Modern history

How the Scots Invented the Modern World: The True Story of How Western Europe's Poorest Nation Created Our World and Everything in It

How the Scots Invented the Modern World: The True Story of How Western Europe's Poorest Nation Created Our World and Everything in It

Who formed the first literate society? Who invented our modern ideas of democracy and free market capitalism? The Scots. As historian and author Arthur Herman reveals, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Scotland made crucial contributions to science, philosophy, literature, education, medicine, commerce, and politics—contributions that have formed and nurtured the modern West ever since.

Prologue

Part I: Epiphany

Chapter 1. The New Jerusalem

Chapter 2. A Trap of Their Own Making

Chapter 3. The Proper Study of Mankind I

Chapter 4. The Proper Study of Mankind II

Chapter 5. A Land Divided

Chapter 6. Last Stand

Chapter 7. Profitable Ventures

Chapter 8. A Select Society: Adam Smith and His Friends

Part II: Diaspora

Chapter 9. “That Great Design”: Scots in America

Chapter 10. Light from the North: Scots, Liberals, and Reform

Chapter 11. The Last Minstrel: Sir Walter Scott and the Highland Revival

Chapter 12. Practical Matters: Scots in Science and Industry

Chapter 13. The Sun Never Sets: Scots and the British Empire

Chapter 14. Self-Made Men: Scots in the United States

Conclusion

Sources and Guide for Further Reading