Post-classical history

Rimini, Golden Bull of

The basic charter of the lordship of the Teutonic Order in Prussia, issued by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and king of Sicily, at Rimini in central Italy.

The charter conferred on the order all territorial rights (concerning ground, water, forests, mining, customs, markets, taxes, coinage, safe passage, and jurisdiction, comparable to the privileges of the princes of the empire) over the territories still to be conquered from the heathen Prussians. Its date has recently been debated: though the charter reads March 1226, SylvainGouguenheim, drawing on studies by Tomasz Jasinski, has argued that the charter was renewed and changed in 1234/1235. Its importance is beyond question, and the order used it extensively in later disputes with the Prussian estates and Poland.

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II confirms privileges of the Teutonic Order and charges the order with the conquest of Prussia. Facsimile of the Golden Bull of Rimini, 1226. (Bildarchiv PreuEischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource)

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II confirms privileges of the Teutonic Order and charges the order with the conquest of Prussia. Facsimile of the Golden Bull of Rimini, 1226. (Bildarchiv PreuEischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource)

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