Post-classical history

CHRONOLOGY

c. 1420

 

birth of John Morton

c. 1430

 

birth of William Hastings

1443

May

birth of Margaret Beaufort

1447

 

birth of John de Vere, future Earl of Oxford

1450

May

murder of the Duke of Suffolk

 

June–July

Jack Cade occupies London birth of Jane Shore (christened Elizabeth Lambert)

1452

 

rebellion by the Duke of York

1453

August

Henry VI goes insane

 

October

birth of Henry VI’s son, Edward of Lancaster

1454

April

Duke of York appointed Lord Protector of England

 

Christmas

Henry VI regains his sanity

1455

February

Duke of York ceases to be Protector

 

May

first Battle of St Albans won by Duke of York

 

November

Duke of York appointed Protector again

1456

February

end of York’s second protectorate

1458

March

‘loveday’ at St Paul’s

 

November

attempt to murder the Earl of Warwick

1459

September

inconclusive Battle of Blore Heath

 

October

rout of Ludford: the Duke of York and the Earls of March, Salisbury and Warwick flee from England

 

November

Parliament of Devils outlaws the Yorkists

1460

June

Yorkist leaders land in Kent

 

July

Yorkist victory at Northampton

 

October

Parliament recognizes York as heir to the throne

 

December

York defeated and killed at Wakefield

1461

February

Yorkist victory at Mortimer’s Cross Lancastrian victory at second battle of St Albans

 

March

Edward IV proclaimed King in London

   

Yorkist victory at Towton

1462

 

execution of the Earl of Oxford and his son

   

Margaret of Anjou lands in Northumberland

 

December

Lancastrian garrisons surrender in Northumberland

1464

 

the Duke of Somerset rebels against Edward IV

 

May

Edward IV marries Elizabeth Woodville in secret

   

defeat of last Lancastrian army at Hexham

1465

July

capture of Henry VI in Lancashire

1468

 

Lancastrian plots – arrest of Earl of Oxford

1469

June

Robin of Redesdale rebels

 

July

the Duke of Clarence marries Warwick’s daughter Yorkist defeat at Edgecote

 

August

Edward IV confined at Middleham

 

September

Edward IV regains his freedom

1470

March

Sir Robert Welles’s rising in Lincolnshire rebels defeated by Edward IV at Losecote Field

 

April

Warwick and Clarence flee to France

 

July

Margaret of Anjou and Warwick are reconciled

 

September

Warwick invades the West Country Edward IV flees to Burgundy

1471

March

Edward IV lands in Yorkshire

 

April

Yorkist victory at Barnet – death of Warwick

 

May

Yorkist victory at Tewkesbury the Bastard of Fauconberg besieges London murder of Henry VI

1473

September

the Earl of Oxford occupies St Michael’s Mount

1474

February

the Earl of Oxford surrenders

1475

July

Edward IV invades France

 

August

Edward IV makes peace with Louis XI at Picquigny

1478

February

death of the Duke of Clarence

1483

April

death of Edward IV Richard, Duke of Gloucester’s first coup

 

June

Gloucester’s second coup – death of Lord Hastings

   

Gloucester proclaimed King coronation of Richard III

 

July?

murder of Edward V and the Duke of York

 

October

the Duke of Buckingham’s rebellion

1485

August

Henry Tudor lands at Milford Haven defeat and death of Richard III at Bosworth

1487

June

defeat of the last Yorkist army at Stoke

1489

April

rebellion in Yorkshire

 

December

the Abbot of Abingdon’s conspiracy

1491

autumn

Perkin Warbeck starts career as ‘Richard IV’

1492

spring

Warbeck received in France by Charles VIII

 

November

Warbeck received in Burgundy by Margaret of York

1493

November

Warbeck received in Austria by Maximilian I

1495

February

Sir William Stanley executed for conspiracy

 

July

Warbeck lands in Kent and Waterford

 

November

Warbeck received in Scotland by James IV

1496

September

Warbeck and the Scots invade Northumberland

1497

June

Cornish rebellion and Battle of Blackheath

 

September

Warbeck lands in Cornwall to start a rising

 

October

Warbeck surrenders in return for a pardon

1499

March

Ralph Wulford’s ‘conspiracy’

 

November

Warbeck and the Earl of Warwick executed

1500

September

death of Cardinal Morton

1509

April

death of King Henry VII

 

June

death of Lady Margaret Beaufort

1513

March

death of the Earl of Oxford

1527?

 

death of Jane Shore

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