Post-classical history

Register of Proper Names

This Register of Proper Names is not a complete index to all the personal names that occur in the texts translated in this book. It is rather intended as a list of the complete forms of names of the most significant personages, corresponding with the name-form used in the translation, with a brief statement of identification. In general, if Usama has mentioned a person more than twice, he (there are no women that qualify) will be listed here.

‘Abbas Rukn al-Din ‘Abbas ibn Abi al-Futuh ibn Tamim ibn Badis. Murderous stepson of Ibn al-Sallar, who replaced him as vizier in the Fatimid court in Egypt.

al-Afdal Ridwan Al-Afdal Ridwan ibn al-Walakhshi. One-time vizier of Fatimid Egypt, he was exiled to Syria, where Usama tried to get him to ally with the Burids of Damascus against the atabeg Zangi. Instead, he returned to Egypt, where he was captured and imprisoned. After a daring escape, he raised a revolt, but was killed.

Ali ibn Abi Talib Cousin of the Prophet Muhammad and fourth of the ‘Rashidun’ or Rightly-Guided caliphs recognized by all Muslims. He was also the first of the imams recognized by all Shi’ite Muslims, and thus a figure of significant veneration. He was murdered in 661.

Baha’ al-Dawla Munqidh Baha’ al-Dawla Abu al-Mughith Munqidh ibn Murshid. Usama’s brother, he accompanied him to Damascus after his exile, and is known as an informant for some later historians of the era.

Baldwin Baldwin II of Le Bourcq. Participant in the First Crusade, count of Edessa (1100–1118) and later King of Jerusalem (r. 1118–31). Taken prisoner in 1123, he was billeted briefly at Shayzar while the terms of his ransom were negotiated.

Bohemond Bohemond I of Taranto. Leader of the Italian–Norman contingent of the First Crusade and prince of Antioch (r. 1099–1111). His son, known in the text simply as ‘the son of Bohemond’, reigned later as Bohemond II (1126–30).

Bursuq Bursuq ibn Bursuq was named governor of the Iranian province of Hamadhan and later made isbasalar or general over the Seljuk armies sent to counter the Franks in Syria in 1115 and was badly defeated at Danith. He died in 1116.

Dhakhirat al-Dawla Hittan Dhakhirat al-Dawla Abu al-Qana Hittan ibn Kamil ibn ‘Ali ibn Munqidh. Usama’s paternal cousin. In his later life, he became governor of Yemen for Saladin. He died in 1184. His name is sometimes read as ‘Khitam’.

Fakhr al-Din Shafi’ Fakhr al-Din Abu Kamil Shafi’. Usama’s uncle.

Fulk Fulk V, count of Anjou, Touraine and Maine. Later King of Jerusalem (r. 1131–43) through his marriage to Queen Melisende, daughter of Baldwin II. As King of Jerusalem, he interacted with Usama on numerous occasions.

al-Hafiz Al-Hafiz li-Din Allah, Fatimid caliph (r. 1131–49). Usama entered his service in 1144.

Ibn Butlan Yuwanis ibn al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdun ibn Butlan. Celebrated Baghdad-born, Christian physician (and theologian). He worked for Usama’s grandfather in the late 1050s and died in 1066.

Ibn Masal Najm al-Din ibn Masal. Fatimid vizier deposed by Ibn al-Sallar. He died in 1150.

Ibn Mula’ib Sayf al-Dawla Khalaf ibn Mula’ ib al-Ashhabi. Former governor of Homs, he was imprisoned by the Seljuks and, upon his release, was made governor of Apamea by the Fatimids. From there, he developed a taste for banditry and for harassing the Banu Munqidh at Shayzar. He was assassinated in 1106.

Ibn al-Munira Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad ibn Yusuf, known as Ibn al-Munira. Religious scholar born in Kafartab, but moved to Shayzar, where he worked as Usama’s tutor.

Ibn Ruzzik Abu al-Gharat Faris al-Muslimin al-Malik al-Salih Tala’i’ ibn Ruzzik al-Ghassani al-Armani. Fatimid vizier (1154–61).

Ibn al-Sallar Al-’Adil Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali ibn al-Sallar (or al-Salar). Fatimid vizier (1150–53). Stepfather of ‘Abbas, who had him murdered in 1153.

Il-Ghazi Najm al-Din Il-Ghazi ibn Artuq. Amir of the Artuqid dynasty, reluctant servant of the Seljuks and lord of Mardin and Nisibis. With Tughtakin, he joined in an alliance with the Franks against the Seljuk army, led by Bursuq in 1115. In 1118, he became lord of Aleppo and presided over the crushing defeat of the Franks at the Field of Blood in 1119. He died in 1122.

‘Izz al-DawlaAli ‘Izz al-Dawla Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Usama’s older brother. He moved from Shayzar to Damascus and accompanied him upon his exile to Egypt, settling at Ascalon to wage jihad against the Franks. He died in battle there in 1152.

‘Izz al-Dawla Nasr ‘Izz al-Dawla Abu al-Murhaf Nasr ibn ‘Ali ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Usama’s paternal uncle and former lord of Shayzar. He died in 1098.

Joscelin Joscelin I of Courtenay. Usama knew him as the lord of Tall Bashir, a fief in the county of Edessa, and he later became count of Edessa himself in 1119. He died in 1131.

