Post-classical history


Abernethy, Sir Alexander


Scot; warden from Forth to Grampians (1303–5)

Abingdon, Richard


royal officer; receiver of Cumberland (1297–1300); made baron of exchequer (1299)

Alard, Sir Gervase


of Winchelsea, Sussex; captain of the Cinque Ports; admiral of English fleet (1300–1)

Alexander II


king of Scots (1214–49)

Alexander III


king of Scots (1249–86)

Amersham, Walter


Edward I’s chancellor of Scotland (1296–1304); also receiver of Northumberland; d. 1304

Angus, Gilbert de Umfraville, earl of


lord of Redesdale & Coquetdale in Northumberland; d. 1307

Atholl, John de Strathbogie, earl of


Scottish sheriff of Aberdeen (c. 1300); brother-in-law of Robert Bruce, the future king; lieutenant & justiciar of Scotland beyond Forth (1304–5); d. 1306

Audley, Sir Hugh


Gloucestershire knight; keeper of Selkirk Forest (1301–c.1303); d. 1325

Balliol, Sir Alexander


lord of Cavers; sheriff of Selkirk (1301–c.1303)

Balliol, John


lord of Barnard Castle, co. Durham, & Galloway; claimant to Scottish throne; king of Scots (1292–1296/1304); d. 1313

Balmyle, Nicholas


‘of St. Andrews’; Scottish chancellor (c. 1301)

Bartholomew, Roger


burgess of Berwick; first to appeal from Scottish courts to Edward I (1291–2)

Barton, Robert


keeper of Abingdon’s counter-roll (1297)

Beauchamp, Sir Walter


steward of Edward’s household

Bek, Anthony


bishop of Durham (1283–1311)

Benstede, John


comptroller of the wardrobe

Bevercotes, William


royal officer; keeper of Edward’s seal in Scotland (1296–7); chancellor of Scotland (1304–6)

Biset, William


?lord of Upsettlington, Berwickshire; sheriff of Clackmannan (1303–4) & Stirling (1304–5)

Bisset, Sir Hugh


lord of Antrim; captured Arran (1298)

Boniface VIII


pope; d. 1303

Botetourt, Sir John


lord of Mendlesham, Suffolk; given Dalswinton castle (1301); warden of western march (1302–4)

Brabazon, Roger


English royal adviser; involved in Great Cause; later chief justice of the King’s Bench

Brampton, Stephen


English constable of Bothwell (1298–1300/1)

Bremesgrave, Richard


keeper of the Berwick store (1299–c. 1303)

Brittany, John of


Edward’s nephew; governor of Aquitaine (1298–1305); appointed lieutenant of Scotland (1305)

Bruce, Robert, of Annandale ‘the Competitor’


claimant to the Scottish throne; 5th lord of Annandale; d. 1295

Bruce, Robert, earl of Carrick


6th lord of Annandale; became earl through his wife, Marjorie; d. 1304 in England

Bruce, Robert, earl of Carrick


7th lord of Annandale; guardian of Scotland (1298–1300); king of Scots (1306–29)

Bunkle, Thomas


clerk of Dunkeld

Burdon, Sir John


Nottingham & Derbyshire knight; sheriff of Berwick & keeper of castle (1298–c. 1303)

Burghdon, Sir Walter


keeper of Carstairs castle & sheriff of Lanark (1301–3); justiciar of Galloway (1305)

Caen, John of


Edward’s notary public; responsible for drawing up Great Roll (c. 1296)

Cantilupe, Sir Robert


Essex knight; keeper of Lochmaben and warden of Annandale (1298–9)

Carlisle, bishop of


see Halton

Cheyne, Henry


bishop of Aberdeen (1282–1328); brother of Sir Reginald

Cheyne, Sir Reginald, Sr.


lord of Inverugie & Duffus; sheriff of Inverness (1296–7); justiciar beyond the mountains (1305); brother of Henry, bishop of Aberdeen

