Modern history

The Modern Middle East: A History

The Modern Middle East: A History

In the wake of 11 September 2001, there has been much talk about the inevitable clash between "East" and "West." This book presents an alternative approach to understanding the genealogy of contemporary events. By taking students and the general reader on a guided tour of the past five hundred years of Middle Eastern history, this book examines how the very forces associated with global "modernity" have shaped social, economic, cultural, and political life in the region.

Introduction: 9/11 in Historical Perspective

Part I. The Advent of the Modern Age

Chapter 1. From Late Antiquity to the Dawn of a New Age

Chapter 2. Gunpowder Empires

Chapter 3. The Middle East and the Modern World System

Chapter 4. War, Diplomacy, and the New Global Balance of Power


Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (1)

Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (2)

Draft Treaty of Amity & Commerce between the Ottoman Empire and France, February 1535

The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies

Part II. The Question of Modernity

Chapter 5. Defensive Developmentalism

Chapter 6. Imperialism

Chapter 7. Wasif Jawhariyyeh and the Great Nineteenth-Century Transformation

Chapter 8. The Life of the Mind

Chapter 9. Secularism and Modernity

Chapter 10. Constitutionalism


Commercial Convention (Balta Liman): Britain and the Ottoman Empire

The Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhane

The Islahat Fermani

The d'Arcy Oil Concession

Algeria: The Poetry of Loss

Huda Shaarawi: A New Mentor and Her Salon for Women

Rifa‘a Rati' al-Tahtawi: The Extraction of Gold or an Overview of Paris

Muhammad ‘Abduh: The Theology of Unity

Namik Kemal: Extract from the Journal Hürriyet

The Supplementary Fundamental Law of 7 October 1907

Part III. World War I and the Middle East State System

Chapter 11. State-Building by Decree

Chapter 12. State-Building by Revolution and Conquest

Chapter 13. The Introduction and Spread of Nationalism

Chapter 14. The Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Dispute


Resolution of the Syrian General Congress at Damascus, 2 July 1919

Theodor Herzl: A Solution of the Jewish Question

The Balfour Declaration, 2 November 1917

Mahmud Darwish: Eleven Planets in the Last Andalusian Sky

Part IV. The Contemporary Era

Chapter 15. State and Society in the Contemporary Middle East: An Old/New Relationship

Chapter 16. Oil

Chapter 17. The United States and the Middle East

Chapter 18. Israel, the Arab States, and the Palestinians

Chapter 19. The Iranian Revolution

Chapter 20. Political Islam

Conclusion: The Middle East in the “Age of Globalization'


Speech Delivered by President Gamal ‘Abd al-Nasser at Port Said on the Occasion of Victory Day on 23 December 1961

Zakaria Tamer: Tigers on the Tenth Day

U.N. Security Council Resolution 242

‘Ali Shari‘ati: The Philosophy of History: The Story of Cain and Abel

Ayatollah Khomeini: Islamic Government

Sayyid Qutb: Milestones


Biographical Sketches