Bibliography

Books

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Karen Armstrong, A History of Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths, HarperCollins, London, 1996

Thomas Asbridge, The Crusades: The War for the Holy Land, Simon and Schuster, London, 2010

Augustine, City of God, Penguin Books, London, 2003

Malcolm Barber, The Two Cities: Medieval Europe, 1050–1320, Routledge, London, 1992

Malcolm Barber, The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995

Malcolm Barber, The Trial of the Templars, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012

Malcolm Barber and Keith Bate, ed. and trans., The Templars, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2002

Malcolm Barber and Keith Bate, trans., Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th–13th Centuries, Ashgate, Farnham, 2010

Jonathan Porter Berkey, The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, 600–1800, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003

Bernard of Clairvaux, The Letters of St Bernard of Clairvaux, trans. Bruno Scott James, Burns Oates, London, 1953

Adrian J. Boas, Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East, Routledge, London, 1999

Adrian J. Boas, Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades: Society, Landscape and Art in the Holy City under Frankish Rule, Routledge, London and New York, 2001

Adrian J. Boas, Archaeology of the Military Orders, Routledge, London and New York, 2006

Adrian J. Boas, Domestic Settings: Sources on Domestic Architecture and Day-to-Day Activities in the Crusader States, Brill, Leiden, 2010

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Mary Boyce, Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, 2nd edn, Routledge, London, 2000

James Brundage, trans. and ed., The Crusades: A Documentary History, Marquette University Press, Milwaukee, WI, 1962

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Andrew S. Ehrenkreutz, Saladin, State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, 1972

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Jaroslav Folda, ed., Crusader Art in the Twelfth Century, British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, BAR, Oxford, 1982

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Barbara Frale, The Templars: The Secret History Revealed, Maverick House, Dunboyne, 2009

John France, Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994

Peter Frankopan, The First Crusade: The Call from the East, Bodley Head, London, 2012

Charles Freeman, Holy Bones Holy Dust: How Relics Shaped the History of Medieval Europe, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, and London, 2011

Richard Nelson Frye, ed., The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 4, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1975

Francesco Gabrieli, Arab Historians of the Crusades, trans. E. J. Costello, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1969

Michael Gervers, ed., The Second Crusade and the Cistercians, St Martin’s Press, New York, 1992

Michael Gervers and James M. Powell, ed., Tolerance and Intolerance: Social Conflict in the Age of the Crusades, Syracuse University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2001

Sir Hamilton Gibb, The Life of Saladin fom the Works of Imad ad-Din and Baha ad-Din, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1973

Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Allen Lane, London, 1994

Moshe Gil, A History of Palestine, 634–1099, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992

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Susan Haskins, Mary Magdalen: The Essential History, Pimlico Books, London, 2005

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Christopher MacEvitt, The Crusades and the Christian World of the East: Rough Tolerance, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2008

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Matti Moosa, The Crusades: Conflict between Christendom and Islam, Gorgias Press, Piscataway, NJ, 2008

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Helen Nicholson, The Knights Hospitaller, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2001

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Peter Partner, The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and Their Myth, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1981

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James M. Powell, The Crusades, the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Mediterranean, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2007

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Denys Pringle, Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997

Denys Pringle, Fortification and Settlement in Crusader Palestine, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2000

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Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997

Jonathan Riley-Smith, The Crusades: A History, 2nd edn, Continuum, London, 2005

Jonathan Riley-Smith, Templars and Hospitallers as Professed Religious in the Holy Land, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, IN, 2010

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Kenneth M. Setton, ed., A History of the Crusades, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 5 vols, 1955–85

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Bertold Spuler, The Muslim World: A Historical Survey, part 1, The Age of the Caliphs, trans. F. R. C. Bagley, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1960

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Richard Stoneman, Across the Hellespont: A Literary Guide to Turkey, I. B. Tauris, London, 2010

Yuri Stoyanov, The Other God: Dualist Religions from Antiquity to the Cathar Heresy, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, and London, 2000

Oliver J. Thatcher and Edgar Holmes McNeal, ed., A Source Book for Mediaeval History, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1905

Theodoret of Cyrrhus, A History of the Monks of Syria, trans. R. M. Price, Cistercian Publications, Kalamazoo, MI, 1985

Theophanes, The Chronicle of Theophanes, ed. and trans. Harry Turtledove, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1982

Colin Thubron, Mirror to Damascus, Vintage, London, 2008

Christopher Tyerman, God’s War: A New History of the Crusades, Allen Lane, London, 2006

Judith Upton-Ward, trans. The Rule of the Templars: The French Text of the Rule of the Order of the Knights Templar, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1992

Usamah ibn-Munqidh, An Arab Syrian Gentleman and Warrior in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usamah ibn-Munqidh, trans. Philip Hitti, Columbia University Press, New York, 2000

A. A. Vasiliev, History of the Byzantine Empire, 2 vols, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 1958

Bernard and Ellen M. Whishaw, Arabic Spain, Smith, Elder and Co., London, 1912

John Wilkinson, Jerusalem Pilgrims before the Crusades, Aris and Phillips, Warminster, 1977

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John Wilkinson, Joyce Hill and W. F. Ryan, Jerusalem Pilgrimage, 1099–1185, The Hakluyt Society, London, 1988

William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done beyond the Sea, 2 vols, trans. and ed. Emily Atwater Babcock and A. C. Krey, Columbia University Press, New York, 1943

William of Tyre, Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum; repr. trans. James Brundage, The Crusades: A Documentary History, Marquette University Press, Milwaukee, 1962

Watkin Wynn Williams, Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1935

Ehdan Yarshater, ed., The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 3, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1983

Bat Ye’or, Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilisations Collide, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, Madison, NJ, 2002

Articles

Paul E. Chevedden, ‘The View of the Crusades from Rome and Damascus: The Geo-Strategic and Historical Perspectives of Pope Urban II and Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami’, in Oriens 39 (Brill, Leiden, 2011), pp. 257–329

Barbara Frale, ‘The Chinon Chart: Papal Absolution to the Last Templar, Master Jacques de Molay’, The Journal of Medieval History, 30 (2004), pp. 109–34

Andrew Jotischky, ‘The Christians of Jerusalem, the Holy Sepulchre and the Origins of the First Crusade’, in Crusades, vol. 7 (Ashgate, Farnham, 2008), pp. 35–57

Benjamin Z. Kedar, ‘The Jerusalem Massacre of 1099 in the Western Historiography of the Crusades’, in Crusades, vol. 3 (Ashgate, Farnham, 2004), pp. 15–76

Dissertations

Tamer el-Leithy, ‘Coptic Culture and Conversion in Medieval Cairo’, PhD diss. Princeton University, NJ, 2005

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