Post-classical history


Note: In line with the general readership at which this book is aimed, I have, wherever possible, cited an English translation of the source. If the reader wishes to track down a version in the original language these works will signpost such a text. If no English translation exists, I have cited a foreign language original or translation.

Abu Shama. “Le livre des deux jardins,” Recueil des historiens des croisades: Historiens orientaux, 5 vols. (Paris, 1872–1906), 4.

Aguilers, Raymond of: See Raymond of Aguilers.

Albert of Aachen. Historia Ierosolimitana: History of the Journey to Jerusalem, ed. and tr. S. B. Edgington (Oxford, 2007).

Alexander III. “Epistolae et privilegia,” in Patrologia Latina, ed. J. P. Migne, 221 vols. (Paris, 1844–64), vol. 200.

Allen, S. J., and E. Amt, (eds.). The Crusades: A Reader (Peterborough, Ontario, 2003).

Al-Maqrizi. A History of the Ayyubid Sultans of Egypt, tr. R. J. C. Broadhurst (Boston, 1980).

Al-Sulami. Kitab al-Jihad, tr. N. Christie, published online at

Ambroise. The History of the Holy War: Ambroise’s Estoire de la Guerre Sainte, ed. and tr. M. Ailes and M. C. Barber, 2 vols. (Woodbridge, 2003).

Andrea, A. Sources for the History of the Fourth Crusade (Leiden, 2000).

Anna Comnena. The Alexiad, tr. E. R. A. Sewter (London, 1969).

Anonymi auctoris chronicon ad A.C. 1234 pertinens, tr. A. Abouna (Louvain, 1974).

Barbaro, Nicolò: see Nicolò Barbaro.

Beha ad-Din ibn Shaddad. The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin, tr. D. S. Richards (Aldershot, 2001).

Bernard of Clairvaux. The Letters of St Bernard of Clairvaux, new edition, tr. B. S. James, introduction B. M. Kienzle (Stroud, 1998).

Bertrand de Born. The Poems of the Troubadour Bertrand de Born, ed. and tr. W. D. Paden Jr., T. Sankovitch, and P. H. Stäblein (Berkeley, 1986).

The Birth of Popular Heresy, tr. R. I. Moore (London, 1975).

Blois, Peter of: see Peter of Blois.

Bosau, Helmold of: see Helmold of Bosau.

Bresc-Bautier, G. (ed.). Le cartulaire du chapitre du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem (Paris, 1984).

Caen, Ralph of: see Ralph of Caen.

Caffaro: see J. B. Williams, “The Making of a Crusade: The Genoese Anti-Muslim Attacks in Spain, 1146–1148,” Journal of Medieval History 23 (1997), pp. 29–53, Caffaro’s text at pp. 48–53.

Carter, J. E. Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President (New York, 1982).

Chartres, Fulcher of: see Fulcher of Chartres.

Chios, Leonard of: see Leonard of Chios.

Choniates, Niketas: see Niketas Choniates.

Chrétien de Troyes. Arthurian Romances, tr. W. W. Kibler (London, 1991).

Christian Society and the Crusades, 1198–1229, tr. E. Peters (Philadelphia, 1971).

Chronicle of the Third Crusade: Itinerarium peregrinorum et gesta regis Ricardi, tr. H. J. Nicholson (Aldershot, 1997).

Clairvaux, Bernard of: see Bernard of Clairvaux.

Comnena, Anna: see Anna Comnena.

The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade, tr. P. W. Edbury (Aldershot, 1996).

The Conquest of Lisbon (De expugnatione Lyxbonensi), ed. and tr. C. W. David, with a new foreword and bibliography by J. P. Phillips (New York, 2001).

The Crusade Against Heretics in Bohemia, 1418–1437: Sources and Documents for the Hussite Crusades, tr. T. A. Fudge (Aldershot, 2002).

The Crusade of Varna, 1443–1445, tr. C. Imber (Aldershot, 2006).

Crusades: Idea and Reality, 1095–1274, trs. J. S. C. and L. Riley-Smith (London, 1981).

Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, ed. and tr. N. J. Tanner, 2 vols. (London, 1990).

Deuil, Odo of: See Odo of Deuil.

Devizes, Richard of: see Richard of Devizes.

Doukas, Michael: see Michael Doukas.

Eldridge, R. F. “The Crusaders’ Monument,” in The Carthusian (June 1916).

