Exam preparation materials

Practice Test 3

Section I: Multiple-Choice Questions

Time: 55 Minutes 80 Questions

Directions: Select the best answer for the following questions or incomplete statements from the five choices provided. Indicate your answer by darkening the appropriate space on the answer sheet.

1. The first nationality excluded from immigrating to the United States was the

A. Japanese

B. Mexicans

C. Chinese

D. Haitians

E. Ottoman Turks

2. The basic viewpoint of the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1920s was to

A. uphold the antitrust laws

B. favor the position of organized labor

C. overturn progressive laws

D. support government involvement in business

E. refuse to consider cases involving labor disputes

3. The American antislavery movement split in 1840 largely over the issue of

A. the participation of women

B. gradual vs. immediate emancipation

C. civil rights for free blacks in the North

D. support for black abolitionists

E. backing Martin Van Buren for President

4. The XYZ Affair resulted in

A. the growth of pro-French sentiment in the United States

B. a formal alliance between Great Britain and the United States

C. an undeclared war between the United States and France

D. embarrassment for President Adams

E. a new alliance with France against Great Britain

5. The best description of the political views of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention would be

A. anti-Federalist Jeffersonians

B. men who strongly supported states’ rights

C. regionalists or sectionalists

D. men who held a national view of the country

E. total opposition to compromise

6. “The wisest among my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremist folly, and that progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing.”

This statement was most likely made by

A. Marcus Garvey

B. Booker T. Washington

C. W. E. B. Du Bois

D. Barbara Jordan

E. Malcolm X

Percentages of Urban and Rural Population 1850-1900

Percentages of Urban and Rural Population 1850-1900

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States from Colonial Times to 1970.

7. The narrowing gap between rural and urban population in the second half of the nineteenth century is best explained by the

A. migration of former slaves to Northern cities after the Civil War

B. impact of immigration on the growth of cities

C. closing of the frontier

D. rapid industrialization of the country

E. increasing mechanization of American agriculture

8. The major nations at the Washington Naval Conference in 1922 agreed to

I. limit the number of ships in their navies

II. support the U.S. Open Door Policy in China

III. punish any nations violating the agreement

IV. keep the status quo in the Pacific area

A. I only

B. II only

C. I and III only

D. I and IV only

E. II, III, and IV only

9. The 1892 Populist platform did NOT include

A. government operation of the railroads

B. the initiative

C. the referendum

D. the subtreasury plan

E. high tariffs

10. The earliest English colony was

A. Maryland

B. New York

C. Massachusetts Bay

D. Georgia

E. Pennsylvania

11. When the Erie Canal was constructed

A. industrial development suffered as farmers prospered

B. New England manufacturers were forced into bankruptcy

C. federal money helped speed construction

D. New England farming declined

E. local markets grew at the expense of a national economy

12. Which of the following describes the purpose of the Maine Law of 1851?

A. banning the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages

B. prohibiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages

C. women’s suffrage at the state level

D. state-by-state slavery abolition laws

E. women retaining legal rights to their property after marriage

13. The Senate would probably have ratified the Versailles Treaty had President Wilson

A. agreed to leave the American public out of the debate over the League of Nations

B. been willing to compromise on the League of Nations issue

C. insisted on the adoption of the Fourteen Points

D. ignored the Reservationists

E. renegotiated the League Covenant with the Big Four

14. The Louisiana Territory was ruled by nations in the following order:

A. Spain, France. Mexico, United States

B. Spain, France, Spain, United States

C. France, Spain, United States

D. Spain, France, United States

E. France, Spain, France, United States

15. The slave states that remained in the Union included

A. Missouri, Kentucky, and Virginia

B. Delaware, Kentucky, and Tennessee

C. North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas

D. Missouri. Kentucky, and Delaware

E. South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama

Source: Library of Congress.

16. This engraving is historically significant because it

A. is a good example of American art in the colonial period

B. reflects the attitude of Loyalists on the eve of the American Revolution

C. was used by the British to justify the enactment of the Coercive Acts against Boston

D. had propaganda value in rallying colonial support against Great Britain

E. shows that the colonists in fact attacked the British troops first

17. The provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo included all of these EXCEPT

A. pay $15 million to Mexico

B. set the Texas boundary at the Rio Grande

C. yield California to the United States

D. yield New Mexico to the United States

E. yield the Mesilla Valley of Arizona to the United States

18. According to the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1908, Japan agreed to

A. give Korea its independence

B. respect the territorial integrity of China

C. discourage its citizens from emigrating to the United States

D. maintain the balance of naval forces in the Pacific

E. allow American companies free access to Japanese markets

19. The purpose of the Open Door Policy was to

A. open China to free trade

B. guarantee Cuban independence

C. give the United States a sphere of influence in Asia

D. restrict the effect of dollar diplomacy

E. justify military occupation of the Philippines

20. “Yesterday I came to Washington with a group of writers to protest the treatment given the bonus army in Washington. Coming to a President of my country to voice such a protest isn’t a thing I like to do. With me it is like this: I am intensely interested in the lives of the common everyday people, laborers, mill hands, soldiers, stenographers, or whatever they may be. ... I have been looking, watching, finding out what I could about American life.”

