CHRONOLOGY

1141

Rout of Winchester: burning of Wherwell Abbey William Marshal probably born at Marlborough

1152

Siege of Newbury: William held hostage

1159

William leaves home to become squire in Normandy

1166

Knighted before battle of Drincourt; scores first tournament successes

1168

Wounded and captured defending Queen Eleanor

1170

Coronation of Young King; William appointed tutor-in-arms

1173

Young King’s Revolt

1176

Begins seven-year tournament career

1182

William loses Young King’s favour and leaves court

1183

Returns to witness Young King’s death; takes Cross

1184

Pilgrimage to Jerusalem

1185

Joins Henry II’s household

1188

Angevin-Capetian war: William masterminds Henry II’s raiding strategy

1189

Defence of Le Mans; William stands by Henry II in final illness

 

Accession of Richard I; William marries Isabel of Clare

1190

Richard departs on Third Crusade; William appointed justiciar

1194

Richard returns; William becomes Marshal of England Accompanies Richard to Normandy; commands rearguard at Frétéval

1197

Milli raid and siege of Arras
Death of Richard; William supports John’s accession

1202

Renewed Capetian aggression; sieges of Arques and Mirebeau

1203

Murder of Arthur of Brittany and loss of Normandy

1205

William loses royal favour after refusing to serve overseas

1207

William withdraws to Ireland

1208

William’s knights fight proxy war against John’s Irish justiciar

1210

John’s Irish expedition

1211

John’s Welsh expeditions (x2)

1212

Plot to murder John; William rallies Irish barons to king

1213

William restored to favour

1214

Battle of Bouvines confirms Angevin loss of Normandy

1215

Baronial revolt; John issues Magna Carta
Civil war and siege of Rochester

1216

French invasion overruns south-east England
Death of John and accession of Henry III
William elected regent; reissues Magna Carta

1217

Battle of Lincoln: William destroys Franco-rebel army
Battle of Sandwich: French reinforcements intercepted at sea
Treaty of Kingston: French withdraw
Magna Carta: second reissue

1218

Restoration of order; siege of Newark

1219

William’s illness and death

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