Modern history

The End of Modern History in the Middle East

The End of Modern History in the Middle East

Bernard Lewis looks at the new era in the Middle East. With the departure of imperial powers, the region must now, on its own, resolve the political, economic, cultural, and societal problems that prevent it from accomplishing the next stage in the advance of civilization. There is enough in the traditional culture of Islam on the one hand and the modern experience of the Muslim peoples on the other, he explains, to provide the basis for an advance toward freedom in the true sense of that word.

FOREWORD

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

The Historian's Vision: The Craft of Bernard Lewis

Chapter 1. The End of Modern History in the Middle East

FAITH AND FREEDOM

WAR AND PEACE

CENTER AND PERIPHERY

OIL AND WATER

PAST AND FUTURE

A RETURN TO EMPIRE?

A RETURN TO GREATNESS?

Chapter 2. Propaganda in the Middle East

ORIGINS

TRUTH, FALSEHOOD AND CONTROL

FABRICATION

WHO NEEDS PROPAGANDA?

SOME THEMES OF PROPAGANDA

VERBAL PROPAGANDA

NEWSPAPERS

TITLES AND CLAIMS

LITERATURE AND PROPAGANDA

THE SPOKEN WORD

BROADCASTING

VISUAL PROPAGANDA

THE CINEMA

PROPAGANDA AND OPPOSITION

TERRORISM AND PROPAGANDA

CONCLUSION

Chapter 3. Iran: Haman or Cyrus?

Chapter 4. The New Anti-Semitism—First Religion, Then Race, Then What?