Clifford, Sir Robert


lord of Appleby castle, Westmorland; given Caerlaverock castle; keeper of Carlisle castle (1297–9); warden of Galloway (1298–9); keeper of the bishopric of Durham (1300–6)

Comyn, Sir Alexander


brother of the earl of Buchan but on English side

Comyn, Sir Alexander


brother of Sir John Comyn of Badenoch, senior

Comyn, Sir Edmund


of Kilbride; head of third branch of Comyn family; member of Sir John Comyn of Badenoch, jr.’s council

Comyn, Sir John, of Badenoch, sr.


guardian (1286–92); brother-in-law of John Balliol; claimant to Scottish throne; d. ?1299

Comyn, Sir John, of Badenoch, jr.


son of Sir John Comyn of Badenoch; guardian (1298–1301; 1303); killed by Robert Bruce (1306)

Comyn, John, earl of Buchan


cousin of Comyn of Badenoch; often leader of Scottish army (1296–1303)

Convers, Alexander


royal clerk responsible for provisioning English garrisons in south-east Scotland (1298–c.1303)

Crambeth, Matthew


dean of Aberdeen; bishop of Dunkeld (1288–1309)

Cressingham, Hugh


treasurer of Scotland (1296–7); killed at battle of Stirling Bridge, 1297

Cunningham, Robert


nephew of James the Steward; Scottish constable of Caerlaverock (?1297–99)

Dalilegh, James


receiver in west; keeper of Carlisle store (1299–1303); escheator south of Forth (1303–5)

Dolive, Sir John


keeper of Dumfries castle (1300)

Douglas, Sir William


father of Sir James Douglas ‘the Good’; d.c. 1299

Droxford, John


keeper of the wardrobe

Dunbar & March, Patrick, earl of


claimant to throne; consistent English supporter; keeper of Berwick town (1298); warden of eastern march (1298–9); keeper of Ayr (c. 1301)

Dunkeld, bishop of


see Crambeth

Dunwich, Peter


royal officer; escheator south of Forth & keeper of Yester castle (1296–7)

Durham, Sir William


knight of Essex & Hertfordshire; sheriff of Peebles (c. 1301); d. 1304

Durham, bishop of


see Bek

Edward I


king of England (1272–1307)

Edward ‘of Caernarvon’


prince of Wales; future Edward II; d. 1327

Elaund, Sir Hugh


Yorkshire knight; keeper of Jedburgh castle & warden of Selkirk Forest (1296–7)

Felton, Sir Robert


Gloucestershire knight; constable of Lochmaben (1299–c.1300)

Felton, Sir William


Northamptonshire knight with Northumbrian connections; keeper of Linlithgow castle (1301–?)

FitzAlan, Sir Brian


lord of Bedale in Yorkshire

FitzMarmaduke, Sir John


custodian of earl of Lincoln’s lands of Strathgryfe, forfeited from James the Steward

FitzRoger, Sir Robert


lord of Clavering, Essex; keeper of eastern Scottish march (1299–1300)

FitzWarin, Sir William


lord of Grimthorpe, Yorkshire; keeper of Urquhart castle; husband of Mary, countess of Strathearn and queen of Man; d. 1317

FitzWilliam, Sir Ralph


Northumberland knight; captain of Newcastle garrison (1297–9); captain of Yorkshire garrisons (1298); warden of Galloway (1299)

Fraser, Sir Simon


lord of Oliver castle; captured at Dunbar; made Edward’s warden of Selkirk Forest (1297–c.1301); defected to Scots in 1301; d. 1306

Fraser, William


bishop of St. Andrews (1279–97); guardian of Scotland (1286–92); great-uncle of Sir Simon Fraser

Fraunceys, Sir William


constable of Kirkintilloch castle (c. 1301)

Furnivall, Sir Thomas


knight of Nottingham, Derby & Yorkshire; captain of Nottingham and Derbyshire garrisons (1298)

