Modern history

BIBLIOGRAPHY

MEMOIRS AND WORKS OF LITERATURE

Adamova-Sliozberg, Olga, Put, Moscow, 1993

Aituganov, I. P., Krugi ada, Kazan, private publication, 1998

Akhmatova, Anna, The Poems of Akhmatova, ed. and trans. Stanley Kunitz and Max Hayward, Boston, 1967

Aksyonov, Vasily, Generations of Winter, New York, 1995

Aleksandrovich, Vadim, Zapiski lagernogo vracha, Moscow, 1996

Alin, D. E., Malo slov, a gorya rechenka, Tomsk, 1997

Amalrik, Andrei, Involuntary Journey to Siberia, trans. Manya Harari and Max Hayward, New York, 1970

Amster, Gerald, and Asbell, Bernard, Transit Point Moscow, New York, 1984

Andreeva, Anna, Plavanye k Nebesnomu Kremlyu, Moscow, 1998

Andreev-Khomiakov, Gennady, Bitter Waters: Life and Work in Stalin’s Russia, Boulder, CO, 1997

Anonymous, Ekho iz Nebytiya, Novgorod, 1992

Anonymous, Vo vlasti Gubcheka: Vospominania neizvestnogo protoiereya , Moscow, 1996

Antonov-Ovseenko, Anton, Vragi naroda, Moscow, 1996

Antsiferov, Nikolai, “Tri glavy iz vospominanii,” Pamyat , vol. 4, pp. 75–76

Armonas, Barbara, Leave Your Tears in Moscow, Philadelphia and New York, 1961

Astafyeva, Olga, V goda slepye: stikhi, Moscow, 1995

Bardach, Janusz (with Kathleen Gleeson), Man Is Wolf to Man: Surviving Stalin’s Gulag, London, 1998

Belousov, Viktor, Zapiski dokhodyagi, Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan, 1992

Belyashov, V. M., Zhizn pereselentsev na Urale, Severouralsk, 1991

Berger, Joseph, Nothing But the Truth, New York, 1971

Bershadskaya, Lyubov, Rastoptannye zhizni, Paris, 1975

Bondarevsky, Sergei, Tak bylo, Moscow, 1995

Borin, Aleksandr, Prestupleniya bez nakazaniya: vospominaniya uznika GULAGa, Moscow, 2000

Brodsky, Joseph, Less Than One, New York, 1986

Buber-Neumann, Margarete, Under Two Dictators, trans. Edward Fitzgerald, London, 1949

Buca, Edward, Vorkuta, trans. Michael Lisiniski and Kennedy Wells, London, 1976

Bukovsky, Vladimir, To Build a Castle—My Life as a Dissenter, New York, 1978

Burkhuis, L., Chuzhoi spektakl: kniga vospominanii, Riga, 1990

Buxhoeveden, Baronness Sophie, Left Behind: Fourteen Months in Siberia During the Revolution, December 1917–February 1919, London, New York, and Toronto, 1929

Bystroletov, Dmitri, Puteshestvie na krai nochi, Moscow, 1996

Cederholm, Boris, In the Clutches of the Cheka, trans. F. H. Lyon, London, 1929

Chetverikov, Boris, Vsego byvalo na veku, Leningrad, 1991

Chirkov, Yuri, A bylo vse tak, Moscow, 1991

Colonna-Czosnowski, Karol, Beyond the Taiga: Memoirs of a Survivor, Hove, Sussex, 1998

Czapski, Jozef, The Inhuman Land, trans. Gerard Hopkins, London, 1987

Czerkawski, Tadeusz, By-lem Zo-lnierzem Genera-la Andersa, Warsaw, 1991

Daniel, Yuli, Prison Poems, trans. David Burg and Arthur Boyars, London, 1971

Darel, Sylva, A Sparrow in the Snow, trans. Barbara Norman, New York, 1973

Djilas, Milovan, Conversations with Stalin, trans. Michael Petrovich, New York, 1962

Dmitriev, Helen, Surviving the Storms: Memory of Stalin’s Tyranny, trans. Cathleen A. McClintic and George G. Mendez, Fresno, CA, 1992

Dolgun, Alexander, Alexander Dolgun’s Story: An American in the Gulag , New York, 1975

Domaimageska, Les-lawa, Papiimageski, Marian, and the Małachovski family, Tryptyk Kaz-achstanấski, Warsaw, 1992

Dombrovsky, Yuri, Menya ubit khoteli, éti suki, Moscow, 1997

Dorogi za kolyuchuyu provoloku, vol. 3, Odessa, 1996

Dostoevsky, Fyodor, The House of the Dead, trans. David McDuff, London, 1985

Durasova, S. G., “Éto bylo strashnim sobytiem,” Istoricheskii Arkhiv, no. 6, 1999, pp. 69–84

Dvorzhetsky, Vatslav, Puti bolshikh étapov, Moscow, 1994

Dyakov, Boris, “Povest o perezhitom,” Oktyabr, no. 7, July 1964, pp. 49–142

Efron, Ariadna, Miroedikha, Moscow, 1996

———, Pisma iz ssylki, Paris, 1985

Efrussi, Yakov, Kto na “E?”, Moscow, 1996

Eizenberger, Andrei, Esli ne vyskazhus–zadokhnus, Moscow, 1994

Ekart, Antoni, Vanished Without Trace: Seven Years in Soviet Russia , London, 1954

Evstonichev, A. P., Nakazanie bez prestupleniya, Syktyvkar, 1990

Federolf, Ada, Ryadom s Alei, Moscow, 1996

Fehling, Helmut, One Great Prison: The Story Behind Russia’s Unreleased POWs, Boston, 1951

Fidelgolts, Yuri, Kolyma, Moscow, 1997

Filshtinsky, Isaak, My shagaem pod konvoem: rasskazi iz lagernoi zhizni , Moscow, 1997

Finkelberg, M. F., Ostavlyayu vam, Yaroslavl, 1997

Fisher, Lipa, Parikmakher v GULAGe, trans. Zelby Beiralas, Tel-Aviv, 1977

Fittkau, Gerhard, My Thirty-third Year, New York, 1958

Florensky, Sv. Pavel, Sochineniya, vol. IV, Moscow, 1998

Frid, Valery, 58–1–2: Zapiski lagernogo pridurka, Moscow, 1996

Gagen-Torn, Nina, Memoria, Moscow, 1994

Garaseva, A. M., Ya zhila v samoi beschelovechnoi strane, Moscow, 1997

Gessen, Masha, “My Grandmother, the Censor,” Granta 64, London, January 1998

Gilboa, Yehoshua, Confess! Confess!, trans. Dov Ben Aba, Boston and Toronto, 1968

Ginzburg, Evgeniya, Journey into the Whirlwind [Krutoi marshrut ], trans. Paul Stevenson and Max Hayward, New York, 1967

———, Within the Whirlwind [Krutoi marshrut , Part II], trans. Ian Boland, New York and London, 1981

Ginzburg, Lidiya, Blockade Diary, trans. Alan Meyers, London, 1995

Gizatulin, R. Kh., Nas bylo mnogo na chelne, Moscow, 1993

Gliksman, Jerzy, Tell the West, New York, 1948

Gnedin, Evgeny, Vykhod iz labirinta, Moscow, 1994

Golitsyn, Kirill, Zapiski Knyazya Kirilla Nikolaevicha Golitsyna, Moscow, 1997

Golitsyn, Sergei, Zapiski utselevshego, Moscow, 1990

Gorbachev, Mikhail, Memoirs, New York, 1996

Gorbatov, Aleksandr, Years Off My Life, trans. Gordon Clough and Anthony Cash, London, 1964

Gorchakov, Genrikh, L–1–105: Vospominaniya, Jerusalem, 1995

———, Sudboi nalozhenniye tseli, Jerusalem, 1997

Gordeeva, Valeriya, Rasstrel cherez poveshenie, Moscow, 1995

Gorky, Maxim, Sobranie sochinenii, Moscow, 1962

Grachev, Yu. S. V., Irodovoi bezdne: vospominaniya o perezhitom, Moscow, 1993

Gross, Jan Tomasz, and Grudzinska-Gross, Irena, eds., War Through Children’s Eyes, Stanford, CA, 1981

