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INTRODUCTION: RASSELAS’S QUESTION

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CHAPTER 1: COMPETITION

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Catto, Jeremy, ‘Written English: The Making of the Language, 1370–1400’, Past & Present, 179 (2003), 24–59

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Pelzer, John and Linda, ‘The Coffee Houses of Augustan London’, History Today, 32, (1982) 40–44

Pinker, Steven, The Better Angels of our Nature: The Decline of Violence and its Psychological Roots (forthcoming)

Ray, Haraprasad, ‘An Analysis of the Chinese Maritime Voyages into the Indian Ocean during Early Ming Dynasty, and their Raison d’Etre’, China Report, 23, 1 (1987), 65–87

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CHAPTER 2: SCIENCE

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Blanning, T. C. W., The Culture of Power and the Power of Culture (Oxford, 2002)

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Clark, Carol Lea, ‘Aristotle and Averroes: The Influences of Aristotle’s Arabic Commentator upon Western European and Arabic Rhetoric’, Review of Communication, 7, 4 (October 2007), 369–87

Clark, Christopher, Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia 1600–1947 (London, 2006)

Clark, Harry, ‘The Publication of the Koran in Latin: A Reformation Dilemma’, The Sixteenth Century Journal, 15, 1 (Spring 1984), 3–12

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Coles, Paul, The Ottoman Impact on Europe (London, 1968)

Crofts, Richard A., ‘Printing, Reform and Catholic Reformation in Germany (1521–1545)’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 16, 3 (Autumn 1985), 369–81

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Faroqhi, Suraiya, Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire (London, 2005)

Ferguson, Niall, High Financier: The Lives and Time of Siegmund Warburg (London, 2010)

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe, Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration (Oxford, 2007)

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Frederick the Great, Anti-Machiavel, ed. Werner Bahner and Helga Bergmann, Les Oeuvres complètes de Voltaire, vol. XIX (Oxford, 1996)

Freely, J., Aladdin’s Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe through the Islamic World (New York, 2009)

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———, ‘The Monetary System of the Ottoman Empire’, Journal of Economic and Social History of the Orient, 25, 3 (1982), 308–24

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Goodwin, Jason, Lords of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire (London, 1999)

Grant, J.,‘Rethinking the Ottoman “Decline”: Military Technology Diffusion in the Ottoman Empire, Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries’, Journal of World History, 10, 1 (1999), 179–201

Gribbin, J., The Fellowship: The Story of a Revolution (London, 2005)

Haffner, Sebastian, The Rise and Fall of Prussia (London, 1998)

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Henry, John, The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science (Basingstoke, 1997)

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İhsanoğlu, E., Science, Technology and Learning in the Ottoman Empire (Aldershot, 2004)

İnalcik, H. and D. Quataert (eds.), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. II, 1600–1914 (Cambridge, 1994)

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Murray, Charles A., Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950 (New York, 2003)

Özmucur, S. and S. Pamuk, ‘Real Wages and Standards of Living in the Ottoman Empire, 1489–1914’, Journal of Economic History, 62, 2 (2002), 292–321

Palmer, R. R., ‘Frederick the Great, Guibert, Bülow: From Dynastic to National War’, in Peter Paret (ed.), Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age (Oxford, 1986), 91–123

Pamuk, S., ‘From Bimetallism to the “Limping Gold Standard”: The Ottoman Monetary System in the Nineteenth Century’, in Philip L. Cottrell (ed.), East Meets West: Banking, Commerce and Investment in the Ottoman Empire (Aldershot, 2008), 11–24

———, ‘Institutional Change and the Longevity of the Ottoman Empire, 1500–1800’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 35, 2 (2004), 225–47

———, The Ottoman Empire and European Capitalism, 1820–1913: Trade, Investment and Production (Cambridge, 1987)

———, ‘Prices in the Ottoman Empire, 1469–1914’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 36 (2004), 451–68

Panaite, V., The Ottoman Law of War and Peace: The Ottoman Empire and Tribute Payers (Boulder, CO/New York, 2000)

Quataert, D., Manufacturing and Technology Transfer in the Ottoman Empire, 1800–1914 (Istanbul, 1992)

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Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, ‘Making a Living or Making a Fortune’, in Nelly Hanna (ed.), Money, Land and Trade: An Economic History of the Muslim Mediterranean (London and New York, 2002), 101–23

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Steele, B. D., ‘Muskets and Pendulums: Benjamin Robins, Leonhard Euler, and the Ballistics Revolution’, Technology and Culture Journal, 35, 2 (1994), 348–82

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Stewart, L. The Rise of Public Science: Rhetoric, Technology and Natural Philosophy in Newtonian Britain, 1660–1750 (Cambridge, 1992)

Stoye, John, The Siege of Vienna (Edinburgh, 2006)

Sturdy, D. J., Fractured Europe 1600–1721 (Oxford, 2002)

Terrall, M., The Man Who Flattened the Earth: Maupertuis and the Sciences in the Enlightenment (Chicago, 2002)

Thomas, Keith, Religion and the Decline of Magic (London, 1971)

