Abbreviations Used in Citations

AHR

American Historical Review

JAH

Journal of American History

JER

Journal of the Early Republic

OED

Oxford English Dictionary

WMQ

William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser.

Collected Works of AL

Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Roy P. Basler (Princeton, 1953)

Correspondence of AJ

Correspondence of Andrew Jackson, ed. John Spencer Bassett (Washington, 1926–35)

Freehling, Secessionists at Bay

William W. Freehling, The Road to Disunion, vol. I, Secessionists at Bay, 1776–1854 (New York, 1990)

Meinig, Continental America

D. W. Meinig, The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History (New Haven, 1986–2004), vol. 2, Continental America, 1800–1867

Presidential Messages

James D. Richardson, ed., Messages and Papers of the Presidents (Washington, 1901)

Remini, Jackson, I

Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire (New York, 1977)

Remini, Jackson, II

Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom (New York, 1981)

Remini, Jackson, III

Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy (New York, 1984)

TJ: Writings

Thomas Jefferson: Writings, ed. Merrill D. Peterson (Charlottesville, Va., 1984)

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!