Post-classical history

ENDNOTES

119

CHAPTER I

1 Cæsar, The Conquest of Gaul, translated by S. A. Handford, Penguin Classics, 1951.

2 History of England.

3 Collingwood and Myres, Roman Britain.

4 Op. cit.

5 Darby, Historical Geography of England, p. 42.

6 Antiquity, vol. i, p. 189.

CHAPTER II

1 Dio Cassius, chapter lx, pp. 19-20.

2 Ibid.

3 C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Twelve Cæsars, trans, by Alexander Thomson, revised by T. Forester.

4 Extracts from Tacitus’ Annals are from G. G. Ramsay’s translation; passages from the Agricola come from the translation of Church and Brodribb.

5 History of England, vol. i, p. 8.

CHAPTER III

1 An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome, iii, 24.

2 Written in 1939.

CHAPTER IV

1 Constantine of Lyons, a near contemporary biographer of St. Germanus.

2 See Sir Frank Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (1943), p. 3: “The silence of Gildas may suggest that the Arthur of history was a less imposing figure than the Arthur of legend. But it should not be allowed to remove him from the sphere of history, for Gildas was curiously reluctant to introduce personal names into his writing.” 3 Short History of the English People, p. 4.

CHAPTER VI

1 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, AD 866.

2 From The Vikings and their Voyages, by A. MacCallum Scott, “The Universal History of the World,” ed. J. A. Hammerton, vol. iv.

3 History of the Anglo-Saxons, vol. ii, p. 525.

4 Quoted in Hodgkin, vol. II, p. 524.

CHAPTER VII

1 Hodgkin, vol. ii, pp. 544-545.

2 F. Stenton, The Danes in England, 1927, p. 13.

3 Quoted in Hodgkin, loc. cit., vol. ii, pp. 565-566.

4 Quoted in Hodgkins, vol. II, p. 584.

5 Quoted in Hodgkin, History of the Anglo-Saxons, p. 609.

6 Ibid., p. 612.

CHAPTER VIII

1 Kendrick’s History of the Vikings, p. 259.

2 Ibid.

3 History of England, vol. i, p. 25.

4 From the Encomium Emma Regina, in Langebek, Scriptores Rerum Danicarum (1773).

5 From the Heimskringla of Snorre Sturlason.

CHAPTER IX

1 From the Heimskringla Saga, by Snorre Sturlason.

CHAPTER X

1 Written early in 1939.

2 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in English Historical Documents, vol. ii. (Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1953.)

CHAPTER XI

1 Douglas, Age of the Normans, p. 161.

2 Translated from Gesta Stephani, ed. Howlett, p. 99.

CHAPTER XII

1 Written in 1938.

CHAPTER XV

1 Taine.

CHAPTER XXI

1 Written in 1939.

CHAPTER XXV

1 Gesta Henrici V, English Historical Society, ed. B. Williams.

2 Chronicles of London, ed. C. L. Kingsford, p. 119.

3 History of England, vol. i, p. 84.

CHAPTER XXVIII

1 Gregory’s Chronicle.

CHAPTER XXIX

1 The Arrival of Edward IV.

2 J. R. Green.

CHAPTER XXX

1 More.

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