Guberman, Igor, Shtrikhi i portrety, Moscow, 1994

Herling, Gustav, A World Apart, trans. Andrzej Ciolkosz, London, 1951

Ievleva, Valentina, Neprichesannaya zhizn, Moscow, 1994

Imet silu pomnit, Moscow, 1991

Intaliya, Moscow, 1995

Ioffe, Mariya, Odna noch, New York, 1978

Ishutina, Elena, Narym: dnevnik ssylnoi, New York, 1965

Izgoev, Aleksandr, “Pyat let v sovetskoi Rossii,” Arkhiv Russkoi Revolyutsii, vol. X, Berlin, 1923

Joffe, Nadezhda, Back in Time: My Life, My Fate, My Epoch [Vremya nazad ], trans. Frederick S. Choate, Oak Park, MI, 1995

Kalachev, Konstantin, V kruge tretem, Moscow, 1999

Kaminsky, R. I., Minuvshee prokhodit predo mnoyu, Moscow, 1955

Kaufman, A. I., Lagernyi vrach, Tel Aviv, 1973

Kekushev, N. L., Zveriada, Moscow, 1991

Kersnovskaya, Evfrosiniya, Naskalnaya zhivopis, Moscow, 1991

Khrushchev, Nikita, Khrushchev Remembers, trans. Strobe Talbott, London, 1970

Kitchin, George, Prisoner of the OGPU, London, New York, and Toronto, 1935

Klein, Alexander, Ditya smerti, Syktyvkar, 1993

———, Odin sredi odinokikh, Syktyvkar, 1995

———, Ulybki nevoli, Syktyvkar, 1997

Klementev, V. F., V Bolshevitskoi Moskve, Moscow, 1998

Klinger, A., “Solovetskaya katorga: zapiski bezhavshego,” Arkhiv Russkoi Revolyutsii, vol. XIX, Berlin, 1929

Kmiecik, Jerzy, A Boy in the Gulag, London, 1983

Kopelev, Lev, To Be Preserved Forever [Khranit Vechno, Ann Arbor, MI, 1975], trans. Anthony Austin, Philadelphia and New York, 1977

Korallov, Marlen, “Kartserok—ne khuzhe drugikh,” Moskovskii Komsomolets, September 11, 1993

Korol, M. M., Odisseya razvedchika, Moscow, 1999

Kovalchuk-Koval, I. K. Svidanie s pamyatyu, Moscow, 1996

Kozhina, Elena, Through the Burning Steppe: A Memoir of Wartime Russia , 1942–43, New York, 2000

Krapivsky, Semen, Trizhdy rozhdennyi, Tel-Aviv, 1976

Krasnopevtsev, Yuri, Rekviem razluchennym i pavshim Stalinskoi repressii , Yaroslavl, 1992

Kravchenko, Viktor, I Chose Freedom, London, 1947

Kress, Vernon, Zekameron XX veka, Moscow, 1992

Krzysztoimage, Jerzy, Wielb-lad na Stepie, Warsaw, 1982

Kudryavtsev, F. F., Primechaniya k ankete, Moscow, 1990

Kusurgashev, G. D., Prizraki Kolymskogo zolota, Voronezh, 1995

Kuts, V., Poedinok s sudboi, Moscow, 1999

Kuusinen, Aino, The Rings of Destiny, trans. Paul Stevenson, New York, 1974

Kuznetsov, Edward, Prison Diaries, trans. Howard Spier, New York, 1973

Larina, Anna, This I Cannot Forget: The Memoirs of Nikolai Bukharin’s Widow, trans. Gary Kern, New York and London, 1993

Leipman, Flora, The Long Journey Home, London, 1987

Levi, Primo, If This Is a Man, London, 1987

Levinson, Galina, ed., Vsya nasha zhizn, Moscow, 1996

Levitin-Krasnov, A. E., Ruk tvoikh zhar, Tel-Aviv, 1979

Likhachev, Dmitri, Kniga bespokoistv, Moscow, 1991

———, Vospominania, St. Petersburg, 1995

Lipper, Elinor, Eleven Years in Soviet Prison Camps, trans. Richard and Clara Winston, London, 1951

Litovtsi i Ledovitogo okeana, Yakutsk, 1995

Lockhart, R. Bruce, Memoirs of a British Agent, London and New York, 1932

Maevskaya, Irina, Volnoe poselenie, Moscow, 1993

Maksimovich, M., Nevolnye Sravneniya, London, 1982

Malsagov, S. A., Island Hell: A Soviet Prison in the Far North, trans. F. H. Lyon, London, 1926

Mamaeva, E. A., Zhizn prozhit, Moscow, 1998

Mandelstam, Nadezhda, Hope Against Hope, trans. May Hayward, New York, 1999

Mandelstam, Osip, Stekla vechnosti (collected poems), Moscow, 1999

Marchenko, Anatoly, My Testimony, trans. Michael Scammel, London, 1969

———, To Live Like Everyone, trans. Paul Goldberg, London, 1989

Matlock, Jack, Autopsy on an Empire, New York, 1995

Mazus, Izrail, Gde ty byl?, Moscow, 1992

Medvedev, Nikolai, Uznik GULAGa, St. Petersburg, 1991

Menshagi, V. G., Vospominaniya, Paris, 1988

Milyutina, T. P., Lyudi moyei zhizni, Tartu, 1997

Mindlin, M. B., Anfas i profil, Moscow, 1999

Mirek, Alfred, Tyuremnyi rekviem, Moscow, 1997

———, Zapiski zaklyuchennogo, Moscow, 1989

Morozov, Alexander, Devyat stupenei v nebytie, Saratov, 1991

Mukhina-Petrinskaya, V., Na ladoni sudby, Saratov, 1990

My iz Gulaga (anthology), Odessa, 1990

Myśliwski, Wiesław, ed., Wschodnie Losy Polaków, vols. 1–6, Lomza, 1991

Narinsky, A. S., Vospominaniya glavnogo bukhgaltera GULAGa, St. Petersburg, 1997

———, Vremya tyazhkikh potryasenii, St. Petersburg, 1993

Nazvat poimenno (anthology), Gorky, 1990

Nekipelov, Viktor, Institute of Fools, trans. Marco Carynnyk and Marta Horban, London, 1980

Nikolskaya, Anna, Peredai dalshe, Alma-Ata, 1989

Noble, John, I Was a Slave in Russia, New York, 1960

Numerov, Nikolai, Zolotaya zvezda GULAGa: mezhdu zhiznyu i smertyu, Moscow, 1995

Okunevskaya, Tatyana, Tatyanin den, Moscow, 1998

Olitskaya, Elinor, Moi vospominaniya, vols. I and II, Frankfurt am Main, 1971

Orlov, Alexander, Tainye istorii stalinskikh prestuplenii, New York, 1983

Pamyat Kolymy, Magadanskoe, 1990

Panin, Dmitri, The Notebooks of Sologdin, New York, 1973

Pashnin, Evgeny, “Venchannye kolyuchie provoloki,” Vybor , Moscow, January–March 1988, no. 3

Petrov, Vladimir, It Happens in Russia, London, 1951

Petrus, K., Uzniki kommunizma, Moscow, 1996

Petyla-2: vospominaniya, ocherki, dokumenty, Volgograd, 1994

Pogodin, Nikolai, “Aristokraty,” Pyesy sovetskikh pisatelei , Moscow, 1954, pp. 109–83

Pol, I. L., Oglyanus so skorbyu, 1991

Polak, L. S., Bylo tak, Ocherki, Moscow, 1996

Polonsky, V. V., “Doroga v pyat let v Kazakhstan i obratno,” Istochnik, 1/1996, pp. 66–77

Pomerants, Grigorii, Zapiski gadkogo utenka, Moscow, 1998

Porshneva, G. I., Ya vse zhe zhiv, Moscow, 1990

Pryadilov, Aleksei, Zapiski kontrrevolyutsionera, Moscow, 1999

Ptasnik, Zofia, “A Polish Woman’s Daily Struggle to Survive,” The Sarmatian Review, vol. XXI, no. 1, January 2002, pp. 846–54

Ratushinskaya, Irina, Grey Is the Colour of Hope, trans. Alyona Kojevnikov, London, 1988

Rawicz, Slavomir, The Long Walk, New York, 1984

Razgon, Lev, True Stories [Nepridumannoe, Moska, 1989], trans. John Crowfott, Dana Point, CA, 1997

Reshetovskaya, Natalya, Sanya: My Life with Alexander Solzhenitsyn, trans. Elena Ivanhoff, Indianapolis, 1975.