The person most likely to have received this message was

A. Herbert Hoover

B. Franklin D. Roosevelt

C. Pelham Glassford

D. Douglas MacArthur

E. J. Edgar Hoover

21. The chief goal of African-Americans in the civil rights movement in the South in the 1960s was to

A. end segregated education

B. obtain the right for blacks to vote

C. establish affirmative-action job programs

D. secure ratification of the Twenty- Fourth Amendment outlawing the poll tax

E. win control of southern state legislatures

22. Labor unions before the Civil War did not grow for all of these reasons EXCEPT

A. women accepted low-paying factory jobs

B. the existence of child labor

C. employers provided adequate pension benefits

D. immigrants were willing to work without union membership

E. the possibility of upward mobility

23. Most of the people who went to California during the Gold Rush

A. quickly returned to their homes back east

B. went on to follow mining rushes in other areas

C. returned with a fair profit for their efforts

D. found barely enough gold to pay for the trip

E. failed to find enough gold to pay their expenses

24. The Gilded Age received its nickname from the

A. improvement in the average American’s standard of living

B. corruption, greed, and superficial appearance of wealth

C. success of mineral strikes in California and the western territories

D. growth of cities and their attractions

E. monetary gold standard

25. Large numbers of Irish immigrants came to the United States in the 1840s because of the

A. persecution of Irish Catholics

B. civil war between North Ireland and Ireland

C. massive failure of the potato crop

D. British military aggression in Ireland

E. lure of gold in California

26. Theodore Roosevelt’s political offices before he became President were

A. Governor of New York, Secretary of State in McKinley’s Cabinet, Vice President

B. Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York

C. Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York, Vice President

D. Governor of New York, Secretary of the Navy, Vice President

E. Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York, Vice President

Source: Los Angeles Public Library

27. For the historian, this document is most helpful for a study of

A. the economic development of Los Angeles after the Civil War

B. politics in Los Angeles during the second half of the nineteenth century

C. ethnic/immigrant groups in the city

D. municipal ownership of public utilities

E. Hispanic residential areas in Los Angeles

28. Twenty years after the adoption of the Constitution, Congress banned

A. the interstate sale of slaves

B. missionary work among slaves

C. slavery in territories acquired by the federal government

D. the importation of slaves to the United States

E. the sale of American-born slaves to slaveholding nations

29. “No matter how often you fail, keep on. But if you wish to get rich quickly, then bleed the public and talk patriotism. This may involve bribing public officials and dodging public burdens, the losing of your manhood and the soiling of your fingers, but that is the way most of the great fortunes are made in this country now.”

