.

“The Administrative History of the Eighth Fleet.” N.d., NHC, World War II Command File, Fleets.

Anderson, K.A.N. “Operations in North West Africa, 8 November 1942 to 13 May 1943.” 1946. London Gazette.

Anderson, Roland. “The Operations of the 135th Infantry Regiment in the Vicinity of Fondouk el Okbi.” 1948. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School.

Bailey, Leslie W. “The Operations of the 3rd Battalion, 135th Infantry at Algiers, North Africa, 7 November–10 November, 1942.” 1948. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School.

“Battle Analysis of the Battle of Sidi bou Zid, 14 February 1943.” 1984. CSI.

Baumgartner, John W., et al. “History of the 16th Infantry, 1798–1946.”

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Blumenson, Martin, et al. “Airborne Operations.” 1964. CMH.

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Brandt, Arnold N. “The Operations of the 1st Battalion, 135th Infantry at Hills 609 and 531.” 1948. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School.

“British Commandos.” 1942. War Department, Military Intelligence Service.

Buchholz, Ulrich. “Supply by Air of the Enlarged Bridgehead of Tunis.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS D-071.

Bürker, Ulrich. “Commitment of the 10th Panzer Division in Tunisia.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-174.

———. “Einsatz der 10. Panzer-Division in Tunesien.” Part II. 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-310.

Cairns, Bogardus S. “Employment of Armor in the Invasion of Oran.” 1946. Fort Leavenworth, Kan. CARL N-2253.26.

Cameron, Robert S. “Americanizing the Tank: U.S. Army Administration and Mechanized Development Within the Army, 1917–1943.” Ph.D diss., Temple University, 1994.

Camp, T. J., ed. “Tankers in Tunisia.” 1943. Fort Knox, Ky. Armored Replacement Training Center.

Carter, Sam. “The Operations of the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry at El Guettar.” 1948. Fort Benning, Ga.: Infantry School.

Carter, William A. “Carter’s War.” 1983. CEOH.

Cochran, Alexander S. “Chickens or Eggs? Operations TORCH and HUSKY and U.S. Army Amphibious Doctrine.” Paper for Fourteenth Naval History Symposium, Sept. 1999.

———. “Constructing a Military Coalition from Materials at Hand: The Case of Allied Force Headquarters.” Paper delivered before the Society for Military History Conference, 1999.

———. “Crisis at AFHG: Ike, Kasserine, and Coalition Command.” Comments presented at Society for Military History annual meeting, Apr. 2002.

Craven, Virgil. “The Operations of Company I, 133rd Infantry, in the Attack at Fondouk Gap.” 1950. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School.

Daniel, Derrill M. “Landings at Oran, Gela and Omaha Beaches.” 1947. Norfolk, Va. Armed Forces Staff College.

Daubin, Freeland A., Jr. “The Battle of Happy Valley.” 1948. Fort Knox, Ky. Armored School. MHI.

Davidson, Garrison H. “Grandpa Gar: The Saga of One Soldier as Told to His Grandchildren.” 1979. USMA Arch.

Davison, Donald. “Aviation Engineers in the Battle of Tunisia.” 1943. Orlando, Fla. Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics. MHI.

Deichmann, Paul. “Mission of OB Süd with the Auxiliary Battle Command in North Africa.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-067.

Dickson, Benjamin A. “G-2 Journal: Algiers to the Elbe.” Unpublished memoir, N.d. MHI. (A version of this material may also be found in USMA Arch.)

Dray, Dennis B. “Regimental Commander of the 168th Infantry, Colonel Thomas Davidson Drake: Battle of Sened and Sidi bou Zid, Tunisia.” 1977. Iowa GSM.

Drea, Edward J. “Unit Reconstitution: A Historical Perspective.” 1983. CSI.

Durno, George E. “Flight to Africa: A Chronicle of the Casablanca Conference Between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill in January, 1943.” N.d. FDR Lib.

Eckhard, Christian. “Considerations at Supreme Headquarters Concerning the Overall Conduct of the War in North Africa After the Allied Landing.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-145.

———. “OKW Reaction to the Allied Landing in North Africa.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-145.

———. “Study of the Situation in the High Command of the Wehrmacht.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-066.