Vlahakis, George N. et al., Imperialism and Science: Social Impact and Interaction (Santa Barbara, 2006)

Walsham, Alexandra, ‘Unclasping the Book? Post-Reformation English Catholicism and the Vernacular Bible,’ Journal of British Studies, 42, 2 (2003), 141–66

Weiker, Walter F., ‘The Ottoman Bureaucracy: Modernization and Reform’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 13, 3 (1968), 451–70

CHAPTER 3: PROPERTY

Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson, ‘Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 4 (2002), 1231–94

———, ‘The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change and Economic Growth’, American Economic Review, 95, 3 (2005), pp. 546–79

Adamson, J. A. A., ‘England without Cromwell: What if Charles I Had Avoided the Civil War?’, in Niall Ferguson (ed.), Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (London, 1993), 91–125

Arneil, Barbara, John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism (Oxford, 1996)

Barrera-Osorio, A., Experiencing Nature: The Spanish American Empire and the Early Scientific Revolution (Austin, TX, 2006)

Bedoya, Gabriel et al., ‘Admixture Dynamics in Hispanics: A Shift in the Nuclear Genetic Ancestry of a South American Population Isolate’, PNAS, 103, 19 (9 May 2006), 7234–9

Bingham, H., Lost City of the Incas (London, 2003)

Bolívar, Simón, Selected Writings of Bolívar, ed. Harold A. Bierck Jr, transl. Lewis Bertrand, compiled by Vicente Lecuna, 2 vols. (New York, 1951)

Brown, Matthew, Adventuring through Spanish Colonies: Simon Bolivar, Foreign Mercenaries and the Birth of New Nations (Liverpool, 2006)

Burkholder, M. A., Colonial Latin America, 2nd edn (Oxford, 1994)

Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G. et al., ‘Strong Amerind/White Sex Bias and a Possible Sephardic Contribution among the Founders of a Population in Northwest Colombia’, American Journal of Human Genetics, 67 (2000), 1287–95

Churchill, Winston S., ‘Civilization’, in Randolph S. Churchill (ed.), Blood, Sweat and Tears, (Whitefish, MT, 2007 [1940]), 45–9

Clark, Gregory, A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World (Princeton, 2007)

Clark, J. C. D., ‘British America: What If There Had Been No American Revolution?’ in Niall Ferguson (ed.), Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (London, 1993), 125–75

———, The Language of Liberty, 1660–1832: Political Discourse and Social Dynamics in the Anglo-American World (Cambridge, 1993)

Cordeiro, Jose Luis, ‘Constitutions around the World: A View from Latin America’, Institute of Developing Economies Discussion Paper, 164 (2008)

Creel, Margaret Washington, A Peculiar People: Slave Religion and Community-Culture among the Gullahs (New York, 1988)

Curtin, Philip, The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History (Cambridge, 1998)

Davis, David Brion, ‘Slavery’, in C. Van Woodward (ed.), The Comparative Approach to American History: Slavery (New Jersey, 1969), pp. 121–35

Egnal, M., New World Economies: The Growth of the Thirteen Colonies and Early Canada (New York/Oxford, 1998)

Elkins, Stanley, Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life (Chicago, 1968)

Elliott, J. H., Empires of the Atlantic World (New Haven, 2006)

Eltis, David, ‘The Volume and Structure of the Transatlantic Slave Trade: A Reassessment’, William and Mary Quarterly, 58, 1 (January 2001), 17–46

Emmer, P. C. (ed.), Colonialism and Migration: Indentured Labour before and after Slavery (Dordrecht, 1986)

Engerman, Stanley L. and Kenneth L. Sokoloff, ‘Once upon a Time in the Americas: Land and Immigration Policies in the New World’, working paper (2008)

Fage, J. D., ‘Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Context of West African History’, Journal of African History, 10, 3 (1969), 393–404

Ferguson, Niall, The War of the World: History’s Age of Hatred (London, 2006)

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe, The Americas: A History of Two Continents (London, 2003)

Findlay, Ronald and Kevin H. O’Rourke, Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium (Princeton, 2007)

Gabai, Rafael Varón, Francisco Pizarro and his Brothers: The Illusion of Power in Sixteenth-Century Peru (Norman, 1997)

Graham, R., Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil (Stanford, 1990)

Haber, Stephen, ‘Development Strategy or Endogenous Process? The Industrialization of Latin America’, Stanford University working paper (2005)

Hamnett, Brian R., ‘The Counter Revolution of Morillo and the Insurgent Clerics of New Granada, 1815–1820’, Americas, 32, 4 (April 1976), 597–617

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Jasanoff, Maya, Liberty’s Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World (forthcoming)

King, James F., ‘A Royalist View of Colored Castes in the Venezuelan War of Independence’, Hispanic American Historical Review, 33, 4 (1953), 526–37

Klein, Herbert F. and Francisco Vidal Luna, Slavery in Brazil (Cambridge, 2010)

Langley, Lester D., The Americas in the Age of Revolution, 1750–1850 (New Haven/London, 1998)

