Photographs

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The Beerhall Putsch defendants, gathered on the steps of Munich courthouse, April 1, 1924.

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Heinrich Brüning

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Franz von Papen

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Kurt von Schleicher, Weimar’s last pre-Hitler chancellors.

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Alfred Hugenberg (left), who with Hitler was leader of the Harzburg Front, 1931. Hugenberg was the titular head of the alliance, but Hitler was the dominant force behind the right-wing alliance.

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The first meeting of the Hitler cabinet on January 30, 1933. Only three Nazis were included, Göring (front left), Hitler, and Wilhelm Frick, Minister of Education (second row, standing between Göring and Hitler).

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Hitler and S.A. leader Ernst Röhm in 1933, when they were still allies. Hitler had him shot in the summer of 1934.

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Rabble-rousing Joesph Goebbels speaking at a propaganda rally 1932. Aside from Hitler, Goebbels was the party’s most popular speaker.

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Famous image of Hitler bowing to Reichspräsident Paul von Hindenburg on the Day of Potsdam, February 1933.

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Hitler reviewing the S.A. at Nuremberg, 1933 or 1934.

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The Reichstag Fire, the morning after, February 1933.

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Hitler, the “common man,” working at the groundbreaking of the Autobahn, 1933.

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Chief of the S.S. Heinrich Himmler in Russia in the summer of 1941.

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Reinhard Heydrich, Head of the Reich Security Main Office, Himmler’s second in command and architect of the “Final Solution.”

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Reichsmarshal Herman Göring; often seen as jovial and a bon vivant, this photograph captures the malevolence of his character.

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Hitler appears to dance with joy at the surrender of France, June 1940, Compiègne, France.

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Massacre of Jews at Babi Yar, in Ukraine, 1942. There the Germans murdered 33,000 Jews during a single weekend.

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The entrance ramp at Auschwitz, where the women and children were separated from able-bodied men and sent directly to the gas chambers. The men would be worked to death.

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Defeated German prisoners marching into captivity, Stalingrad, February 1943.

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Young Wehrmacht soldier weeps during the devastating defeat at Kursk, 1943. It was the last German offensive on the Eastern Front.

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Women, children, and old men were expected to defend Berlin and other cities against the onrushing Soviets.

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Proud recipient of the Iron Cross, March 1945, for his actions against Russian tanks in Berlin. He was twelve years old.

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