Robinson, Robert, Black on Red: My 44 Years Inside the Soviet Union, Washington, D.C., 1988

Roeder, Bernhard, Katorga: An Aspect of Modern Slavery, trans. Lionel Kochan, London, 1958

Romanov, Grand Duke Gavril Konstantinovich, V mramornom dvortse, Dusseldorf, 1993

Rosenberg, Suzanne, A Soviet Odyssey, Toronto, 1988

Rossi, Jacques, Qu’elle Etait Belle Cette Utopie, Paris, 1997

Rotfort, M. S., Kolyma—krugi ada, 1991

Rozina, Anna, U pamyati v gostyakh, St. Petersburg, 1992

Rozsas, Janos, “Iz Knigi ‘Sestra Dusya,’” Volya, 2–3, 1994,

Ruta, U., Bozhe kak eshche khotelos zhit, London, 1989

Sadunaite, Nijole, A Radiance in the Gulag, trans. Revd Casimir Pugevicius and Marian Skabeikis, Manassas, VA, 1987

Samsonov, V. A. Parus Podnimayu, Petrozavodsk, 1993

———, Zhizn prodolzhaetsya, Petrozavodsk, 1990

Serebryakova, Galina, Huragan, trans. Josef Labodowski, Paris, 196

Sgovio, Thomas, Dear America, Kenmore, NY, 1979

Shalamov, Varlam, Kolyma Tales, London, 1994

———, Neskolko moikh zhiznei, Moscow, 1996

Sharansky, Natan, Fear No Evil, trans. Stefani Hoffman, London, 1988

Shelest, Georgy, “Kolymskie zapisi,” Znamya, no. 9, September 1964, pp. 162–80

Shikheeva-Gaister, Inna, Semeinaya khronika vremen kulta lichnosti, Moscow, 1998

Shipovskaya, E. A., Ispoved rytsarya sveta, Moscow, 1998

Shiryaev, Boris, Neugasimaya lampada, Moscow, 1991

Shreider, Mikhail, NKVD iznutri, Moscow, 1995

Siemiimageski, Janusz, Moja Ko-lyma, Warsaw, 1995

Sitko, Leonid, Gde moi veter?, Moscow, vol. VIII, Moscow, 1996

———, Tyazhest sveta, Moscow, 1996

Smith, C. A., Escape from Paradise, London, 1954

Snegov, Sergei, Yazyk, kotoryi nenavidit, Moscow, 1991

Solzhenitsyn, Alexander, Cancer Ward, trans. Nicholas Bethell and David Burg, New York, 1995

———, The Gulag Archipelago, 3 vols., New York, 1973

———, The First Circle, London, 1996

———, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, trans. H. T. Willetts, London, 1996

Sred drugikh imen (poetry anthology), Moscow, 1991

Stajner, Karlo, Seven Thousand Days in Siberia, Edinburgh, 1988

Starostin, Nikolai, Futbol skvoz gody, Moscow, 1992

Stypułkowski, Zbigniew, Invitation to Moscow, London, 1951

Sulimov, Ivan, Ékho prozhitykh let, Odessa, 1997

Taylor-Terlecka, Nina, ed., Gulag Polskich Poetów: od Komi do Ko-lymy (poetry anthology), London, 2001

Tchernavin, Tatiana, Escape from the Soviets, New York, 1934

Tchernavin, Vladimir, I Speak for the Silent, Boston and New York, 1935

Tiif, O., “Iz vospominanii i zametok, 1939–1969,” Minuvshee, vol. 7, 1992, p. 125

Tolstoy, Leo, Anna Karenina, trans. Rosemary Edmund, London, 1978

Trubetskoi, Andrei, Puti neispovedimy, Moscow, 1997

Trubetskoi, Sergei, Minuvshee, Moscow, 1991

Tvardovsky, I. I., Rodina i chuzhbina, Smolensk, 1996

Ulyanovskaya, Nadezhda and Maya, Istoriya odnoi semyi, New York, 1982

Uroki Gneva i lyubvi: sbornik vospominanii o godakh repressii, St. Petersburg, 1993

Vardi, Alexander, Podkonvoiny mir, Berlin, 1971

Veselovsky, B. V., Skrytaya biografiya, Moscow, 1996

Vesyolaya, Zayara, 7–35 Vospominaniya, Moscow, 1990

Vilensky, Simeon, et al., Deti Gulaga: 1918–1956, Moscow, 2002

Vilensky, Simeon, ed., Osventsim bez pechei, Moscow, 1996

———, Till My Tale Is Told [Dodnes tyagoteet , Moscow, 1989], Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN, 1999

Vins, Georgy, Evangelie v uzakh, Kiev, 1994

Vitzhum, Hilda, Torn Out By the Roots, trans. Paul Schach, Lincoln, NB, and London, 1993

Vogeler, Robert, I Was Stalin’s Prisoner, New York, 1951

Vogelfanger, Isaac, Red Tempest: The Life of a Surgeon in the Gulag , Montreal, 1996

Voitolovskaya, Adda, Po sledam sudby moego pokoleniya, Syktyvkar, 1991

Volkov, Oleg, Vek nadezhd i krushenii, Moscow, 1990

Vremya i sudby (anthology), Moscow, 1991

Wat, Alexander, My Century: The Odyssey of a Polish Intellectual, ed. and trans. Richard Lourie, Berkeley, CA, 1988

Waydenfeld, Stefan, The Ice Road, Edinburgh and London, 1999

Weissberg, Alexander, Conspiracy of Silence, London, 1952

Wigmans, Johan, Ten Years in Russia and Siberia, trans. Arnout de Waal, London, 1964

Wu, Harry, Bitter Winds, New York, 1994

Yakir, Pyotr, A Childhood in Prison, New York, 1973

Yakovenko, M. M., Agnessa, Moscow, 1997

Yasnyi, V. K., God rozhdeniya—devyatsot semnadtsatyi, Moscow, 1997

Yevtushenko, Yevgeny, Strofi Veka: Antologiya Russkoi Poezii, Minsk and Moscow, 1995

Zabolotsky, N. A., “Istoriya moego zaklyucheniya,” Minuvshee , vol. 2, 1986

Zajdlerowa, Zoe, The Dark Side of the Moon, ed. John Coutouvidis and Thomas Lane, London, 1989

Zaród, Kazimierz, Inside Stalin’s Gulag, Lewes, Sussex, 1990

Zernova, Ruf, Éto bylo pri nas, Jerusalem, 1988

Zhenov, Georgy, Sanochki, Moscow, 1997

Zhigulin, Anatoly, Chernye kamni, Moscow, 1996

Znamenskaya, A. N., Vospominaniya, St. Petersburg, 1997

UNPUBLISHED MEMOIRS

Baitalsky, Mikhail, Memorial Archive, 2/1/8

Bien, George, Hoover Institution

Cherkhanov, P. D., Memorial Archive, 2/1/127

Feldgun, Georgy, collection of Novosibirsk Memorial

Gogua, I. K., Memorial Archive, 1/3/18

Gursky, K. P., Memorial Archive, 2/1/14–17

Kogan, Mark, Memorial Archive, 2/2/46–7

Kuperman, Yakov, M., Memorial Archive, 2/1/77

Lahti, Suoma Laine, collection of Reuben Rajala

Lvov, E. M., Memorial Archive, 2/1/84

Marchenko, Zoya, in the author’s collection

Martyukhin, Lev Nikoaevich, collection of Simeon Vilensky (Vozvrashchenie)

