1 August

Henry V lands at Touques to begin conquest of Normandy


9–20 September

Siege and formal surrender of Caen


29 May

Paris seized by Burgundians in a successful coup


29 July

Henry V lays siege to Rouen


19 January

Surrender of Rouen and Henry V’s formal entry into the city


11 June

Treaty of Pouilly: John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy, and the dauphin reconciled and agree to cooperate against the English


10 September

Meeting of duke of Burgundy and the dauphin on the bridge at Montereau-sur-Yonne Burgundy is assassinated by the dauphin’s men


21 May

Treaty of Troyes: Henry V recognised as heir and regent of France by Charles VI and the Burgundians


2 June

Henry V marries Katherine of France at Troyes



Henry V and Katherine sail for England; coronation of Katherine at Westminster Abbey


22 March

Battle of Baugé: English defeated by combined French and Scottish forces; duke of Clarence killed; John, earl of Huntingdon, and John Beaufort, earl of Somerset, captured



Henry V returns to France


31 August

Death of Henry V at Bois-de-Vincennes; accession of Henry VI as king of England; duke of Bedford becomes regent of France, duke of Gloucester protector of England


21 October

Death of Charles VI; Henry VI becomes king of France


17 April

Treaty of Amiens: triple alliance between England, Burgundy and Brittany; duke of Bedford and Arthur de Richemont to marry duke of Burgundy’s sisters


14 June

Bedford marries Anne of Burgundy at Troyes


31 July

Battle of Cravant: Anglo-Burgundian forces defeat Scottish-Armagnac army


26 September

Earl of Suffolk defeated at La Brossinière; his brothers William and John taken prisoner


17 August

Battle of Verneuil: duke of Bedford leads English to crushing defeat of Scottish-Armagnac forces; count of Aumâle and earl of Buchan killed; duke of Alençon captured


16 October

Duke of Gloucester begins military campaign to claim and occupy Hainault in the name of his wife, Jacqueline of Hainault; abandons campaign and returns to England in April 1425


8 March

Arthur de Richemont abandons the English alliance and becomes constable of France for the dauphin


7 October

Treaty of Saumur: alliance between Brittany and the dauphin



Duke of Bedford goes to England to broker peace between duke of Gloucester and Cardinal Beaufort


15 January

English declare war on Brittany


19 March

Duke of Bedford returns to France with major reinforcements


5 September

Lord Fastolf’s forces surprised and defeated at Ambrières


8 September

Duke of Brittany makes new English alliance, accepting the Treaty of Troyes


12 October

Earl of Salisbury lays siege to Orléans


3 November

Salisbury dies of injuries sustained at siege of Orléans


c.28 February

Jehanne d’Arc arrives at Chinon to see the dauphin


29 April

Jehanne enters Orléans with relief forces


8 May

English abandon siege of Orléans


12 June

Jehanne takes Jargeau by assault; earl of Suffolk captured


18 June

Battle of Patay: Armagnac forces defeat Talbot and Fastolf; Talbot, Scales and Rempston captured


17 July

Coronation of the dauphin as Charles VII at Reims


26 August

Jehanne and duke of Alençon take Saint-Denis


8 September

Jehanne and Alençon fail in assault on Paris; Jehanne wounded


6 November

Coronation of Henry VI as king of England at Westminster Abbey


c.24 November

Jehanne lays siege to La-Charité-sur-Loire but is forced to withdraw a month later


8 December

La Hire captures Louviers for Charles VII


7 January

Duke of Burgundy marries Isabella of Portugal, half-cousin of Henry VI


23 April

Henry VI and the ‘coronation expedition’ land at Calais


23 May

Jehanne d’Arc captured by Burgundians in sortie from Compiègne


9 January

Jehanne d’Arc’s trial begins at Rouen


30 May

Jehanne condemned to death and burned at the stake in Rouen


25 October

Louviers recaptured by English after five-month siege


2 December

Henry VI makes formal entry into Paris


13 December

Treaty of Lille: establishes six-year general truce between Burgundy and Charles VII


16 December

Henry VI crowned king of France in Notre Dame, Paris


29 January

Henry VI sails from Calais; he never returns to France


13 November

Death of Anne of Burgundy, the duchess of Bedford


27 November

English, Burgundian and French envoys meet at Auxerre for peace talks mediated by Cardinal Albergati



Mutiny of the Calais garrison


20 April

Marriage of the duke of Bedford and Jacquetta of Luxembourg


24 June

Bedford and Jacquetta sail to England



Duke of Bedford returns to France with an army of 1400



Popular revolt in lower Normandy; Caen besieged by rebels but they are repelled


6 February

Dukes of Burgundy and Bourbon sign preliminaries of peace and agree to meet again at Arras


