Modern history

The Austro-Marxists 1890–1918: A Psychobiographical Study

The Austro-Marxists 1890–1918: A Psychobiographical Study

In the brilliant world of Vienna at the turn of the century four men―Karl Renner, Otto Bauer, Max Adler, and Friedrich Adler―sought to develop political and economic resolutions to the racial and cultural tensions that were beginning to strain the bonds of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In this highly original study of these Austro-Marxists, Mark E. Blum uses the insights of depth psychology to trace the roots of their political philosophy in their family and social backgrounds. The Austro-Marxists 1890–1918 is the first book to offer a systematic examination of the thought and milieu of these four thinkers. The only major work on the subject in English, it is a significant contribution to the history of European socialism and, in particular, to the development of Marxist thought outside Russia.


Part One: 1890-1914

Chapter 1. The Austro-Marxist Idea

Chapter 2. Karl Renner’s Search for a Home

Chapter 3. Renner and the Interpretation of the State

Chapter 4. The Party as Family for Otto Bauer

Chapter 5. Bauer’s Cultural Dialectics

Chapter 6. Max Adler, the Eternal Youth

Chapter 7. Max Adler, the Incomplete Theoretician

Chapter 8. The Party as Father for Friedrich Adler

Chapter 9. Friedrich Adler: From Physics to Marxism

Part Two: 1914-1918

Chapter 10. Karl Renner as German Chauvinist

Chapter 11. Otto Bauer: Success through Equivocation

Chapter 12. Max Adler: Will and Idea in Wartime

Chapter 13. Friedrich Adler Encounters His Fate



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