Eracles. “The Eracles Continuation of William of Tyre,” in Crusader Syria in the Thirteenth Century, tr. J. Shirley (Aldershot, 1999).

Freising, Otto of: see Otto of Freising.

Fulcher of Chartres. A History of the Expedition to Jerusalem, 1095–1127, tr. F. R. Ryan, ed. H. S. Fink (Knoxville, 1969).

Geoffrey of Villehardouin. “The Conquest of Constantinople,” translated in Joinville and Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, tr. C. Smith (London, 2008).

Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum: the Deeds of the Franks and the Other Pilgrims to Jerusalem, ed. R. Hill, tr. R. A. B. Mynors (London, 1962).

Gesta Stephani (The Deeds of Stephen), ed. and tr. K. R. Potter (London, 1955).

Gilmour-Bryson, A. (ed.). The Trial of the Templars in Cyprus: A Complete English Edition (Leiden, 1998).

Guibert of Nogent. The Deeds of God Through the Franks: Gesta Dei per Francos, tr. R. Levine (Woodbridge, 1997).

Guillaume de Machaut. The Capture of Alexandria, trs. J. Shirley and P. W. Edbury (Aldershot, 2001).

Gunther of Pairis. The Capture of Constantinople, ed. and tr. A. J. Andrea (Philadelphia, 1997).

Hagenmeyer, H. Die Kreuzzugsbriefe aus den Jahren 1088–1100 (Innsbruck, 1901).

Helmold of Bosau. The Chronicle of the Slavs, tr. F. J. Tschan (New York, 1935).

Holt, P. M. (ed. and tr.). Early Mamluk Diplomacy (1260–1290): Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun with Christian Rulers (Leiden, 1995).

Housley, N. (ed. and tr.). Documents on the Later Crusades, 1274–1580 (Basingstoke, 1996).

Hulegu Khan, letter to St Louis, 1262, P. Meyvaert, “An Unknown Letter of Hulegu, Ilkhan of Persia to King Louis IX of France,” Viator 11 (1980), pp. 252–59.

Ibn Abd al-Zahir. Baybars I of Egypt, tr. F. Sadeque (Dacca, 1956).

Ibn al-Athir. The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the Crusading Period, Part 2: The Years 541–589/1146–1193: The Age of Nur al-Din and Saladin, tr. D. S. Richards (Aldershot, 2007).

———The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the Crusading Period, Part 3: The Years 589–629/1193–1231: The Ayyubids After Saladin and the Mongol Menace, tr. D. S. Richards (Aldershot, 2008).

Ibn al-Furat. Ayyubids, Mamluks and Crusaders: Selections from the Tarikh al-Duwal wa’l-Muluk of Ibn al-Furat, ed. and trs. U. and M. C. Lyons and J. S. C. Riley-Smith, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1971).

Ibn al-Nafis. The Theologus autodidactus, ed. and tr. M. Meyerhof and J. Schacht (Oxford, 1968).

Ibn al-Qalanisi. The Damascus Chronicles of the Crusades, tr. H. A. R. Gibb (London, 1932).

Ibn Jubayr. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr, tr. R. J. C. Broadhurst (London, 1952).

Imad ad-Din. Conquête de la Syrie et de la Palestine par Saladin, tr. H. Massé (Paris, 1972).

Innocent III. Die Register Innocenz’ III, ed. O. Hageneder et al. (Vienna, 1964); The Deeds of Pope Innocent III by an Anonymous Author, tr. J. M. Powell (Washington, 2004).

———“Epistolae et privilegia,” Patrologia Latina, ed. J. P. Migne, 221 vols. (Paris, 1844–64), vol. 216.

Itinerarum peregrinorum et gesta regis Ricardi, tr. H. J. Nicholson (Aldershot, 1997).

Jacques de Vitry. Lettres, ed. R. B. C. Huygens, new edition (Turnhout, 2000).

James of Vitry: see Jacques de Vitry.

The Jews and the Crusaders, ed. and tr. S. Eidelberg (Madison, 1977).

John of Joinville. “The Life of Saint Louis,” in Joinville and Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, tr. C. Smith (London, 2008).

John Kinnamos. The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus by John Kinnamos, tr. C. M. Brand (New York, 1976).

John of Salisbury. Historia Pontificalis, ed. and tr. M. Chibnall (London, 1956).

Joinville, John of: see John of Joinville.

Kay, R. The Council of Bourges, 1225: A Documentary History (Aldershot, 2002).