Jum’a Abu Mahmud Jum’a al-Numayri. An Arab amir in the army of Shayzar, a famous local champion.

Kamil the Scarred Kamil al-Mashtub. A Kurdish amir in the army of Shayzar.

Khir-Khan ibn Qaraja Lord of Homs in Syria (r. 1118–29). Brother of Mahmud ibn Qaraja.

Layth al-Dawla Yahya Layth al-Dawla Yahya ibn Malik ibn Humayd ibn al-Mughith ibn Nasr ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. A cousin of Usama’s whom the latter mentions as a warrior at Shayzar in his youth.

Mahmud Troubled son of the hero Jum’ a.

Mahmud ibn Qaraja Shihab al-Din Mahmud ibn Qaraja, lord of Hama (r. 1118–23). A frequent foe and sometime ally of the Banu Munqidh of Shayzar.

Majd al-Din Murshid Majd al-Din Abu al-Salama Murshid ibn ‘Ali ibn Muqallad ibn Nasr ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Usama’s father (1067–1137).

Malik ibn Salim Shihab al-Din Malik ibn Shams al-Dawla Salim ibn Malik al-’ Uqayli, lord of Qal’ at Ja’ bar on the Euphrates. Not to be confused with his ancestor Najm al-Dawla Malik ibn Salim.

Malikshah Jalal al-Dawla Abu al-Fath Malikshah I ibn Alp-Arslan. Seljuk sultan (r. 1072–92). It was to him that Usama’s father travelled on his journey to Isfahan.

Mawdud Sharaf al-Din Mawdud ibn Altuntakin. Seljuk governor of Mosul. The sultan appointed him his general or isbasalar over the army sent against the Franks of northern Syria in 1111.

Mu’in al-Din Mu’ in al-Din Unur (or Anur, Anar). Vizier and atabeg for the Burid princes of Damascus and one of Usama’s early patrons. He died in 1149.

Nasir al-Dawla Kamil Nasir al-Dawla Kamil ibn Muqallad ibn Munqidh. Usama’s paternal cousin.

Nasr Nasir al-Din Nasr ibn al-’ Abbas. Fatimid amir, son of the scheming vizier ‘Abbas. Taken prisoner in 1154 while fleeing Egypt with his father and Usama. He was later executed in Egypt.

Nur al-Din Al-Malik al-’ Adil Nur al-Din Mahmud ibn Zangi. Son of the atabeg Zangi and heir to his lands in Syria. He captured Damascus in 1154 and became Usama’s patron when the latter returned to that city later that year. He died in 1174.

Qara Arslan Fakhr al-Din Qara Arslan ibn Da’ud. Artuqid lord of Hisn Kayfa and one of Usama’s later patrons. He died in 1167.

Ridwan Fakhr al-Mulk Ridwan ibn Tutush ibn Alp-Arslan. Seljuk lord of Aleppo. He died in 1113.

Roger Roger of Salerno. Frankish regent of the principality of Antioch (r. 1112–19). He defeated the Seljuk army under Bursuq at Tall Danith in 1115 but was himself defeated and killed at the Field of Blood in 1119.

Sadid al-Mulk ‘Ali ‘Izz al-Dawla Abu al-Juyush Sadid al-Mulk ‘Ali ibn Muqallad ibn Nasr ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Usama’s grandfather, the conqueror and first lord of Shayzar. He died in 1086.

Shihab al-Din Mahmud Shihab al-Din Mahmud ibn Taj al-Muluk Buri ibn Tughdakin. Burid lord of Damascus during Usama’s first residence there (r. 1135–9).

Sultan ‘Izz al-Din Taj al-Dawla Abu al-’ Asakir Sultan ibn ‘Ali ibn al-Muqallad ibn Nasr ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Usama’s uncle and lord of Shayzar during most of Usama’s life. His name should not be confused with the title ‘sultan’ given to Seljuk rulers. He died in 1154.

Tancred Nephew of Bohemund, regent of Antioch and Edessa and frequent foe of Shayzar. He died in 1112.

Timurtash Husam al-Din Timurtash ibn Il-Ghazi. Artuqid lord of Mardin and (briefly) Aleppo, and son of Il-Ghazi. He died in 1154.

Tughdakin Sayf al-Islam Zir al-Din Abu Mansur Tughdakin (also Tughtakin, Tughtigin), atabeg in Damascus and founder of the Burid dynasty. He died in 1128.

Usama ibn Munqidh Majd al-Din Abu al-Muzaffar Usama (also Usamah) ibn Murshid ibn ‘Ali ibn Munqidh al-Kinani. Author of the texts included in this book (1095–1188).

al-Yaghisiyani Salah al-Din Muhammad al-Yaghisiyani (also al-Ghisyani). Chamberlain, general and trusted amir of the atabeg Zangi, made governor of Hama. He was Usama’s commanding officer while in Zangi’s service.

al-Zafir Al-Zafir bi-A’ da’ Allah. Fatimid caliph (r. 1149–54), involved in various court intrigues during Usama’s service in Egypt.

Zangi ‘Imad al-Din Abu al-Muzaffar Zangi (also Zengi, Zanki, etc.) ibn Qasim al-Dawla Aq-Sunqur. Turkoman commander, atabeg of Mosul, later lord of Aleppo and northern Syria. Founder of the Zangid dynasty and Usama’s first patron. He died in 1146.

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