Edwards, Harry W. “A Different War: Marines in Europe and North Africa.” 1994. Marines in World War II Commemorative Series.

Erbes, John. “Hell on Wheels Surgeon.” N.d. John Erbes Collection, USMA Arch.

Feige, Richard. “Relationship Between Operations and Supply in Africa.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-125.

“The First Phase of the Engagements in Tunisia.” Part I. N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-086.

Fosdick, Roger Barry. “A Call to Arms: The American Enlisted Soldier in World War II.” Ph.D. diss., Claremont Graduate School, 1985.

Fountain, Ray C. “Notes on the Movement and Actions of the 133rd Infantry.” N.d. Iowa GSM.

Friedman, Abraham. “Operation TORCH: The Dispatch of Aircraft from the United Kingdom by Eighth Air Force.” 1944. U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe, Historical Section.

Frierson, William C. “The Pentagon.” 1944. CMH.

———. “Preparations for ‘TORCH.’” 2 vols. 1945. CMH.

Gabel, Christopher R. “Seek, Strike, and Destroy: U.S. Army Tank Destroyer Doctrine in World War II.” 1985. CSI.

Gardiner, Henry E. “Tank Commander.” Unpublished memoir. 1956. Paul M. Robinett Papers. GCM Lib. (A version of this material may also be found in USMA Arch.)

Gause, Alfred. “Army Group Africa.” 1953. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-385.

Gugeler, Russell A. Unpublished biography of Orlando Ward. N.d. Orlando Ward Papers. MHI.

Haggerty, Jerome Joseph. “A History of the Ranger Battalions in World War II.” Ph.D. diss., Fordham University, 1982.

Hayes, Harold G. “Operations on Signal Intelligence Gained from North African Theater of Operations.” 1943. NARA, NSA SRH-409.

Hazen, David W. “Role of the Field Artillery in the Battle of Kasserine Pass.” Master’s thesis, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1973.

Hendricks, Charles. “A Time of Testing: U.S. Army Engineers in the Tunisia Campaign of World War II.” Colloquium on Military Fortifications and Infrastructure in Tunisia. 1999. CMH.

Hewitt, H. Kent. “Reminiscences of a World War II Admiral.” N.d. NHC.

“History of Allied Force Headquarters.” 3 vols. 1945. MTOUSA Historical Section.

“History of Planning Division, Army Service Forces.” 1946. CMH.

“History of the 26th Infantry in the Present Struggle” N.d. MRC FDM.

House, Jonathan M. “Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th-Century Tactics, Doctrine, and Organization.” 1984. CSI.

Howe, George F. “Allied and Axis Command in the Mediterranean.” Delivered to American Historical Society meeting, Chicago, Dec. 1950.

———. “American Signal Intelligence in Northwest Africa and Western Europe.” 1980. United States Cryptologic History, World War II, vol. 1. NSA.

Howze, Hamilton H. “Tank Action,” 1943. OW, MHI.

Hudel, Major, and Paul McD. Robinett. “The Tank Battle at Sidi bou Zid.” MHI.

Husinpiller, Herschel H. “Armored Infantry in Africa.” N.d. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School. MHI.

Huston, James A. “Airborne Operations.” 1955. CMH.

Jarrett, G. B. “Ordnance: The Theme Song of Military History.” N.d. MHI.

“Kasserine Pass Battles.” 7 vols. N.d. CMH.

Kern, W.B. “Account of French near Fondouk El Okbi on January 16, 1943.” N.d. PMR, GCM Lib.

———. “Account of the Battle Between U.S. and German Forces near El Bathan,” 1950. PMR, LOC.

Kesselring, Albert. “Concluding Remarks on the Mediterranean Campaign.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-104.

———. “The Events in Tunisia.” 1949. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-066.

———. “Final Commentaries on the Campaign in North Africa, 1941–1943.” 1949. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-075.

———. “Italy as a Military Ally.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-015.

———. “The War in the Mediterranean Area, Part I.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS T-3.

———. “The War in the Mediterranean, Part II: The Fighting in Tunisia and Tripolitania.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, T-3.

King, Michael J. “Rangers: Selected Combat Operations in World War II.” 1985. CSI.