This was most likely the view of

A. Horatio Alger

B. John Peter Altgeld

C. Andrew Carnegie

D. Henry Clay Frick

E. Russell Conwell

30. Which of the following was NOT a factor in the American decision to declare war on Great Britain in 1812?

A. British Orders in Council

B. impressment of American sailors

C. War Hawk demands for taking Canada

D. boundary disputes between Vermont and Ontario

E. frontier conflicts between Americans and the British

31. The United States during World War II adopted all of the following strategies EXCEPT

A. unconditional surrender

B. victory in the European area first

C. an eventual second front by invading Europe

D. use of atomic bombs on Japan and Germany

E. support of de Gaulle’s Free French forces

32. President Woodrow Wilson responded to the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 by

A. demanding that the Germans stop using submarine warfare

B. ordering Americans not to be passengers on belligerent powers’ ships

C. requiring exports to Europe to be sent only on American merchant ships

D. severing diplomatic relations with Germany

E. demanding an apology from Kaiser Wilhelm II

33. Reconstruction legislation passed by Congress included all of the following EXCEPT the

A. Tenure of Office Act

B. Civil Rights Act of 1866

C. Black Codes

D. First Reconstruction Act

E. Reconstruction Act of 1868

34. The “Crime of 1873” was

A. the blatant frauds exposed in the 1872 presidential election

B. the buying and selling of votes in attempts to defeat the Bland- Allison Silver Purchase Act

C. revelations of the Credit Mobilier railroad construction scandal

D. the decision by Congress to stop the coinage of silver

E. the refusal of Congress to remain on the gold standard

35. The amendments to the Constitution proposed by the Hartford Convention were intended to

A. limit the power of the federal government

B. increase the authority of the President at the expense of Congress

C. resolve the problems of slavery in the territories west of the Mississippi

D. bring about the immediate end to the War of 1812

E. make sure that Republicans controlled the Congress

36. The major issue in Northern Securities Company v. U.S. was

A. the right of workers to join labor unions

B. the antitrust laws

C. limitations on child labor

D. the constitutionality of the National Industrial Recovery Act

E. the regulation of the railroads

37. Which is the correct order of chronology of these inventions?

A. reaper, steamboat, telegraph, cotton gin

B. cotton gin, steamboat, reaper, telegraph

C. steamboat, cotton gin, telegraph, reaper

D. cotton gin, reaper, steamboat, telegraph

E. cotton gin, steamboat, telegraph, reaper

38. “While the Corps has something to do with spot benefits in a few isolated places, whether in sanitizing drinking water or building culverts, its work has, and can have, very little to do with the fundamental investments, reorganizations and reforms upon which the true and long-term economic development of backward countries depends.”

This view takes a critical look at the

A. Civilian Conservation Corps B. U.S. Marine Corps

C. Peace Corps

D. Job Corps

E. Corps of Engineers

39. In the eighteenth century, the view of American whites generally about slavery was that it

A. was wrong for religious and moral reasons

B. should not be hereditary

C. would soon fade as an economic practice

D. affected white people in its political and social impact

E. was a dangerous practice that could bring violence and race war

40. The Interstate Commerce Act included all of the following EXCEPT

A. publication of railroad rate schedules

B. creation of a commission to hear problems of shippers

C. prohibition of railroad rebates

D. declaration of short-haul differences as unlawful

E. establishment of fixed rate schedules for railroads to charge shippers

Source: Library of Congress.

