Post-classical history

Picture section

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1. Edward the unsaintly neurotic

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2. Harold: a coin from his short reign

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3. Earl Godwin’s seal – symbol of dynastic power

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4. The Anglo-Saxon ‘equalizer’ was used only by the housecarls

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5. The Varangian Guard – often it decided the fate of Emperors

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6. Yaroslav: the Wise to the Russians, but the Miserly to the Norsemen

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7. A lugubrious Svein Estrithson stares out from one of his ‘pennings’

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8. St Olaf – the half-brother whose legend Harald Hardrada co-opted

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9. A Viking picture stone – the Northern version of Trajan’s column

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10. The Gokstad ship – a fine example of the longships that terrified Europe

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11. Viking armour – the missing element at Stamford Bridge

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12. Seal of William the Conqueror – even here the warhorse is all-important

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13. Norman knights – it was said they could knock down the walls of Jericho

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14. Norman propaganda at its apogee; Harold’s alleged oath to William

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15. For the invasion the Normans built ships – a new experience for them

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16. The Norman fleet at sea – they feared the Channel more than they feared the English

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17. By laying waste Hastings and its environs William forced Harold to an early battle

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18. The irresistible force and the immovable object: Norman cavalry collide with Saxon shield wall

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19. The Saxons lure the Norman horse into a trap

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20. Death of Gyrth and Leofwine. If Harold had been wise, his brothers would not have been at the battle.

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21. Death of Harold. Is he stricken with an arrow in the eye?

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