Kirkpatrick, Charles E. “Filling the Gaps: Reevaluating Officer Professional Education in the Inter-war Army, 1920–1940.” Paper, 1989.

———. “Orthodox Soldiers: Army Formal Schools Between the Two World Wars.” Paper. 1990.

Knoche, Wilhelm. “Meine Erlebnisse im Tunesien-Feldzug.” 1998. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-323.

Krause, Fritz. “Decision to Occupy the Mareth Line.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-012.

———. “Studies on the Mareth Position.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-046.

Lang, Rudolf. “Battles of Kampfgruppe Lang in Tunisia.” 1947. US. Army European Command. FMS, D-173.

———. “Report on the Fighting of Kampfgruppe Lang.” Part II. N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-166.

Lange, Herman Walter Wright. “The Battle of Thala.” Thesis. George Washington University, 1966.

Larson, Ann, ed. “The History and Contribution to American Democracy of Volunteer ‘Citizen Soldiers’ of Southwest Iowa, 1930–1945.” 1981. National Endowment of the Humanities.

Lavoie, Leon F., et al. “The First Armored Division at Faid-Kasserine.” 1949. Fort Knox, Ky. Armored School. MHI.

Loerzer, A. D. “Verhandlung Mit dem Stellvertreter von General Barré und dem Residenten von Tunis Admiral Estéva.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-040.

“Logistics in World War II: Final Report of the Army Service Forces.” 1947. Washington, D.C. War Department.

Marshall, Jack A. “The Battle That Wasn’t.” N.d. ASEQ, 34th ID, MHI.

McKinney, Leonard L. “Portable Flame Thrower Operations in World War II.” 1949. Washington, D.C. Office of the Chief, Chemical Corps. MHI.

Meyer, Leo J. “Strategy and Logistical History: Mediterranean Theater of Operations.” 1962. CMH.

Millett, John D. “Overseas Movement of the First Infantry Division and the First Armored Division.” 1993. CMH.

Moore, Robert R. “Tunisian Stand.” N.d. NARA RG 319, OCMH, Box 103.

Mortensen, Daniel R. “A Pattern for Joint Operations: World War II Close Air Support North Africa.” 1987. Washington, D.C. Office of Air Force History and CMH.

Nehring, Walter. “The Development of the Situation in North Africa.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-120.

———. “The First Phase of the Battle in Tunisia.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-147.

Nicholson, Cameron. “The Battle of Kasserine, February 1943.” N.d. Microfilm. IWM.

“The Ninth Infantry Division: Adventures by Men of the 60th Infantry Regiment in WWII.” 1993. MHI.

Ochsner, Herman. “History of German Chemical Warfare in World War II.” 1949. Washington, D.C. Historical Office of the Chief of the Chemical Corps.

“A Partial History, 135th Infantry Regiment.” N.d. Iowa GSM.

Phillips, Edwin Allen. “Destroyer Experiences in the Atlantic and Pacific in World War II.” NHC.

Prigge, Christopher N. “Crossed Sabers in Steel: The Evolution of World War II Mechanized Cavalry Doctrine.” Paper delivered at Society for Military History meeting, April 2000.

“Proposed Mission Against Fondouk Gap, Tunisia, on 7 April 1943.” 1951. Air University Library, Historical Division.

“Psychological Warfare in the Mediterranean Theater.” Part I. 1945. Naples, Italy. U.S. Army MTO.

Ralph, Stephen V. “The Operations of the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry in the Invasion of North Africa.” 1947. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School.

“Reports Received by U.S. War Department on Use of Ultra in the European Theater, World War II.” NARA. NSA, SRH-037.

Robinett, Paul M. “Among the First.” N.d. GCM Lib.

Rogers, Robert John. “A Study of Leadership in the First Infantry Division During World War II.” Master’s thesis. Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 1965.

Schnarrenberger, Ernst. “Report on My Activities as Commander of Rear Area of Army of North Africa.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-072.

———. “Situation of the Fortification of Tunis.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-005.

Semmens, Paul. “The Hammer of Hell: Forward Area Antiaircraft Artillery at Kasserine Pass and the Remagen Bridge.” N.d. CMH.

Shugart, David A. “On the Way: The U.S. Field Artillery in the Inter-War Period.” Paper delivered at Society for Military History meeting, April 2000.

