Post-classical history

List of Emperors Named in the Text

Constantine I, later called the Great, St Constantine

306–37

Constantius II

337–61

Julian, known as the Apostate

361–3

Valens

364–78

Theodosius I

379–95

Honorius, emperor in the West

395–423

Arcadius, emperor in the East

395–408

Theodosius II, emperor in the East

408–50

Valentinian III

425–55

Marcian

450–57

Zeno

474–91

Anastasius I

491–518

Justin I

518–27

Justinian I

527–65

Maurice

582–602

Phokas

602–10

Herakleios

610–41

Constans II

641–68

Constantine IV

668–85

Justinian II

685–95

Leontios

695–8

Justinian II (second reign)

705–11

Philippikos

711–13

Anastasios II

713–15

Theodosios III

715–17

Leo III

717–41

Constantine V

741–75

Leo IV

775–80

Constantine VI and his mother Irene

780–90

Constantine VI alone

791–7

Irene alone

797–802

Nikephoros I

802–11

Michael I Rangabe

811–13

Leo V the Armenian

813–820

Michael II of Amorion

820–29

Theophilos

829–42

Michael III with his mother Theodora as regent

842–56

Michael III alone

856–67

Basil I the Macedonian

867–86

Leo VI the Wise

886–912

Alexander

912–13

Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos with regency

913–20

Romanos I Lekapenos

920–44

Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos alone

945–59

Romanos II

959–63

Basil II with regency

963–76

Nikephoros II Phokas

963–9

John I Tzimiskes

969–76

Basil II alone

976–1025

Constantine VIII

1025–8

Romanos III Argyros, first husband of Zoe

1028–34

Michael IV, second husband of Zoe

1034–41

Michael V, adopted by Zoe

1041–2

Zoe and Theodora

1042

Constantine IX, third husband of Zoe

1042–55

Theodora alone

1055–6

Michael VI ‘the Aged’, husband of Theodora

1056–7

Isaac I Komnenos

1057–9

Constantine X Doukas

1059–67

Romanos IV Diogenes

1067–71

Michael VII Doukas

1071–8

Alexios I Komnenos

1081–1118

John II Komnenos

1118–43

Manuel I Komnenos

1143–80

Alexios II Komnenos

1180–82

Andronikos I Komnenos

1182–5

Isaac II Angelos

1185–95

Alexios III Angelos

1195–1203

Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II

1203–4

During the Latin occupation of Constantinople

Baldwin, count of Flanders

1204–5

Peter of Courtney

1217–19?

Baldwin II

1240–61

Rulers in Nicaea

Theodore I Laskaris

1204–1222

John III Vatatzes

1222–54

Theodore II Laskaris

1254–8

John IV Laskaris

1258–61

In Epiros

Michael I Doukas Komnenos

1205–15

Theodore I Doukas Komnenos

1215–30

Michael II Doukas Komnenos

1230–66/8

Nikephoros I Doukas Komnenos

1266/8–1296/8

In Trebizond

Alexios I Komnenos and his younger brother David
Komnenos (1204–12, ruler of Paphlagonia)

1204–22

Manuel I Megas Komnenos

1238–63

After the recapture of Constantinople

Michael VIII Palaiologos

1259–82

Andronikos II Palaiologos

1282–1328

Andronikos III Palaiologos

1328–41

John V Palaiologos

1341–91

John VI Kantakouzenos, rival emperor during the civil war

1347–54

Andronikos IV Palaiologos

1376–9

John VII Palaiologos

1390

Manuel II Palaiologos

1391–1425

John VIII Palaiologos

1425–48

Constantine XI Palaiologos

1449–53

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