Lanning, John Tate, Academic Culture in the Spanish Colonies (Port Washington, NY/London, 1969)

Locke, John, Two Treatises of Government: In the former, The false Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, And his Followers, are Detected and Overthrown. The latter is an Essay concerning The True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government (London, 1690)

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———, Simón Bolívar: A Life (London, 2006)

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Rostworowski, María, Doña Francisca Pizarro (Lima, 1989)

Sato, A., Legal Aspects of Landownership in Colonial Spanish America (Tokyo, 1976)

Schaefer, Christina, Genealogical Encyclopaedia of the Colonial Americas (Baltimore, 1998)

Schwartz, Stuart B., ‘The Colonial Past: Conceptualizing Post-Dependentista Brazil’, in Jeremy Adelman (ed.), Colonial Legacies: The Problem of Persistence in Latin American History (New York/London, 1999), 175–92

———, Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (Champaign, IL, 1995)

Thomas, Hugh, The History of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870 (London, 1997)

Thornton John and Linda Heywood, Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585 (Cambridge, 2007)

Tomlins, C., ‘Indentured Servitude in Perspective: European Migration into North America and the Composition of the Early American Labour Force, 1600–1775’, in Cathy Matson (ed.), The Economy of Early America: Historical Perspectives and New Directions (Philadelphia, 2007), 146–82

Ullrick, Laura F., ‘Morillo’s Attempt to Pacify Venezuela’, Hispanic American Historical Review, 3, 4 (1920), 535–65

Walvin, J., Black Ivory: Slavery in the British Empire (Oxford/Malden, MA, 2001)

Wang S., N. Ray, W. Rojas, M. V. Parra, G. Bedoya et al., ‘Geographic Patterns of Genome Admixture in Latin American Mestizos’, PLoS Genet, 4, 3 (2008), 1–9

Washington, George and William Crawford, The Washington–Crawford Letters. Being the Correspondence between George Washington and William Crawford, from 1767 to 1781, Concerning Western Lands. With an Appendix, Containing Later Letters of Washington on the Same Subject; and Letters from Valentine Crawford to Washington, written in 1774 and 1775, Chronologically Arranged and Carefully Annotated (Cincinnati, 1877)

Williams, Eric, Capitalism and Slavery (London, 1964)

Williamson, E., The Penguin History of Latin America (London, 1992)

Wood, Michael, Conquistadors (London, 2001)

Woodward, Margaret L., ‘The Spanish Army and the Loss of America, 1810–1824’, Hispanic American Historical Review, 48, 4 (1968) 586–607

CHAPTER 4: MEDICINE

Acemoglu, Daron, Davide Cantoni, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson, ‘The Consequences of Radical Reform: The French Revolution’, National Bureau of Economic Research working paper 14831 (April 2009)

Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James Robinson, ‘Disease and Development in Historical Perspective’, Journal of the European Economic Association, 1, 2–3 (2003), 397–405

Anon., Die Rheinische Mission und Der Herero-Aufstand: Erelebnisse und Beobachtungen rheinischer Missionare (Barmen, 1904)

Asiwaju, A. I.,West African Transformations: Comparative Impact of French and British Colonialism (Niger, 1991)

Bayer, Hauptmann M., Mit dem Hauptquartier in Südwestafrika (Berlin, 1909)

Beck, Ann, ‘Medicine and Society in Tanganyika, 1890–1930: A Historical Inquiry’, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 67, 3 (1977), 1–59

Beckett, I. and K. Simpson (eds.), A Nation in Arms: A Social Study of the British Army in the First World War (Manchester, 1985)

Berenson, E., Heroes of Empire: Five Charismatic Men and the Conquest of Africa (Berkeley/Los Angeles/London, 2011)

Betts, Raymond F., Assimilation and Association in French Colonial Theory, 1890–1914 (New York/London, 1961)

———, ‘The Establishment of the Medina in Dakar’, Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, 41, 2 (April 1971), 143–52

Blanton, Robert, T. David Mason and Brian Athow, ‘Colonial Style and Post-Colonial Ethnic Conflict in Africa’, Journal of Peace Research, 38, 4 (2001), 473–91

Brunschwig, H., French Colonialism 1871–1914: Myths and Realities (London, 1966)

———, ‘French Exploration and Conquest in Tropical Africa from 1865 to 1898’, in L. H. Gann and P. Duignan (eds.), Colonialism in Africa, 1870–1960, vol. I (Cambridge, 1969), 132–64

Buell, R. L., The Native Problem in Africa (London, 1965)

Burke, Edmund, Reflections on the Revolutions in France: A Critical Edition, ed. J. C. D. Clark (Cambridge, 2001)

Carter, Susan B., Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael R. Haines, Alan L. Olmstead, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (eds.), Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition Online (Cambridge, 2006)

Centre d’Informations Documentaires, The Work of France in the Cameroons (Paris, 1939)

Clausewitz, Carl von, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (Princeton, 1976)

Cohen, William, Rulers of Empire: The French Colonial Service in Africa (Stanford, 1971)

Collier, Paul, The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done about It (Oxford, 2007)