7 May

Earl of Arundel mortally wounded and captured by La Hire at Gerberoy


12 June

Death of Arundel


12 August

English, Burgundian and French envoys attend peace conference at Arras


6 September

English envoys break off negotiations and leave Arras


14 September

Death of duke of Bedford at Rouen


21 September

Treaty of Arras: duke of Burgundy and Charles VII reconciled


28 October

French seize Dieppe; popular uprising in upper Normandy


25 November

French seize Harfleur, followed by much of the surrounding area


January – March

Popular uprising (Boschier revolt) in lower Normandy


13 April

French seize Paris



Richard, duke of York, appointed lieutenant-general of Normandy and leads expeditionary army there; the subsequent campaign, led by Talbot, safeguards Rouen and recovers Caux region


9–28 July

Unsuccessful Burgundian siege of Calais



Duke of Gloucester’s expedition for relief of Calais diverted into raid through Flanders


12–13 February

Talbot recovers Pontoise by surprise, launching year-long campaign that recovers most of Normandy – except Harfleur and Dieppe – and reopens the Normandy – Paris corridor


16 July

Richard, earl of Warwick, appointed lieutenant-general of Normandy but storms at sea delay his arrival until November


6 December

Minority government ends with Henry VI’s sixteenth birthday; beginning of his personal rule



Henry VI empowers ambassadors to treat for peace with France



John Beaufort, earl of Somerset, released in exchange for count of Eu


May – June

Peace conference at Vannes under presidency of duke of Brittany


14 January

Talbot recaptures Saint-Germain-en-Laye


30 April

Death of earl of Warwick at Rouen


July – September

Peace talks at Calais; no agreement is reached except Anglo-Burgundian commercial treaty


12 September

Meaux – last remaining English stronghold east of Paris – falls to French



John Beaufort, earl of Somerset, acting lieutenant-general, leads expeditionary army to France


April – September

Praguerie revolt against Charles VII


2 July

Duke of York appointed lieutenant-general of Normandy



Harfleur recovered by English after three-month siege



Release of Charles, duke of Orléans, prisoner since Agincourt, with objective of mediating peace between England and France



Duke of York arrives in Rouen at head of expeditionary army; relieves Pontoise


15 September

Évreux captured by French and never recovered by English


19 September

Pontoise taken by assault and never recovered by English


6 November

Duke of Gloucester divorced from Eleanor Cobham, who is convicted of sorcery



Talbot leads expedition recruited from England to recover Évreux, Conches, Louviers and Dieppe; unable to recruit sufficient men-at-arms so only recovers Conches (September)


1 November

Talbot builds bastille and lays siege to Dieppe



Earl of Somerset leads major expedition to wage ‘mortal war’ against French beyond the Loire; has extraordinarily independent powers and makes no contact with Norman government throughout


14 August

English bastille at Dieppe taken in assault by French; Somerset subsequently seizes Breton town of La Guerche



Somerset’s expedition abandoned, never having crossed the Loire


11 February

Earl of Suffolk authorised to conclude peace with Charles VII and leads embassy to Tours


24 May

Henry VI formally betrothed to Margaret of Anjou at Tours


1 June

Truce of Tours – a general two-year truce between England and France – begins, and will be prolonged as further concessions are made


22 April

Henry VI marries Margaret of Anjou at Titchfield Abbey



French embassy arrives in London to negotiate a final peace


22 December

Henry VI secretly undertakes to surrender Maine to René and Charles d’Anjou ‘on behalf of’ Charles VII


26 June

Arrest of Gilles of Brittany by his brother, the duke of Brittany, for conspiring with the English


24 December

Edmund Beaufort appointed lieutenant-general of Normandy to secure his assistance with surrender of Maine


23 February

Death of duke of Gloucester, five days after his arrest for alleged treason


11 April

Death of Cardinal Beaufort


27 July

Henry VI formally seals public agreement to surrender Maine


31 October

Conference at Le Mans: English captains and residents refuse to surrender Maine to French commissioners without compensation


16 March

English captains surrender Maine under protest, after Charles VII lays siege to Le Mans



Edmund Beaufort arrives in Rouen as lieutenant-general


24 March

François de Surienne captures Fougères in marches of Brittany on behalf of the English


13 May

Pont-de l’Arche seized in retaliation by French


23 May

Breton salt fleet, sailing under friendly flags, captured by English privateer


20 July

Verneuil betrayed to French


31 July

Charles VII formally declares war on the English and launches campaign for the conquest of Normandy


29 October

Edmund Beaufort surrenders Rouen after brief siege and takes refuge at Caen; most of Normandy now in French hands


1 January

English surrender Harfleur



Earl of Suffolk impeached for treason; banished for five years from 1 May



Sir Thomas Kyriell leads expeditionary army to recover Normandy; lands at Cherbourg and captures Valognes


15 April

Battle of Formigny: French inflict heavy defeat on English


2 May

Suffolk assassinated as sails into banishment


June – July

Jack Cade’s rebellion in England


1 July

Edmund Beaufort surrenders Caen to the French


12 August

Cherbourg, the last English stronghold in Normandy, surrenders to the French



French invasion of English Gascony


24 June

Surrender of Bordeaux


20 August

Surrender of Bayonne


17 October

Talbot launches campaign for recovery of Gascony and retakes Bordeaux


17 July

Battle of Castillon: French inflict heavy defeat on English and Talbot is killed. The only English possession now left in France is Calais

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