Neapolitanskaya, V. S., Memorial Archive, 3/3/39

Sandratskaya, Mariya, Memorial Archive, 2/105/1

Shreider, M. P., Memorial Archive, 2/2/100–2

Torbin, S. S., Memorial Archive, 2/2/91

Usova, Zinaida, Memorial Archive, 2/1/118

Warwick, Walter, collection of Reuben Rajala

Zgornicki, George Victor, tape sent to the author, April 1998

WORKS OF REFERENCE

Abramkin, V. F., and Chesnokova, V. F., Ugolovnaya Rossiya, tyurmi i lagerya, vol. I, Moscow, 1993

Adams, Bruce, The Politics of Punishment: Prisoner Reform in Russia, 1863–1917, DeKalb, IL, 1996

Adler, Nanci, The Gulag Survivor, New Brunswick, NJ, 2002

Agnew, Jeremy, and McDermott, Kevin, The Comintern, New York, 1997

Alekseeva, Lyudmila, Istoriya inakomysliya v SSSR, Moscow (online at www.memo. ru/history /diss/books)

Amis, Martin, Koba the Dread: Laughter and the Twenty Million, London, 2002

Anders, Władysław, Bez ostatniego rozdzia-lu: wspomnienia z lat 1939–1946, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, 1949

Andrew, Christopher, and Gordievsky, Oleg, KGB: The Inside Story, New York, 1990

Anisimov, Evgeny, The Reforms of Peter the Great: Progress Through Coercion in Russia, Armonk, NY, and London, 1993

Antonov-Ovseenko, Anton, Lavrenty Berya, Krasnodar, 1993

———, Anton, The Time of Stalin, New York, 1980

Applebaum, Anne, “A History of Horror,” The New York Review of Books, October 18, 2001

———, “Inside the Gulag,” The New York Review of Books, June 15, 2000

Arendt, Hannah, The Origins of Totalitarianism, New York, 1951

Artizov, A., et al., Reabilitatsiya, kak éto bylo: dokumenty , Moscow, 2000

Averbakh, I. L., Ot prestupleniya k trudu, Moscow, 1936

Bacon, Edwin, The Gulag at War, London, 1994

Baranov, Vadim, Gorkii bez grima, Moscow, 1996

Baron, Nick, “Conflict and Complicity: The Expansion of the Karelian Gulag, 1923–1933,” Cahiers du Monde Russe, 42/2–4, April–December 2001, pp. 615–48

Bateson, Edward, and Pim, Sir Alan, Report on Russian Timber Camps, London, 1931

Bazarov, Alexander, Durelom, ili, Gospoda kolkhozniki , Kurgan, 1988

Bazunov, V. V., and Detkov, M. G., Tyurmy NKVD-MVD SSSR v karatelnoi sisteme sovetskogo gosudarstva, Moscow, 2000

Beck, F., and Godin, W., Russian Purge and the Extraction of Confession, trans. Eric Mosbacher and David Porter, London, 1951

Beevor, Antony, Stalingrad, London, 1998

Beichman, Arnold, and Bernstam, Mikhail, Andropov: New Challenge to the West, New York, 1983

Berdinskikh, Viktor, Vyatlag, Kirov, 1998

Berliner, Joseph, Factory and Manager in the Soviet Union, Cambridge, 1957

Besançon, Alain, The Rise of the Gulag: Intellectual Origins of Leninism, New York, 1981

———, Le Tsarevitch Immolé, Paris, 1991

Bethell, Nicholas, The Last Secret, New York, 1974

Bettelheim, Bruno, The Informed Heart, London, 1991

Binner, Rolf, Junge, Marc, and Martin, Terry, “The Great Terror in the Provinces of the USSR: A Cooperative Bibliography,” Cahiers du Monde Russe, 42/2–4 April–December 2001

Blandy, Charles, “The Meskhetians: Turks or Georgians? A People Without a Homeland,” Camberley, 1998

Bobrick, Benson, East of the Sun: The Conquest and Settlement of Siberia , London, 1992

“Borba za GPU,” Sotsialisticheskii Vestnik, no. 14–15, August 1933

Brackman, Roman, The Secret File of Joseph Stalin, London and Portland, OR, 2001

Brodsky, Juri, Solovki: Le Isole del Martirio, Rome, 1998

Brodsky, Juri, and Owsiany, Helena, Skazani Jako Szpiedzy Watykanu, Warsaw, 1998

Brown, Archie, The Gorbachev Factor, Oxford, 1996

Browne, Michael, ed., Ferment in the Ukraine, Woodhaven, NY, 1971

Bukovsky, Vladimir, Moskovskii protsess, Paris, 1996

Bullock, Alan, Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives, London, 1993

Bunyan, James, The Origin of Forced Labour in the Soviet State, Baltimore, 1967

Burds, Jeffrey, “AGENTURA: Soviet Informants’ Networks and the Ukrainian Rebel Underground in Galicia, 1944–1948,” East European Politics and Societies, 11/1, Winter 1997, pp. 89–130

Butyrsky, Fedor, and Karyshev, Valerii, Moskva Tyuremnaya, Moscow, 1998

Cahiers du samizdat, vols. I–XV, from 1972, Brussels (LOC)

Celmina, Helene, Women in Soviet Prisons, New York, 1985

Chekhov, Anton, A Journey to Sakhalin, trans. Brian Reeve, Cambridge, 1993

Chornovil, Vyacheslav, The Chornovil Papers, New York, 1968

Chronicle of Current Events, nos. 28–64 (1972–1982), Amnesty International Publications, LOC

Chukhin, Ivan, “Dva dokumenta komissii A. M. Shanina na Solovkakh,” Zvenya, vol. I, Moscow, 1991, pp. 359–81

———, Kanaloarmeetsi, Petrozavodsk, 1990

Ciesielski, Stanis-law, Polacy w Kazachstanie w Latach 1940–1946 , Wroc-law, 1996

Cohen, Stephen, ed., An End to Silence: Uncensored Opinion in the Soviet Union, New York and London, 1982

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, May 15, 1987 (Testimony of Aleksandr Shatravka and Dr. Anatoly Koryagin)

Committee on the Judiciary, Hearings before the Subcommittee to investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, Ninety-third Congress, First Session, February 1, 1973 (Testimony of Avraham Shifrin)

Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, Eighty-sixth Congress, Second Session, April 4, 1960 (Testimony of Adam Galinski)

Conquest, Robert, The Great Terror: A Reassessment, London, 1992

———, Harvest of Sorrow, London, 1988

———, Kolyma: The Arctic Death Camps, New York, 1978

———, The Soviet Deportation of Nationalities, London, 1960

———, Stalin: Breaker of Nations, London, 1993

Courtois, Stephane, et al., eds., The Black Book of Communism, trans. Jonathan Murphy, Cambridge, 1999

Craveri, Marta, “Krizis Gulaga: Kengirskoe vosstanie 1954 goda v dokumentakh MVD,” Cahiers du Monde Russe, XXXVI (3), July–September 1995, pp. 319–44

Craveri, Marta, and Khlevnyuk, Oleg, “Krizis ékonomiki MVD (Konets 1940-x–1950-e gody),” Cahiers du Monde Russe, xxxvi (1–2), January–June 1955, pp. 179–90.