41. This print depicts an important event in the history of

A. the Abolitionist movement

B. the Know-Nothing party

C. the Mormons

D. Bleeding Kansas

E. the Second Great Awakening

42. The main spokesman for the cause of American socialism at the turn of the century was

A. Jacob Riis

B. Lincoln Steffens

C. Eugene V. Debs

D. Ignatius Donnelly

E. Jacob Coxey

43. Horace Mann believed that

A. education is a private matter and should not involve the state

B. public education should be clearly separated from religious teaching

C. public schools should be separate but equal between the black and white races

D. families should have the right to choose between public and private schools

E. business and industry should pay special taxes in support of public education

44. The nomination of Barry Goldwater for President in 1964 indicated that

A. a major party was willing to run a candidate from a small state

B. conservatism was a major force in the Republican party

C. there was strong support for an escalation of American involvement in Vietnam

D. the Republican party was ready to accept the Great Society programs

E. grass-roots organization was not effective in political campaigns

45. The Tariff of 1816 was notable as being the first tariff

A. that tried to protect the development of American industry

B. to raise revenue to pay federal government expenses

C. to be passed by Congress

D. to place a tax on imported foreign cotton

E. to shut out competitive foreign products

46. In the early years of Reconstruction, an important function of the Freedmen’s Bureau was

A. the protection of the economic rights of former slaves

B. registering former slaves to vote

C. establishing schools for free blacks in the North

D. to encourage freed slaves to migrate to the North

E. the prosecution of plantation owners who had abused their slaves

47. Which of the following statements regarding the draft and the Union Army is true?

A. More than half of the men serving in the Union Army were draftees.

B. Congress passed the draft law at the beginning of the Civil War.

C. A potential draftee could hire a substitute or buy his way out of service.

D. There was widespread public support for the draft because of the patriotism generated by the war.

E. The minimum draft age was set at sixteen.

48. The post-World War II program of economic assistance to Western Europe was known as

A. the Alliance for Progress

B. NATO

C. UNICEF

D. the Marshall Plan

E. the Point Four Program

49. A major factor in the drastic decline of the Plains Indians in the nineteenth century was

A. their placement on reservations

B. the escalation of intertribal wars aided by modern weapons

C. the hunting of the buffalo to near extinction

D. the loss of military leadership when important chiefs were killed or imprisoned

E. their failure to live up to treaty obligations

50. The purpose of the New England Confederation was to

A. unite all the English colonies in a common bond

B. organize colonial defense in New England

C. ease Parliament’s burden in administering colonial government

D. prevent the smuggling of enumerated articles

E. join with the Indians of the area to promote tolerance and coexistence

51. Under the Navigation Acts, the enumerated articles were

A. goods that could be shipped to any country

B. goods needed but not produced in England

C. taxed more heavily than other products

D. primarily produced in the West Indies

E. regulated by Boards of Trade in the colonies

52. The consumer culture that emerged in the 1920s was largely due to

A. the probusiness attitude of the federal government

B. stock market speculation

C. mass-production manufacturing techniques

D. installment buying

E. the emergence of the corporation

53. President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society programs

A. won some important battles in health care and education

B. demonstrated the importance of centralized administration in creating antipoverty programs

C. had no effect whatsoever in solving problems of poverty and education

D. actually resulted in poor people getting a worse education

E. succeeded despite the expense of the Vietnam War

54. The Stamp Act Congress was significant because it

A. demonstrated that the colonies were loyal to Parliament

B. repealed the Stamp Act

C. led directly to the First Continental Congress

D. failed to persuade Parliament of colonial discontent

E. marked an important step toward the unity of the colonies

55. Which of the following statements about the organization of the United Nations is accurate?

A. The permanent members of the Security Council are the United States, the Soviet Union (Russia), France, and Great Britain.

B. The General Assembly can override a veto by one of the permanent members of the Security Council.

C. The Soviet Union originally had three votes in the General Assembly.

D. The votes of two of the permanent members are needed to veto a measure in the Security Council.

E. The Nationalist government in Taiwan represents China at the United Nations.

56. The book that is credited with raising the awareness of Americans of the threats to the environment is

A. Unsafe at Any Speed

B. Silent Spring

C. The Affluent Society;

D. The Shame of the Cities

E. On the Road

57. During the 1894 Pullman strike, President Grover Cleveland

A. took the side of management in the dispute

B. did nothing to stop the dispute

C. took the side of labor in the dispute

D. called on Congress to give the Interstate Commerce Commission enforcement powers

E. invited management and labor representatives to the White House to settle the strike

58. Which of the following occurred most recently?

A. Shays’ Rebellion

B. the ratification of the Articles of Confederation

C. the publication of The Federalist

D. the Constitutional Convention

E. the Northwest Ordinance

59. The Supreme Court in Worcester v. Georgia (1832) declared that

A. a citizen of one state could sue another state

B. Indian tribes had no standing in federal courts

C. Georgia could take over Indian lands within its borders

D. Native Americans were entitled to U.S. citizenship

E. Georgia law could not be enforced in the Cherokee Nation

60. Henry Wallace ran as the Progressive candidate for President in 1948 because he

A. opposed Truman’s policy on civil rights

B. saw himself as the true heir to the New Deal

C. favored a less hostile attitude toward the Soviet Union than Truman did

D. was defeated by Dewey in the Republican primaries

E. wanted to use the army to force the Soviet Union out of Eastern Europe

COLONIAL TRADE WITH ENGLAND, 1756-1759

(Value in pounds sterling)

 

New England

New York

Pennsylvania

 

imports

exports

imports

exports

imports

exports

1756

384,371

47,359

250,425

24,073

200,169

20,095

1757

363,404

27,556

353,311

19,168

268,426

14,190

1758

465,694

30,204

356,555

14,260

260,953

21,383

1759

525,067

25,985

630,785

23,684

494,161

22,404

 

Virginia/Maryland

Carolina

 

imports

exports

imports

exports

1756

337,759

200,169

181,780

222,915

1757

426,687

418,881

213,949

130,889

1758

438,471

454,362

181,002

150,511

1759

459,007

357,228

215,255

206,534

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States from Colonial Tones to 1970.

