Appendix B

The Armed Forces and National Expansion


 

POPULATION CONTINENTAL U.S. (MILLIONS)

War Department

Navy Department

   

SPENDING (MILLION DOLLARS)

STRENGTH U.S. ARMY

SPENDING (MILLION DOLLARS)

STRENGTH U.S. NAVY

STRENGTH USMC

1790

3.9

.632

1,000+ est.

.570

Unknown

 
   

(1789–91)

       

1800

5.3

2.5

4,000+ est.

3.4

5,400

525

1810

7.2

2.2

5,956

1.6

5,149

449

1820

9.6

2.6

10,554

4.3

3,988

571

1830

12.8

4.7

6,122

3.2

4,929

891

1840

17.0

7.0

12,330

6.1

8,017

1,269

1850

23.0

9.4

10,929

7.9

8,794

1,101

1860

31.0

16.4

16,215

11.5

9,942

1,801

1870

39.8

57.6

37,240

21.7

10,562

2,546

1880

50.0

38.1

26,594

13.5

9,361

1,939

1890

62.9

44.5

27,373

22.0

9,246

2,047

1900

75.0

134.0

101,713

55.0

18,796

5,414

1910

91.0

189.0

81,251

123.0

48,533

9,560

1920

105.0

1,600.0

204,292

736.0

121,845

17,165

1930

122.0

464.0

139,378

374.0

96,890

19,380

1940

131.0

907.0

269,023

891.0

160,997

28,345


Source: Statistical History of the United States, dated volumes. Social Science Research Council, rev. ed., (1965). U.S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States of America, 1789–1945 (Government Printing Office, 1949).

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!