Dagor, K., “Magadan,” Sovietland, no. 4, April 1939

Dallin, Alexander, and Firsov, F. I., eds., Dmitrov and Stalin: 1934–1943 , Letters from the Soviet Archives, New Haven and London, 2000

Dallin, David, and Nicolaevsky, Boris, Forced Labour in Soviet Russia , London, 1948

Dawidowicz, Lucy, The War against the Jews, 1933–1945 , London, 1990

Dekrety sovetskoi vlasti, Moscow, 1957

Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin: A Political Biography, London, 1949

Dobrovolsky, Alexander, “Mertvaya doroga,” Otechestvo, vol. V, 1994, pp. 193–210

Dobrovolsky, I. V., ed., Gulag: ego stroiteli, obitateli, i geroi, Moscow, 1998

Doloi, Yuri, Krasny terror na severe, Arkhangelsk, 1993

Dorofeev, Oleg, “Kuzina Gitlera,” Novaya Izvestiya, April 3, 1998, p. 7

Dryakhlitsin, Dmitri, “Periodicheskaya pechat Arkhipelaga,” Sever, vol. 9, 1990

Dugin, Aleksandr, “Gulag Glazami Istorika,” Soyuz, 9 February 1990, p. 16

———, “Stalinizm, Legendy and Fakty,” Slovo, no. 7, 1990, p. 40

Duguet, Raymond, Un Bagne en Russie Rouge, Paris, 1927

Ebon, Martin, The Andropov File, New York, 1983

Ekonomika Gulaga i ego rol v razvitii strany, 1930-e gody: sbornik dokumentov, Rossiiskaya Akademya Nauk, Moscow, 1998

Elantseva, O. P., “Kto i kak stroil BAM v 30-e gody,” Otechestvennye Arkhivy, no. 5, 1992, pp. 71–81

Elletson, Howard, The General Against the Kremlin: Alexander Lebed, Power and Illusion, London, 1998

Fainsod, Merle, How Russia Is Ruled, Cambridge, 1962

Figes, Orlando, A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891–1924, London, 1996

Filene, Peter, ed., American Views of Soviet Russia, Homewood, IL, 1968

Fireside, Harvey, Soviet Psychoprisons, New York and London, 1979

Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Everyday Stalinism, New York, 1999

———, Stalin’s Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village After Collectivization, New York, 1994

Foucault, Michel, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, trans. Alan Sheridan, New York, 1978

Gelb, Michael, “Karelian Fever: The Finnish Immigrant Community During Stalin’s Purges,” Europe-Asia Studies 45, no. 6, 1993, pp. 1091–116

Geller, Mikhail, Kontsentratsionny mir i sovetskaya literatura, London, 1974

Genrikh Yagoda: Narkom Vnutrennikh Del SSR, generalnyi komissar gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti: sbornik dokumentov, Kazan, 1997

Getty, J. Arch, Origins of the Great Purges, Cambridge, 1985

Getty, J. Arch, and Manning, Roberta, eds., Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives , Cambridge, 1993

Getty, J. Arch, and Naumov, Oleg, eds., The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932–1939, New Haven and London, 1999

Getty, J. Arch, Ritterspoon, Gabor T., and Zemskov, Viktor, “Victims of the Soviet Penal System in the Pre-war Years,” American Historical Review, October 1993

Gilbert, Martin, The Holocaust: The Jewish Tragedy, London, 1978

Gizejewska, Ma-lgorzata, Polacy na Kołymie: 1940–1943, Warsaw, 1997

G-lowacki, Albin, Sowieci Wobec Polaków: Na Ziemach Wschodnich II Rzeczpospolitej, 1939–1941, Lódz, 1998

Goldhagen, Daniel, Hitler’s Willing Executioners, New York, 1996

Golovanov, Yaroslav, “Katastrofa,” Znamya, January 1990, pp. 107–50; also February 1990, pp. 104–49

Gorky, Maxim, ed., Belomor [Kanal imeni Stalina], New York, 1935

Gross, Jan Tomasz, Revolution from Abroad: The Soviet Conquest of Poland’s Western Ukraine and Western Beloruissa, Princeton, 1988

Guryanov, Alexander, ed., Repressii protiv polyakov i polskikh grazhdan , Moscow, 1997

Guryanov, Alexander, Kokurin, Alexander, and Popiimageski, Krzyztof, eds., Drogi Smierci, Warsaw, 1995

Harris, James R., “Growth of the Gulag: Forced Labour in the Urals Region, 1929–1931,” The Russian Review, no. 56, April 1997, pp. 265–80

Hill, Christopher, ed. (for Amnesty International), Rights and Wrongs: Some Essays on Human Rights, London, 1969

Hochschild, Adam, The Unquiet Ghost: Russians Remember Stalin, New York, 1994

Hopkins, Mark, Russia’s Underground Press, New York, 1983

Hosking, Geoffrey, ed., The Road to Post-Communism: Independent Political Movements in the Soviet Union, 1985–1991, London, 1992

Hosking, Geoffrey, Russia: People and Empire, 1552–1917 , London, 1997

Inside Soviet Slave Labor Camps, 1939–1942: An Analysis of Written Statements by 9,200 Former Prisoners, Washington, D.C., 1952

Ioffe, Veniamin, “FSB: delo i slovo,” Novye étyudy ob optimizme, St. Petersburg, Memorial, 1995, pp. 120–161

Istoriya otechestva v dokumentakh, Volume 2: 1921–1939 , Moscow, 1994

Ivanova, Galina M., Labor Camp Socialism, trans. Carol Flath, Armonk, NY, and London, 2000

———, “Poslevoennye repressii i GULAG,” Stalin i kholodnaya voina’, Moscow, 1998, pp. 245–73 Ivnitsky, N. A., Kollektivizatsiya i raskulachivanie, nachalo 30-kh gg, Moscow, 1996

Iwanów, Miko-laj, Pierwszy Naród Ukarany, Warsaw and Wroc-law, 1991

Jakobson, Michael, Origins of the Gulag: The Soviet Prison Camp System , 1917–1934, Lexington, KY, 1993

Jansen, Marc, and Petrov, Nikita, “Stalin’s Loyal Executioner: People’s Commissar Nikolai Yezov,” Stanford, CA, 2000

Johnson, Paul, The Intellectuals, London, 1988

image, Elżbieta, Syberia: Najwieksze Więzienie Świata (1815–1914), Warsaw, 1991

Kaiser, Robert, Why Gorbachev Happened, New York, 1991

Kalbarczyk, S-lawomir, Wykaz Lagrów Sowieckich, Warsaw, 1997

Kaneva, A. N., “Ukhtpechlag, 1929–1938,” Zvenya, vol. I, Moscow, 1991, pp. 331–54

Kapuściimageski, Ryszard, Imperium, London, 1994

Karlov, S. V., and Tuguzhekova, V. N., Repressii v Khakasii, Abakan, 1998

Karta (historical journal), vols. 1–31, Warsaw, 1991–2001

Kennan, George, Siberia and the Exile System, London, 1891

Kerber, L. L., Stalin’s Aviation Gulag, Washington, D.C., and London, 1996

Khetso, Geir, Maksim Gorkii: sudba pisatelya, Moscow, 1997

Khlevnyuk, Oleg, “L. P. Berya: predely istoricheskoi ‘reabilitatsii,’” in G. A. Bordyugov, ed., Istoricheskie issledovaniya v Rossii. Tendentsii poslednikh let, Moscow, 1996, pp. 139–54

———, 1937: Stalin, NKVD I Sovetskoye Obshestvo , Moscow, 1992

———, “Prinuditelnyi Trud v Ekonomike SSSR: 1929–1941 gody,” Svobodnaya Mysl, no. 13, 1992, pp. 73–84

Klehr, Harvey, Haynes, John Earl, and Anderson, Kyrill, eds., The Soviet World of American Communism, New Haven and London, 1998

Klehr, Harvey, Haynes, John Earl, and Firsov, Fridrickh, The Secret World of American Communism, New Haven and London, 1995

Klimovich, Rygor, Knets Gorlaga, Minsk, 1999

Knight, Amy, Beria: Stalin’s First Lieutenant, Princeton, 1993

———, “The Truth about Wallenberg,” The New York Review of Books, vol. XLVIII, no. 14, September 20, 2001, pp. 47–50

———, Who Killed Kirov?, New York, 1999

Koestler, Arthur, Darkness at Noon, trans. Daphne Hardy, New York, 1941

Kokurin, Aleksandr, “Gulag: struktura i kadry,” a series of articles appearing in Svobodnaya Mysl, from 1997 to 2002. From 1997 (article 1), Kokurin’s co-author was Nikita Petrov; from 2000 (article 10) his co-author was Yuri Morukov

Kokurin, Aleksandr, “Osoboe tekhnicheskoe byuro NKVD SSSR,” Istoricheskii Arkhiv, no. 1, 1999, pp. 85–99

———, “Vosstanie v Steplage,” Otechestvennye Arkhivy, no. 4, 1994, pp. 33–82

Kokurin, Aleksandr, and Morukov, Yuri, “Tunnel pod Tatarskim prolivom: neosushchestvlennyi proekt,” Istoricheskii Arkhiv, no. 6, June 2001, pp. 41–78