“Signal Communication in the North African Campaigns.” Part 1, “Tactical Communication in World War II.” 1945. Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Historical Section. MHI.

“The Story of the Embarkation of the 1st Infantry Division.” N.d. CARL, N-6172.

“Strategy and Logistical History, Mediterranean Theater of Operations.” Unpublished volume in Army “Green Series.” NARA RG 319, OCMH, boxes 257–58.

TD Combat in Tunisia. 1944. U.S. Army Tank Destroyer School. MHI.

“Terry Allen and the First Division in North Africa and Sicily.” N.d. TdA, MHI.

Toppe, Alfred. “Desert Warfare: German Experiences in World War II.” 1991. CSI.

“U.S.A.F. Airborne Operations, World War II and Korean War.” March 1962. USAF Historical Division.

Uffner, Raphael L. “Recollections of World War II with the First Infantry Division.” 1991. MRC FDM.

“United States Naval Administration in World War II.” 1946. Amphibious Training Command. No. 145. NHC.

———. Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet. Vol. 1.

———. COMNAVEU. Vols 1–2, N.d. NHC.

———. United States Navy Medical Department at War, 1941–1945. Vol. 1, Part 3, N.d. NHC.

Von Arnim, Hans J. T. “Recollections of Tunisia.” Trans. Janet E. Dewey. 1951. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-098.

———. “Tunisian Operations.” Trans. Janet E. Dewey. 1951. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-094.

Von Liebenstein, Kurt. “The Drive via Gafsa Against Kasserine Pass.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-124.

———. “Operations of the 164th Light Africa Division.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-315.

Von Rinteln, Enno. “The Italian Command and Armed Forces in the First Half of 1943.” Trans. Janet E. Dewey. 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, T-1a.

Von Vaerst, Gustav. “Operations of the Fifth Panzer Army in Tunisia.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-001.

Wade, Gary. “World War II Division Commanders.” N.d. CSI.

Warlimont, Walter. “High Level Decisions—Tunisian Campaign.” Trans. Janet E. Dewey. 1951. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, C-092a.

Webb, James R. “First Waltz with Rommel.” N.d. Webb papers, DDE Lib, box 1.

Weber, Friedrich. “Battles of 334th Division and of Group Weber.” N.d. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-215.

Werner, Christoph Wilhelm. “The Battles of the Hermann Göring Division in Tunisia From January to 12 May 1943.” 1947. U.S. Army European Command. FMS, D-085.

“Western Task Force: Landing Operations at Safi.” N.d. Washington D.C. War Department, Historical Division. CMH.

“Western Task Force: The Attack on Fedala.” N.d. Washington, D.C. War Department, Historical Division. CMH.

“Western Task Force: The Attack on Mehdia and the Port Lyautey Airdrome.” 1945. Washington, D.C. War Department, Historical Division. CMH.

Wilhm, Jack F. et al. “Armor in the Invasion of North Africa.” 1950. Fort Knox, Ky. Armored School. MHI.

Wilson, Lloyd G. “The Operations of the 509th Parachute Battalion in North Africa.” 1948. Fort Benning, Ga. Infantry School. MHI.

“World War II, A Brief History.” 1946. Washington, D.C. Office of the Provost Marshal General.

Yarmon, Morton. “The Administrative and Logistical History of the ETO: IV, TORCH and the European Theater of Operations.” 1946. Historical Division, U.S. Army Forces, European Theater. CMH.

Papers, Letters, Collections, Personal Narratives, and Diaries

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Abilene, Kan.: files for Harold R. L. Alexander; Terry Allen; Kenneth Anderson; Harry C. Butcher; Lloyd Fredendall; Operation TORCH; George S. Patton, Jr.; Charles W. Ryder; James R. Webb

Eisenhower Center, University of New Orleans: Fred W. Hall, Jr.

George C. Marshall Foundation Research Library, Lexington, Va.: George F. Howe Papers; George C. Marshall Papers; Paul M. Robinett Papers; Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., Papers; Reginald Winn Collection

Imperial War Museum, London: A.A.C.W. Brown, “364 Days Overseas Service” G.P. Druitt diary; Charles Gairdner diary; J.B.A. Glennie, narrative in papers of R. de L. King; Adrian Clements Gore, “This Was the Way It Was” G.R. Grandage, “Operation TORCH” J.R.T. Hopper, “Figures in a Fading Landscape” H.M. Jones, narrative; Richard F. Kinden, “The Road to Fort McGregor and the Long Way Home” W.D. McClure, diary; Cameron Nicholson Collection; A.G. Oakley diaries; R. Priestly papers; P. Royle, narrative; K. Shirley Smith, diary; R.C. Taylor, “Seven Sunrays” Fred Telford, narrative; G.E. Thubron, narrative; A.J.A. Weir, letters; J.K. Windeatt, “Very Ordinary Soldier”

Iowa Gold Star Museum, Fort Dodge, Iowa: Leslie W. Bailey, “An Infantry Battalion in Attack” William F. Beekman, “A Diary of World War II as Observed Through the Eyes, Ears and Mind of Bill Beekman” Eugene L. Daniel papers; Vernon Hohenberger, “Retracing My Footsteps in World War II” Lester Kness, “An Iowa Soldier Remembers Patton” William Walling Luttrell, “A Personal Account of the Experiences as a German Prisoner of War” Edgar P. Moschel, “168th Inf Regiment Narrative of Action” Dennis F. Neal, “Dennis Frederick Neal, Soldier” Robert L. Owen, typescript on 168th Infantry Regiment band at Kasserine Pass; Bill Roth, “The Longest Days of a G.I.” John H. Van Vliet, Jr., typescript

Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.: Wallace Carroll Papers; H. Kent Hewitt Papers; Samuel Eliot Morison Papers; George S. Patton, Jr., Papers; Paul M. Robinett Papers; Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Papers; Jerauld Wright Papers

Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King’s College, London: Charles Walter Allfrey Collection; B. H. Liddell Hart Collection; E. E. Mockler-Ferryman papers; William Ronald Campbell Penney Collection

McCormick Research Center, First Division Museum, Cantigny, Ill.: Clift Andrus, notes on A Soldier’s Story; Joseph T. Dawson Collection; Stanhope Brasfield Mason, “Reminiscences and Anecdotes of World War II” Robert Maurice Mullen, “Memorial Booklet” Jean Gordon Peltier diary; Raphael L. Uffner Papers

Naval Historical Center, Washington, D.C.: H. Kent Hewitt Papers; Samuel Eliot Morison Office Files

Norwich University, Norwich, Vt.: Ernest Harmon Papers

U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, Pa.: Terry de la Mesa Allen Papers; William S. Biddle Papers; Robert W. Black Collection; Roy C. Brewer Papers; Raymond H. Croll Papers; William J. Donovan Papers; Chester B. Hansen Papers; Ernest B. Harmon Papers; David Irving Collection (microfilm transcription of Everett Hughes’s diaries, “Allied High Command”); Oscar Koch Papers; Louis F. Lisko Papers; John P. Lucas Papers; Samuel L. Myers Papers; Martin M. Philipsborn Papers; Oscar S. Reeder Papers; Robert I. Stack Papers; Orlando Ward Papers
Diaries and personal narratives contained in MHI Army Service Experiences Questionnaire: 1st Armored Division (William H. Balzar; Robert G. Bond; Harold F. Blodgett; Thomas E. Hannum; William A. Heslep; Oswald Jett; Howard F. Kenney; Stanley J. Krekeler; Robert M. Marsh; John Mayo; Arthur Robert Moore; Gustav A. Mueller; James Rhoden Pritchard; Laurence P. Robertson; James Scott Stapel; Ernest A. Wells)
1st Infantry Division (William E. Faust; Charles T. Horner, Jr.; George J. Koch; William M. Lee; Paul K. Skogsberg; Andrew C. Wright)
3rd Infantry Division (Joseph A. Watters)
9th Infantry Division (George Bastedo; Donald Peel)
60th Troop Carrier Group (Robert L. Miley)

U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.: James D. Alger Collection; Benjamin A. Dickson Collection; Henry E. Gardiner Papers; Will Lang Collection

University of Missouri at Columbia, Western Historical Manuscript Collection: James McGuinness letter

University of Tennessee at Knoxville: Bill Sabin Papers

University of Texas at El Paso Library, S.L.A. Marshall Military History Collection: Terry de la Mesa Allen Papers

Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn.: Mina Curtiss Collection

Author Interviews

Consuelo Allen; Aurelio Barron; Dave Berlovich; Edward Boehm; Paul H. Calder; Frank B. Clay; Ross W. Cline; Wilbur C. Darnell; Paul F. Gorman; George Juskalian; Jack A. Marshall; Clem Miller; Robert R. Moore, Jr.; John D. Nelson; William W. Quinn; Albert H. Smith; Hans von Luck; Edith Ward Spalding; Clifton J. Warner; Eston White; John Ward Yates; Robin Ward Yates

Interview and Oral History Transcripts

Columbia University, Oral History Research Office, New York: Mark W. Clark; H. Kent Hewitt; Lyman Lemnitzer; Robert Murphy

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Abilene, Kan.: Ray W. Barker; Charles Bolte; LeRoy Lutes; James B. Stack

George C. Marshall Library, Lexington, Va.: Forrest C. Pogue interview: George C. Marshall

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.: Paul M. Robinett papers: Walter Nehring

McCormick Research Center, First Division Museum, Cantigny, Ill.: Harley Reynolds; John Hall Thompson

National War College Library, NARA, RG 334: John S. Allard; Webster Anderson; C. T. Booth; Charles Hoy; M.T. Wordell

Rutgers University, Oral History Archives of World War II, New Brunswick, N.J.: Walter Bruyere, III; Thomas A. Kindre; John G. Rosta

U.S. Air Force Historical Research Center, Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala.: Philip G. Cochran

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History, Alexandria, Va.: Garrison H. Davidson; Herbert W. Ehrgott; Henry J. Hoeffer; Harry O. Paxson; Edwin L. Powell, Jr.; William F. Powers

U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, Pa: Russell A. Gugeler interviews: Jacob Devers; Hamilton H. Howze; McCurtain Scott; Robert Simons
Sidney Matthews Papers: Russell F. Akers; Leo S. Bachmann; Rudolph Barlow; R. Brodie, Jr.; Harold G. Bull; Benjamin F. Caffey, Jr.; Ben Crosby; Frederic P. Culbert; Benjamin A. Dickson; Leon Dostert; Hobart Gay; Frederick W. Gibbs; Henri Giraud;
Peter C. Hains, III; Pierpont M. Hamilton; Ernest N. Harmon; Robert A. Hewitt; LeRoy Irwin; Alphonse Juin; Geoffrey Keyes; George C. Marshall; Stanhope Mason; John W. O’Daniel; Edwin A. Russell; Charles W. Ryder; Harry H. Semmes; Walter Bedell Smith; Alexander Stark; Kenneth D. W. Strong
Forrest Pogue interviews: Field Marshal Viscount Alanbrooke; Arthur Coningham; Lord Cuningham of Hyndhope; Charles de Gaulle; Benjamin A. Dickson; James Gault; Hastings L. Ismay; Albert Kenner; C. E. Lambe; Frederick E. Morgan; Viscount Mountbatten of Burma; Viscount Portal of Hungerford; Walter Bedell Smith; Orlando Ward
Senior Officer Oral History Program: Mark W. Clark; Theodore J. Conway; Harry H. Critz; Ira C. Eaker; William P. Ennis, Jr.; Hobart R. Gay; Peter C. Hains, III; John A. Heintges; Robert A. Hewitt; Hamilton Howze; Walter T. Kerwin, Jr.; Robert W. Porter, Jr.; Elwood R. Quesada; John K. Waters; Albert C. Wedemeyer; William P. Yarborough

U.S. Army Office of the Chief of Military History, Washington, “Background Papers to NW Africa,” NARA, RG 319, boxes 220–231: Harold Alexander; Terry Allen; Mark W. Clark; John T. Crocker; Robert E. Cullis; Francis De Guingand; Charles J. Denholm; H. Kent Hewitt; Gordon H. A. MacMillan; Robert P. Miller; Leland L. Rounds; Charles W. Ryder; R. I. Stack; Robert Ward

U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, Md.: Walter Ansel; Hanson Weightman Baldwin; George W. Bauernschmidt; Bernhard H. Bieri; Joshua W. Cooper; George C. Dyer; Ralph K. James; Jackson K. Parker; U. S. Grant Sharp; Elliott B. Strauss; Edward K. Walker; Charles Wellborn, Jr.; F.E.M. Whiting

