Appendix E

ISRAELI POLITICAL PARTIES AND THEIR CHANGING BALANCE OF POWER

image

Israeli political parties are created, disappear, and merge with great frequency, so it can be difficult to monitor the relative fates of the major left- and right-wing blocs. Today’s two major groups, commonly called Labor and Likud, are the products of the mergers of the following parties, many of which are mentioned throughout this book.

THE RIGHT

• Herut: 1948–1965 (Menachem Begin’s party)

• Gahal: 1965–1973 (formed by a merger of Herut and the Liberal Party)

• Likud: 1973–Present (formed by a merger of Gahal, the Free Centre, the National List, and the Movement for Greater Israel)

THE LEFT

• Mapai: 1948–1968 (David Ben-Gurion’s party)

• Labor Alignment: 1965–1968 (formed by a merger of Mapai and Ahdut HaAvoda); Ben-Gurion broke off from Mapai and created the Rafi Party

• Israeli Labor Party: 1968–2014 (a merger of Labor Alignment and Rafi)

• One Israel: 1991–2001 (a merger of the Israeli Labor Party, Gesher, and Meimad, the latter a liberal, socially conscious religious party)

• Zionist Union: 2014–Present (a merger of the Israeli Labor Party and Hatnuah, a new party that had been formed by Tzipi Livni)

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!