Conklin, Alice L., A Mission to Civilise: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895–1930 (Stanford, 1998)

Crowder, Michael, Senegal: A Study of French Assimilation Policy (Oxford, 1962)

Cruise O’Brien, Rita,White Society in Black Africa: The French of Senegal (London, 1972)

Daly, M. W., ‘Omdurman and Fashoda, 1898: Edited and Annotated Letters of F. R. Wingate’, Bulletin of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies, 10, 1 (1983), 21–37

Deutsch, Jan-Georg, Emancipation without Abolition in German East Africa c. 1884–1914 (Oxford, 2006)

Drechsler, Horst, Südwestafrika unter deutscher Kolonialherrschaft: Der Kampf der Herero und Nama gegen den deutschen Imperialismus (1884–1915) (Berlin, 1966)

Easterly, William, The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good (London, 2007)

Echenberg, Myron, Black Death, White Medicine: Bubonic Plague and the Politics of Public Health in Senegal, 1914–1945 (Portsmouth, NH/Oxford, 2002)

———, Colonial Conscripts: The Tirailleurs Senegalais in French West Africa, 1857–1960 (London, 1990)

———, ‘Medical Science in Colonial Senegal: The Pasteur Institute of Dakar and the Quest for a Yellow Fever Vaccine, 1925–1925’, McGill University paper (n.d.)

Eichacker, Captain Rheinhold, ‘The Blacks Attack!’, New York Times Current History, 9 (April–June 1917), 110–12

Eiermann, Martin, ‘The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Colonial Violence, Domestic Discourses, and the Production of Truths in Imperial Germany, 1904 to 1908’, (Harvard University senior thesis, 2010)

Evans, Andrew D., ‘Anthropology at War: Racial Studies of Prisoners of War during World War I’, in H. Penny and M. Bunzl (eds.), Worldly Provincialism: German Anthropology in the Age of Empire (Ann Arbor, MI, 2003), 198–230

Ferguson, Niall, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World (London, 2008)

Fieldhouse, D. K., Black Africa 1945–80: Economic Decolonization and Arrested Development (London, 1986)

Fischer, Eugen, Die Rehobother Bastards und das Bastardierungsproblem beim Menschen: Anthropologische und ethnographische Studien am Rehebother Bastardvolk in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (Jena, 1913)

Fonge, Fuabeh P., Modernization without Development in Africa: Patterns of Change and Continuity in Post-Industrial Cameroonian Public Service (Trenton, NJ/Asmara, Eritrea, 1997)

Gandhi, Mahatma, The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (electronic book) (New Delhi, 1999)

———, Hind Swaraj, ed. Jitendra T. Desai (Ahmedabad, 1938)

Gardiner, David E., ‘The French Impact on Education in Africa, 1817–1960’, in G. Wesley Johnson (ed.), Double Impact: France and Africa in the Age of Imperialism (Westport, CT/London, 1985), 333–44

Gewald, Jan-Bart, ‘The Great General of the Kaiser’, in Botswana Notes and Records, 26 (1994), 67–76

———, Herero Heroes: A Socio-Political History of the Herero of Namibia, 1890–1923 (Oxford/Cape Town/Athens, 1999)

Gide, André, Travels in the Congo (Berkeley/Los Angeles, 1929)

Gifford, P. and Louis Wm Roger, France and Britain in Africa: Imperial Rivalry and Colonial Rule (New Haven/London, 1971)

Hochschild, A., King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa (New York, 1999)

Iliffe, J., Africans: The History of a Continent (Cambridge, 2007 [1995])

Joireman, Sandra F., ‘Inherited Legal Systems and Effective Rule of Law: Africa and the Colonial Legacy’, Journal of Modern African Studies, 39, 4 (2001), 57196

Kipling, Rudyard, ‘France at War: On the Frontier of Civilization’, in The Collected Works of Rudyard Kipling, vol. II (Charleston, SC, 2008)

Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal: Sine-Saloum, 1847–1914 (Stanford, 1968)

Kuhlmann, A., Auf Adlers Flügeln (Barmen, 1911)

Labrousse, Ernest, ‘1789–1830–1848: How Revolutions are Born’, in François Crouzet, William Henry Chaloner and Fritz Stern (eds.), Essays in European Economic History, 1789–1914 (London, 1969), 1–14

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (Moscow, 1963 [1917])

Leutwein, Theodor, Elf Jahre Gouverneur in Deutsch-Südwestafrika (Berlin, 1906)

Levine, Alison Murray, ‘Film and Colonial Memory: La Croisière noire, 1924–2004’, in Alec G. Hargreaves (ed.) Memory, Empire and Post-colonialism: Legacies of French Colonialism (Lanham, MD/Oxford, 2005), 81–97

Lieven, Dominic, Russia against Napoleon: The True Story of the Campaigns of War and Peace (New York, 2010)

Lunn, Joe, Memoirs of the Maelstrom: A Senegalese Oral History of the First World War (London, 1999)

McCullum, Jack E., Military Medicine: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century (Santa Barbara, 2008)

