Modern history

Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II

Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II

Under laws enacted specifically to intimidate blacks, tens of thousands of African Americans were arbitrarily arrested, hit with outrageous fines, and charged for the costs of their own arrests. With no means to pay these ostensible “debts,” prisoners were sold as forced laborers to coal mines, lumber camps, brickyards, railroads, quarries, and farm plantations. Thousands of other African Americans were simply seized by southern landowners and compelled into years of involuntary servitude. Government officials leased falsely imprisoned blacks to small-town entrepreneurs, provincial farmers, and dozens of corporations—including U.S. Steel—looking for cheap and abundant labor. Armies of “free” black men labored without compensation, were repeatedly bought and sold, and were forced through beatings and physical torture to do the bidding of white masters for decades after the official abolition of American slavery.

The neoslavery system exploited legal loopholes and federal policies that discouraged prosecution of whites for continuing to hold black workers against their wills. As it poured millions of dollars into southern government treasuries, the new slavery also became a key instrument in the terrorization of African Americans seeking full participation in the U.S. political system.

Introduction: The Bricks We Stand On

PART ONE: THE SLOW POISON

Chapter 1. THE WEDDING

Chapter 2. AN INDUSTRIAL SLAVERY

Chapter 3. SLAVERY’S INCREASE

Chapter 4. GREEN COTTENHAM’S WORLD

PART TWO: HARVEST OF AN UNFINISHED WAR

Chapter 5. THE SLAVE FARM OF JOHN PACE

Chapter 6. SLAVERY IS NOT A CRIME

Chapter 7. THE INDICTMENTS

Chapter 8. A SUMMER OF TRIALS, 1903

Chapter 9. A RIVER OF ANGER

Chapter 10. THE DISAPPROBATION OF GOD

Chapter 11. SLAVERY AFFIRMED

Chapter 12. NEW SOUTH RISING

PART THREE: THE FINAL CHAPTER OF AMERICAN SLAVERY

Chapter 13. THE ARREST OF GREEN COTTENHAM

Chapter 14. ANATOMY OF A SLAVE MINE

Chapter 15. EVERYWHERE WAS DEATH

Chapter 16. ATLANTA, THE SOUTH’S FINEST CITY

Chapter 17. FREEDOM

EPILOGUE

NOTES

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY