Post-classical history

LIST OF POPES, 500–1500

A pope by definition is bishop of Rome. The date of the beginning of his pontificate is the date on which he became bishop of Rome. If the electee was already a bishop, he became bishop of Rome (and, thus, pope) at the time that he accepted election and not at the time of his subsequent coronation. If the electee was not a bishop, he became bishop of Rome (and, thus, pope) at the time of his consecration as bishop. It is this date that is preferred here. The pontificate ended with the death or, occasionally, with the resignation of the pope.

By convention some claimants are called anti-popes, where their claims have not been generally recognized by historians. Yet there will always be room for doubt. These anti-popes are listed in italics.

Symmachus, 498–514

Lawrence, 498–99; 501–06

Hormisdas, 514–23

John I, 523–26

Felix IV (sometimes III), 526–30

Dioscorus, 530

Boniface II, 530–32

John II, 533–35

Agapitus I, 535–36

Silverius, 536–37

Vigilius, 537–55

Pelagius I, 556–61

John III, 561–74

Benedict I, 575–79

Pelagius II, 579–90

Gregory I, 590–604

Sabinian, 604–6

Boniface III, 607

Boniface IV, 608–15

Deusdedit (also, Adeodatus I), 615–18

Boniface V, 619–25

Honorius I, 625–38

Severinus, 640

John IV, 640–42

Theodore I, 642–49

Martin I, 649–54

Eugenius I, 654–57

Vitalian, 657–72

Adeodatus II, 672–76

Donus, 676–78

Agatho, 678–81

Leo II, 682–83

Benedict II, 684–85

John V, 685–86

Conon, 686–87

Theodore, 687

Paschal, 687

Sergius I, 687–701

John VI, 701–5

John VII, 705–7

Sisinnius, 708

Constantine, 708–15

Gregory II, 715–31

Gregory III, 731–41

Zacharias, 741–52

Stephen II (sometimes III), 752–57

Paul I, 757–67

Constantine, 767–68

Philip, 768

Stephen III (sometimes IV), 768–72

Hadrian I, 772–95

Leo III, 795–816

Stephen IV (sometimes V), 816–17

Paschal I, 817–24

Eugenius II, 824–27

Valentine, 827

Gregory IV, 828–44

John, 844

Sergius II, 844–47

Leo IV, 847–55

Benedict III, 855–58

Anastasius, 855

Nicholas I, 858–67

Hadrian II, 867–72

John VIII, 872–82

Marinus I, 882–84

Hadrian III, 884–85

Stephen V (sometimes VI), 855–91

Formosus, 891–96

Boniface VI, 896

Stephen VI (sometimes VII), 896–97

Romanus, 897

Theodore II, 897

John IX, 898–900

Benedict IV, 900–903

Leo V, 903

Christopher, 903 – 04

Sergius III, 904–11

Anastasius III, 911–13

Lando, 913–14

John X, 914–28

Leo VI, 928

Stephen VII (sometimes VIII), 928–31

John XI, 931–35

Leo VII, 936–39

Stephen VIII (sometimes IX), 939–42

Marinus II, 942–46

Agapitus II, 946–55

John XII, 955–64

Leo VIII, 963–65

Benedict V, 964

John XIII, 965–72

Benedict VI, 973–74

Benedict VII, 974–83

John XIV, 983–84

Boniface VII, 974, 984 – 85

John XV, 985–96

Gregory V, 996–99

John XVI, 997 – 98

Sylvester II, 999–1003

John XVII, 1003

John XVIII, 1003–9

Sergius IV, 1009–12

Benedict VIII, 1012–24

Gregory VI, 1012

John XIX, 1024–32

Benedict IX, 1032–44; 1045, ?1047–48

Sylvester III, 1045

Gregory VI, 1045–46

Clement II, 1046–47

Damasus II, 1048

Leo IX, 1049–54

Victor II, 1055–57

Stephen IX (sometimes X), 1057–58

Benedict X, 1058 – 59

Nicholas II, 1058–61

Alexander II, 1061–73

Honorius II, 1061 – 64

Gregory VII, 1073–85

Clement III, 1080, 1084 – 1100

Victor III, 1087

Urban II, 1088–99

Paschal II, 1099–1118

Theodoric, 1100 –01

Albert, 1102

Sylvester IV, 1105–11

Gelasius II, 1118–19

Gregory VIII, 1118 – 21

Calixtus II, 1119–24

Honorius II, 1124–30

Celestine II, 1124

Innocent II, 1130–43

Anacletus II, 1130 –38

Victor IV, 1138

Celestine II, 1143–44

Lucius II, 1144–45

Eugenius III, 1145–53

Anastasius IV, 1153–54

Hadrian IV, 1154–59

Alexander III, 1159–81

Victor IV, 1159–64

Paschal III, 1164–68

Calixtus III, 1168–78

Innocent III, 1179–80

Lucius III, 1181–85

Urban III, 1185–87

Gregory VIII, 1187

Clement III, 1187–91

Celestine III, 1191–98

Innocent III, 1198–1216

Honorius III, 1216–27

Gregory IX, 1227–41

Celestine IV, 1241

Innocent IV, 1243–54

Alexander IV, 1254–61

Urban IV, 1261–64

Clement IV, 1265–68

Gregory X, 1272–76

Innocent V, 1276

Hadrian V, 1276 (never consecrated)

John XXI, 1276–77

Nicholas III, 1277–80

Martin IV, 1281–85

Honorius IV, 1285–87

Nicholas IV, 1288–92

Celestine V, 1294

Boniface VIII, 1295–1303

Benedict XI, 1303–4

Clement V, 1305–14

John XXII, 1316–34

Nicholas V, 1328 – 30

Benedict XII, 1335–42

Clement VI, 1342–52

Innocent VI, 1352–62

Urban V, 1362–70

Gregory XI, 1371–78

Rome

Avignon

Pisa

 

Urban VI (1378–89)

Clement VII (1378–94)

 

Boniface IX (1389–1404)

Benedict XIII (1394–1423)

 

Innocent VII (1404–06)

 

Alexander V (1409–10)

Gregory XII (1406–15)

 

John XXIII (1410–15)

Martin V, 1417–31

Clement VIII, 1423 – 29

Eugenius IV, 1431–47

Felix V, 1439 – 49

Nicholas V, 1447–55

Calixtus III, 1455–58

Pius II, 1458–64

Paul II, 1464–71

Sixtus IV, 1471–84

Innocent VIII, 1484–92

Alexander VI, 1492–1503

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