Kinnamos, John: see John Kinnamos.

Kritoboulos, Michael: see Michael Kritoboulos.

Kuttner, S. and García y García, A. (eds.). “A New Eyewitness Account of the Fourth Lateran Council,” Traditio 20 (1964), pp. 115–78; translated in C. Fasolt, in Readings in Western Civilisation: Medieval Europe, eds. J. Kishner and K. F. Mori-son (Chicago, 1986), pp. 369–76.

Lane, E. W. An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians (London, 1860).

Lees, B. (ed.). Records of the Templars in England in the Twelfth Century: The Inquest of 1185, (London, 1935).

Leonard of Chios, in The Siege of Constantinople 1453: Seven Contemporary Accounts, tr. J. R. Melville-Jones (Amsterdam, 1972).

Lewis, B. (ed. and tr.). Islam: From the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople. Volume 1: Politics and War (Oxford, 1987).

Louis VII. “Epistolae,” Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, ed. M. Bouquet et al., 24 vols. (Paris, 1737–1904), vol. 16.

Machaut, Guillaume de: see Guillaume de Machaut.

Malmesbury, William of: see William of Malmesbury.

Matthew Paris. The Chronicles of Matthew Paris: Monastic Life in the Thirteenth Century, tr. R. Vaughan (Gloucester, 1984).

———The Illustrated Chronicles of Matthew Paris: Observations of Thirteenth-Century Life, tr. R. Vaughan (Stroud, 1993).

Mazzini, J. Mazzini’s Letters, tr. A. De Rosen Jervis (London, 1930).

Michael Doukas. The Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks, tr. H. J. Magoulias (Detroit, 1984).

Michael Kritoboulos. History of Mehmed the Conqueror, tr. C. T. Rigg (Princeton, 1954).

Michael the Syrian. Chronique de Michel le Syrien, patriarche jacobite d’Antioche (1166–1199), ed. and tr. J.-B. Chabot, 4 vols. (Paris, 1899–1910).

Michaud, J.-F., and J.-J. Pujoulet, Correspondance d’Orient, 7 vols. (Paris, 1833–35).

Miot, J. Memoirs of My Service in the French Expedition to Egypt and Syria (Paris, 1997).

Nasser, G. President Gamal Abdel-Nasser’s Speeches and Press Interviews 1958 (Cairo, 1959).

———President Gamal Abdel-Nasser’s Speeches and Press Interviews 1959 (Cairo, 1960).

Nersēs Snorhal. “Lament on Edessa,” tr. T. Van Lint, in East and West in the Crusader States II: Context, Contacts, Confrontations, eds. K. Ciggaar and H. Teule, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 92 (Leuven, 1999), pp. 49–105.

Nicolò Barbaro. Diary of the Siege of Constantinople, 1453, tr. J. R. Melville-Jones (New York, 1969).

Niketas Choniates. O, City of Byzantium: Annals of Niketas Choniates, tr. H. J. Magoulias (Detroit, 1984), p. 299.

Nogent, Guibert of: see Guibert of Nogent.

Odo of Deuil. The Journey of Louis VII to the East: De profectione Ludovici in Orientem, ed. and tr. V. G. Berry (Columbia, 1948).

“The Old French Continuation of William of Tyre,” in The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade, tr. P. W. Edbury (Aldershot, 1996), pp. 11–145.

Oliver of Paderborn, in Christian Society and the Crusades, 1198–1229, tr. E. Peters (Philadelphia, 1971).

Orderic Vitalis. The Ecclesiastical History, ed. and tr. M. Chibnall, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1969–80).

Osama bin Laden. Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama bin Laden, ed. B. Lawrence, tr. J. Howarth (London, 2005).

Otto of Freising. The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa, tr. C. C. Mierow (New York, 1953).

Paderborn, Oliver of: see Oliver of Paderborn.

Pairis, Gunther of: see Gunther of Pairis.

Paris, Matthew: see Matthew Paris.

Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the World War, 2 vols. (New York, 1931).

Peter of Blois. “Passio Reginaldi,” in Tractatus Duo, ed. R. B. C. Huygens, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 194 (Turnhout, 2002).

Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay. The History of the Albigensian Crusade, trs. W. A. and M. D. Sibly (Woodbridge, 1998).

Peters, E. (ed.). The First Crusade: “The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres” and Other Source Materials, second edition (Philadelphia, 1998).