Motion Pictures

From National Archives, RG 111, Office of the Chief Signal Officer
Allied Offensive in North Africa. Film Bulletin No. 51
At the Front in North Africa with the U.S. Army. No. 1001, Dec. 1942
Soldier Stevedores. Film Bulletin No. 32
Tunisian Victory: An Official Record. No. 1012

Signal Corps silent B&W footage:
ADC 1; ADC 246; ADC 2407; ADC 1113; ADC 979; ADC 465; ADC 1002; ADC 998

From British Army Film & Photographic Unit / Royal Air Force Film Production Unit Desert Victory. 1943


“The Attack on Sidi bou Zid.” Narrative composed by officers, 2nd Battalion, 1st Armored Regiment, while prisoners of war, n.d. James D. Alger Collection, USMA Arch.

Biddle, William S. “Amphibious Training of American Troops in Great Britain in Preparation for North African Landing Operation.” Lecture, Fort Hood, Tex., 1943. MHI.

———. “The French Army of North Africa in the Tunisian Campaign.” Lecture, Fort Hood, Tex., 1943. MHI.

Cirillo, Roger. Lecture, Hannibal Club. May 14, 2001. Washington, D.C.

Darby, William O. “U.S. Rangers.” Lecture, Army and Navy Staff College. Oct. 27, 1944. MHI.

Dunphie, Charles. Memo on Thala, N.d. NARA RG 319, OCMH, box 229.

Dunton, D. H. “Air Service Organization and Functioning in NATOUSA.” Lecture, Army and Navy Staff College. 2 Sept. 1943. NARA, RG 334, NWC Lib.

El Bekri, Mohamed Ali. Lecture, Hannibal Club. May 14, 2001. Washington, D.C.

“French Policy Toward Arabs, Jews and Italians in Tunisia.” OSS, Research and Analysis Branch, Dec. 1943. NARA RG 334, NWC Lib., box 895.

Grahl, Charles H. “Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Iowa.” Des Moines: Office of the Adjutant General, 1940. Iowa GSM.

Howze, Hamilton H. “The Battle of Sidi bou Zid.” Lecture, U.S. Army Cavalry School, n.d. MHI.

Maraist, Robert V., and Peter C. Hains. Transcript, “Conference on North African Operations.” Fort Knox, Ky., 16 June 1943. SM, MHI.

Matejka, Jerry V. “Communication Plans: Basic, Joint and Combined.” Lecture, Army-Navy Staff College, 19 Aug. 1943. NARA RG 334, NWC Lib, box 167.

“Partial Planning File, First United States’ Use of Parachute Troops in Connection with TORCH,” n.d. MHI Library.

Pirnie, W. Bruce, Jr. Letter about Sidi bou Zid, to Amon G. Carter, publisher of Fort Worth Star Telegram, 16 June 1943. OW, MHI.

Richardson, C. G. “The Attack on Safi.” Lecture, Army and Navy Staff College. 20 Aug. 1943. NARA RG 334, NWC Lib, box 164.

Robinett, Paul M. “The Axis Offensive in Central Tunisia, Feb. 1943,” n.d., LOC.

———. “Memorandum Notes.” Army War College seminar, Nov. 1951, Army War College Studies, Z-R55.

Seacord, Daniel F. “Ludlow.” Account, U.S.S. Ludlow. NHC, 1979.

Somervell, Brehon. “Army Service Forces.” Lecture, Army-Navy Staff College, 9 Aug. 1943. NARA RG 334, NWC Lib, box 167.

“Statement of Brig. Gen. Laurence C. Kuter.” Pentagon, 22 May 1943. NARA RG 319, box 103.

U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, Pa.: Army Service Experiences Questionnaires for 1st Infantry Division; 1st Armored Division; 3rd Infantry Division; 9th Infantry Division; 34th Infantry Division; Rangers; II Corps.

Interviews by Michael Corley with John T. Corley, Tom Gendron, John Kelley (1977, possession of Paul Gorman);, interviews by Patrick K. O’Donnell with Leo Inglesby, Carl Lehmann.

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