Kokurin, Aleksandr, and Petrov, Nikita, Gulag, 1917–1960: dokumenty, Moscow, 2000

———, Lubyanka: spravochnik, Moscow, 1997

Korni travy: sbornik statei molodykh istorikov, Moscow, 1996

Kosyk, Volodymyr, Concentration Camps in the USSR, London, 1962

Kotek, Joel, and Rigoulot, Pierre, Le Siècle des camps, Paris, 2001

Kotkin, Stephen, Magnetic Mountain, Berkeley, CA, 1995

Kozlov, A. G., Ogni Lagernoi rampy, Magadan, 1992

———, “Sevvostlag NKVD SSSR: 1937–1941,” Istoricheskie issledovaniya na severe dalnevo vostoka, Magadan, 2000

Krasikov, N., “Solovki,” Izvestiya, no. 236 (2271), October 15, 1924

Krasilnikov, S. A., “Rozhdenie Gulaga: diskusii v verkhnikh éshelonakh vlasti,” Istoricheskii Arkhiv, no. 4, July/August 1997, pp. 142–56

Krasilnikov, S. A., et al., ed., Spetspereselentsy v zapadnoi Sibiri, 1930 g.–vesna 1931 g., Novosibirsk, 1992

———, Spetspereselentsy v zapadnoi Sibiri, vesna 1931 g.–nachalo 1933 g., Novosibirsk, 1993

———, Spetspereselentsy v Zapadnoi Sibiri, 1933–1938, Novosibirsk, 1996

Kruglov, A. K., Kak sozdavalas atomnaya promyshlennost v SSSR, Moscow, 1995

Kuchin, S. P., Istoriya goroda Krasonyarsk-26: “Granitnyi iz 505,” Krasnoyarsk-26, Munitsipalnaya Organizatsiya Kultury g. Krasnoyarsk-26: Muzeino-Vystavochnyi Tsentr, 1994

———, Polyanskii ITL, Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk-26), Muzeino-Vystavochnyi Tsentr g. Zheleznogorska, 1999

Kulikov, K. I., Delo SOFIN, Izhevsk, 1997

Kuzmina, Marina, Ya pomnyu tot vaninskii port, Komsomolsk-na-Amure, 2001

Kuznetsov, S. I., “The Situation of Japanese Prisoners of War in Soviet Camps (1945–1956),” Journal of Slavic Military Studies , vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 613–18

Lebedeva, Natalya, Katyn: Prestuplenie protiv chelovechestva, Moscow, 1994

Ledeneva, Alena, Russia’s Economy of Favors: Blat, Networking and Informal Exchange, Cambridge, 1998

Leggett, George, The Cheka: Lenin’s Political Police, Oxford, 1981

Letters from Russian Prisons, International Committee for Political Prisoners, New York, 1925

Levye ésery i VChK: sbornik dokumentov, Kazan, 1996

Lieven, Anatol, The Baltic Revolution, New Haven and London, 1993

———, Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power, New Haven and London, 1998

Lih, Lars, Naumov, Oleg, and Khlevnyuk, Oleg, eds, Stalin’s Letters to Molotov, New Haven and London, 1995

Lin, George, “Fighting in Vain: NKVD RSFSR in the 1920s,” Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1997

Lipshits, Evgeniya, Dokumentalny urode XX vek, Tel Aviv, 1997

Litvinov, Pavel, The Demonstration in Pushkin Square, trans. Manya Harari, London, 1969

———, The Trial of the Four: The Case of Galanskov , Ginzburg, Dobrovolsky and Lashkova, trans. Janis Sapiets, Hilary Sternberg, and Daniel Weissbort, ed. Peter Reddaway, New York, 1972

MacQueen, Angus, “Survivors,” Granta 64, Winter 1998, pp. 38–53

Maksheeva, V. N., ed, Narymskaya khronika, 1930–1945, Moscow, 1997

Makurov, V. G., Gulag v Karelii: sbornik dokumentov i materialov, 1930–1941, Petrozavodsk, 1992

Malia, Martin, “Judging Nazism and Communism,” The National Interest, no. 64, Fall 2002, pp. 63–78

Martin, Terry, The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the USSR, Ithaca, NY, 2001

———, “Stalinist Forced Relocation Policies: Patterns, Causes and Consequences,” Demography and National Security , Myron Weiner and Sharon Russell eds., New York, 2001

———, “Un’interpretazione contestuale alla luce delle nuove richerche” (“The Great Terror: A

Contextual Interpretation in Light of New Research”), Storica , 18/2000, pp. 22–37 Medvedev, Roy, Let History Judge, trans. Colleen Taylor, New York, 1972

Melgunov, Sergei, The Red Terror in Russia, London and Toronto, 1926

Melnik, A., and Soshina, A., “Zayavleniya politzaklyuchennykh Petrominska i Solovkov,” Zvenya, vol. I, Moscow, 1991, pp. 245–51

Melnik, A., Soshina, A., Reznikova, I., and Reznikov, A., “Materialy k istoriko-geograficheskomu atlasu Solovkov,” Zvenya, vol. I, Moscow, 1991, pp. 303–30

Memorialne kladbishche Sandormokh: 1937, 27 Oktyabrya–4 Noyabrya (Solovetsky étap), St. Petersburg, 1997

Merridale, Catherine, Night of Stone: Death and Memory in Russia, London, 2000

Minuvshee, a series of bound history anthologies, published first in Paris, later in Moscow, from the late 1980s and through the 1990s

Misiunas, Romuald, and Taagepera, Rein, The Baltic States: Years of Dependence: 1940–1990, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993

Mitin, V. A., “Vaigachskaya ékspeditsiya (1930–1936 gg.),” Gulag na severe i ego posledstviya, Arkhangelskaya Oblastnaya Organizatsiya Sovest, 1992

Mora, Sylwester (S. Starzewski), and Zwierniak, Piotr (Kazimierz Zamorski), Sprawiedliwosấcấ Sowiecka, Rome, 1945

Morozov, N. A., GULAG v Komi krae, 1929–1956, Syktyvkar, 1997

———, Osobye lagerya MVD SSSR v Komi ASSR (1948–1954 g), Syktyvkar, 1998

Morozov, N. A., and Rogachev, M. B., “Gulag v Komi ASSR,” Otechestvennye Arkhivy, no. 2, 1995, pp. 182–87

Moskoff, William, The Bread of Affliction: The Food Supply in the USSR During World War II, Cambridge, 1990

Moynahan, Brian, The Russian Century, New York, 1994

Naimark, Norman, Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe, Cambridge and London, 2001

———, The Russians in Germany, Cambridge, 1995

Naumov, V., and Rubinstein, Joshua, eds., Stalin’s Secret Pogrom, New Haven and London, 2001

Naumov, V., and Sigachev, Y., eds., Lavrentii Beriya, 1953: dokumenty, Moscow, 1999

Nerler, P., “S Gurboi i gurom: khronika poslednego goda zhizni O. É. Mandelshtama,” Minuvshee, vol. 8, 1992

Nevsky, G. V., et al., eds., Pokayanie: martirolog, vols. 1–3, Syktyvkar, 1998

Nogtev, A., “Solovki,” Ekran, no. 2 (39), 1926, pp. 4–5

———, “USLON: ego istorii, tseli i zadachi,” Solovetskie Ostrova, no. 2–3, February/March 1930

Nordlander, David, “Capital of the Gulag: Magadan in the Early Stalin Era, 1929–1941,” Ph.D. dissertation, UNC Chapel Hill, 1997

———, “Magadan and the Evolution of the Dalstroi Bosses in the 1930s,” Cahiers du Monde Russe, 42/2–4, April–December 2001, pp. 649–65

———, “Origins of a Gulag Capital: Magadan and Stalinist Control in the Early 1930s,” Slavic Review 57, no. 4, Winter 1998, pp. 791–812

“Not Part of My Sentence: Violations of the Human Rights of Women in Custody,” Amnesty International Report, Amnesty International USA, XX, 1999