Galloway, Thomas of


illegitimate son of Alan, lord of Galloway; prevented from succeeding his father by Alexander III

Gaveston, Piers


Gascon knight; ‘close friend’ of Edward II

Glasgow, bishop of


see Wishart

Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of


his great-aunt, Isabel, was wife of Robert Bruce the Competitor; d. 1307

Gordon, Sir Adam


Scottish warden of western march (c. 1300); justiciar of Lothian (1305)

Graham, Sir David


son of Sir Patrick Graham of Airth

Halton, John


bishop of Carlisle (1292–1324)

Hastangs, Sir Richard


Staffordshire knight; keeper of Jedburgh castle (1298–?1305); brother of Sir Robert

Hastangs, Sir Robert


Staffordshire knight; sheriff of Roxburgh & keeper of castle (1296–c.1305); brother of Sir Richard

Hastings, Sir Edmund


sheriff of Ayr (1301); warden of Berwick town (1302)

Hastings, Sir John


claimant to Scottish throne

Henry I


king of England (1100–35)

Henry II


king of England (1154–89)

Henry III


king of England (1216–72)

Hereford, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of


constable of England; d. 1298

Hereford, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of


d. 1322

Heron, Robert


keeper of new customs at Berwick (1296–c.1304); keeper of counter-roll (1297–?1304); comptroller of chamberlain of Scotland (1305–6)

Hesilrig, Sir William


Northumberland knight; sheriff of Lanark killed by William Wallace in 1297

Hoddleston, Sir John


knight of Cumberland, Yorkshire & Lancashire; temporary warden of Galloway (1297); captain of Cumberland and Westmorland (1303); d. 1316

Holland, Florence, Count of


claimant to Scottish throne

Hunsingore, Master Thomas


King John’s chancellor

Huntercumbe, Sir Walter


Oxfordshire knight; sheriff of Edinburgh (1296–7); keeper of Berwick town (1298); captain of Northumberland garrisons (1298–?1303); d. 1313

Huntingdon, Earl David of


Grandson of David I; youngest son of Henry, earl of Northumberland; brother of Malcolm IV and William I; progenitor of Bruce, Balliol and Hastings; d. 1219

Jarum, John


royal clerk; keeper of Ayr store (1301)

Joneby, Sir Robert


Cumberland knight; sheriff of Dumfries (1296–7)

Keith, Edward


brother of Sir Robert; claimed to be hereditary sheriff of Selkirk through his wife

Keith, Sir Robert


Scottish warden of Selkirk Forest (1299–1300); justiciar north of the Forth (1306); brother of Edward

Kingston, Sir John


knight of Berkshire and Wiltshire; sheriff of Edinburgh (1298–1303)

Lamberton, William


archdeacon of Glasgow; bishop of St. Andrews (1297–1328)

Langton, John


bishop of Chichester; chancellor of England

Langton, Walter


bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (also known as Chester); treasurer of England

Lathum, Sir Henry


knight of Lancashire; sheriff of Aberdeen (1296–c.1297)

Latimer, Sir William


Yorkshire knight; captain of eastern Scottish garrisons (1299) keeper of Berwick town & warden of eastern march (1300–1); in charge of chevauchées from Roxburgh (1302–3); d. 1304

Leeds, Sir Alexander


Yorkshire knight; sheriff of Dumbarton (1296–7)

Lennox, Malcolm, earl of



Lincoln, Henry de Lacy, earl of


given James the Steward’s lands; d. 1311

Lindsay, Sir Alexander


of Barnweill

Lindsay, Sir Simon


lord of Arthuret; captain in Esk Valley for Edward I (1298); keeper of Liddel and Hermitage castles

Livingston, Sir Archibald


sheriff of Linlithgow (1301–4?); sheriff of Stirling (before 1304)

Logan, Sir Walter


Scottish sheriff of Lanark

MacDonald, Alastair


lord of Islay; 2nd line of descent from Somerled, king of Argyll; rival for power in north-west with the MacDougalls; d. ?1298

