The end of a schism in 1177 enabled Pope Alexander III to call the Third Lateran Council. It met in March 1179, with more than 300 bishops from Europe and the Holy Land, as well as representatives of secular rulers, in attendance, and it adopted twenty-seven canons.
The council established the rule that papal elections would require a majority of two-thirds of the voting cardinals. Other canons provided for the selection and supervision of the clergy, reaffirmed the Peace and Truce of God, and condemned tournaments and the use of lawless mercenaries. Heresy and usury were condemned, and restrictions were placed on Jews and Saracens living in Christian lands. The council did not address the question of crusades directly, but it condemned those who provided materiel to Saracens.