61. Based on the table above, the least valuable of England’s American colonies in terms of exports was

A. New England

B. New York

C. Pennsylvania

D. Virginia and Maryland

E. Carolina

62. The purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact was to

A. enforce reparations payments from Germany

B. end the sale of weapons between nations

C. ban war as a method of dealing with international problems

D. enforce the battleship limitation provisions of the Washington Conference

E. establish perpetual friendship between the United States and France

63. The chief weapon used by Andrew Jackson in his dispute with the National Bank was

A. his decision to print more paper money

B. to deposit government money in state banks

C. to give unqualified support to the Tariff of 1832

D. the support of the Supreme Court in voiding the bank’s charter

E. paying government debts from tariff revenue only

64. The Battle of Midway resulted in

A. the distinct possibility that Japan might invade the West Coast

B. Japanese plans for another attack on Hawaii

C. the loss of most of Japan’s merchant marine

D. a defeat for the Japanese and a brake on their control of the Pacific

E. unsuccessful Japanese attempts to negotiate a conditional peace settlement

65. President Franklin Roosevelt’s staff who helped shape the New Deal programs was known as the

A. Ohio Gang

B. Kitchen Cabinet

C. Muckrakers

D. Brain Trust

E. Council of Economic Advisors

66. According to the Olive Branch Petition, the colonies

A. were ready to declare their independence from Great Britain

B. remained loyal to King George III

C. demanded that British troops immediately leave the colonies

D. agreed to raise a common army to defend themselves

E. accepted the Stamp Act if they were allowed to elect members to Parliament

67. The issue of representation in Congress was resolved at the Constitutional Convention by the

A. Virginia Plan

B. 3/5 Compromise

C. Great Compromise

D. New Jersey Plan

E. indirect election of senators

68. During the Civil War, African-Americans in the North

A. were not allowed to join the Union Army

B. fought in segregated regiments

C. were allowed to join the Union Army but saw no combat

D. were integrated into white regiments

E. were permitted to select their own officers

69. The correct chronological order of these efforts to combat the Great Depression is

A. Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Works Progress Administration, National Industrial Recovery Act, Securities and Exchange Commission, Fair Labor Standards Act

B. Securities and Exchange Commission, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, National Industrial Recovery Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, Works Progress Administration

C. Fair Labor Standards Act, Securities and Exchange Commission, Works Progress Administration. Reconstruction Finance Corporation, National Industrial Recovery Act

D. Works Progress Administration, Securities and Exchange Commission, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, National Industrial Recovery Act, Fair Labor Standards Act

E. Reconstruction Finance Corporation, National Industrial Recovery Act, Securities and Exchange Commission, Works Progress Administration, Fair Labor Standards Act

70. What action did President Eisenhower take to bring about school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas?

A. He urged Congress to pass civil rights legislation.

B. He issued an executive order mandating integration.

C. He began impeachment proceedings against Governor Orval Faubus.

D. He had the Justice Department file a suit in the federal courts.

E. He placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal command to carry out the desegregation plan.

71. Theodore Roosevelt’s most controversial action involving Latin America was

A. building the Panama Canal

B. creating the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

C. mediating in the Venezuela/Great Britain boundary crisis

D. sending troops to Haiti

E. his opposition to the Platt Amendment

72. In the Charles River Bridge case, the Supreme Court declared that

A. government should regulate business for the good of society

B. states could regulate banks within their borders

C. vaguely worded clauses in charter grants could be decided in favor of the public interest

D. the strict constructionist interpretation was unconstitutional

E. interstate connections came under federal authority

73. The most significant consequence of the French and Indian War was that

A. Spain received Florida as a prize of war

B. England and the colonies began to distrust one another

C. colonists feared being dragged into another European war

D. there were British attacks against the tribes that had sided with the French

E. French power in Canada was strengthened

Voter Participation in Presidential Elections, 1952-1988

Percentages of Urban and Rural Population 1850-1900

74. Besides the obvious decline in voter participation between 1952 and 1988, what other point can be made based on the above graph?

A. In an election in which the President is running for a second term, voter participation declines.

B. Voter participation increases in elections in which there is a strong third-party candidate.

C. The sharpest drop in voter participation occurred in the election of 1972.

D. 1988 was the first presidential election in which voter participation was less than fifty percent.

E. Voter participation has never reached above sixty-five percent.

75. The Declaration of Independence was based on the political philosophy of

A. Edmund Burke

B. Thomas Paine

C. Thomas Hobbes

D. John Locke

E. Thomas Jefferson

76. Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society programs did NOT include

A. the Office of Economic Opportunity

B. the Alliance for Progress

C. Head Start

D. Medicare

E. the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

77. The Congress of Industrial Organizations

A. was committed to protecting the jobs of skilled workers

B. stressed organizing workers by industry rather than by craft

C. remained a part of the American Federation of Labor

D. did not sanction strikes to achieve workers’ demands

E. refused to accept African- Americans as members

78. According to the Hay-Buneau-Varilla Treaty,

A. Panama agreed to let the United States build an isthmian canal on terms favorable to the United States

B. France sold its canal company to the Panamanian government

C. Colombia agreed to sell the Canal Zone for $25 million

D. the United States agreed to assume Panama’s Colombian debt

E. Nicaragua was denied the right to build an isthmian canal

79. The novelist best known for his critique of life in small-town America was

A. Maxwell Anderson

B. Hart Crane

C. William Faulkner

D. Sinclair Lewis

E. Theodore Dreiser

80. The Agricultural Adjustment Act was an attempt to deal with which chronic problem of American farmers?

A. soil erosion

B. high transporation charges

C. overproduction

D. declining labor supply

E. inflation

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