Modern history

Gulag: A History

Gulag: A History

The Gulag―a vast array of Soviet concentration camps that held millions of political and criminal prisoners―was a system of repression and punishment that terrorized the entire society, embodying the worst tendencies of Soviet communism. In this magisterial and acclaimed history, Anne Applebaum offers the first fully documented portrait of the Gulag, from its origins in the Russian Revolution, through its expansion under Stalin, to its collapse in the era of glasnost. Applebaum intimately re-creates what life was like in the camps and links them to the larger history of the Soviet Union. Immediately recognized as a landmark and long-overdue work of scholarship, Gulag is an essential book for anyone who wishes to understand the history of the twentieth century.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Introduction

PART ONE - THE ORIGINS OF THE GULAG, 1917—1939

Chapter 1: BOLSHEVIK BEGINNINGS

Chapter 2: “THE FIRST CAMP OF THE GULAG”

Chapter 3: 1929: THE GREAT TURNING POINT

Chapter 4: THE WHITE SEA CANAL

Chapter 5: THE CAMPS EXPAND

Chapter 6: THE GREAT TERROR AND ITS AFTERMATH

PART TWO - LIFE AND WORK IN THE CAMPS

Chapter 7: ARREST

Chapter 8: PRISON

Chapter 9: TRANSPORT, ARRIVAL, SELECTION

Chapter 10: LIFE IN THE CAMPS

Chapter 11: WORK IN THE CAMPS

Chapter 12: PUNISHMENT AND REWARD

Chapter 13: THE GUARDS

Chapter 14: THE PRISONERS

Chapter 15: WOMEN AND CHILDREN

Chapter 16: THE DYING

Chapter 17: STRATEGIES OF SURVIVAL

Chapter 18: REBELLION AND ESCAPE

PART THREE - THE RISE AND FALL OF THE CAMP–INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, 1940—1986

Chapter 19: THE WAR BEGINS

Chapter 20: “STRANGERS”

Chapter 21: AMNESTY—AND AFTERWARD

Chapter 22: THE ZENITH OF THE CAMP–INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Chapter 23: THE DEATH OF STALIN

Chapter 24: THE ZEKS’ REVOLUTION

Chapter 25: THAW—AND RELEASE

Chapter 26: THE ERA OF THE DISSIDENTS

Chapter 27: THE 1980s: SMASHING STATUES

Epilogue: MEMORY

Appendix: HOW MANY?

NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

GLOSSARY