MacLeod, Roy and M. Lewis (eds.), Disease, Medicine and Empire: Perspectives on Western Medicine and the Experience of European Expansion (London /New York, 1988)

McLynn, Frank, Napoleon: A Biography (London, 2002)

Madley, Benjamin, ‘From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South West Africa Incubated Ideas and Methods Adopted and Developed by the Nazis in Eastern Europe’, European History Quarterly, 35, 3 (2005), 429–64

———, ‘Patterns of Frontier Genocide 1803–1910: The Aboriginal Tasmanians, the Yuki of California, and the Herero of Namibia’, Journal of Genocide Research, 6, 2 (2004), 167–92

Marcovich, A., French Colonial Medicine and Colonial Rule: Perspectives on Western Medicine and the Experience of European Expansion (London/New York, 1988)

Marr, D. G.,Vietnamese Anticolonialism, 1885–1925 (Berkeley/Los Angeles, 1971)

Mazower, Mark, Dark Continent: Europe’s Twentieth Century (London, 2008)

———, Hitler’s Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe (London, 2008)

Moyo, Dambisa, Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is Another Way for Africa (London, 2010)

Ngalamulume, K., ‘Keeping the City Totally Clean: Yellow Fever and the Politics of Prevention in Colonial Saint-Louis-de-Sénégal’, Journal of African History, 45 (2004), 183–202

Olusoga, David and Casper W. Erichsen, The Kaiser’s Holocaust: German Forgotten Genocide and the Colonial Roots of Nazis (London, 2010)

Riley, James C., ‘The Timing and Pace of Health Transitions around the World’, Population and Development Review, 31, 4 (Dec. 2005), 741–64

Robiquet, Paul (ed.), Discours et opinions de Jules Ferry (Paris, 1897)

Rohrbach, Paul, Aus Südwest-Afrikas schweren Tagen: Blätter von Arbeit und Abschied (Berlin, 1909)

———, Deutsche Kolonialwirtschaft, vol. I: Südwest-Afrika (Berlin, 1907)

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Social Contract (London, 1968)

Rust, Conrad, Krieg und Frieden im Hereroland: Aufzeichnungen aus dem Kriegsjahre 1904 (Berlin, 1905)

Sabatier, Peggy R., ‘ “Elite” Education in French West Africa: The Era of Limits, 1903–1945’, International Journal of African Historical Studies, 11, 2 (1978), 247–66

Saxe, Jo W., ‘The Changing Economic Structure of French West Africa’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 298 (1955), 52–61

Schama, Simon, Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution (London, 1990)

Schneider, W. H., ‘Smallpox in Africa during Colonial Rule’, Medical History Journal, 53, 2 (April 2009), 193–227

Seiner, Franz, Bergtouren und Steppenfahrten im Hereroland (Berlin, 1904)

Shaw, George Bernard, ‘Preface on Doctors’, in The Doctor’s Dilemma, Getting Married, and the Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet (Rockville, MD, 2003 [1911])

Singer, B. and Langdon, J., Cultured Force: Makers and Defenders of the French Colonial Empire (Madison, WI, 2004)

Smith, Leonard V., Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau and Annette Becker, France and the Great War, 1914–1918 (Cambridge, 2003)

Smith, R.,Vietnam and the West (London, 1968)

Steer, G. L., Judgment on German Africa (London, 1939)

Strachan, Hew, The First World War, vol. I: To Arms (Oxford, 2001)

———, The First World War in Africa (Oxford, 2004)

Tai, Hue-Tam Ho, ‘The Politics of Compromise: The Constitutionalist Party and the Electoral Reforms of 1922 in French Cochinchina’, Modern Asian Studies Journal, 18, 3 (1984), 371–91

Taithe, B., The Killer Trail: A Colonial Scandal in the Heart of Africa (Oxford, 2009)

Taylor, Miles, ‘The 1848 Revolutions and the British Empire’, Past & Present, 166 (Feb. 2000), 146–80

Tocqueville, Alexis de, Democracy in America, ed. Bruce Frohnan (London, 2002)

Twain, Mark, Following the Equator: A Journey around the World, vol. II (New York, 1897)

Van Beusekom, Monica M., Negotiating Development: African Farmers and Colonial Experts at the Office du Niger, 1920–1960 (London, 2002)

Weindling, Paul, Health, Race and German Politics between National Unification and Nazism, 1870–1945 (Cambridge, 1989)

Winter, J. M., The Great War and the British People (London, 1985)

Wolpert, Stanley, Gandhi’s Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi (Oxford, 2002)

Wright, P., Conflict on the Nile: The Fashoda Incident of 1898 (London, 1972)

Yansané, A. Y., ‘The Impact of France on Education in West Africa’, in G. Wesley Johnson (ed.), Double Impact: France and Africa in the Age of Imperialism (Westport, CT/London, 1985), 345–62

Zimmerer, ‘The First Genocide of the Twentieth Century: The German War of Destruction in South-West Africa (1904–1908) and the Global History of Genocide’, in Doris L. Bergen (ed.), Lessons and Legacies: From Generation to Generation (Evanston, IL, 2008), 34–51

