Historie of the Arrivall of Edward IV in England and the Finall Recouerye of his Kingdomes from Henry VI. A.D. M.CCCC.LXXI. ed. J. Bruce (Camden Society, 1838).


‘Annales Rerum Anglicarum’ in The Wars of the English in France ed. J. Stevenson, vol. II, part 2 (Rolls Series, 1864).

Blood Red Roses:

V. Fiorato, A. Boylston and C. Knüssel (eds.), Blood Red Roses: The Archaeology of a Mass Grave from the Battle of Towton AD 1461 (Oxford, 2000).


Calendar of the Close Rolls.


G. Chastelain, Oeuvres ed. K. de Lettenhove, 8 vols. (Brussels, 1863–6).


P. de Commynes, Memoirs: The Reign of Louis XI 1461–83 tr. and ed. M.C.E. Jones (Harmondsworth, 1972).


Calendar of the Patent Rolls.

Crowland Chronicle:

The Crowland Chronicle Continuations 1459–86 ed. N. Pronay and J.C. Cox (Gloucester, 1986).


Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts … of Milan, ed. A.B. Hinds, vol. I (London, 1912).

English Chronicle:

An English chronicle, 1377–1461 ed. W. Marx (Woodbridge, 2003).


J. Gillingham, The Wars of the Roses (London, 1981).

Goodman, Military Activity:

A.E. Goodman, The Wars of the Roses: Military Activity and English Society, 1452–97 (London, 1981).

Goodman, Soldiers’ Experience:

A.E. Goodman, The Wars of the Roses: The Soldiers’ Experience (Stroud, 2005).

The Great Warbow:

M.J. Strickland and R. Hardy, The Great Warbow: From Hastings to the Mary Rose (Stroud, 2005).

Great Chronicle:

The Great Chronicle of London ed. A.H. Thomas and I.D. Thornley (London, 1938).


‘Gregory’s Chronicle’ in Historical Collections of a Citizen of London ed. J. Gairdner (Camden Society, 1876).

Grummitt, ‘Defence of Calais’:

D. Grummitt, ‘The Defence of Calais and the Development of Gunpowder Weaponry in England in the Late Fifteenth Century’, War in History 7 (2000).


E. Hall, Hall’s Chronicle ed. H. Ellis (London, 1809).

Hicks, Warwick:

M.A. Hicks, Warwick the Kingmaker (Oxford, 1998).

Holmes, Acts of War:

R. Holmes, Acts of War: The Behaviour of Men in Battle (London, 2003, c. 1985).

Hughes, Alchemy:

J. Hughes, Arthurian Myths and Alchemy: The Kingship of Edward IV (Stroud, 2002).


Ingulph’s Chronicle of Croyland Abbey ed. H.T. Riley (London, 1854).

Jones, Bosworth:

M.K. Jones, Bosworth 1485: Psychology of a Battle (Stroud, 2002).


D. Mancini, The Usurpation of Richard III ed. and tr. C.A.J. Armstrong (London, 1969).


The Paston Letters ed. J. Gairdner, 6 vols. in 1 (Gloucester, 1993, c. 1904).

Pollard, Warwick:

A.J. Pollard, Warwick the Kingmaker: Politics, Power and Fame (London, 2007).

Ross, Edward IV:

C.D. Ross, Edward IV (London, 1974).


C.L. Scofield, The Life and Reign of Edward IV, 2 vols (London, 1923).

Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles:

Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles ed. J. Gairdner (Camden Society, 1880).

Warkworth’s Chronicle:

A Chronicle of the First Thirteen Years of the Reign of Edward IV, by John Warkworth ed. J.O. Halliwell (Camden Society, 1839).


J. de Wavrin, Receuil des Croniques et Anchiennes Istoires de la Grant Bretaigne ed. W. Hardy, vol. V (Rolls Series, 1864–91).


Registrum Abbatiae Johannis Whethamstede Abbatis Monasterii Sancti Albani ed. H.T. Riley, vol. I (Rolls Series, 1872–3).

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