Obozy Koncentracyjne OGPU w ZSRR, Warsaw, 1998

Ogawa, Haruhisa, and Yoon, Benjamin H., Voices from the North Korean Gulag, Seoul, 1998

Okhotin, N. G., and Roginsky, A. B., eds., Sistema ispravitelno-trudovykh lagerei v SSSR, 1923–1960: spravochnik, Moscow, 1998

Olhovych, Orest, ed., An Interview with Political Prisoners in a Soviet Perm Camp, trans. Taras Drozd, Baltimore, 1975

Organy Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti SSSR v Velikoi Otechestvennoi Voine: sbornik dokumentov, tom I: Nakanune, Moscow, 1995

Osipova, Irina, Khotelos by vsekh poimenno nazvatz, Moscow, 1993

Overy, Richard, Russia’s War, London, 1997

Paczkowski, Andrzej, ed., Powrót Zolnierzy AK z Sowieckich Lagrów, Warsaw, 1995

Pamyat, a series of bound history anthologies, published from the late 1970s in the United States and Paris

Papkov, S. A., “Lagernaya sistema i prinuditelnyi trud v Sibirii i na Dalnem Vostoke v 1929– 1941 g.,” Vozvrashchenie Pamyati , vol. III, pp. 40–57

Parrish, Michael, The Lesser Terror: Soviet State Security, 1939–1953, Westport, CT, and London, 1996

Payne, Matthew, Stalin’s Railroad: Turksib and the Building of Socialism , Pittsburgh, 2001

Petrov, Nikita, “Cekisti e il secondino: due diversi destini,” Nazismo, Fascismo e Comunismo, Milan, 1998, pp. 145–64

———, “Polska Operacja NKWD,” Karta 11, 1993, pp. 24–43

Petrov, Nikita, and Skorkin, K. V., eds, Kto rukovodil NKVD: 1934–1941, Moscow, 1999

Piesakowski, Tomasz, The Fate of Poles in the USSR, 1939–1989 , London, 1990

Pikhoya, R. G., Sovetskii Soyuz: istoriya vlasti, 1945–1991 , Novosibirsk, 2000

Pikhoya, R. G., et al., eds., Katyn: dokumenty, Moscow, 1999

Pipes, Richard, The Russian Revolution, New York, 1990

Pohl, J. Otto, “The Deportation and Fate of the Crimean Tartars,” a paper presented at the Fifth Annual World Convention for the Association for the Study of Nationalities, published online at www.iccrimea.org/jopohl.htm

———, The Stalinist Penal System, Jefferson, NC, and London, 1997

Poleshchikov, V. M., Za semyu pechatyami, Syktyvkar, 1995

Polyan, Pavel, Ne po svoei vole: istoriya i geografiya prinuditelnykh migratsii v SSSR, Moscow, 2001

Popov, V. P., “Neizvestnaya initsiativa Khrushcheva (o podgotovke ukaza 1948 g. o vyselenii krestyan,” Otechestvennye Arkhivy, no. 2, 1993, pp. 31–8

Popova, T. U., Sudba: rodnykh L. Martova v Rossii posle 1917 goda, Moscow, 1996

“Posetiteli kabineta I. V. Stalina,” Istoricheskii Arkhiv, no. 4, 1998, p. 180

Prisoners of Conscience in the USSR: Their Treatment and Conditions , Amnesty International report, 1975

Raizman, D., Maldyak v zhizni koroleva, Magadan, 1999

Rapoport, Yakov, The Doctors’ Plot: Stalin’s Last Crime, London, 1991

Reagan, Ronald, An American Life, New York, 1990

Reavey, George, ed. and trans., The New Russian Poets, 1953–1968 , London and Boston, 1981

Reddaway, Peter, “Dissent in the Soviet Union,” Problems of Communism, 32/6, November– December 1983, pp. 1–15

———, The Forced Labour Camps in the USSR Today: An Unrecognized Example of Modern Inhumanity, International Committee for the Defence of Human Rights in the USSR, 1973

———, Uncensored Russia: Protest and Dissent in the Soviet Union, New York, 1972

Reddaway, Peter, and Bloch, Sidney, Psychiatric Terror: How Soviet Psychiatry Is Used to Suppress Dissent, New York, 1977

Remnick, David, Lenin’s Tomb, New York, 1994

Revel, Jean-François, The Totalitarian Temptation, trans. D. Hapgood, London, 1977

Reznikova, Irina, Pravoslavie na Solovkakh, St. Petersburg, 1994

Rigoulot, Pierre, Des Français au Goulag, 1917–1984 , Paris, 1984

Rigoulot, Pierre, Les Paupières Lourdes, Paris, 1991

Rogovin, Vadim, 1937, Moscow, 1996

Rossi, Jacques, The Gulag Handbook, trans. William Burhans, New York, 1989

Rothberg, Abraham, The Heirs of Stalin: Dissidence and the Soviet Regime , 1953–1970, Ithaca, NY, and London, 1972

Rousset, David, Police-State Methods in the Soviet Union, International Commission Against Forced-Labour Camps, Boston, 1953

Rozanov, Mikhail, Solovetskii Kontslager v monastire, Moscow, 1979

Rubinstein, Joshua, Soviet Dissidents, Boston, 1980

Ruud, Charles, and Stepanov, Sergei, Fontanka 16: The Tsar’s Secret Police, Montreal, 1999

Sabbo, Hilda, ed., Voimatu Vaikida/Nevozmozhno Molchat, Tallinn, 1996

Saunders, Kate, Eighteen Layers of Hell, New York, 1966

Sbornik zakonodatelnykh i normativnykh aktov o repressiyakh i reabilitatsii zhertv politicheskikh repressii, Verkhovnyr Sovet Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Moscow, 1993

Scammell, Michael, Solzhenitsyn: A Biography, New York and London, 1984

Scammell, Michael, ed., The Solzhenitsyn Files, Chicago, 1995

Sereny, Gita, Into That Darkness, London, 1974

Serge, Victor, Russia Twenty Years After, trans. Max Shactman, New Jersey, 1996

Sergeev, I. N., Tsaritsyno, Sukhanovo: lyudi, sobytiya , fakty, Moscow, 1998

Service, Robert, A History of Twentieth-Century Russia, London, 1997

———, Lenin: A Biography, London, 2000

Seton-Watson, Hugh, The Russian Empire, 1801–1917, Oxford, 1990

Shentalinsky, Vitaly, The KGB’s Literary Archive, trans. John Crowfoot, London, 1993

Sherbakova, I. L., ed., Nakazannyi narod: repressii protiv rossiiskikh nemtsev, Moscow, 1999

Shmirov, Viktor, “Lager kak model Realnosti,” speech made at the conference “Sudba Rossii v kontekste mirovoi istorii dvadtsatogo veka,” Moscow, October 17, 1999

Silvester, Christopher, ed., The Penguin Book of Interviews, London, 1993

Slave Labor in Russia, American Federation of Labor, excerpts from the report of the International Labor Relations Committee of the 66th convention of the American Federation of Labor, San Francisco, CA, October 6–16, 1947

Slovar tyuremno-lagerno-blatnogo zhargona, Moscow, 1992

Smith, Kathleen, Remember Stalin’s Victims, Ithaca, NY, 1996

Sobolev, S. A., et al., Lubyanka, 2, Moscow, 1999

Sobranie dokumentov samizdata, Radio Liberty Committee, Munich, Germany (LOC)

Sofsky, Wolfgang, The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp, trans. William Templer, Princeton, 1997

Soina, E. G., K istorii pobega Solovetskikh uznikov v Finlyandiyu: novye materialy, unpublished manuscript

Solomon, Peter, Soviet Criminal Justice Under Stalin, Cambridge, 1996

Stalin’s Slave Camps, Brussels, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, 1951

Stephan, John, The Russian Far East: A History, Stanford, 1994

———, Sakhalin: A History, Oxford, 1971

Strods, Dr. Heinrich, “The USSR MGB’s Top Secret Operation ‘Pirboi,’” Riga, the Occupation

Museum of Latvia. Originally published in Genocidas ir rezistencija , no. 2, 1997, pp. 66–76 Sutherland, Christine, The Princess of Siberia, London, 1985