CHAPTER 5: CONSUMPTION

Allen, Frederick, Secret Formula: How Brilliant Marketing and Relentless Salesmanship Made Coca-Cola the Best-Known Product in the World (New York, 1995)

Allen, Robert C., The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective (Cambridge, 2009)

———, ‘The Great Divergence in European Wages and Prices from the Middle Ages to the First World War’, Explorations in Economic History, 38 (2001), 411–47

Allen, Robert C., Jean-Pascal Bassino, Debin Ma, Christine Moll-Murata and Jan Luiten van Zanden, ‘Wages, Prices, and Living Standards in China, Japan, and Europe, 1738–1925’, working paper (2005)

Bairoch, Paul, ‘International Industrialization Levels from 1750 to 1980’, Journal of Economic History, 11 (1982), 269–333

Beasley, W. G., Japan Encounters the Barbarian: Japanese Travellers in America and Europe (New Haven, 1995)

Berg, Maxine, ‘From Imitation to Invention: Creating Commodities in Eighteenth-Century Britain’, Economic History Review, New Series, 55, 1 (2002), 1–30

———, ‘In Pursuit of Luxury: Global History and British Consumer Goods in the Eighteenth Century’, Past & Present, 182 (2004), 85–142

Berger, Helge and Mark Spoerer, ‘Economic Crises and the European Revolutions of 1848’, Journal of Economic History, 61, 2 (2001), 293–326

Bergson, Abram, ‘How Big was the Soviet GDP?’, Comparative Economic Studies (1997), 1–14

Bismarck, Count Otto von, Reflections and Reminiscences (London, 1899)

Broadberry, Stephen N., ‘How did the United States and Germany Overtake Britain? A Sectoral Analysis of Comparative Productivity Levels, 1870–1990’, Journal of Economic History, 58, 2 (1998), 375–407

Buruma, Ian, Inventing Japan: From Empire to Economic Miracle, 1853–1964 (London, 2003)

Carlyle, Thomas, Past and Present (London, 1843)

Clark, Gregory, A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World (Princeton, 2007)

Clark, Gregory and Robert C. Feenstra, ‘Technology in the Great Divergence’, in Michael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson (eds.), Globalization in Historical Perspective (Chicago/London, 2003), 277–322

Cole, Harold L., Lee O. Ohanian and Ron Leung, ‘Deflation and the International Great Depression: A Productivity Puzzle’, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Research Department staff report, 356 (February 2005)

Copeland, Melvin T., ‘Technical Development in Cotton Manufacturing since 1860’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 24, 1 (1909), 109–59

Cox, Mick (ed.), Rethinking the Soviet Collapse: Sovietology, the Death of Communism and the New Russia (London, 1999)

Crafts, N. F. R., ‘British Economic Growth, 1700–1831: A Review of the Evidence, Economic History Review, 36, 2 (1983), 177–99

Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species (Oxford, 2008 [1859])

Dattel, Gene, Cotton and Race in the Making of America: The Human Costs of Economic Power (New York, 2009)

Debray, Jules Régis, ‘The Third World: From Kalashnikovs to God and Computers’, Interview with Nathan Gardels, New Perspectives Quarterly, 3, 1 (1986), 25–8

Dyos, H. J. and D. H. Aldcroft, British Transport: An Economic Survey from the 17th Century to the 20th (Leicester, 1969)

Ebadi, S., Iran Awakening (London, 2006)

Esteban, Javier Cuenca, ‘Factory Costs, Market Prices, and Indian Calicos: Cotton Textile Prices Revisited, 1779–1831’, Economic History Review, 52, 4 (1999), 749–55

Evans, Richard J., Death in Hamburg: Society and Politics in the Cholera Years, 1830–1910 (Oxford, 1987)

Farnie, Douglas A., ‘The Role of Cotton Textiles in the Economic Development of India, 1600–1990’, in Douglas A. Farnie and David J. Jeremy (eds.), The Fiber that Changed the World: The Cotton Industry in International Perspective, 1600–1990s (Oxford, 2004), 395–430

———, ‘The Role of Merchants as Prime Movers in the Expansion of the Cotton Industry, 1760–1990’, in Douglas A. Farnie and David J. Jeremy (eds.), The Fiber that Changed the World: The Cotton Industry in International Perspective, 1600–1990s (Oxford, 2004), 15–55

Ferdows, A. K., ‘Women and the Islamic Revolution’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 15, 2 (1983), 283–98

Ferguson, Niall, ‘An Evolutionary Approach to Financial History’, Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology, 74 (2009), 449–54

———, The War of the World: History’s Age of Hatred (London, 2006)

Findlay, Ronald and Kevin H. O’Rourke, Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium (Princeton, 2007)

Fordham, Benjamin O.,‘ “Revisionism” Reconsidered: Exports and American Intervention in the First World War’, unpublished paper, Department of Political Science, Binghamton University (SUNY) (2004)

Fowler, Alan, Lancashire Cotton Operatives and Work, 1900–1950: A Social History of Lancashire Cotton Operatives in the Twentieth Century (Farnham, 2003)