Pius II. The Commentaries of Pius II, tr. F. A. Gragg (Northampton, 1937).

“Poem of Almeria,” translated in The World of El Cid, trs. S. Barton and R. A. Fletcher (Manchester, 2000), pp. 250–63.

Puylaurens, William of: see William of Puylaurens.

Ralph of Caen. The Gesta Tancredi of Ralph of Caen: A History of the Normans on the First Crusade, trs. B. S. and D. S. Bachrach (Aldershot, 2005).

Raymond of Aguilers. Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem, trs. J. H and L. L. Hill (Philadelphia, 1968).

Richard of Devizes. The Chronicle of Richard of Devizes of the Time of King Richard the First, ed. and tr. J. T. Appleby (London, 1963).

Rigord. Histoire de Philippe Auguste, ed. and tr. E. Carpentier, G. Pon, and Y. Chauvin (Paris, 2006).

Robert of Clari. The Conquest of Constantinople, tr. E. H. McNeal (New York, 1936).

Robert of Rheims. Robert the Monk’s History of the First Crusade, tr. C. Sweetenham (Aldershot, 2005).

Roger of Wendover. The Flowers of History, tr. J. A. Giles, 2 vols. (London, 1849).

Röhricht, R. (ed.). Regesta regni Hierosolymitani, 1098–1291 (Innsbruck, 1893).

Testimonia minora de Quinto bello sacro (Geneva, 1882).

Rothelin. Crusader Syria in the Thirteenth Century, tr. J. Shirley (Aldershot, 1999).

Russell, A. The Natural History of Aleppo, 2 vols. (London, 1794).

Sadat, A. Speech by President Anwar el Sadat to the Knesset, 20 November 1977 (Cairo, 1978).

Salisbury, John of: see John of Salisbury.

Scott, Walter. The Talisman (London, 1832).

The Seventh Crusade: Sources and Documents, tr. P. Jackson (Aldershot, 2007).

Sibt al-Jawzi. “Mirror of the Times,” translated in Arab Historians of the Crusades, tr. F. Gabrieli (Berkeley, 1969).

Šnorhali, Nersēs: see Nersēs Šnorhali.

Syrian, Michael the: see Michael the Syrian.

The “Templar of Tyre”: Part III of the “Deeds of the Cypriots,” tr. P. Crawford (Aldershot, 2003).

The Templars, trs. M. Barber and K. Bate (Manchester, 2002).

The Testament of Ayyub, unpublished translation by P. Jackson. See also C. Cahen and I. Chabbouh, “Le testament d’al-Malik as-Salih Ayyub,” in Bulletin d’Études Orientales de l’Institut Français de Damas 29 (1977), pp. 97–114.

Thomas Walsingham. Chronica Majora, trs. D. Preest and J. G. Clark (Woodbridge, 2005).

Toulmin-Smith, L. (ed.). The Earl of Derby’s Expeditions to Prussia and the Holy Land, 1390-139 and 1392–1393, Camden Society 52 (London, 1894).

Troyes, Chrétien de: see Chrétien de Troyes.

Tudela, William of: see William of Tudela.

Tyre, William of: see William of Tyre.

Usama ibn Munqidh. The Book of Contemplation: Islam and the Crusades, tr. P. M. Cobb (London, 2008). les Vaux-de-Cernay, Peter of: see Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay.

Villehardouin, Geoffrey of: see Geoffrey of Villehardouin.

Vitalis, Orderic: see Orderic Vitalis.

Vitry, James of: see James of Vitry.

Vonnegut, K. Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Children’s Crusade: A Duty Dance with Death (New York, 1969).

Walsingham, Thomas: see Thomas Walsingham.

Wendover, Roger of: see Roger of Wendover.

William of Malmesbury. Gesta Regum Anglorum: The Deeds of the Kings of England, ed. and tr. R. A. B. Mynors, R. M. Thomson, and M. Winterbottom, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1998–99).

William of Puylaurens. Chronicle: The Albigensian Crusade and Its Aftermath, trs. W. A. and M. D. Sibly (Woodbridge, 2003).

William of Tudela, in The Song of the Cathar Wars: A History of the Albigensian Crusade, tr. J. Shirley (Aldershot, 1996).

William of Tyre. A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, trs. E. A. Babcock and A. C. Krey, 2 vols. (New York, 1943); Latin text in Chronicon, ed. R. B. C. Huygens, 2 vols. (Turnhout, 1986).

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