Sword, Keith, Deportation and Exile: Poles in the Soviet Union, 1939–48, New York, 1994

Teatr Gulaga, Moscow, 1995

Thomas, D. M., Alexander Solzhenitsyn: A Century in His Life, London, 1998

Thurston, Robert, Life and Terror in Stalin’s Russia, 1934–1941 , New Haven and London, 1996

Todorov, Tzvetan, Facing the Extreme, trans. Arthur Denner and Abigail Pollak, New York, 1996

———, Voices from the Gulag, trans. Robert Zaretsky, University Park, PA, 1999

Tokes, Rudolf, Dissent in the USSR, Baltimore, 1975

Tolczyk, Dariusz, See No Evil: Literary Cover-Ups and Discoveries of the Soviet Camp Experience, New Haven and London, 1999

Tolstoi, Nikolai, Stalin’s Secret War, New York, 1981

———, Victims of Yalta, New York, 1977

Tsigankov, Anatoly, ed., Ikh nazvali KR, Petrozavodsk, 1992

Tucker, Robert, Stalin as a Revolutionary: 1879–1929, New York, 1973

———, Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, New York, 1990

Tuguzhekova, V. N., and Karlov, S. V., eds, Repressii v Khakasii, Abakan, 1998

Uimanov, V. N., ed., Repressii: kak éto bylo, Tomsk, 199

USSR: Human Rights in a Time of Change, Amnesty International publications, October 1989

“USSR Labor Camps,” Hearings before the Subcommittee to investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, Ninety-third Congress, First Session, February 1, 1973

Varese, Frederico, The Russian Mafia, Oxford, 2001

Vidal, Gore, The Last Empire, London, 2002

Vilensky, Simeon, ed., Soprotivlenia v Gulage, Moscow, 1992

Viola, Lynne, “The Role of the OGPU in Dekulakization, Mass Deportations, and Special Resettlement in 1930,” Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, no. 1406, 2000

Vlast i obshchestvo v SSSR: politika repressii (20–40-e gg.) , Moscow, 1999

Volkogonov, Dmitri, Lenin: Life and Legacy, trans. Harold Shukman, London, 1994

———, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy, trans. Harold Shukman, London, 1991

———, Trotsky: The Eternal Revolutionary, trans. Harold Shukman, London, 1996

Vostochnaya Evropa v dokumentakh rossiiskikh archivov, 1944–1953: tom I, 1944–48 (collection of documents published by the Institute for Slavic and Balkan Studies), Moscow and Novosibirsk, 1997

Vozvrashchenie k pravde (collection of documents from the Tver archives) Tver, Arkhivnyi Otdel Administratsii Tverskoi Oblasti, Tverskoi Tsentr Dokumentatsii Noveishii Istorii, 1995

Vozvrashchenie pamyati, vols. I–III (historical anthology), Novosibirsk Memorial, Novosibirsk, 1991, 1994, 1997

Walker, Martin, The Waking Giant: The Soviet Union Under Gorbachev, London, 1986

Wallace, Henry, Soviet Asia Mission, New York, 1946

Webb, Sidney and Beatrice, Soviet Communism: A New Civilisation?, London, 1936

Weiner, Amir, Making Sense of War, Princeton, NJ, and Oxford, 2001

———, “Nature, Nurture and Memory in a Socialist Utopia: Delineating the Soviet Socio-Ethnic Body in the Age of Socialism,” The American Historical Review, vol. 104, no. 4, October 1999, pp. 1121–36

Werth, Nicolas, Les Proces de Moscou, Brussells, 1987

———, Rapports Secrets Sovietiques, 1921–1991 , Paris, 1994

Yurasova, D., “Reabilitatsionnoe opredelenie po delu rabotnikov Gulaga,” Zvenya, vol. I, Moscow, pp. 389–99

Zagorulko, M. M., ed., Voennoplennye v SSSR: 1939–1956, Moscow, 2000

imagearon,image Piotr, Ludnos imagecimage Polska w Związku Radzieckim w Czasie II Wojny Swiatowej, image Warsaw, 1990

Zemskov, V. N., “Arkhipelag Gulag: glazami pisatelya i statistika,” Argumenty i Fakty, no. 45, 1989

———, “Gulag (istoriko-sotsiologicheskii aspekt),” Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, no. 6, 1991, pp. 4–6.

———, “Spetsposelentsy (po dokumentam NKVD-MVD-SSSR),” Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, no. 11, 1990, pp. 3–17

———, “Sudba Kulatskoi ssylki (1934–1954 gg),” Otechestvennaya Istoriya, 1/1994, pp. 118–47 ———, “Zaklyuchennie v 1930-e gody: sotsialno-demograficheskie problemy,” Otechestvennaya Istoriya, no. 4, July/August 1997

Zubkova, Elena, Russia After the War: Hopes, Illusions and Disappointments , 1945–1957, trans. Hugh Ragsdale, Armonk, NY, 1998

Zvenya (historical anthology), vol. I, Moscow, 1991

ARCHIVES

AKB—Arkhangelsk Local Lore Library, Arkhangelsk

APRF—Archive of the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow

GAOPDFRK—State Archive of Social-Political Movements and the Formation of the Republic of Karelia (former Communist Party archives), Petrozavodsk

GARF—State Archive of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Hoover—Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford, CA

IKM—Iskitim Local Lore Museum Collections, Iskitim

Info-Russ—Vladimir Bukovsky’s document collection

[http://psi.ece.jhu.edu/-kaplan/IRUSS/BUK/GBARC/buk. html]

Karta—The Karta Society, Warsaw

Kedrovyi Shor—Archives of the Kedrovyi Shor lagpunkt, Intlag, in the author’s collection

Komi Memorial—Archive of the Memorial Society, Syktyvkar

LOC—Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Memorial—Archive of the Memorial Society, Moscow

ML—Marylebone Library, Amnesty International Documents Collection, London

NARK—National Archives of the Republic of Karelia, Petrozavodsk

RGASPI—Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, Moscow

RGVA—Russian State Military Archive, Moscow

St. Petersburg Memorial—Archives of the Memorial Society, St. Petersburg

SKM—Solovetsky Local Lore Museum Collections, Solovetsky Islands

TsKhIDK—Center for Preservation of Historic Document Collections, Moscow

VKM—Vorkuta Local Lore Museum Collections, Vorkuta

INTERVIEWS

Anonymous ex-director of camp orphanage (Moscow, July 24, 2001)

Anna Andreeva (Moscow, May 28, 1999)

Anton Antonov-Ovseenko (Moscow, November 14, 1998)

Irena Arginskaya (Moscow, May 24, 1998)

Olga Astafyeva (Moscow, November 14, 1998)

David Berdzenishvili (Moscow, March 2, 1999)

Viktor Bulgakov (Moscow, May 25, 1998)

Zhenya Fedorov (Elektrostal, May 29, 1999)

Isaak Filshtinsky (Peredelkino, May 30, 1998)

Leonid Finkelstein (London, June 28, 1997)

Lyudmila Khachatryan (Moscow, May 23, 1998)

Marlen Korallov (Moscow, November 13, 1998)

Natasha Koroleva (Moscow, July 25, 2001)

Paulina Myasnikova (Moscow, May 29, 1998)

Pavel Negretov (Vorkuta, July 15, 2001)

Susanna Pechora (Moscow, May 24, 1998)

Ada Purizhinskaya (Moscow, May 31, 1998)

Alla Shister (Moscow, November 14, 1998)

Leonid Sitko (Moscow, May 31, 1998)

Galina Smirnova (Moscow, May 30, 1998)

Leonid Trus (Novosibirsk, February 28, 1999)

Galina Usakova (Moscow, May 23, 1998)

Olga Vasileeva (Moscow, November 17, 1998)

Simeon Vilensky (Moscow, March 6, 1999)

Danuta Waydenfeld (London, January 22, 1998)

Stefan Waydenfeld (London, January 22, 1998)

Maria Wyganowska (London, January 22, 1998)

Valentina Yurganova (Iskitim, March 1, 1999)

Yuri Zorin (Arkhangelsk, September 13, 1998)

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!