MacDougall, Alastair


lord of Argyll & Lorn; senior line of descent from Somerled, king of Argyll; rival for power in the north-west with the MacDonalds; d. 1310

MacDougall, John


of Lorn; eldest son and heir of Alastair MacDougall

MacDougall, Duncan


son of Alastair MacDougall

MacQuillan, Malcolm


Antrim lord interested in western Isles

MacRuarie, Lachlan


of Garmoran; 3rd line of descent from Somerled, king of Argyll; brother of Ruarie & Christina, wife of Gartnait of Mar; married to daughter of Alastair of Argyll

MacRuarie, Ruarie


brother of Lachlan & Christina

Malcolm III Canmore


king of Scots (1058–93)

Malherbe, Sir Gilbert


lord of Slamannan and Livilands; Scottish sheriff of Stirling, c. 1299

Manton, Ralph


king’s cofferer; unofficial paymaster in Scotland

Mar, Donald, earl of


father-in-law of Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick (future king); ?d. 1298

Mar, Gartnait of


eldest son and heir of Donald, earl of Mar; husband of Christina MacRuarie



see Dunbar

Margaret, ‘Maid’ of Norway


daughter of King Eric of Norway and Margaret, daughter of Alexander III; died 1290

Marshall, John


earl of Lincoln’s baillie in barony of Renfrew forfeited from James the Steward

Maudley, Sir Robert


Yorkshire knight; English owner of Dirleton castle

Maule, Sir Thomas


Scottish constable of Brechin castle (1303)

Menteith, Alexander, earl of


captured at Dunbar; released 1297; d. 1306

Menteith, Sir John de


brother of earl Alexander; sheriff of Dumbarton & keeper of castle (1303–?9); d.c.1323

Moigne, Sir John le


keeper of Galloway and Nithsdale (1303)

Morham, Sir Herbert


son of Sir Thomas; leader of Scottish army besieging Stirling castle in 1299; captured & escaped; recaptured before 1304; d. 1306

Morham, Sir Thomas


father of Sir Herbert; served Edward

Mortimer, William


royal official; justiciar of Scotia (1296–7)

Moubray, Sir John


lord of Methven; member of Sir John Comyn of Badenoch junior’s council

Mountz, Sir Ebulo


sheriff & constable of Edinburgh castle (1303–5)

Multon, Sir Thomas


lord of Lillesland, Cumberland; captain of Cumberland and Westmorland (1303); d. 1314

Murray, Andrew


son of Sir Andrew Murray of Petty; d. 1297

Murray, Sir William


lord of Tullibardine in earldom of Strathearn

Norfolk, Roger Bigod, earl of


marshal of England; d. 1306

Novelliano, Sir Montasini de


Gascon knight; constable of Ayr castle (c. 1301)

Ormesby, William


royal official; justiciar of Lothian (1296–7)

Pencaitland, John


keeper of Jedburgh castle for Scots (1297–8)

Percy, Sir Henry


Yorkshire knight; warden of Galloway & Ayrshire (1296–7); 1273–1314

Philip IV, ‘the fair’


king of France (1268–1314)

Pilche, Alexander


leader of burgesses of Inverness

Redmayne, Sir Matthew


knight of Northumberland & Cumberland; sheriff of Dumfries (1304)

Ros, Sir Robert de


lord of Wark; struck first blow of the war for the Scots, supposedly because of his love for a Scottish lady

Ros, Sir William de


claimant to throne through illegitimate descent; brother of Robert de Ros, but on English side

Ross, William, earl of


remained in prison after Dunbar till 1303; lieutenant beyond the Spey (1303–5); d. 1323

Rue, William


royal clerk responsible for supplying Edinburgh, Dirleton & Stirling

Rye [Rithre], Henry


royal official, escheator north of the Forth & keeper of Elgin & Forres castles (1296–7)

St. Andrews, bishop of


see Fraser; Lamberton

St. George, Master James de


famous master carpenter from Savoy; worked on Linlithgow

St. John, Sir John de, sen.


