PHOTOGRAPHS

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FIG. I-ANONYMOUS: Queen Elizabeth. National Portrait Gallery, London

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FIG. 2—ATTRIBUTED TO ZUCCARO: Sir Walter Raleigh. National Portrait Gallery, London (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 3—ANONYMOUS: Robert Devereux, Second Earl of Essex. National Portrait Gallery, London (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 4—ANONYMOUS: William Cecil, First Lord Burghley. National Portrait Gallery, London

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FIG. 5—Burghley House, Stamford, England. British Information Services Photo

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FIG. 6—ANONYMOUS: Sir Philip Sidney. National Portrait Gallery, London

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FIG. 7—Middle Temple Hall, London. British Information Services Photo

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FIG. 8—The Signatures of Shakespeare. From E. K. Chambers, William Shakespeare, Oxford University Press, 1930

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FIG. 9—ATTRIBUTED TOP. OUDRY: Mary, Queen of Scots. National Portrait Gallery, London

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FIG. 10—CORNELIS BOEL: Title Page of the King james Bible, 2611.

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FIG. 11—CORNELIUS JANSSEN: Sir William Harvey. From Abraham Wolf, History of Science, Technology and Philosophy in the 16th and 17th Centuries, Macmillan Company

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FIG. 12—ANONYMOUS: Benjamin Jonson. National Portrait Gallery, London

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FIG. 13—PAUL VAN SOMER: Francis Bacon. National Portrait Gallery, London (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 14—SIMON VAN DE PASSE: Title Page of Bacon’s “Instauratio Magna,” 1620

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FIG:. 15—ANTHONY VANDYCK: King Charles I. Louvre, Paris

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FIG 16—ALESSANDRO ALLORI: Torquato Tasso. Uffizi, Florence

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FIG. 17—SASSOFERRATO: Pope Sixtus V. Lateran Gallery, Rome

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FIG. 18—GUIDO RENI: St. Joseph. Corsini Gallery, Rome

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FIG. 19-BERNINI: Tomb of Pope Urban VIII. St. Peter’s, Rome

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FIG. 20–TITIAN: Philip II. Prado, Madrid (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 21—The Escorial, Spain. Spanish National Tourist Office Photo

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FIG. 22—JUAN DE JUAREGUI: Cervantes (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 23—VELÁZQUEZ: Philip IV of Spain. The Frick Collection, New York

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FIG 24–EL GRECO: Burial of Count Orgaz. Church of Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain

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FIG. 25-EL GRECO: The Assumption of the Virgin. The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Nancy Atwood Sprague memory of Albert Arnold Sprague

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FIG. 26—VELÁZQUEZ: Pope Innocent X. Galleria Doria, Rome (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 27—VELáZQUEZ: Las Meninas. Prado, Madrid

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FIG. 28—VELáZQUEZ: Self-portrait. Detail from Las Meninas. Prado, Madrid (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 29—MURILLO: λ Beggar Boy. Louvre, Paris

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FIG. 30—AFTER CLOUET: Charles IX. Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

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FIG. 31—SCHOOL OF CLOUET: Catherine de Médicis. Louvre, Paris

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FIG. 32—CLOUET: Admiral Coligny. Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

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FIG. 33— Death Mask of Henry IV. From Benkard, Undying Faces, W. W. Norton & Co.

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FIG. 34— Michel de Montaigne. Musée de Condé, Chantilly (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 35—POUSSIN: Et Ego in Arcadia. Louvre, Paris

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FIG. 36—PHILIPPE DE CHAMPAIGNE: Cardinal Richelieu. Louvre, Paris

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FIG. 37—ATTRIBUTED TO WILLEM KEY: Duke of Alva. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 38—MICHIEL JANSZOON VAN MIEREVELT: William the Silent. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 39—SCHOOL OF RUBENS: Ambrogio Spinola. The Frick Collection, New York

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FIG. 40—RUBENS: Rubens and Isabella Brandt. Alte Pinakothek, Munich

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FIG. 41—FRANS HALS: The Laughing Cavalier. Reproduced by permission of the Trustees of the Wallace Collection, London

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FIG. 42—FRANS HALS: The Women Regents. Frans Halsmuseum, Haarlem

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FIG. 43—ANTHONY VANDYCK: Self-portrait. The Jules S. Bache Collection, 1949; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 44—REMBRANDT: The Artist’s Father. Mauritshuis, The Hague

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FIG. 45—REMBRANDT: The Artist’s Mother. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

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FIG. 46—REMBRANDT: Self-portrait. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna PAGE 487

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FIG. 47—REMBRANDT: Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp. Mauritshuis, The Hague (Bettmann Archive) PAGE 488

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FIG. 48— Queen Christina of Sweden. From F. W. Bain, Christina, Queen of Sweden: W. H. Allen & Co., London, 1890 PAGE 502

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FIG. 49—BASED ON A SKETCH BY VANDYCK: Gustaims Adolphus. Alte Pinakothek, Munich (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 50—JAN MATEJKO: King Stephen Bathory of Poland. From Stanislaw Witkiewicz, Matejko, Lwow, 1912

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FIG. 51—Shah Abbas the Great. From Sir John Malcolm, History of Persia, vol. i: John Murray and Longman & Co., London, 1815

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FIG. 52—Mosque of Sultan Ahmed, Istanbul. From Ulga Vogt-Göknil, Tü rkische Moscheen: Origo Verlag, Zürich, 1953

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FIG. 53—Masjid-i-Shah, Portal to Sanctuary, Isfahan. From Arthur Upham Pope and Phyllis Ackerman, Survey of Persian Art, vol. iv: Oxford University Press, 1958

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FIG. 54—Poet Seated in Garden. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

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FIG. 55 -Safavid Tile Wall Panels, probably from Palace Chihil Sutun in Isfahan. (ABOVE, BELOW, BELOW LEFT). Rogers Fund, 1903; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

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FIG. 56 —Persian Rug, from the Ardebil Mosque, Persia. Hewitt Fund, 1910;The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

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FIG. 57—ANTHONY VANDYCK: Wallenstein. Alte Pinakothek, Munich

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FIG. 58—SUSTERMANS: Galileo. Pitti Gallery, Florence (Bettmann Archive)

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FIG. 59—FRANS HALS: Descartes. Louvre, Paris

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