Fowler Mohanty, G., Labor and Laborers of the Loom: Mechanization and Handloom Weavers, 1780–1840 (New York/London, 2006)

Friedman, Milton and Anna J. Schwartz, A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960 (Princeton, 1963)

Fukuyama, Francis, The End of History and the Last Man (New York, 1992)

Gaddis, John, The Cold War: A New History (London, 2006)

Galeano, Eduardo, Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent (London, 2009)

Gildea, Robert, Barricades and Borders: Europe, 1815–1914 (Oxford, 1996)

Gong, Gerrit W., The Standard of ‘Civilization’ in International Society (Oxford, 1984)

Grayling, A. C., Toward the Light of Liberty: The Struggles for Freedom and Rights that Made the Modern Western World (New York, 2007)

Greer, Germaine, The Female Eunuch (New York, 1980 [1970])

Guinnane, Timothy, Ron Harris, Naomi R. Lamoreaux and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, ‘Putting the Corporation in its Place’, NBER working paper 13109 (May 2007)

Harrison, Mark (ed.), The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison (Cambridge, 1998)

Hirano Ken’ichiro (ed.), The State and Cultural Transformation: Perspectives from East Asia (Tokyo, 1993)

Howarth, S., Henry Poole, Founders of Savile Row (Honiton, 2003)

Hunt, Tristan, The Frock-Coated Communist: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels (London, 2009)

Hyman, Louis, ‘Debtor Nation: How Consumer Credit Built Postwar America’, Enterprise and Society, 9, 4 (2008), 614–18

Jones, Peter M., ‘Living the Enlightenment and the French Revolution: James Watt, Matthew Boulton, and their Sons’, Historical Journal, 42, 1 (1999), 157–82

Kaelble, Hartmut, Industrialization and Social Inequality in 19th-Century Europe, trans. Bruce Little (Leamington Spa/Heidelberg, 1986)

Kamisaka, S., Cotton Mills and Workers in Modern Japan (Osaka, 1919)

Keene, Donald, Emperor of Japan: Meiji and his World, 1852–1912 (New York, 2005)

Kurlansky, Mark, 1968: The Year that Rocked the World (New York, 2005)

Lamoreaux, Naomi, ‘Scylla or Charybdis? Some Historical Reflections on the Two Basic Problems of Corporate Governance’, unpublished paper (2009)

La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes and Andrei Shleifer, ‘The Economic Consequences of Legal Origins’, Journal of Economic Literature, 46, 2 (2008), 285–332

La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, ‘Investor Protection and Corporate Governance’, Journal of Financial Economics, 58, 1 (2000), 1–25

———, ‘Law and Finance’, Journal of Political Economy, 106, 6 (1998), 1113–55

Leggewie, Claus, ‘1968: A Defining Year in World Politics: A Return from Cultural Nostalgia to Political Analysis’, Goethe Institute Online: http://www.goethe.de/ges/pok/dos/dos/wdp/en3045262.htm

Leunig, T., ‘A British Industrial Success: Productivity in the Lancashire and New England Cotton Spinning Industries a Century Ago’, Economic History Review 56, 1 (2003), 90–117

McKendrick, Neil, John Brewer and J. H. Plumb, The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England (London, 1982)

McKeown, Adam, ‘Global Migration, 1846–1940’, Journal of World History, 15 (2004), 185–9

Maddison, Angus, The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective (Paris, 2001)

Malony, B., ‘Modernity, Gender and the Empire: Gender, Citizenship and Dress in Modernizing Japan’, International Institute for Asian Studies Newsletter, 46 (2008): www.iias.nl/nl/46/IIAS_NL46_0809.pdf

Marshall, Peter, Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism (Oakland, 2010)

Maurer, Noel, and Carlos Yu, The Big Ditch: How America Took, Built, Ran and Ultimately Gave Away the Panama Canal (Princeton, 2011)

Mazzini, Giuseppe, ‘To the Italians’, in The Duties of Man and Other Essays, trans. Thomas Jones (Charleston, 2010)

Meech-Pekarik, J., The World of the Meiji Print: Impressions of a New Civilization (New York, 1986)

Mitchell, B. R., Abstract of British Historical Statistics (Cambridge, 1962)

Mokyr, Joel, The Economics of the Industrial Revolution (London, 1985)

Morris, Ian,Why the West Rules – For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal about the Future (New York, 2010)

Moser, Charles K., The Cotton Textile Industry of Far Eastern Countries (Boston, MA, 1930)

Nashat, G., ‘Women in the Islamic Republic of Iran’, Iranian Studies Journal, 13, 1–4 (1980), 165–94

O’Brien, P. K., T. Griffiths and P. Hunt, ‘Political Components of the Industrial Revolution: Parliament and the English Cotton Textile Industry, 1660–1774’, Economic History Review, 44, 3 (1991), 395–423

Okuefuna, David, The Wonderful World of Albert Kahn: Colour Photographs from a Lost Age (London, 2008)