lord of Basing, Hampshire; warden of Galloway (1300–1302); effectively lieutenant of Scotland; d. 1302

Sampson, John


English constable of Stirling castle (1298–1300)

Sandale, John


chamberlain of Scotland (1305)

Segrave, Sir John


Oxfordshire knight; in charge of chevauchées from Berwick (1302–3); keeper of Berwick castle (1302–3); lieutenant in eastern Scotland (1303–4); lieutenant south of Forth & justiciar of Lothian (1304–5); d. 1325

Siward, Sir Richard


lord of Tibbers; captured at Dunbar; warden of Nithsdale (1299–); sheriff of Fife (1304)

Skoter, Roger


royal official; justiciar of Galloway (1296–7)

Spaldington, Osbert


Lincolnshire knight; sheriff of Berwick (?1296–8)

Soules, Sir John


guardian of Scotland (1301–3); died in exile in France, 1318

Soules, Sir Thomas


youngest brother of Sir John and Sir William

Soules, Sir William


lord of Liddesdale; butler of Scotland; elder brother of Sir John; d. 1293; succeeded by his brother, Nicholas

Soules, William


lord of Liddesdale; butler of Scotland; son of Nicholas; nephew of Sir John & Sir William

Steward, James the


guardian of Scotland (1286–92); close associate of Bruces; feudal superior of Wallace; grandfather of future king, Robert II; d. 1309

Stewart, Sir John


of Jedburgh; brother of James; leader of the archers of Selkirk Forest; d. 1298

Strathearn, Master Alpin of


probably a son of the earl of Strathearn; archdeacon of St. Andrews; King John Balliol’s treasurer; ?bishop of Dunblane in 1296

Strathearn, Malise, earl of


captured at Dunbar; subsequently sided with Edward I; deputy of earl of Atholl as lieutenant north of the Forth (1305)

Surrey, John de Warenne, earl of


first post-conquest lieutenant in Scotland (1296–8); d. 1304

Sutherland, William, earl of



Teye, Sir Walter


knight of Yorkshire and Bedfordshire; officer in Esk valley (1298–?); captain of Berwick town garrison (1300–1); d. 1324

Tilliol, Sir Robert


Cumberland knight; constable of Lochmaben (1301); d. 1321

Tweng, Sir Marmaduke


Yorkshire knight; d. 1323

Ulster, Richard de Burgh, earl of


father-in-law of Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick, the future king

Umfraville, Sir Ingram de


Scottish sheriff of Roxburgh (1299–); guardian of Scotland (1300–1)

Umfraville, Thomas de


younger son of Earl Gilbert of Angus; constable of Dundee, traditionally controlled by his family (1303–4)



see Angus

Valence, Sir Aymer de


later earl of Pembroke; given Murray castle of Bothwell; lieutenant in southern Scotland (1303)

Vernay, Sir Philip


keeper of Berwick town (1298–9)

Waldegrave, Sir Richard


Northamptonshire knight; sheriff of Stirling (1296–7)

Wallace, William


younger son of Sir Malcolm Wallace of Elderslie; d. 1305

Warwick, Guy Beauchamp, earl of


d. 1315

Warwick, William, earl of


d. 1298

Weston, John


receiver and paymaster in south-east Scotland (1299–c. 1302)

William I ‘the Conqueror’


duke of Normandy; king of England (1066–87)

William I ‘the Lion’


king of Scots (1165–1214); captured and forced to concede Treaty of Falaise (1174)

Willoughby, Philip


former keeper of wardrobe; English treasurer’s lieutenant

Wishart, Robert


bishop of Glasgow (1271–1316); staunch defender of Scotland’s independence

Unless otherwise stated, all military/administrative offices were held by the above as part of Edward’s government of Scotland.

I venture to say no war can be long carried on against the will of the people

Edmund Burke

If you find an error or have any questions, please email us at Thank you!