Parthasarathi, Prasannan, ‘Rethinking Wages and Competitiveness in the Eighteenth Century: Britain and South India’, Past & Present, 158 (1998), 79–109

Piketty, Thomas and Emmanuel Saez, ‘Income Inequality in the United States, 1913–1998’, NBER working paper no. 8467 (2001)

Poiger, Uta G., Jazz, Rock and Rebels: Cold War Politics and American Culture in a Divided Germany (Berkeley/Los Angeles, 2000)

Pollard, Sidney, Peaceful Conquest: The Industrialization of Europe, 1780–1914 (Oxford, 1981)

Ramet, Sabrina Petra, ‘Rock Music in Czechoslovakia’, in Sabrina Petra Ramet (ed.), Rocking the State: Rock Music and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia (Boulder/San Francisco/Oxford, 1994) 55–72

Safanov, Mikhail, ‘You Say You Want a Revolution’, History Today (Aug. 2003): http://www.historytoday.com

Schorske, Carl E., Fin-de-Siècle Vienna: Politics and Culture (New York, 1979)

Siefert, Marsha, ‘From Cold War to Wary Peace: American Culture in the USSR and Russia’, in Alexander Stephan (ed.), The Americanization of Europe: Culture, Diplomacy and Anti-Americanism after 1945 (Oxford, 2006), 185–217

Singer, J. David and Melvin Small, Correlates of War Database, University of Michigan, www.umich.edu/~cowproj

Sullivan, James, Jeans: A Cultural History of an American Icon (New York, 2006)

Suri, Jeremi, Power and Protest: Global Revolution and the Rise of Détente (Cambridge, MA, 2003)

Tooze, Adam J., The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy (London, 2006)

Upadhyay, S. B., Existence, Identity and Mobilization: The Cotton Millworkers of Bombay, 1890–1919 (New Delhi, 2004)

Vries, Jan De, ‘Between Purchasing Power and the World of Goods: Understanding the Household Economy in Early Modem Europe’, in J. Brewer and R. Porter (eds.), Consumption and the World of Goods (London, 1993), 85–132

Wall, Rachel F., Japan’s Century: An Interpretation of Japan’s History Since the Eighteen-Fifties (London, 1964)

Westad, Odd Arne, The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of our Times (New York, 2005)

Wheen, Francis, Karl Marx (London, 2002)

Wilde, Oscar, De Profundis and Other Writings, ed. Hesketh Pearson (London, 1986 [1905])

Wolcott, S. and Clark, G., ‘Why Nations Fail: Managerial Decisions and Performance in Indian Cotton Textiles, 1890–1938’, Journal of Economic History, 59, 2 (1999), 397–423

Wolle, Stefan, Der Traum von der Revolte: Die DDR 1968 (Berlin, 2008)

CHAPTER 6: WORK

Aikman, D., The Beijing Factor: How Christianity is Transforming China and Changing the Global Balance of Power (Oxford/Grand Rapids, MI, 2003)

Austin, Alvyn, China’s Millions: The China Inland Mission and Late Qing Society, 1832–1905 (Grand Rapids, MI/Cambridge, 2007)

Bao, Limin, ‘The Intellectual Influence of Christianity in a Modern China Society’, in H. Yang and Daniel H. N. Yeung (eds.), Sino-Christian Studies in China (Newcastle, 2006), 265–79

Barber, Benjamin R., Jihad vs. McWorld: Terrorism’s Challenge to Democracy (London, 2003)

Barro, Robert J. and Rachel M. McCleary, ‘Religion and Economic Growth across Countries’, American Sociological Review (2003), 760–81

———, ‘Religion and Political Economy in an International Panel’, Harvard University working paper (Nov. 2003)

———, ‘Which Countries Have State Religions?’, Harvard University working paper (Feb. 2005)

Bays, D., ‘Chinese Protestant Christianity Today’, in D. L. Overmyer (ed.), Religion in China Today (Cambridge, 2003), 182–99

Becker, Sascha O. and Ludger Wössmann,‘Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124, 2 (2009), 531–96

Brown, Callum G., The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularization, 1800–2000 (London, 2001)

Bruce, S., God is Dead: Secularization in the West (Malden, MA/Oxford, 2002)

Caldwell, Christopher, Reflections on the Revolution in Europe: Immigration, Islam and the West (New York, 2009)

Cantoni, David, ‘The Economic Effects of the Protestant Reformation: Testing the Weber Hypothesis in the German Lands’, Harvard University working paper (September 2009)

Chen Cunfu and Huang Tianhai, ‘The Emergence of a New Type of Christians in China Today’, Review of Religious Research, 46, 2 (2004), 183–200

Chesterton, G. K., A Short History of England (Charleston, SC, 2009 [1917])

———, ‘The Miracle of Moon Crescent’, in The Collected Works of G. K. Chesterton, vol. XIII (San Francisco, 2005), 94–117

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———, Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World (Berkeley/Los Angeles/Oxford, 1991)

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Waldrop, M. Mitchell, Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Chaos (New York, 1992)

Zakaria, Fareed, The Post-American World (New York, 2008)

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